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NEA-1251 ZYLIND.

ZYLIND, Gamma Penetration for Cylindrical Source and Shield Geometry

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1. NAME OR DESIGNATION OF PROGRAM:  ZYLIND.
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2. COMPUTERS
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Program name Package id Status Status date
ZYLIND NEA-1251/01 Tested 05-FEB-1993

Machines used:

Package ID Orig. computer Test computer
NEA-1251/01 MICROVAX DEC VAX 6000
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3. DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM OR FUNCTION

ZYLIND is a point kernel program to calculate gamma-ray penetration for source/shield configurations with cylindrical symmetry. Dose rates are calculated  for axial or radial detector positions behind layered shields of user - specified composition.
Input data consist of source dimensions, compositions and thicknesses of shield layers, gamma-ray energies and source strengths. The code includes a data library of mass attenuation coefficients, buildup and dose conversion data.
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4. METHOD OF SOLUTION

The three-dimensional point kernel volume integral for a cylindrical homogeneous source is calculated by Gauss integration. From the line-of-sight distance between point of integration and detector, mass attenuation and dose buildup are calculated, depending on the shielding materials characteristics. For each shield layer mass attenuation is determined from the actual elemental composition for the elements included in the built-in data library. Dose buildup factors are calculated recursively for subsequent layers according to Broder's formula. The coefficients for Broder's formula are interpolated in atomic number and energy for values not included in the library (Goldstein's data).
The collided transmitted particle flux is multiplied by flux-to-dose conversion factors (interpolated in energy), taken from ESIS-Newsletter 34, July 1980, p.9.
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5. RESTRICTIONS ON THE COMPLEXITY OF THE PROBLEM

A maximum of 20 energies 0.15 MeV...10 MeV and 8 shield layers can be processed. Mass attenuation coefficients for the following 24 elements and 3 materials are included: H, Be, C, N, O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, P, S, A, K,  Ca, Fe, Cu, Mo, Sn, I, W, Pt, Tl, Pb, U, air, water, concrete. A maximum of 5 compositions of up to 10 of these elements may be specified.
The number of integration points is fixed to 8 in each dimension and may not be adequate for extreme configurations. The distance from radial detector to source surface must exceed 25% of the source radius.
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6. TYPICAL RUNNING TIME:  On DEC-Micro VAX-II 10 sec for 5 energies, 5
layers.
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7. UNUSUAL FEATURES OF THE PROGRAM

Program is for interactive use only. Session is protocolled in log file.
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8. RELATED AND AUXILIARY PROGRAMS:
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9. STATUS
Package ID Status date Status
NEA-1251/01 05-FEB-1993 Tested at NEADB
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10. REFERENCES

- L. Izquierdo Falquina
  Experimental Determination of Dependence of Dose Rate from
  Activity for Different Waste Containers
  Diploma Thesis (in German), Fachhochschule Aachen, 1984.
NEA-1251/01, included references:
- H. Geiser, H. Huehl, W. Weyer:
  ZYLIND - An Interactive Point Kernel Program for Photon Dose Rate
  Prediction of Cylindrical Source/Shield Arrangements
  User's Manual (May 1989).
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11. MACHINE REQUIREMENTS:
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12. PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE(S) USED
Package ID Computer language
NEA-1251/01 FORTRAN-77
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13. OPERATING SYSTEM UNDER WHICH PROGRAM IS EXECUTED

Micro VAX-II :
VMS 4.6, IBM-PC : DOS 3.0, ATARI-ST : TOS.
NEA-1251/01
VAX 6510/VMS 5.4-2 with compiler VAX FORTRAN V.5.
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14. OTHER PROGRAMMING OR OPERATING INFORMATION OR RESTRICTIONS:
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15. NAME AND ESTABLISHMENT OF AUTHORS

          Dr. Wolfgang Weyer
          Wissenschaftlich-Technische
          Ingenieurberatung GmbH
          Mozartstrasse 13
          D-5177 Titz-Roedingen, West Germany
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16. MATERIAL AVAILABLE
NEA-1251/01
File name File description Records
NEA1251_01.001 Information file 56
NEA1251_01.002 Command file to run Zylind 32
NEA1251_01.003 Zylind source file 1436
NEA1251_01.004 Zylind sample output 120
NEA1251_01.005 Zylind executable 0
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17. CATEGORIES
  • G. Radiological Safety, Hazard and Accident Analysis
  • J. Gamma Heating and Shield Design

Keywords: buildup, cylindrical configuration, dose rates, gamma radiation, interactive computing, point kernels, shielding.