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CCC-0542 CAP-88.

CAP-88, Dose Risk Assessment from Air Emissions of Radionuclides

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1. NAME OR DESIGNATION OF PROGRAM:  CAP-88 (Clean Air Act Assessment
Package)
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2. COMPUTERS
To submit a request, click below on the link of the version you wish to order. Only liaison officers are authorised to submit online requests. Rules for requesters are available here.
Program name Package id Status Status date
CAP-88 CCC-0542/01 Tested 01-DEC-1993
CAP88-PC CCC-0542/02 Tested 22-MAR-1994

Machines used:

Package ID Orig. computer Test computer
CCC-0542/01 DEC VAX 6000 DEC VAX 6000
CCC-0542/02 IBM PC PC-80486
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3. DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM OR FUNCTION

The Clean Air Act Assessment Package-1988 (CAP-88) is designed for assessment of dose and risk from radionuclide emissions to air in compliance with National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) for Radionuclides. CAP-88 estimates health impacts from the inhalation,  ingestion, air immersion and ground surface irradiation pathways, and tabulates results for maximally exposed individuals and regional populations out to 80 kilometers. The system provides risk information in a concise, easy-to-read format and prints an echo of  the input.
CAP-88 consists of updated versions of the mainframe codes AIRDOS-EPA and DARTAB. Atmospheric dispersion and deposition are calculated by AIRDOS2. Dose and risk assessment tables are calculated by DARTAB2 from the binary output file produced by AIRDOS2 and a file of dose and risk factors calculated by RADRISK. Preprocessors (PREPAR2 and PREDA) for AIRDOS2 and DARTAB2 access data bases of element and nuclide dependent data to simplify the execution of the principal programs.
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4. METHOD OF SOLUTION

AIRDOS-EPA implements a long term average Gaussian Plume model. The associated terrestrial model for deposition is based on NRC Regulatory Guide 1.109. The 50-year effective dose equivalent factors for DARTAB2 are calculated by RADRISK and use weighting factors from ICRP-26. Risks are calculated using a linear Life Table model consistent with BEIR-3. The resultant risk factors are 4.0E-4 cancer deaths per rem and 3.6E-4 cancer deaths per person working-level-month exposure to radon decay products.
CAP88-PC (CCC-0542/02) is able to use population data and weather data downloaded from mainframe versions of CAP-88. CAP88-PC also comes with sample population arrays from some DOE facilities, and includes weather data from many DOE sites and major U.S. cities.
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5. RESTRICTIONS ON THE COMPLEXITY OF THE PROBLEM

Programs are limited to 36 radionuclides and to 20 downwind distances for each of 16 compass directions. CAP88-PC is intended for use by health physicists experienced in dose assessment. CAP88-PC is based on the  Gaussian plume model with its associated limitations. The model is intended only for evaluating low-level, chronic releases; it is not  appropriate for short-term accidental releases.
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6. TYPICAL RUNNING TIME

A complete run, including PREPAR2, AIRDOS2, PREDA, and DARTAB2, for an individual and population assessment requires approximately one and two minutes of CPU time, respectively, on an IBM 3090 processor. The same problem on a PC/80286 (12 MHz) took about 25 minutes.
CCC-0542/01
NEA-DB compiled and executed the test cases included in this package on DEC VAX 6000-510 computer. Charged execution times for the different modules were as follows (in seconds):
RUNCAP88 - 29; PREPAR2 - 2.5; AIRDOS2 - 15; PREDA - 3; DARTAB2 - 10; RADFMT - 18.

CCC-0542/02
The assessment for the default dataset "REACTIVE METALS" was performed at the NEA-DB in about 20 seconds (elapsed time) on a 66-MHz PC/80486.
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7. UNUSUAL FEATURES OF THE PROGRAM:
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8. RELATED AND AUXILIARY PROGRAMS

CAP-88 is an updated version of the CCC-476/CAAC package, which implemented radiological assessment methodology used for the preparation of the Environmental Protection Agency 1984 Background Information Documents on Radionuclides.
CCC-0542/01
PREPAR2             AIRDOS-EPA input generator
AIRDOS2             Radiation dose estimation by airborne
                    radionuclides around reactors
PREDA               DARTAB input generator
DARTAB2             Combines radionuclide exposure data with
                    dosimetry and health effects data
RADFMT              Binary conversion of RADRISK data file for
                    DARTAB2
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9. STATUS
Package ID Status date Status
CCC-0542/01 01-DEC-1993 Tested at NEADB
CCC-0542/02 22-MAR-1994 Tested at NEADB
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10. REFERENCES

- Risk Assessments Methodology: Environmental Impact Statement,
NESHAPS for Radionuclides, Background Information Document; Vol. 1
EPA 520/1-89-005 (Sept. 1989)
- C.L. Begovich, K.F. Eckerman, E.C. Schlatter, S.Y. Ohr,
R.O.Chester
DARTAB: A Program to Combine Airborne Radionuclide Environmental
Exposure Data with Dosimetric and Health Effects Data to Generate
Tabulations of Predicted Health Impcats; ORNL-5692 (August 1981)
- R.E. Moore, C.F. Baes III, L.M. McDowell-Boyer, A.P. Watson,
F.O. Hoffman, J.E. Pleasant, and C.W. Miller
AIRDOS-EPA: A Computerized Methodology for Estimating
Environmental Concentrations and Dose to Man from Airborne
Releases of Radionuclides; ORNL-5532 (June 1979)
- Andrea L. Sjoreen and Charles W. Miller
PREPAR: A User-Friendly Preprocessor to Create AIRDOS-EPA Input
Data Sets; ORNL-5952 (August 1984)
CCC-0542/01, included references:
- Barry Parks:
  CAP-88 - Important Differences with Earlier Version of AIRDOS-EPA
  Informal Notes (September 1990).
- Deborah Beres (Editor):
  The Clean Air Act Assessmnet Package - 1988 (CAP-88): A Dose and
  Risk Assessment Methodology for Radionuclide Emissions to Air
  Vol. 1 User's Manual (October 1990).
- Deborah Beres (Editor):
  The Clean Air Act Assessmnet Package - 1988 (CAP-88): A Dose and
  Risk Assessment Methodology for Radionuclide Emissions to Air
  Vol. 2 Appendix L (October 1990).
- Herbert J. Berstein:
  Transmittal Letter and New AIRDOS Installation
  Memo 7 and 8 (May/June 1990).
CCC-0542/02, included references:
- Barry Parks:
  User's Guide for CAP88-PC
  402-B-92-001 (March 1992).
- Barry Parks:
  Informal Notes on CAP-88-PC
  (April 1992).
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11. MACHINE REQUIREMENTS

CAP-88 is operable on the IBM mainframe computers. Memory regions for execution on an IBM 3090 system under  MVS are as follows: PREPAR2, 1200K; AIRDOS2, 900K; PREDA, 300K; and  DARTAB2, 800K. Version B was tested on a VAX 6000. CAP88-PC requires a MS-DOS compatible personal computer with a hard  disk with at least 3.5 MB of free space, 500K free RAM and a math co-processor.
CCC-0542/01
NEA-DB implemented the package on a DEC VAX 6000-510 computer.

CCC-0542/02
The default dataset was run at the NEA-DB on a PC DELL  466/L (80486 processor, 66 MHz, 16 Mbytes RAM). The file sizes of the executable versions are 66 Kbytes (CAP88PC.EXE); 60 Kbytes (DEFAULT.EXE), 370 Kbytes (DARTAB.EXE); 408 Kbytes (AIRDOS.EXE); 83 Kbytes (INTRO.EXE).
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12. PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE(S) USED
Package ID Computer language
CCC-0542/01 FORTRAN-77
CCC-0542/02 FORTRAN+C
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13. OPERATING SYSTEM UNDER WHICH PROGRAM IS EXECUTED

The IBM system compiled under OS/VS2 using the IBM VS compiler. The VAX version was tested using the VMS 5.4 FORTRAN compiler.
To run CAP88-PC, Turbo C++ Version 1.0 and Lahey F77L Version 4.10 were used to create the executables.
CCC-0542/01
NEA-DB implemented the package under VMS 5.5-2. The source programs were compiled with the DEC VAX FORTRAN-77 compiler.

CCC-0542/02
The program was run under MS-DOS 6.0. The FORTRAN77 Lahey compiler F77L-EM/72 version 5.11 and the linker 386LINK were used to recreate the executable versions DEFAULT.EXE, DARTAB.EXE and AIRDOS.EXE.
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14. OTHER PROGRAMMING OR OPERATING INFORMATION OR RESTRICTIONS:
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15. NAME AND ESTABLISHMENT OF AUTHORS

Contributed by: Radiation Safety Information Computational Center
                Oak Ridge National Laboratory
                Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A.
Developed by:   EPA Office of Radiation Programs,  Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.A.
                under the joint sponsorship of the EPA Office of Radiation
                Programs and the DOE Office of Environmental Guidance
                Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, LI, New York, U.S.A.
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16. MATERIAL AVAILABLE
CCC-0542/01
File name File description Records
CCC0542_01.001 CAP-88 Information File 401
CCC0542_01.002 PREPAR2 Source code file 3189
CCC0542_01.003 AIRDOS2 Source code file 3063
CCC0542_01.004 PREDA Source code file 372
CCC0542_01.005 DARTAB2 Source code file 5753
CCC0542_01.006 RADFMT Source code file 26
CCC0542_01.007 DATIMX Source code file 45
CCC0542_01.008 ERRSETX Source code file 7
CCC0542_01.009 CAP88 Installation File (to compile & link) 37
CCC0542_01.010 CAP88 Job Control file (run the 4 programs) 50
CCC0542_01.011 PREPAR2 Job Control file 56
CCC0542_01.012 AIRDOS2 Job Control file 39
CCC0542_01.013 PREDA Job Control file 45
CCC0542_01.014 DARTAB2 Job Control file 54
CCC0542_01.015 Job Control File to merge output files 29
CCC0542_01.016 Dose Rates and Health Risks Data file 57163
CCC0542_01.017 Dose Rates and Health Risks Binary File 0
CCC0542_01.018 Element and Nuclide specific data 3259
CCC0542_01.019 PREPAR2 Input data file 68
CCC0542_01.020 Population data file 53
CCC0542_01.021 Wind Frequency data file 112
CCC0542_01.022 PREPAR2 Error Output file 37
CCC0542_01.023 PREPAR2 Summary Output File 472
CCC0542_01.024 AIRDOS2 Formatted Input File 669
CCC0542_01.025 DARTAB2 Synopsis Input File 86
CCC0542_01.026 AIRDOS2 List Output File 8
CCC0542_01.027 AIRDOS2 Binary Output File 0
CCC0542_01.028 AIRDOS2 Summary Output File 347
CCC0542_01.029 PREDA User Title File 1
CCC0542_01.030 PREDA Input Data File 25
CCC0542_01.031 PREDA List Output File 109
CCC0542_01.032 DARTAB2 Formatted Input File 75
CCC0542_01.033 DARTAB2 List Output File 77
CCC0542_01.034 DARTAB2 Synopsis Output File 188
CCC0542_01.035 DARTAB2 SAS Emissions Output File 33
CCC0542_01.036 DARTAB2 SAS Nuc Output File 140
CCC0542_01.037 DARTAB2 Summary Output File 1591
CCC0542_01.038 CAP88 Merged Output File # 1 231
CCC0542_01.039 CAP88 Merged Output File # 2 2598
CCC-0542/02
File name File description Records
CCC0542_02.001 CAP88-PC Information file 400
CCC0542_02.002 Notes on CAP88-PC (Word Perfect file) 0
CCC0542_02.003 Executable file for installation of CAP88-PC 0
CCC0542_02.004 Executable file to remove previous install. 0
CCC0542_02.005 PKUNZIP.EXE Executable to expand 'ZIP' files 0
CCC0542_02.006 CAP88-PC update program 0
CCC0542_02.007 UPDATE.ZIP - Compressed file 0
CCC0542_02.008 SCREEN.ZIP - Compressed file 0
CCC0542_02.009 FORTDATA.ZIP - Compressed file 0
CCC0542_02.010 FORTEXEC.ZIP - Compressed file 0
CCC0542_02.011 DATASETS.ZIP - Compressed file 0
CCC0542_02.012 POP.ZIP - Compressed file 0
CCC0542_02.013 WIND.ZIP - Compressed file 0
CCC0542_02.014 FORTRAN.ZIP - Compressed file 0
CCC0542_02.015 Batch file to expand, comp+link FORTRAN code 80
CCC0542_02.016 CAP88.ZIP - Compressed file 0
CCC0542_02.017 CSIL.ZIP - Compressed file 0
CCC0542_02.018 DRIVER.ZIP - Compressed file 0
CCC0542_02.019 INTRO.ZIP - Compressed file 0
CCC0542_02.020 INSTALL.ZIP - Compressed file 0
CCC0542_02.021 UNINSTAL.ZIP - Compressed file 0
CCC0542_02.022 UPDATE1.ZIP - Compressed file 0
CCC0542_02.023 Program to extract comments out of C-program 441
CCC0542_02.024 DOS file-names 23
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17. CATEGORIES
  • G. Radiological Safety, Hazard and Accident Analysis

Keywords: air pollution, atmospheric precipitations, dispersions, health hazards, ingestion, inhalation, radiation doses, radioactive clouds, radioactivity transport, radionuclide migration.