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CCC-0416 CONDOS-II.

CONDOS-II, Radiation Dose from Consumer Product Distribution Chain

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1. NAME OR DESIGNATION OF PROGRAM:  CONDOS-II: Code for Estimating Radiation Doses from Radionuclide-Containing Consumer Products.
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2. COMPUTERS
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Program name Package id Status Status date
CONDOS-II CCC-0416/01 Tested 03-SEP-1984

Machines used:

Package ID Orig. computer Test computer
CCC-0416/01 IBM 360 series IBM 3033
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3. DESCRIPTION OF PROBLEM OR FUNCTION

This code was developed under sponsorship of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to serve as a tool  for assessing radiation doses that may be associated with consumer products that contain radionuclides.
The code calculates radiation dose equivalents resulting from user-supplied scenarios of exposures to radionuclides contained in or released from sources that contain radionuclides. Dose equivalents may be calculated to total body, skin surface, skeletal  bone, testes, ovaries, liver, kidneys, lungs, and maximally exposed  segments of the gastrointestinal tract from exposures via (1) direct, external irradiation by photons (including bremsstrahlung) emitted from the source, (2) external irradiation by photons during  immersion in air containing photon-emitting radionuclides that have  escaped from the source, (3) internal exposures by all radiations emitted by inhaled radionuclides that have escaped from the source,  and (4) internal exposures by all radiations emitted by ingested radionuclides that have escaped from the source.
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4. METHOD OF SOLUTION

Organ dose equivalents are approximated in two  ways, depending on the exposure type. For external exposures, energy specific organ-to-skin-surface dose conversion ratios are used to approximate dose equivalents to specific organs from doses calculated to a point on the skin surface. The organ-to-skin ratios  are incorporated in organ- and nuclide-specific dose rate factors, which are used to approximate doses during immersion in contaminated air. For internal exposures, 50 year dose equivalents are calculated using organ- and nuclide-specific, 50 year dose conversion factors.   Doses from direct, external exposures are calculated using the energy-specific dose conversion ratios, user supplied exposure conditions, and photon flux approximations for eleven source geometries. Available source geometries include: point, shielded and unshielded; line, shielded and unshielded; disk, shielded and unshielded; cylindrical surface, unshielded; uniform, semi-infinite  volume, shielded and unshielded; uniform, infinite slab, shielded and unshielded; uniform, nonabsorbing cylindrical volume, unshielded; and uniform, nonabsorbing spherical volume, unshielded;  and uniform, self-absorbing cylindrical volume, shielded and unshielded.
External doses from immersion in contaminated air are calculated using the organ- and nuclide-specific dose rate conversion factors,  user supplied exposure conditions, and an infinite to finite air volume correction formula. External doses are calculated using the appropriate inhalation or ingestion, 50 year, organ- and nuclide- specific dose conversion factors and user supplied exposure conditions.
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5. RESTRICTIONS ON THE COMPLEXITY OF THE PROBLEM

Variable
dimensioning limits: the number of nuclide decay chains to 25, the number of sources in an exposure event to 25, and the number of absorbing materials between the source and dose point to 4 (excluding air).
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6. TYPICAL RUNNING TIME

The sample problem required 11.77 CPU seconds on the IBM 3033. Execution time will vary with the size of the input data file, especially with the number of nuclides, sources, and immersion, ingestion, ans inhalation events to be considered. The sample problem contains 6 nuclides, 12 sources, and six immersion, ingestion, or inhalation events.
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7. UNUSUAL FEATURES OF THE PROGRAM:
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8. RELATED AND AUXILIARY PROGRAMS:
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9. STATUS
Package ID Status date Status
CCC-0416/01 03-SEP-1984 Tested at NEADB
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10. REFERENCES

- F.R. O'Donnell, D.C. Kocher, O.W. Burke, and F.H. Clark,
  CONDOS II- A Tool for Estimating Radiation Doses from Radio-
  Nuclide-Containing Consumer Products,
  NUREG/CR-2068, ORNL/NUREG/TM-454 (November 1981).
- F.R. O'Donnell, et Al.,
  CONDOS- A Model and Computer Code to Estimate Population and
  Individual Radiation Doses to Man from the Distribution, Use, and
  Disposal of Consumer Products that Contain Radioactive Materials,
  ORNL/TM-4663, 1975.
CCC-0416/01, included references:
- F.R. O'Donnell, D.C. Kocher, O.W. Burke and F.H. Clark:
  CONDOS-II - A Tool for Estimating Radiation Doses from
  Radionuclide-Containing Consumer Products.
  ORNL/NUREG/TM-454; NUREG/CR-2068  (November 1981)
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11. MACHINE REQUIREMENTS

CONDOS-II was designed for use on the IBM 360 or 3033 computers and should run on any machine compatible with IBM  FORTRAN requirements. Modification of format statements to hollerith fields will enable it to run on most batch computers. The sample problem required 336K on the IBM 3033. It requires two scratch tapes or temporary system storage devices, one for exposure data and one for nuclide data.
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12. PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE(S) USED
Package ID Computer language
CCC-0416/01 FORTRAN-IV
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13. OPERATING SYSTEM UNDER WHICH PROGRAM IS EXECUTED

The sample problem was executed on the FORTRAN H compiler under MVS.
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14. OTHER PROGRAMMING OR OPERATING INFORMATION OR RESTRICTIONS:
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15. NAME AND ESTABLISHMENT OF AUTHOR:
OAK Ridge National Laboratory
Oak Ridge, Tennessee
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16. MATERIAL AVAILABLE
CCC-0416/01
File name File description Records
CCC0416_01.003 CONDOS-II INFORMATION FILE 49
CCC0416_01.004 CONDOS-II SOURCE PROGRAM (FORTRAN) 1849
CCC0416_01.005 CONDOS-II JCL FOR TEST CASE EXECUTION 57
CCC0416_01.006 CONDOS-II TEST CASE INPUT (UNIT 5) 96
CCC0416_01.007 LIBRARY 1.0 (UNIT 70) (FORMATTED) 489
CCC0416_01.008 LIBRARY 0.3 (FORMATTED) 489
CCC0416_01.009 LIBRARY 5.0 (FORMATTED) 489
CCC0416_01.010 CONDOS TEST CASE OUTPUT (UNIT 6) 447
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17. CATEGORIES
  • G. Radiological Safety, Hazard and Accident Analysis

Keywords: beta particles, bremsstrahlung, doses, gamma radiation, ingestion, kernels, organs, radioisotopes.