Country profile: Hungary

Summary figures for 2016

The following information is from the NEA publication Nuclear Energy Data, the annual compilation of official statistics and country reports on nuclear energy in OECD member countries.

Number of nuclear power plants connected to the grid
Nuclear electricity generation
(net TWh) 2016
Nuclear percentage of total electricity supply
OECD Europe
OECD Total
1 877.5
NEA Total
2 061.1

Country report

In accordance with the National Energy Strategy adopted in 2011, Hungary attributes a major role to nuclear power and has opted for its long-term maintenance in the energy mix.

International agreements

In February 2016, the Ministry of National Development of Hungary and the Jordan Atomic Energy Commission signed a memorandum of understanding on co-operation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The fields of co-operation include inter alia the areas of design, construction, operation and maintenance of nuclear power plants and research reactors, nuclear infrastructure development, licensing processes, spent fuel and radioactive waste management, research and development through exchange of information and experts, training programmes, seminars, etc.

Radioactive waste management

In line with the EU's Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Management Directive,1 Hungary recently elaborated its National Policy and Programme on Spent Fuel and Radioactive Waste Management. The National Programme, which aims at ensuring the implementation and scheduling of the tasks set out in the National Policy, was adopted by the Hungarian government in August 2016.2

Nuclear power plant

2016 was a record-breaking year for nuclear power in Hungary; the four units of the MVM Paks nuclear power plant generated their all-time high in electricity, accounting for 51.3% of inland gross electricity production and 36.5% of domestic electricity consumption. The performance record is dedicated to the changeover from a 12 to a 15-month fuel campaign resulting in 100% load factor for unit 3. 16 053.9 GWh of electric energy was generated by the MVM Paks Nuclear Power Plant Ltd in 2016. This amount was generated by four units as follows: unit 1 – 4 028.0 GWh; unit 2 – 3 576.3 GWh; unit 3 – 4 403.8 GWh; unit 4 – 4 045.8 GWh. As for the produced energy, in 2016 the NPP achieved its first largest production result in history, leaving behind the previous record of 15 834.4 GWh achieved in 2015. The total of all electricity that has been generated by Paks NPP since the date of the first connection of unit 1 to the grid was higher than 445.5 TWh as of the end of 2016.

The Unit Capability Factor (UCF) (power plant performance) has been the following: unit 1 – 91.7%; unit 2 – 81.4%; unit 3 – 100.3%; unit 4 – 92.1%. The NPP average is 91.4%.

The lifetime extension of the Paks nuclear power plant from 30 to 50 years is currently ongoing. In 2016, the Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority has given a licence for the unit 3 lifetime extension, while the application for a lifetime extension of unit 4 has already been submitted to the national regulatory authority; the decision is expected in 2017.

In compliance with the request of the European Commission (EC), the so-called Stress Test, i.e. the Targeted Safety Review of Paks Nuclear Power Plant, took place in 2011. According to the report issued by the power plant, all the units of the nuclear power plant comply with the internationally accepted requirements specified by national authorities, including the criteria of protection against the potential impacts of internal and external events. It was concluded by experts during the independent international expert review of the Final Report of the Targeted Safety Review ordered by the European Union in spring 2012 that the Hungarian review was adequately thoroughgoing. The international reviewers considered that the implemented measures were appropriate. The implementation of the prorate part of the safety enhancement measures resulting from the Targeted Safety Review continued in 2016.

In February and March of 2016, the partner review was conducted by the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) at Paks Nuclear Power Plant. Within the framework of the follow-up review conducted by the Operational Safety Review Team (OSART) of the International Atomic Energy Agency during October 2016, the team of experts checked the implementation of corrective measures defined in connection with the issues formulated during the OSART peer review held in 2014. Following the follow-up OSART review, the Corporate Peer Review (WANO CPR) was conducted by the World Association of Nuclear Operators during November 2016, and included the MVM Paks Nuclear Power Plant Ltd as well. The CPR was focused on the implementation of improvement suggestions made in 2014.

1. Council Directive 2011/70/EURATOM establishing a Community framework for the responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste.
2. Government Decree 1459/2016 (VIII. 24).

Source: Nuclear Energy Data 2017

Last reviewed: 6 November 2017