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NEA-1778 IFPE/IFA-514/565.

IFPE/IFA-514/565, LWR MOX Fuel Irradiation Tests - HBWR Irradiation with the Instrument Rig, IFA-514/565 (JAEA) 6 rods

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1. NAME OF EXPERIMENT:  IFPE/IFA-514/565.
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2. COMPUTERS
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Program name Package id Status Status date
IFPE/IFA-514/565 NEA-1778/01 Arrived 18-FEB-2009
IFPE/IFA-514/565 NEA-1778/02 Arrived 09-DEC-2011

Machines used:

Package ID Orig. computer Test computer
NEA-1778/01 Many Computers
NEA-1778/02 Many Computers
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3. DESCRIPTION OF EXPERIMENT

IFA-514/565 irradiation tests were performed in Halden Reactor (HBWR) in Norway to study the irradiation performance of LWR MOX fuels. The fuel specifications for this irradiation test were decided in accordance with those of BWR 8 x 8 fuels, and plutonium content of MOX fuels was set to be 5.8 wt.%. Six MOX fuels rods, of which parameters were pellet geometry (solid or annular) and surface roughness (grinded or as-sintered), were irradiated to the assembly average burn-up of ~ 45 GWd/tMOX, and the instrument data during irradiation, i.e. cladding elongation, fuel stack elongation, fuel center temperature, and rod inner pressure, were obtained. The irradiation for three of six fuel rods irradiated in IFA-514 irradiation tests were continued to assembly average burn-up of ~ 56 GWd/tMOX in IFA-565 irradiation tests. The post-irradiation examinations were performed in Kjeller Institute in Norway, and provided the MOX fuel behavior.
  
In IFA-514/565 irradiation tests, the irradiation of IFA-565 was continued with three of six fuel rods irradiated in IFA-514 irradiation test.
  
Each fuel rod has one or two kinds of instruments of rod inner pressure (PF), fuel center temperature (TF), fuel stack elongation (EF), and cladding elongation (EC).
  
IFA-514 irradiation was started on 10 July in 1979, and completed on 19 November in 1988. The equivalent full power day (EFPD) in IFA-514 irradiation was 2,049 days, and the burn-up reached ~ 45 GWd/tMOX.
  
Three rods irradiated in IFA-514, i.e. rod-3, rod-4, and rod-6, were continuously irradiated as IFA-565 from November 1990 to October 1993.
  
The post-irradiation examination after IFA-514 irradiation test provided the following results:
- No remarkable corrosion and deformation was observed on the irradiated fuel rods.
- The averaged irradiation growth was 0.13 %, no nodular corrosion was observed, and the maximum thickness of oxide layer was ~ 60 micrometre.
- The FP gas release rate was ~ 21 %.
  
The irradiation for three of six fuel rods irradiated in IFA-514 irradiation tests were continued to the assembly average burn-up of ~ 56 GWd/t in IFA-565 irradiation tests, and the results of this irradiation test were as follows:
- No remarkable corrosion and deformation was observed on the irradiated fuel rods.
- The FP gas release behavior of LWR MOX fuels was similar to that of BWR UO2 and ATR MOX fuels, and no difference was confirmed in the FP gas release behavior. Also FP gas release rate of annular pellets (~ 13 %) was lower than that of solid ones (~ 16 %).
- No remarkable difference in the effect of pellet geometry, i.e. solid and annular, on PCMI behavior was observed in any fuel rod from the instrument data of fuel stack elongation and the result of ceramography. However, the reduction of cladding diameter change in pellet geometry is expected since the cladding diameter change of annular fuel rods was less than that of solid ones.
- The disappearance of as-fabricated granular boundaries during irradiation is expected to cause the reduction of pellet swelling deformation.
- The cladding elongation was ~0.15 %, and the irradiation growth behavior was almost similar to that of BWR U02 and ATR MOX fuel rods.
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9. STATUS
Package ID Status date Status
NEA-1778/01 18-FEB-2009 Arrived restricted
NEA-1778/02 09-DEC-2011 Masterfiled restricted
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10. REFERENCES
NEA-1778/01, included references:
- Takayuki OZAWA:
LWR MOX Fuel Irradiation Tests - HBWR Irradiation with the Instruments Rig,
IFA-514/565 (JAEA-Technology 2006-051, November 2006)
NEA-1778/02, included references:
- Takayuki OZAWA:
LWR MOX Fuel Irradiation Tests - HBWR Irradiation with the Instruments Rig,
IFA-514/565 (JAEA-Technology 2006-051, Updated December 2011)
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12. PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE(S) USED
No specified programming language
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15. NAME AND ESTABLISHMENT OF AUTHORS

Takayuki OZAWA
JAEA
4-33 Muramatsu
Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken
Japan
  
Compiled by: J. A. TURNBULL, U.K.
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16. MATERIAL AVAILABLE
NEA-1778/01
Summary.doc WORD file summarizing experiment
JAEA-Technology-2006-051.pdf PDF file giving details of experiment including
HBWR irradiation and PIE
Pre-Characterization.doc  WORD file containing extracts from JAERI report
describing pre-characterization of material and fuel rods
PIE data.doc  WORD file detailing sections in the JAERI report where PIE
measurements can be found
QA report for IFA-514-565.doc  QA report for compiling dataset
Readme file
IFA-514 in-pile irradiation data:
IFA-514_fct.xls   fuel centre temps for rods 1 & 5 at 10, 20 & 30 kW/m
IFA-514_iprs.xls   rods 1 & 4 internal pressure
IFA-514_iprs 0MW.xls  rods 1 & 4 internal pressure at shut down
IFA-514_felong.xls   rods 2, 3 & 6 fuel stack elongation
IFA-514_felong  0MW.xls  rods 2, 3 & 6 fuel stack elongation at shut down
IFA-514_celong.xls   rods 2, 3 & 6 clad elongation
IFA-514_celong 0MW.xls  rods 2, 3 & 6 clad elongation at shut down
IFA-51_pcmi.xls   rods 2, 3 & 6 ALHR v Bu for PCMI
IFA-565 ramp test:
IFA-514565_iprs.xls   rod 4 internal pressure
IFA-514565_iprs 0MW.xls  rod 4 internal pressure at shut down
IFA-514565_felong.xls  rods 3 & 6 fuel stack elongation
IFA-514565_felong 0MW.xls  rods 3 & 6 fuel stack elongation at shut down
IFA-514565_celong.xls  rods 3 & 6 clad elongation
IFA-514565_celong 0MW.xls rods 3 & 6 clad elongation at shut down
MOX fuel behaviour evaluation:
fgr.xls     FGR comparison with other data
fgr_10GWdt.xls   FGR v ALHR comparison with other data
celong_burn.xls   clad elongation v Bu comparison
celong_flnc.xls   clad elongation v Fast Fluence comparison
ROD-x.HIS ASCII format, IFA-514 irradiation history for rods x = 1,2,3,4,5,6
ROD-Xb.HIS ASCII format, IFA-565 irradiation history for rods x = 3, 4, 6
IFA-514_power hist.xls  Power history originally provided by T. Ozawa
IFA-514565_power hist.xls  Power history originally provided by T. Ozawa

NEA-1778/02
Summary.doc WORD file summarizing experiment
JAEA-Technology-2006-051.pdf PDF file giving details of experiment including
HBWR irradiation and PIE
Pre-Characterization.doc  WORD file containing extracts from JAERI report
describing pre-characterization of material and fuel rods
PIE data.doc  WORD file detailing sections in the JAERI report where PIE
measurements can be found
QA report for IFA-514-565.doc  QA report for compiling dataset
Readme file
IFA-514 in-pile irradiation data:
IFA-514_fct.xls   fuel centre temps for rods 1 & 5 at 10, 20 & 30 kW/m
IFA-514_iprs.xls   rods 1 & 4 internal pressure
IFA-514_iprs 0MW.xls  rods 1 & 4 internal pressure at shut down
IFA-514_felong.xls   rods 2, 3 & 6 fuel stack elongation
IFA-514_felong  0MW.xls  rods 2, 3 & 6 fuel stack elongation at shut down
IFA-514_celong.xls   rods 2, 3 & 6 clad elongation
IFA-514_celong 0MW.xls  rods 2, 3 & 6 clad elongation at shut down
IFA-51_pcmi.xls   rods 2, 3 & 6 ALHR v Bu for PCMI
IFA-565 ramp test:
IFA-514565_iprs.xls   rod 4 internal pressure
IFA-514565_iprs 0MW.xls  rod 4 internal pressure at shut down
IFA-514565_felong.xls  rods 3 & 6 fuel stack elongation
IFA-514565_felong 0MW.xls  rods 3 & 6 fuel stack elongation at shut down
IFA-514565_celong.xls  rods 3 & 6 clad elongation
IFA-514565_celong 0MW.xls rods 3 & 6 clad elongation at shut down
MOX fuel behaviour evaluation:
fgr.xls     FGR comparison with other data
fgr_10GWdt.xls   FGR v ALHR comparison with other data
celong_burn.xls   clad elongation v Bu comparison
celong_flnc.xls   clad elongation v Fast Fluence comparison
ROD-x.HIS ASCII format, IFA-514 irradiation history for rods x = 1,2,3,4,5,6
ROD-Xb.HIS ASCII format, IFA-565 irradiation history for rods x = 3, 4, 6
IFA-514_power hist.xls  Power history originally provided by T. Ozawa
IFA-514565_power hist.xls  Power history originally provided by T. Ozawa
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17. CATEGORIES
  • Y. Integral Experiments Data, Databases, Benchmarks

Keywords: MOX, boiling water reactor, elongation, fuel irradiation, light-water reactors.