3. DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM OR FUNCTION
MELODIE assesses radiological consequences associated with a nuclear waste repository in a deep geological formation. MELODIE consists of three parts: MELO for deterministic evaluation; PREP and SPOP for sensitivity and uncertainty analysis:
MELO is a modular deterministic code composed mainly of a geosphere model adopted from METIS, developed at the Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines de Paris; and of the ABRICOT biosphere model, developed at CEA/IPSN.
- The geosphere model is a 2D finite element code which first solves the groundwater flow equation (considered as a steady state), and then in a second step the transport (advection-diffusion-dispersion) equation for each radionuclide. The geosphere is taken into account as an equivalent porous medium with explicit description of the main fractures. The retardation of the radionuclides is modeled through the Kd concept, and nuclear decay chains are processed inside this model.
The boundary conditions represent:
. for the groundwater flow calculation, the hydraulic head or the groundwater flow rate;
. for the transport calculation, the activity released by the repository itself to the geosphere (using, for low soluble radionuclides, the solubility limit concept). Three cases may be taken into account for computing the value of this boundary condition: consequence of the degradation of the matrix (vitrified waste, ...); uniform release during a given period of time; waste already degradated at the initial time.
- The biosphere model converts the activity released at the water outlets to the corresponding individual dose through intake, inhalation, or external irradiation from the use of contaminated water in the main food chains. This model is compartimental and takes into account farming and dietetic considerations.
- PREP provides samples using the Latin Hypercube techniques for the distribution functions of the input variables, such as permeability, solubility limit value for radionuclides, retardation factors, etc.
- SPOP performs uncertainty and sensitivity analyses on the output of the MELO simulation runs. PREP and SPOP have been developed at the Joint Research Centre of the European Communities.