<![CDATA[NEA publications]]> /tools/publication Fri, 13 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Fri, 13 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0200 contact@oecd-nea.org (OECD Nuclear Energy Agency) Copyright 2018 OECD/NEA /tools/images/nea.jpg <![CDATA[NEA publications]]> /tools/publication NEA Framework en-gb http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 1440 <![CDATA[The Full Costs of Electricity Provision]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7298 7298
Accounting for these social costs in order to establish the full costs of electricity provision is difficult, yet such costs are too important to be disregarded in the context of the energy transitions currently under way in OECD and NEA countries. This report draws on evidence from a large number of studies concerning the social costs of electricity and identifies proven instruments for internalising them so as to improve overall welfare.

The results outlined in the report should lead to new and more comprehensive research on the full costs of electricity, which in turn would allow policy makers and the public to make better informed decisions along the path towards fully sustainable electricity systems.]]>
Fri, 13 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[State-of-the-art Report on the Progress on Nuclear Fuel Cycle Chemistry]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7267 7267
R&D programmes worldwide are attempting to address such challenges, and many processes for advanced reprocessing and partitioning minor actinides are being developed. This report provides a comprehensive overview of progress on separation chemistry processes, and in particular on the technologies associated with the separation and recovery of minor actinides for recycling so as to help move towards the implementation of advanced fuel cycles. The report examines both aqueous and pyro processes, as well as the status of current and proposed technologies described according to the hierarchy of separations targeting different fuel components. The process criteria that will affect technology down selection are also reviewed, as are non proliferation requirements. The maturity of different reprocessing techniques are assessed using a scale based on the technology readiness level, and perspectives for future R&D are reviewed.]]>
Mon, 19 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Executive Summary of Towards an All-Hazards Approach to Emergency Preparedness and Response]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7436 7436 Mon, 26 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Towards an All-Hazards Approach to Emergency Preparedness and Response]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7308 7308 preparedness and response (EPR) in the nuclear sector is more than ever being seen as part of a broader
framework. The OECD has recommended that its members ?establish and promote a comprehensive, all-hazards
and transboundary approach to country risk governance to serve as the foundation for enhancing
national resilience and responsiveness?. In order to achieve such an all-hazards approach to emergency
management, a major step in the process will be to consider experiences from the emergency management of
hazards emanating from a variety of sectors.

The NEA Working Party on Nuclear Emergency Matters (WPNEM) joined forces with the OECD Working Group
on Chemical Accidents (WGCA), the OECD Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate?s High-
Level Risk Forum (HLRF) and the European Commission?s Joint Research Centre (JRC) to collaborate on this
report, which demonstrates similarities between emergency planning and preparedness across sectors, and
identifies lessons learnt and good practices in diverse areas for the benefit of the international community.
A set of expert contributions, enriched with a broad range of national experiences, are presented in the
report to take into account expertise gathered from the emergency management of hazards other than those
emanating from the nuclear sector in an effort to support and foster an all-hazards approach to EPR.]]>
Fri, 12 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 99 - Volume 1/2017]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7366 7366
Feature articles in this issue include: "Reformed and reforming: Adapting the licensing process to meet new challenges"; "Reflections on the development of international nuclear law"; and "Facing the challenge of nuclear mass tort processing".]]>
Tue, 12 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Nuclear Energy Data 2017]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7365 7365 Nuclear Energy Data is the Nuclear Energy Agency's annual compilation of statistics and country reports
documenting nuclear power status in NEA member countries and in the OECD area. Information provided
by governments includes statistics on total electricity produced by all sources and by nuclear power, fuel
cycle capacities and requirements, and projections to 2035, where available. Country reports summarise
energy policies, updates of the status in nuclear energy programmes and fuel cycle developments. In
2016, nuclear power continued to supply significant amounts of low-carbon baseload electricity, despite
strong competition from low-cost fossil fuels and subsidised renewable energy sources. Three new units
were connected to the grid in 2016, in Korea, Russia and the United States. In Japan, an additional three
reactors returned to operation in 2016, bringing the total to five under the new regulatory regime. Three
reactors were officially shut down in 2016 -- one in Japan, one in Russia and one in the United States.
Governments committed to having nuclear power in the energy mix advanced plans for developing or
increasing nuclear generating capacity, with the preparation of new build projects making progress in
Finland, Hungary, Turkey and the United Kingdom. Further details on these and other developments are
provided in the publication's numerous tables, graphs and country reports.
This publication contains "StatLinks". For each StatLink, the reader will find a URL which leads to the
corresponding spreadsheet. These links work in the same way as an Internet link.

Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire -- 2017
Les Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire, compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux de
l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'energie nucleaire, presentent la situation de l'energie nucleaire dans les pays
membres de l'AEN et dans la zone de l'OCDE. Les informations communiquees par les gouvernements
comprennent des statistiques sur la production d'electricite totale et nucleaire, les capacites et les besoins
du cycle du combustible et, lorsqu'elles sont disponibles, des projections jusqu'en 2035. Les rapports
nationaux presentent brievement les politiques energetiques et les evolutions du cycle du combustible.
En 2016, l'electronucleaire a continue de generer des quantites importantes d'electricite en base faiblement
carbonee, et ce en depit de la forte concurrence des combustibles fossiles bon marche et des energies
renouvelable subventionnees. Cette meme annee, trois nouveaux reacteurs ont ete raccordes au reseau
en Coree, aux Etats-Unis et en Russie. Au Japon, trois reacteurs ont ete redemarres, ce qui porte a cinq
le nombre de tranches en exploitation repondant a la nouvelle reglementation en vigueur. Trois reacteurs
ont ete officiellement mis hors service en 2016 -- un aux Etats-Unis, un au Japon et un en Russie. Les pays
decides a inclure le nucleaire dans leur bouquet energetique ont poursuivi leurs projets de developpement
ou d'augmentation de la puissance nucleaire installee. Ainsi, les projets de construction en Finlande, en
Hongrie, au Royaume-Uni et en Turquie ont progresse. Le lecteur trouvera de plus amples informations sur
ces evolutions et d'autres developpements dans les nombreux tableaux, graphiques et rapports nationaux
que contient cet ouvrage.
Cette publication contient des "StatLinks". Fonctionnant comme un lien internet, un StatLink fournit
l'acces a la feuille de calcul correspondante.]]>
Mon, 20 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Radiological Characterisation from a Materials and Waste End-State Perspective – Experience from Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7373 7373 implementation of nuclear facility decommissioning. Effective characterisation allows
the extent, location and nature of contamination to be determined and provides
crucial information for facility dismantling, the management of material and waste
arisings, the protection of workers, the public and the environment, and associated
cost estimations.
This report will be useful for characterisation practitioners who carry out tactical
planning, preparation, optimisation and implementation of characterisation to support
the decommissioning of nuclear facilities and the management of associated materials
and waste. It compiles recent experience from NEA member countries in radiological
characterisation, including from international experts, international case studies,
an international conference, and international standards and guidance. Using this
comprehensive evidence base, the report identifies relevant good practice and provides
practical advice covering all stages of the characterisation process.]]>
Thu, 02 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[State-of-the-Art Report on Molten Corium Concrete Interaction and Ex-Vessel Molten Core Coolability]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7392 7392 Mon, 16 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Mentoring a Future Generation of Female Leaders in Science and Engineering]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7403 7403 Mon, 16 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[NEA Workshop on Stakeholder Involvement in Nuclear Decision Making]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7302 7302 management, health policy and sustainability, they can often generate considerable interest and concern.
Actors involved in the nuclear energy sector, including regulators, governments and licensees, share
the goal of reaching accepted, sustainable decisions and to ensure that the decision-making process
is transparent. Stakeholder involvement in decision making is today seen as an essential means for
improving decisions and for optimising their implementation.

In this context, the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) organised a Workshop on Stakeholder Involvement in
Nuclear Decision Making in January 2017, acknowledging that different countries and sectors may face
similar challenges and that sharing experiences and approaches could be useful. The workshop was an
opportunity to bring together experts with first-hand knowledge and experience in areas related to
nuclear law, regulatory practices, radiological protection, nuclear waste management, the deployment of
new nuclear facilities, extended operation of nuclear facilities, deployment of other energy technologies
and infrastructures, and social and traditional media.

This summary report attempts to capture the collective wisdom generated over three days of interaction.
It highlights some commonalities and differences in views and approaches, and identifies particular
lessons that can be applied to improve the strategy and practice of involving stakeholders in decision
making. Overall, the learning gained from this workshop can benefit governments and citizens alike.]]>
Mon, 16 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[SFCOMPO-2.0: International Database of Spent Nuclear Fuel Isotopic Assays]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7391 7391 SFCOMPO 2.0 has been developed by the NEA in close collaboration with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The data in SFCOMPO 2.0 has undergone an independent and iterative review process by the Expert Group on Assay Data of Spent Nuclear Fuel (EGADSNF), under the NEA Working Party on Nuclear Criticality Safety (WPNCS). The data have been reviewed for consistency with the experimental reports but have not been formally evaluated. Assay data evaluations are a multidisciplinary effort involving reactor specialists, modelling and simulation experts, and radiochemistry experts. Any errors in measurements, omissions or inconsistencies in the original reported data may be reproduced in the database. Therefore, it is important that any user of the data for code validation consider and assess the potential data deficiencies. The evaluation of assay data will provide a more complete assessment and may result in the development of benchmark specifications and measurement data in cases of high quality experiments.
SFCOMPO 2.0 contains only openly accessible, published experimental assay data. An online Java application of SFCOMPO 2.0 is available at www.oecd-nea.org/sfcompo.]]>
Mon, 02 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Addressing Uncertainties in Cost Estimates for Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7344 7344 Thu, 28 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[National Inventories and Management Strategies for Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7371 7371
The diversity in classification schemes across countries has restricted the possibility of comparing waste inventories and led to difficulties in interpreting waste management practices, both nationally and internationally. To help improve this situation, the Nuclear Energy Agency developed a methodology that ensures consistency of national radioactive waste and spent fuel inventory data when presenting them in a common scheme in direct connection with accepted management strategy and disposal routes. This report is a follow up to the 2016 report that introduced the methodology and presenting scheme for spent fuel, and it now extends this methodology and presenting scheme to all types of radioactive waste and corresponding management strategies.]]>
Mon, 28 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Sourcebook of International Activities Related to the Development of Safety Cases for Deep Geological Repositories]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7341 7341 Mon, 21 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Recycling and Reuse of Materials Arising from the Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7310 7310 Wed, 16 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[NEA News Vol. 35.1]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7347 7347 Fri, 04 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[福岛第一核电站事故对核能开发政策的影响]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7439 7439
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Tue, 01 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Rapport annuel 2016 de l'AEN]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7350 7350 Mon, 29 May 2017 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments (IRPhe Project)]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7329 7329
This handbook contains reactor physics benchmark specifications that have been derived from experiments performed at nuclear facilities around the world. The benchmark specifications are intended for use by reactor designers, safety analysts and nuclear data evaluators to validate calculation techniques and data. Example calculations are presented; these do not constitute a validation or endorsement of the codes or cross-section data.

The 2016 edition of the International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments contains data from 151 experimental series that were performed at 50 reactor facilities. To be published as approved benchmarks, the experiments must be evaluated against agreed technical criteria and reviewed by the IRPhE Technical Review Group. A total of 146 of the 151 evaluations are published as approved benchmarks. The remaining five evaluations are published as draft documents only.

New to the handbook is the evaluation of the CERES Phase II validation of fission product poisoning through reactivity worth measurements, which includes 13 fission products. The front cover of this year?s handbook shows the MINERVE reactor used to obtain the results.]]>
Fri, 28 Apr 2017 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[NEA Annual Report 2016]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7349 7349 Wed, 19 Apr 2017 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Uranium 2016: Resources, Production and Demand (Executive Summary)]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7388 7388 Wed, 12 Apr 2017 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Impacts of the Fukushima Daiichi Accident on Nuclear Development Policies]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7212 7212
This study examines changes to policies, and plans and attempts to distinguish the impact of the Fukushima Daiichi accident from other factors that have affected policymaking in relation to nuclear energy, in particular electricity market economics, financing challenges and competition from other sources (gas, coal and renewables). It also examines changes over time to long-term, quantitative country projections, which reveal interesting trends on the possible role of nuclear energy in future energy systems.]]>
Thu, 06 Apr 2017 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[International Conference on Geological Repositories]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7345 7345
Building upon the success of previous conferences held in Denver (1999), Stockholm (2003), Berne (2007) and Toronto (2012), the ICGR 2016 brought together high-level decision makers from regulatory and local government bodies, waste management organisations and public stakeholder communities to review current perspectives of geological repository development. This publication provides a synthesis of the 2016 conference on continued engagement and safe implementation of repositories, which was designed to promote information and experience sharing, particularly in the development of polices and regulatory frameworks. Repository safety, and the planning and implementation of repository programmes with societal involvement, as well as ongoing work within different international organisations, were also addressed at the conference.]]>
Tue, 04 Apr 2017 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[NEA News Vol. 34.2]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7292 7292
Topics covered in this issue include: the NEA Nuclear Innovation 2050 Initiative; the International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation; NEA collaborative activities related to accident-tolerant fuels; costing for decommissioning; the 10th national workshop of the NEA Forum on Stakeholder Confidence and the International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology.

A special thank you to the many contributors to this edition of NEA News: Axel Breest, Oscar Cabellos, Marc Deffrennes, Aleshia Duncan, James Dyrda, Mari Gillogly, Kamishan Martin, Simone Massara, Margaret McGrath, Franco Michel-Sendis, Fiona Rayment, Michael Siemann and Inge Weber.]]>
Mon, 20 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 98 - Volume 2/2016]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7313 7313 the field of nuclear law. It provides readers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear
law developments. Published free online twice a year in both English and French, it features topical
articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on
relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international
organisations.
Feature articles in this issue include: "Strengthening the international legal framework for nuclear security:
Better sooner rather than later"; "Brexit, Euratom and nuclear proliferation"; and "McMunn et al. V Babcock
and Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc., et al.: The long road to dismissal".]]>
Fri, 24 Feb 2017 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Communication on the Safety Case for a Deep Geological Repository]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7336 7336 Mon, 20 Feb 2017 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[NEA Strategic Plan 2017-2022]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7295 7295 Thu, 22 Dec 2016 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Plan stratégique de l'AEN 2017-2022]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7296 7296 Thu, 22 Dec 2016 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7328 7328
This handbook contains criticality safety benchmark specifications that have been derived from experiments performed at various critical facilities around the world. The benchmark specifications are intended for use by criticality safety engineers to validate calculation techniques used to establish minimum subcritical margins for operations with fissile material and to determine criticality alarm requirements and placement. Many of the specifications are also useful for nuclear data testing. Example calculations are presented; however, these do not constitute a validation of the codes or cross-section data.

The evaluated criticality safety benchmark data are given in nine volumes. These volumes span over 70 000 pages and contain 570 evaluations with benchmark specifications for 4 913 critical, near-critical or subcritical configurations, 45 criticality alarm placement/shielding configurations with multiple dose points for each, and 215 configurations that have been categorised as fundamental physics measurements that are relevant to criticality safety applications.

New to the handbook are 15 critical experiments with highly enriched uranium in an iron matrix performed to support the design of a repetitively pulsed reactor called the Sorgenta Rapida Reactor (SORA) at the Eurotom Research Centre in Ispra, Italy. A photograph of this experiment assembly is shown on the front cover.]]>
Wed, 21 Dec 2016 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Nuclear Energy Data 2016]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7300 7300 reports documenting nuclear power status in NEA member countries and in the OECD area. Information
provided by governments includes statistics on installed generating capacity, total electricity produced
by all sources and by nuclear power, nuclear energy policies and fuel cycle developments, as well as
projections of nuclear generating capacity and electricity production to 2035, where available. Total
electricity generation at nuclear power plants and the share of electricity production from nuclear power
plants increased slightly in 2015, by 0.2% and 0.1%, respectively. Two new units were connected to the
grid in 2015, in Russia and Korea; two reactors returned to operation in Japan under the new regulatory
regime; and seven reactors were officially shut down - five in Japan, one in Germany and one in the
United Kingdom. Governments committed to having nuclear power in the energy mix advanced plans
for developing or increasing nuclear generating capacity, with the preparation of new build projects
progressing in Finland, Hungary, Turkey and the United Kingdom. Further details on these and other
developments are provided in the publication's numerous tables, graphs and country reports.

This publication contains "StatLinks". For each StatLink, the reader will find a URL which leads to the
corresponding spreadsheet. These links work in the same way as an Internet link.
Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire 2016

Les Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire, compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux de
l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'energie nucleaire, presentent la situation de l'energie nucleaire dans les pays
membres de l'AEN et dans la zone de l'OCDE. Les informations communiquees par les gouvernements
comprennent des statistiques sur la puissance installee, la production d'electricite totale et nucleaire,
les politiques nucleaires, les evolutions du cycle du combustible ainsi que, lorsqu'elles sont disponibles,
des projections jusqu'en 2035 de la puissance nucleaire et de la production d'electricite. En 2015, la
production totale d'electricite des centrales nucleaires ainsi que la part du nucleaire dans la production
d'electricite ont legerement augmente, de 0,2 % et 0,1 % respectivement. Deux nouveaux reacteurs ont
ete raccordes au reseau en Russie et en Coree, deux reacteurs ont ete remis en service au Japon, ou un
nouveau regime de surete est en vigueur, et sept reacteurs ont ete mis officiellement et definitivement a
l'arret - cinq au Japon, un en Allemagne et un au Royaume-Uni. Les pays decides a inclure le nucleaire
dans leur bouquet energetique ont poursuivi leurs projets de developpement ou d'augmentation de
la puissance nucleaire installee, et ont realise des avancees dans de futurs projets de construction en
Finlande, en Hongrie, au Royaume-Uni et en Turquie. Le lecteur trouvera de plus amples informations sur
ces evolutions et d'autres developpements dans les nombreux tableaux, graphiques et rapports nationaux
que contient cet ouvrage.
Cette publication contient des "StatLinks". Fonctionnant comme un lien internet, un StatLink fournit
l'acces a la feuille de calcul correspondante.]]>
Tue, 20 Dec 2016 00:00:00 +0100