Paris, 11 June 2008
The OECD/NEA Halden Reactor Project is celebrating 50 years of continuous operation today with a ceremony in Oslo, Norway. Under the auspices of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the research being done in the project helps improve the safety of nuclear power plants. It is the Agency's longest-running and largest joint project with an annual budget of EUR 15 million.
The unique capabilities of the Halden test reactor have been a major factor in the success of the project. The Halden reactor's unique core design, combined with advanced reactor test rigs, allows many experiments to be conducted simultaneously. These experiments have produced a lot of the nuclear fuel data used today by nuclear regulators, the nuclear industry and research institutions around the world. The project has also been the scene of much ground-breaking work in the field of human-machine interaction. Methods developed to reduce potential human error during nuclear power plant operation and maintenance have been adopted by other industries.
The NEA has applied the experience gained within the project to other nuclear safety research projects in such areas as fuel safety, thermal-hydraulics and severe accidents. The "Halden model" has proved to be a successful format, enabling countries with a common technical interest to carry out research on a highly effective, cost-sharing basis. Ongoing NEA research on the computerised systems of nuclear power plants and the ageing of reactor internals and cables first began in Halden.
The founding agreement of the Halden Reactor Project was signed by seven countries in 1958 and has been revised and renewed every three years since. There are currently 130 organisations from 17 countries participating in the project. In addition to providing financial support, some organisations regularly second research scientists to the project, which is based in the facilities of the Norwegian Institute for Energy Technology in Halden, Norway.
Further details regarding the project are available at: www.oecd-nea.org/jointproj/halden.html.