Technically, nuclear fission reactors in operation or being built can supply non-electricity products. However, while non-electrical applications have been considered since the very beginning of nuclear energy development, they have not been deployed to significant industrial scale in any country so far.
This report endeavours to investigate: technical requirements for nuclear energy systems to become cost effective for supplying non-electricity products; potential markets for non-electricity products that nuclear energy systems could supply eventually; and policy issues to be addressed for facilitating the development of non-electrical applications of nuclear energy in countries wishing to rely on this option.
The report was reviewed by the NDC and benefited from comments and suggestions from its members. However, its does not reflect automatically the views of all NEA member countries.