Brussels Convention Supplementary to the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy (Brussels Supplementary Convention or BSC)
Ongoing

The Brussels Supplementary Convention establishes a scheme to provide compensation supplementary to that required by the Paris Convention. The BSC is open only to contracting parties to the Paris Convention.

 

Adopted: 31 January 1963

  • 1964 Additional Protocol adopted: 28 January 1964
  • 1982 Protocol adopted: 16 November 1982
  • 2004 Protocol adopted: 12 February 2004

Opened for signature: 31 January 1963

  • 1964 Additional Protocol opened for signature: 28 January-29 April 1964
  • 1982 Protocol Adopted opened for signature: 16 November 1982
  • 2004 Protocol Adopted opened for signature: 12 February 2004

Entered into force: 4 December 1974, along with its 1964 Additional Protocol

  • 1964 Additional Protocol entered into force: 4 December 1974, along with the original 1963 Convention
  • 1982 Protocol Adopted entered into force: 1 August 1991
  • 2004 Protocol Adopted entered into force: not yet in force

Parties: 131 (see table below)

 

More information on the Brussels Supplementary Convention, including the text, is available here.

The current status of ratifications or accessions to the Brussels Supplementary Convention is available here.

The following is a sampling of the articles related to the BSC that have been published in the Nuclear Law Bulletin:

  • The Brussels Convention and Liability for Nuclear Damage, by P. Sands and P. Galizzi (NLB 64, p. 7).
  • Progress towards a global nuclear liability regime (NLB 93, p. 9).

 

Parties to the Brussels Supplementary Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy
Belgium* Germany* Slovenia* United Kingdom*
Denmark Italy Spain*  
Finland* Netherlands* Sweden*  
France* Norway Switzerland*  

* Country with at least one nuclear power plant in operation.


  1. Switzerland has signed the 1963 Brussels Supplementary Convention (BSC), the 1964 Additional Protocol to amend the BSC and the 1982 and 2004 Protocols to amend the BSC. On 11 March 2009 Switzerland deposited its instrument of ratification of the 1963 BSC as amended by the 1964, 1982 and 2004 amending Protocols. As this ratification is effective only with respect to the 1963 BSC as amended by all 3 Protocols, entry into force for Switzerland of the Brussels Supplementary Convention as so amended will only take place once the 2004 Protocol to amend the BSC has itself entered into force.