Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention)
Ongoing

The Espoo Convention sets out the obligations of parties to assess the environmental impact of certain activities at an early stage of planning and lays down general obligations of states to notify and consult each other on all major projects under consideration that are likely to have a significant adverse environmental impact across boundaries.

 

Adopted: 25 February 1991

Opened for signature: 25 February 1991

Entered into force: 10 September 1997

Parties: 45 parties (including the European Union) (see table below)

 

More information on the Espoo Convention, including the text, is available here.

The current status of the Espoo Convention is available here.

The following articles related to the Espoo Convention were published in the Nuclear Law Bulletin:

  • Environmental Law and Nuclear Law: A Growing Symbiosis, by S. Emmerechts (NLB 82, p. 91).
  • Nuclear and environmental law in the licensing of nuclear installations, by C. Raetzke (NLB 92, p. 55).
  • The application of the Espoo Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context to nuclear energy-related activities (NLB 97, p. 63).

 

Parties to the Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention)
Albania Denmark Liechtenstein Serbia
Armenia* Estonia Lithuania Slovak Republic*
Austria Finland* Luxembourg Slovenia*
Azerbaijan France* Malta Spain*
Belarus* Germany* Moldova Sweden*
Belgium* Greece Montenegro Switzerland*
Bosnia and Herzegovina Hungary* Netherlands* Ukraine*
Bulgaria* Ireland North Macedonia United Kingdom*
Canada* Italy Norway European Union
Croatia Kazakhstan Poland  
Cyprus Kyrgyzstan Portugal  
Czech Republic* Latvia Romania*  

* Country with at least one nuclear power plant in operation.