Convention on Nuclear Safety (CNS)
Ongoing

The CNS is an incentive convention that aims to, inter alia, achieve and maintain a high level of nuclear safety worldwide through the enhancement of national measures and international co-operation including, where appropriate, safety-related technical co-operation.

 

Adopted: 17 June 1994

Opened for signature: 20 September 1994

Entered into force: 24 October 1996

Parties: 91 parties (including EURATOM) (see table below)

 

More information on the CNS, including the text, is available here.

The text of the CNS is also reproduced in Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 53.

The current status of the CNS is available here.

The following articles related to the CNS were published in the Nuclear Law Bulletin:

  • The Convention on Nuclear Safety, by O. Jankowitsch (NLB 54, p. 9).
  • The IAEA Nuclear Safety Conventions: An example of Successful "Treaty Management", by G. Handl (NLB 72, p. 7).
  • The "Incentive" Concept as Developed in the Nuclear Safety Conventions and its Possible Extension to Other Sectors, by T. De Wright (NLB 80, p. 29).
  • The post-Fukushima Daiichi response: The role of the Convention on Nuclear Safety in strengthening the legal framework for nuclear safety, by P. L. Johnson (NLB 91, p. 7).
  • Towards a new international framework for nuclear safety: Developments from Fukushima to Vienna, by E. Durand‑Poudret (NLB 95, p. 27).
  • Treaty implementation applied to conventions on nuclear safety, by M. Montjoie (NLB 96, p. 9).
  • Inside nuclear baseball: Reflections on the development of the safety conventions, by C. Stoiber (NLB 100, p. 61).
  • The impact of the major nuclear power plant accidents on the international legal framework for nuclear power, by S.G. Burns (NLB 101, p. 7).

 

Parties to the Convention on Nuclear Safety

Albania

Czech Republic*

Luxembourg

Saudi Arabia

Angola

Denmark

Madagascar

Senegal

Argentina*

Estonia

Mali Serbia

Armenia*

Finland*

Malta Singapore

Australia

France*

Mexico* Slovak Republic*

Austria

Germany* Moldova Slovenia*

Bahrain

Ghana Montenegro South Africa*

Bangladesh

Greece Morocco Spain*

Belarus*

Hungary* Myanmar Sri Lanka

Belgium*

Iceland Netherlands* Sweden*

Benin

India* Niger Switzerland*

Bolivia

Indonesia Nigeria Syrian Arab Republic

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Ireland North Macedonia Thailand
Brazil* Italy Norway Tunisia
Bulgaria* Japan* Oman Turkey
Cambodia Jordan Pakistan* Ukraine*
Canada* Kazakhstan Paraguay United Arab Emirates*
Chile Korea* Peru

United Kingdom*

China* Kuwait Poland United States*
Congo Latvia Portugal

Uruguay

Croatia Lebanon Qatar

Viet Nam

Cuba Libya Romania* EURATOM
Cyprus Lithuania Russia*  

* Country with at least one nuclear power plant in operation.