Convention on Nuclear Safety (CNS)
Ongoing

The CNS is an incentive convention that aims to, inter alia, achieve and maintain a high level of nuclear safety worldwide through the enhancement of national measures and international co-operation including, where appropriate, safety-related technical co-operation.

 

Adopted: 17 June 1994

Opened for signature: 20 September 1994

Entered into force: 24 October 1996

Parties: 90 parties (including EURATOM) (see table below)

 

More information on the CNS, including the text, is available here.

The text of the CNS is also reproduced in Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 53.

The current status of the CNS is available here.

The following articles related to the CNS were published in the Nuclear Law Bulletin:

  • The Convention on Nuclear Safety, by O. Jankowitsch (NLB 54, p. 9).
  • The IAEA Nuclear Safety Conventions: An example of Successful "Treaty Management", by G. Handl (NLB 72, p. 7).
  • The "Incentive" Concept as Developed in the Nuclear Safety Conventions and its Possible Extension to Other Sectors, by T. De Wright (NLB 80, p. 29).
  • The post-Fukushima Daiichi response: The role of the Convention on Nuclear Safety in strengthening the legal framework for nuclear safety, by P. L. Johnson (NLB 91, p. 7).
  • Towards a new international framework for nuclear safety: Developments from Fukushima to Vienna, by E. Durand‑Poudret (NLB 95, p. 27).
  • Treaty implementation applied to conventions on nuclear safety, by M. Montjoie (NLB 96, p. 9).
  • Inside nuclear baseball: Reflections on the development of the safety conventions, by C. Stoiber (NLB 100, p. 61).
  • The impact of the major nuclear power plant accidents on the international legal framework for nuclear power, by S.G. Burns (NLB 101, p. 7).

 

Parties to the Convention on Nuclear Safety

Albania

Denmark

Madagascar

Senegal

Angola

Estonia

Mali Serbia

Argentina*

Finland*

Malta Singapore

Armenia*

France*

Mexico* Slovak Republic*

Australia

Germany* Moldova Slovenia*

Austria

Ghana Montenegro South Africa*

Bahrain

Greece Morocco Spain*

Bangladesh

Hungary* Myanmar Sri Lanka

Belarus*

Iceland Netherlands* Sweden*

Belgium*

India* Niger Switzerland*

Benin

Indonesia Nigeria Syrian Arab Republic

Bolivia

Ireland North Macedonia Thailand

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Italy Norway Tunisia
Brazil* Japan* Oman Turkey
Bulgaria* Jordan Pakistan* Ukraine*
Cambodia Kazakhstan Paraguay United Arab Emirates*
Canada* Korea* Peru

United Kingdom*

Chile Kuwait Poland United States*
China* Latvia Portugal

Uruguay

Croatia Lebanon Qatar

Viet Nam

Cuba Libya Romania* EURATOM
Cyprus Lithuania Russia*  
Czech Republic* Luxembourg Saudi Arabia  

* Country with at least one nuclear power plant in operation.