Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident (Early Notification Convention)
Ongoing

The Early Notification Convention establishes a notification system for nuclear accidents that have the potential for an international transboundary release of radioactive material that could be of radiological safety significance for another state.

 

Adopted: 26 September 1986

Opened for signature: 26 September 1986 (Vienna) and 6 October 1986 (New York)

Entered into force: 27 October 1986

Parties: 127 (including EURATOM, FAO, WHO and WMO) (see table below)

 

More information on the Early Notification Convention, including the text, is available here.

The text of the Early Notification Convention is also reproduced in the Supplement to Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 38.

The current status of the Early Notification Convention is available here.

The following articles related to the Early Notification Convention were published in the Nuclear Law Bulletin:

  • The IAEA Conventions on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident and on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency, by B. Moser (NLB 44, p. 10). 
  • Inside nuclear baseball: Reflections on the development of the safety conventions, by C. Stoiber (NLB 100, p. 61).
  • The impact of the major nuclear power plant accidents on the international legal framework for nuclear power, by S.G. Burns (NLB 101, p. 7).

 

Parties to the Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident

Albania

Ecuador

Liechtenstein

Romania*

Algeria

El Salvador

Lithuania

Russia*

Angola

Egypt

Luxembourg

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Argentina*

Eritrea

Madagascar

Saudi Arabia

Armenia*

Estonia

Malaysia

Senegal

Australia

Finland*

Mali

Serbia

Austria

France*

Mauritania

Singapore

Bahrain

Gabon

Mauritius

Slovak Republic*

Bangladesh

Georgia

Mexico*

Slovenia*

Belarus*

Germany*

Moldova

South Africa*

Belgium*

Ghana

Monaco

Spain*

Benin

Greece

Mongolia

Sri Lanka

Bolivia

Guatemala

Montenegro

Sweden*

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Hungary*

Morocco

Switzerland*

Botswana

Iceland

Mozambique

Syrian Arab Republic

Brazil*

India*

Myanmar

Tajikistan

Bulgaria*

Indonesia

Namibia

Tanzania

Burkina Faso

Iran*

Netherlands*

Thailand

Cambodia

Iraq

New Zealand

Tunisia

Cameroon

Ireland

Nicaragua

Turkey

Canada*

Israel

Nigeria

Ukraine*

Chile

Italy

North Macedonia

United Arab Emirates*

China*

Japan*

Norway

United Kingdom*

Colombia

Jordan

Oman

United States*

Costa Rica

Kazakhstan

Pakistan*

Uruguay

Côte d'Ivoire

Korea*

Panama

Venezuela

Croatia

Kuwait

Paraguay

Viet Nam

Cuba

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Peru

EURATOM

Cyprus

Latvia

Philippines

Food and Agriculture Organization

Czech Republic*

Lebanon

Poland

World Health Organization

Denmark

Lesotho

Portugal

World Meteorological Organization

Dominican Republic

Libya

Qatar

 

* Country with at least one nuclear power plant in operation.