United States

Nuclear legislation

Nuclear Legislation in OECD and NEA Countries: Unites States        FRENCH
Regulatory and Institutional Framework for Nuclear Activities
This country profile provides a detailed review of a full range of nuclear law topics, including: the general regulatory regime, including mining; radioactive substances and equipment; nuclear installations; trade in nuclear materials; radiation protection; radioactive waste management; non-proliferation and physical protection; transport; and nuclear third party liability. This profile was last updated in 2016.

Primary nuclear legislation

A compilation of nuclear regulatory legislation can be found here: www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/nuregs/staff/sr0980/.

Also, specific acts such as:

  • Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as Amended;
  • Energy Reorganization Act of 1974;
  • Reorganization Plans;
  • Nuclear Waste Policy of 1982, as Amended;
  • Low-Level radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985;
  • Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978;

can be found on the following webpage: www.nrc.gov/about-nrc/governing-laws.html.

Case law related to nuclear energy

Related links

OECD and NEA Member Country Participation: United States
Includes country-specific information on the status of adherence to the multilateral agreements of highest import to international nuclear law.

IAEA Country Fact Sheet: United States
Includes country-specific information on the status of adherence to treaties under IAEA auspices.

IEA Country Profile: United States
Includes country-specific energy data and statistics, reports, analyses, policies, and news and events.

Radioactive Waste Management Programmes in NEA Member Countries:

Related NEA publications

Legal Frameworks for Long-Term Operation of Nuclear Power Reactors
Legal Frameworks aims to provide insights into the various laws, regulations and policies that contribute to different countries' approaches to long-term operation (LTO). By collecting information from more than 20 NEA member and non-member countries, this report highlights both commonalities among approaches as well as possible reasons for variations. A detailed review of national approaches to LTO is also provided in the report.

Nuclear Energy Data  
Nuclear Energy Data is the NEA's annual compilation of essential statistics on electricity generation and nuclear power in OECD countries. The reader will have quick and easy reference to the status of and projected trends in total electricity generating capacity, nuclear generating capacity, and actual electricity production, as well as to supply and demand for nuclear fuel cycle services.

Uranium 2022: Resources, Production and Demand  
A Joint Report by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency
The "Red Book" provides analyses and information from 54 uranium producing and consuming countries. The present edition provides the most recent review of world uranium market fundamentals and presents data on global uranium exploration, resources, production and reactor-related requirements.

Publications and reports