Radioactive Waste Management Publications


Alphabetical list of titles
Aged and Decommissioned Material Collection and Testing for Structural Integrity Purposes (1996)
Proceedings of a Joint CEA/NEA Workshop, Mol, Belgium, June 1995 - NEA/CSNI/R(95)17
3-D Deterministic Radiation Transport Computer Codes (1997)
Features, Applications and Perspectives - Proceedings of an OECD Meeting held on 2-3 December 1996, OECD Château la Muette, Paris, France
3-D Deterministic Radiation Transport Computer Programs (1997)
Features, Applications and Perspectives
A Common Objective, a Variety of Paths (2009)
Third International Conference on Geological Repositories, Berne, Switzerland, 15-17 October 2007
A Common Objective, a Variety of Paths (2009)
Synthesis and Main Lessons:Third International Conference on Geological Repositories, Berne, Switzerland, 15-17 October 2007
A Critical Review of the System of Radiation Protection (2000)
First Reflections of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency's Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH)
A Stakeholder Dialogue on the Implications of the ICRP Recommendations (2008)
Summary of the Three NEA/ICRP Conferences
AEN Infos (2000)
2000 - no. 18.2
AEN Infos (2000)
2000 - no. 18.1
Actinide and Fission Product Partitioning and Transmutation (2005)
Eighth Information Exchange Meeting, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, 9-11 November 2004
Actinide and Fission Product Partitioning and Transmutation (2012)
Eleventh Information Exchange Meeting, San Francisco, California, USA, 1-4 November 2010
Actinide and Fission Product Partitioning and Transmutation (2003)
Seventh Information Exchange Meeting, Jeju, Republic of Korea, 14-16 October 2002
Actinide and Fission Product Partitioning and Transmutation (2007)
Ninth Information Exchange Meeting, Nîmes, France, 25-29 September 2006
Actinide and Fission Product Partitioning and Transmutation (2001)
Sixth International Information Exchange Meeting, Madrid, Spain, 11-13 December 2000
Actinide and Fission Product Partitioning and Transmutation (1999)
Proceedings of the Fifth International Information Exchange Meeting, Mol, Belgium, 25-27 November 1998
Actinide and Fission Product Partitioning and Transmutation (1999)
Status and Assessment Report Synthèse des travaux
Actinide and Fission Product Partitioning and Transmutation + CD-ROM (2010)
Tenth Information Exchange Meeting, Mito, Japan, 6-10 October 2008
Activités de l'AEN en 1996 (1997)
Vingt-cinquième Rapport annuel de l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire
Advanced Nuclear Safety Issues and Research Needs (2002)
Workshop Proceedings, Paris, France, 18-20 February 2002
Advanced Reactors with Innovative Fuels (2002)
Workshop Proceedings, Chester, United Kingdom, 22-24 October 2001
Advanced Reactors with Innovative Fuels (1999)
Workshop Proceedings, Villigen, Switzerland, 21-23 October 1998
An International Peer Review of the Yucca Mountain Project (2002)
Total System Performance Assessment for the Site Recommendation (TSPA-SR)
Analyse critique du système de protection radiologique (2000)
Réflexions préliminaires du Comité de protection radiologique et de santé publique (CRPPH) de l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire
Analytical Benchmarks for Nuclear Engineering Applications (2008)
Case Studies in Neutron Transport Theory
Aspects environnementaux de la production d'uranium (1999)
Rapport établi conjointement par l'AEN et l'AIEA
Assessment of Fission Product Decay Data for Decay Heat Calculations (2007)
International Evaluation Co-operation, Volume 25
Assuring Nuclear Safety Competence into the 21st Century (2000)
Workshop Proceedings, Budapest, Hungary, 12-14 October 1999
Avis techniques du CSIN n° 14 (2012)
Déterminer la pertinence des structures organisationnelles, des ressources et des compétences des exploitants nucléaires
Avis techniques du CSIN - No 3 (2003)
Evénements récurrents
Avis techniques du CSIN - No 4 (2004)
L'évaluation probabiliste de la fiabilité humaine dans les centrales nucléaires
Avis techniques du CSIN - No 6 (2004)
Analyse d'événements fondée sur l'EPS
Avis techniques du CSIN - No. 11 (2009)
Améliorer la maintenance des centrales nucléaires en optimisant les performances humaines et organisationnelles
Avis techniques du CSIN - Nos 7-8 (2005)
EPS vivante et son utilisation dans le processus décisionnel en matière de sûreté nucléaire - Mise au point et utilisation de l'EPS temps réel dans les centrales nucléaires
Avis techniques du CSIN - N° 1 et 2 (2002)
Etude probabiliste de sûreté-incendie des centrales nucléaires - Etude probabiliste de sûreté-séisme des installations nucléaires
Avis techniques du CSIN - N° 5 (2004)
Gestion et réglementation des changements organisationnels dans les installations nucléaires
Avis techniques du CSIN - N° 9 (2007)
EPS de niveau 2 des centrales nucléaires
Avis techniques du CSIN - n° 10 (2009)
Le rôle des facteurs humains et organisationnels dans les modifications des centrales nucléaires
Avis techniques du CSIN - n° 12 (2009)
Recherches sur le facteur humain dans les nouvelles centrales nucléaires
Avis techniques du CSIN n° 15 (2012)
Gestion du vieillissement des installations du cycle du combustible nucléaire
Avis techniques du CSIN – n° 13 (2011)
Méthodologies d'essai et bases de calcul des critères APRP
Avveckling av kärntekniska anläggningar (2011)
Det har gjorts och kan göras igen
Back-end of the Fuel Cycle in a 1 000 Gwe Nuclear Scenario (1999)
Workshop Proceedings, Avignon, France, 6-7 October 1998
Basic Studies in the Field of High-temperature Engineering (2004)
Third Information Exchange Meeting, Ibaraki-ken, Japan, 11-12 September 2003
Basic Studies on High-Temperature Engineering (2000)
First Information Exchange Meeting, Paris, France, 27-29 September 1999
Basic Studies on High-temperature Engineering (2002)
Second Information Exchange Meeting, Paris, France, 10-12 October 2001
Benchmark Calculations of Power Distribution Within Fuel Assemblies (2000)
Phase II: Comparison of Data Reduction and Power Reconstruction Methods in Production Codes
Benchmark on Beam Interruptions in an Accelerator-driven System (2004)
Final Report on Phase II Calculations
Benchmark on Beam Interruptions in an Accelerator-driven system (2003)
Final Report on Phase I Calculations
Benchmarking of CFD Codes for Application to Nuclear Reactor Safety (CFD4NRS) - CD-ROM (2007)
Workshop Proceedings, Garching (Munich), Germany, 5-7 September 2006
Better Integration of Radiation Protection in Modern Society (2002)
Workshop Proceedings, Villigen, Switzerland, 23-25 January 2001
Boiling Water Reactor Turbine Trip (TT) Benchmark - Vol. IV (2010)
Volume IV: Summary Results of Exercise 3
Boiling Water Reactor Turbine Trip (TT) Benchmark - Volume II (2005)
Volume II: Summary Results of Exercise 1
Boiling Water Reactor Turbine Trip (TT) Benchmark - Volume III (2006)
Volume III: Summary Results of Exercise 2
Boron Reactivity Transients (1997)
Proceedings of a Specialist Meeting - NEA/CSNI/R(96)3 - State College, PA, USA, 18-20 October 1995
Building, Measuring and Improving Public Confidence in the Nuclear Regulator (2006)
Workshop Proceedings, Ottawa, Canada, 18-20 May 2004
Bulletin AEN (1997)
Volume 15 no2 - 1997
Bulletin AEN (1999)
Volume 17, no1 - 1999
Bulletin AEN (1999)
Volume 17, no.2 - 1999
Bulletin de l'AEN (1998)
Volume 16 no.2 - 1998
Burn-up Credit Criticality Benchmark - Phase II-C (2007)
Phase II-C: Impact of the Asymmetry of PWR Axial Burn-up Profiles on the End Effect
Burn-up Credit Criticality Benchmark - Phase II-D (2006)
PWR-UO2 Assembly - Study of Control Rod Effects on Spent Fuel Composition
Burn-up Credit Criticality Benchmark - Phase IV-A (2003)
Phase IV-A: Reactivity Prediction Calculations for Infinite Arrays of PWR MOX Fuel Pin Cells
Burn-up Credit Criticality Benchmark - Phase IV-B (2003)
Phase IV-B: Results and Analysis of MOX Fuel Depletion Calculations
Burn-up Credit Criticality Safety Benchmark – Phase VII (2012)
UO2 Fuel: Study of Spent Fuel Compositions for Long-term Disposal
CD-CINDA 2000 (2000)
Index to Literature and Computer Files on Microscopic Neutron Data
CINDA 2003 (2003)
The Index to Literature and Computer Files on Microscopic Neutron Data
CSNI Collective Statement on Support Facilities for Existing and Advanced Reactors/Déclaration collective du CSIN sur les installations de recherche pour les réacteurs actuels et avancés (2008)
The Function of OECD/NEA Joint Projects - NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI)/Utilité des projets communs de l'OCDE/AEN - Comité de l'AEN sur la sûreté des installations nucléaires (CSIN)
CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - No. 10 (2009)
The Role of Human and Organisational Factors in Nuclear Power Plant Modifications
CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - No. 11 (2009)
Better Nuclear Plant Maintenance: Improving Human and Organisational Performance
CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - No. 12 (2009)
Research on Human Factors in New Nuclear Plant Technology
CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - No. 4 (2004)
Human Reliability Analysis in Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Nuclear Power Plants
CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - No. 5 (2004)
Managing and Regulating Organisational Change in Nuclear Installations
CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - No. 6 (2004)
PSA-based Event Analysis
CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - No. 9 (2007)
Level-2 PSA for Nuclear Power Plants
CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - Nos. 1-2 (2002)
Fire Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Nuclear Power Plants Seismic Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Nuclear Facilities
CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - Nos. 7-8 (2005)
Living PSA and its Use in the Nuclear Safety Decision-making Process - Development and Use of Risk Monitors at Nuclear Power Plants
CSNI Technical Opinion Papers No. 14 (2012)
Nuclear Licensee Organisational Structures, Resources and Competencies: Determining Their Suitability
CSNI Technical Opinion Papers No. 15 (2012)
Ageing Management of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Facilities
CSNI Technical Opinion Papers No. 16 (2013)
Defence in Depth of Electrical Systems
CSNI Technical Opinion Papers – No. 13 (2011)
LOCA Criteria Basis and Test Methodology
Calculations of Different Transmutation Concepts (2000)
An International Benchmark Exercise
Challenges in Long-term Operation of Nuclear Power Plants (2012)
Implications for Regulatory Bodies
Characterisation of Long-Term Geological Changes for Disposal Sites (1996)
Proceedings of an NEA Workshop, Paris, France, 19-21 September 1994
Chemical Thermodynamics of Tin (2012)
Chemical Thermodynamics Volume 12
Chemistry of Iodine in Reactor Safety [The] (1996)
Summary and Conclusions - OECD Workshop, Würenlingen, Switzerland: 10-12 June 1996 organised in collaboration with the Paul Scherrer Institute NEA/CSNI/R(96)7
Chernobyl - Ten Years On: Radiological and Health Impact (1996)
An appraisal by the NEA Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health - November 1995
Chernobyl: Assessment of Radiological and Health Impacts (2002)
2002 Update of Chernobyl: Ten Years On
Cinquante ans de radioprotection (2007)
Rapport commémoratif du 50ème anniversaire du CRPPH
Collective Statement Concerning Nuclear Safety Research (2003)
Good Practice and Closure Criteria
Collective Statement Concerning Nuclear Safety Research (2004)
Capabilities and Expertise in Support of Efficient and Effective Regulation of Nuclear Power Plants
Complementary Roles of Fracture Mechanics and Non-destructive Examination in the Safety Assessment of Components [The] (1997)
Proceedings of a Workshop in Würenlingen, Switzerland, 3-5 October 1988 - NEA/CSNI/R(91)14
Comprendre les attentes de la société dans la gestion des déchets radioactifs et s'y adapter (2006)
Enseignements principaux et expériences du Forum sur la confiance des parties prenantes
Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) for Nuclear Reactor Safety Applications (2012)
Workshop Proceedings, CFD4NRS-3, Bethesda, Maryland, USA, 14-16 September 2010
Computer and Compiler Effects on Code Results (1997)
Status Report - NEA/CSNI/R(96)15
Computing Radiation Dosimetry - CRD 2002 (2004)
Workshop Proceedings, Sacavém, Portugal, 22-23 June 2002
Confidence in Models of Radionuclide Transport for Site-specific Assessment (2001)
Workshop Proceedings, Carlsbad, New Mexico, USA, 14-17 June 1999
Considerations on the Concept of Dose Constraint (1996)
A Report by a Joint Group of Experts from the OECD/NEA and the EC.
Core Monitoring for Commercial Reactors: Improvements in Systems and Methods (2000)
Workshop Proceedings, Stockholm, Sweden, 4-5 October 1999
Cost Estimation for Decommissioning (2010)
An International Overview of Cost Elements, Estimation Practices and Reporting Requirements
Cost of High-Level Waste Disposal in Geological Repositories (The) (1993)
An Analysis of Factors Affecting Cost Estimates
Covariance Data in the Fast Neutron Region (2011)
International Evaluation Co-operation, Volume 24
Crisis Communication: Facing the Challenges - Proceedings (2013)
Workshop Proceedings, Madrid, Spain, 9-10 May 2012
Critical Operator Actions - Human Reliability Modeling and Data Issues (1998)
Appendix F - Questionnaire Results NEA/CSNI/R(98)1/Add.1
Dealing with Interests, Values and Knowledge in Managing Risk (2004)
Workshop Proceedings, Brussels, Belgium, 18-21 November 2003
Debris Impact on Emergency Coolant Recirculation (2004)
Workshop Proceedings, Albuquerque, NM, USA, 25-27 February 2004
Decommissioning Nuclear Power Plants (2003)
Policies, Strategies and Costs
Decommissioning degli Impianti Nucleari (2004)
Si può fare ed è stato fatto
Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities (brochure) (2009)
It can and has been done
Decommissioning of Nuclear Power Facilities (2004)
It can and has been done
Decontamination Techniques Used in Decommissioning Activities (1999)
A Report by the NEA Task Group on Decontaminaton
Degraded Core Quench (1997)
A Status Report - NEA/CSNI/R(96)14 - August 1996
Development Priorities for NDE of Concrete Structures in Nuclear Plants (1998)
Risley, United Kingdom (1997) - NEA/CSNI/R(97)28
Die Sicherheit der geologischen Tiefenlagerung von BE, HAA und LMA in der Schweiz (2004)
Eine internationale Expertenprüfung der radiologischen Langzeitsicherheitsanalyse der Tiefenlagerung im Opalinuston des Zürcher Weinlands
Disposal of Radioactive Waste: Forming a New Approach in Germany (2006)
FSC Workshop Proceedings, Hitzacker and Hamburg, Germany, 5-8 October 2004
Dissattivazione e Smantellamento degli Impianti Nucleari (2004)
Stato dell'arte, strategie, problematiche
Domaines stratégiques de la gestion des déchets radioactifs (1999)
Position du Comité de l'AEN de la gestion des déchets radioactifs et oreintations de ses travaux
Déclaration collective concernant la recherche sur la sûreté nucléaire (2004)
Moyens et compétences techniques au profit de l'efficience et de l'efficacité du contrôle réglementaire des centrales nucléaires
Déclassement et démantèlement des installations nucléaires (2002)
Etat des lieux, démarches, défis
Défis de l'exploitation à long terme des centrales nucléaires (2012)
Implications pour les autorités de sûreté
Démantèlement des centrales nucléaires (2003)
Politiques, stratégies et coûts
Démantèlement des installations nucléaires (brochure) (2010)
C'est possible et cela a été fait
Effluent Release Options from Nuclear Installations (2003)
Technical Background and Regulatory Aspects
Engineered Barrier System (EBS) in the Context of the Entire Safety Case (2003)
Workshop Proceedings, Oxford, U.K., 25-27 September 2002
Engineered Barrier Systems (EBS) in the Context of the Entire Safety Case (2005)
Process Issues - Workshop Proceedings, Las Vegas, United States, 14-17 September 2004
Engineered Barrier Systems (EBS) in the Safety Case: Design Confirmation and Demonstration (2007)
Workshop Proceedings, Tokyo, Japan, 12-15 September 2006
Engineered Barrier Systems (EBS) in the Safety Case: The Role of Modelling (2007)
Workshop Proceedings, La Coruna, Spain, 24-26 August 2005
Engineered Barrier Systems (EBS): Design Requirements and Constraints (2004)
Workshop Proceedings,Turku, Finland, 26-29 August 2003
Environmental and Ethical Aspects of Long-Lived Radioactive Waste Disposal (1995)
Proceedings of an International Workshop by the NEA and the Environment Directorate, Paris, France, 1-2 September 1994
Environmental and Ethical Basis of Geological Disposal (The) (1995)
A Collective Opinion of the NEA Radioactive Waste Management Committee
Evacuation géologique des déchets radioactifs (2000)
Bilan des dix dernières années
Evaluated Data Library for the Bulk of Fission Products (Volume 23) (2009)
International Evaluation Co-operation, Volume 23
Evaluation and Processing of Covariance Data (1993)
Proceedings of a Specialists' Meeting Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S.A., 7-9 October 1992
Evaluation of Speciation Technology (2001)
Workshop Proceedings, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki, Japan, 26-28 October 1999
Evolution of ICRP Recommendations – 1977, 1990 and 2007 (2011)
Changes in Underlying Science and Protection Policy and Case Study of their Impact on European and UK Domestic Regulation
Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection (2010)
Implementing the 2007 ICRP Recommendations - Fifth Asian Regional Conference, Chiba, Japan, 3-4 September 2009
Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection (2004)
Asian Regional Conference, Tokyo, Japan, 24-25 October 2002
Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection (2005)
Second Asian Regional Conference, Tokyo, Japan, 28-29 July 2004
Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection (2009)
Discussion of New ICRP Recommendations, 4th Asian Regional Conference, Tokyo, Japan, 13-14 December 2007
Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection (Third Asian Regional Conference - Tokyo) (2007)
Third Asian Regional Conference, Tokyo, Japan, 5-6 July 2006
Experimental Facilities for Gas-cooled Reactor Safety Studies (2009)
Task Group on Advanced Reactor Experimental Facilities (TAREF)
Experimental Facilities for Sodium Fast Reactor Safety Studies (2011)
Task Group on Advanced Reactor Experimental Facilities (TAREF)
Experiments and CFD Code Application to Nuclear Reactor Safety (XCFD4NRS) (2010)
Workshop Proceedings, Grenoble, France, 10-12 September 2008
Exposure to Radiation from the Natural Radioactivity in Building Materials (1979)
Report by an NEA Group of Experts, May, 1979
Externalities and Energy Policy: The Life Cycle Analysis Approach (2002)
Workshop Proceedings, Paris, France, 15-16 November 2001
FALSIRE Phase II (1997)
CSNI Project for Fracture Analyses of Large-Scale International Reference Experiments - NEA/CSNI/R(96)1 - November 1996
FARO Test L-14 on Fuel Coolant Interaction and Quenching (1998)
Volume I: Analysis of the Results Volume II: Participants Appendices NEA/CSNI/R(97)31
Favoriser la participation des parties prenantes (2005)
Guide pratique des outils et bibliographie annotée
Field Tracer Experiments: Role in the Prediction of Radionuclide Migration (1997)
Proceedings of the 1st NEA/EC GEOTRAP Workshop, Cologne, Germany - 28-30 August 1996
Fifty Years of Radiological Protection (2007)
The CRPPH 50th Anniversary Commemorative Review
Fission Gas Behaviour in Water Reactor Fuels (2002)
Workshop Proceedings, Cadarache, France, 26-29 September 2000
Fission Product Nuclear Data (1992)
Proceedings of a Specialists' Meeting Tokai, Japan, May 1992
Five Years after the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (2016)
Nuclear Safety Improvements and Lessons Learnt
Five Years after the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (Executive summary) (2016)
Nuclear Safety Improvements and Lessons Learnt
Fluid Flow through Faults and Fractures in Argillaceous Formations (1998)
Proceedings of a Joint NEA/EC "Clay Club" Workshop, Bern, Switzerland, 10-12 June 1996
Fondements environnementaux et éthiques de l'évacuation géologique (1995)
Opinion collective du Comité de la gestion des déchets radioactifs de l'AEN
Forsmark 1 & 2 Boiling Water Reactor Stability Benchmark (2001)
Time Series Analysis Methods for Oscillations During BWR Operation: Final Report
Fostering a Durable Relationship Between a Waste Management Facility and its Host Community (2015)
Adding Value Through Design and Process - 2015 Edition
French R&D on the Partitioning and Transmutation of Long-lived Radionuclides (2006)
An International Peer Review of the 2005 CEA Report
Gas Generation and Migration in Radioactive Waste Disposal (2001)
Safety-relevant Issues Workshop Proceedings, Reims, France, 26-28 June 2000
Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste (1999)
Review of Developments in the Last Decade
Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste: Geochemical Processes (1982)
A Review of the Current Technical Understanding of Geochemical Processes Related to Geological Dispsoal of Radioactive Waste, October 1982
Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste: National Commitment, Local and Regional Involvement (2012)
A Collective Statement of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency Radioactive Waste Management Committee Adopted March 2012
Geological Disposal: Building Confidence Using Multiple Lines of Evidence (2004)
First AMIGO Workshop Proceedings, Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland, 3-5 June 2003
Geological Repositories: Political and Technical Progress (2005)
Workshop Proceedings, Stockholm, Sweden, 8-10 December 2003
Gestion des échelles de temps dans l'évaluation de la sûreté en phase post-fermeture (2004)
Enseignements tirés de l'atelier d'avril 2002 à Paris, France
Glossary of Nuclear Power Plant Ageing (1999)
(English-French-German-Spanish-Russian)
High-pressure Melt Ejection (HPME) and Direct Containment Heating (DCH) (1996)
State-of-the-Art Report prepared by Fauske & Associates, Inc. and Sandia National Laboratories in collaboration with an NEA Group of Experts NEA/CSNI/R(96)25
Hydraulic and Hydrochemical Characterisation of Argillaceous Rocks (1995)
Proceedings of an International Workshop, Nottingham, United Kingdom, 7-9 June 1994
ISOE - Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants (1999)
Eighth Annual Report of the ISOE Programme, 1998
ISOE - Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants (1998)
Sixth Annual Report - 1986-1996
Il Decommissioning degli Impianti Nucleari (2010)
Si può, ed é stato fatto
Image et rôle des autorités réglementaires dans la gestion des déchets radioactifs (2003)
Enseignements tirés par le Forum de l'AEN sur la confiance des parties prenantes
Implementation of Defence in Depth at Nuclear Power Plants (2016)
Lessons Learnt from the Fukushima Daiichi Accident
Implementation of Hydrogen Mitigation Techniques during Severe Accidents in Nuclear Power Plants (1996)
A report prepared by the PWG-4 on the Confinement of Accidental Radioactive Releases of the NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) NEA/CSNI/R(96)27
Improving Nuclear Regulation (2011)
NEA Regulatory Guidance Booklets, Volumes 1-14
Improving Nuclear Regulation (2009)
Compilation of NEA Regulatory Guidance Booklets
In-Core Instrumentation and Reactor Core Assessment (1997)
Proceedings of a Specialist Meeting, Mito-shi, Japan, 16-17 October 1996
Indemnification of Damage in the Event of a Nuclear Accident (2003)
Workshop Proceedings, Paris, France, 26-28 November 2001
Indemnification of Damage in the Event of a Nuclear Accident (2006)
Workshop Proceedings, Bratislava, Slovak Republic, 18-20 May 2005
Independent Evaluation of the MYRRHA Project (2009)
Report by an International Team of Experts
Informing the Public about Radioactive Waste Management (1996)
Proceedings of an NEA International Seminar, Rauma, Finland, 13-15 June 1995
Innovative Nuclear Reactor Development (2002)
Opportunities for International Co-operation
Inter-code Comparison Exercise for Criticality Excursion Analysis (2009)
Benchmarks Phase I: Pulse Mode Experiments with Uranyl Nitrate Solution Using the TRACY and SILENE Experimental Facilities
International Conference on Geological Repositories (2017)
Conference Synthesis, 7-9 December 2016, Paris, France
International Evaluation Co-operation (2000)
Processing and Validation of Intermediate Energy Evaluated Data Files (Volume 14)
International Evaluation Co-operation (1996)
Comparison of Evaluated Data for Chromium-52, Iron-56 and Nickel-58 [Volume 1]
International Evaluation Co-operation (2002)
Delayed Neutron Data for the Major Actinides (Volume 6)
International Evaluation Co-operation (1998)
Nuclear Models to 200 MeV for High-Energy Data Evaluations [Volume 12]
International Evaluation Co-operation (1996)
Cross-section Fluctuations and Self-shielding Effects in the Unresolved Resonance Region [Volume 15]
International Evaluation Co-operation (1996)
Plutonium-239 Fission Cross-section Between 1 and 100 keV [Volume 5]
International Evaluation Co-operation (1996)
Actinide Data in the Thermal Energy Range [Volume 3]
International Evaluation Co-operation (1996)
Generation of Covariance Files for Iron-56 and Natural Iron [Volume 2]
International Evaluation Co-operation (1998)
Status of Pseudo-Fission-Product Cross-Sections for Fast Reactors [Volume 17]
International Evaluation Co-operation (1998)
Effects of Shape Differences in the Level Densities of Three Formalisms on Calculated Cross-Sections [Volume 16]
International Evaluation Co-operation (1998)
Intermediate Energy Data [Volume 13]
International Evaluation Co-operation (2001)
Evaluation Method of Inelastic Scattering Cross-sections for Weakly Absorbing Fission-product Nuclides (Volume 10)
International Evaluation Co-operation (1999)
238U Capture and Inelastic Cross-Sections (Volume 4)
International Evaluation Co-operation (1999)
Epithermal Capture Cross-Section of 235U (Volume 18)
International Evaluation Co-operation (1999)
Present Status of Minor Actinide Data (Volume 8)
International Evaluation Co-operation (Vol. 19) (2005)
Neutron Activation Cross-section Measurements from Threshold to 20 MeV for the Validation of Nuclear Models and Their Parameters (Volume 19)
International Evaluation Co-operation (Vol. 20) (2006)
Covariance Matrix Evaluation and Processing in the Resolved/Unresolved Resonance Regions (Volume 20)
International Evaluation Co-operation (Vol. 21) (2005)
Assessment of Neutron Cross-section Evaluations for the Bulk of Fission Products (Volume 21)
International Evaluation Co-operation (Vol. 22) (2006)
Nuclear Data for Improved LEU-LWR Reactivity Predictions (Volume 22)
International Evaluation Co-operation (Vol. 26) + CD-ROM (2008)
Uncertainty and Target Accuracy Assessment for Innovative Systems Using Recent Covariance Data Evaluations (Volume 26)
International Evaluation Co-operation (Vol. 33) (2013)
Methods and Issues for the Combined Use of Integral Experiments and Covariance Data (Volume 33)
International Evaluation Co-operation (Vol. 7) (2006)
Nuclear Data Standards (Volume 7)
International Evaluation Co-operation (Vol. 9) (2003)
Fission Neutron Spectra of Uranium-235 (Volume 9)
International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments (2001)
A Project by the NEA Nuclear Science Committee
International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation - CD-ROM (2010)
Complete Collection of Published Reports as of January 2010
International Nuclear Law: History, Evolution and Outlook (2010)
10th Anniversary of the International School of Nuclear Law
International Peer Reviews for Radioactive Waste Management (2005)
General Information and Guidelines
Introduction of Thorium in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle (2015)
Short- to long-term considerations
Investing in Trust: Nuclear Regulators and the Public (2001)
Workshop Proceedings, Paris, France, 29 November-1st December 2000
Ion and Slow Positron Beam Utilisation (1999)
Workshop Proceedings, Costa da Caparica, Portugal, 15-17 September 1998
Irradiation Embrittlement and Optimisation of Annealing (1997)
Proceedings of a Specialist meeting, Paris, France, 20-23 September 1993 - jointly organised by the OECD/NEA and the IAEA - NEA/CSNI/R(94)1 Principal Working Group No. 3 on Primary Circuit Integrity
JANIS 3 (2010)
A Java-based Nuclear Data Display Program
JEFF 3.1.2 (2012)
Joint Evaluated Nuclear Data Library for Fission and Fusion Applications February 2012
JEFF Reports CD-ROM (2010)
Complete Collection of JEFF Reports 1-22
Janis 3.4 (2012)
A Java-based Nuclear Data Display Program
Japan's Compensation System for Nuclear Damage (2012)
As Related to the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident
La R-D en France sur la séparation et la transmutation des radionucléides à vie longue (2006)
Une expertise internationale du rapport du CEA de 2005
La prise de décision en radioprotection : domaines d'action des pouvoirs publics (2001)
Résumé du 2ème atelier de Villigen (Suisse), janvier 2001
Le contrôle réglementaire de la gestion des déchets radioactifs (2004)
Panorama de 15 pays membres de l'AEN
Le cycle du combustible nucléaire (2002)
Aspects économiques, environnementaux et sociaux
Le droit nucléaire international : Histoire, évolution et perspectives (2010)
10e anniversaire de l'Ecole internationale de droit nucléaire
Le processus d'autorisation réglementaire (2006)
Rapport du Groupe d'experts du CRPPH sur l'application réglementaire de l'autorisation (EGRA)
Learning and Adapting to Societal Requirements for Radioactive Waste Management (2004)
Key Findings and Experience of the Forum on Stakeholder Confidence
Learning from Nuclear Regulatory Self-assessment (2006)
International Peer Review of the CSN Report on Lessons Learnt from the Essential Service Water System Degradation Event at the Vandellos Nuclear Power Plant
Licensing of Computer-Based Systems Important to Safety (1997)
Workshop and CNRA Speail Issues Meeting on Technical Support - NEA/CNRA/R(97)2 - APPENDIX
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Workshop and CNRA Special Issues Meeting on Technical Support - NEA/CNRA/R(97)2
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Second AMIGO Workshop Proceedings, Toronto, Canada, 20-22 September 2005
Long-Lived Radionuclide Chemistry in Nuclear Waste Treatment (1998)
Workshop Proceedings, Villeneuve-lès-Avignon, France, 18-20 June 1997
Loss of Tendon Prestress in NPP Containments (1998)
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Réglementation générale et cadre institutionnel des activités nucléaires
Législations nucléaires : étude analytique - Mise à jour 2001 (2002)
Réglementation générale et cadre institutionnel des activités nucléaires
Législations nucléaires : étude analytique - Mises à jour 2002 et 2003 (2004)
Réglementation générale et cadre institutionnel des activités nucléaires
L’approvisionnement en radioisotopes médicaux (2010)
Étude économique de la chaîne d’approvisionnement en molybdène-99 : Synthèse
Management of Uncertainty in Safety Cases and the Role of Risk (2005)
Workshop Proceedings, Stockholm, Sweden, 2-4 February 2004
Minor Actinide Burning in Thermal Reactors (2013)
A Report by the Working Party on Scientific Issues of Reactor Systems
Mixed-oxide (MOX) Fuel Performance Benchmark (2007)
Summary of the Results for the Halden Reactor Project MOX Rods
Mixed-oxide (MOX) Fuel Performance Benchmark (PRIMO) (2009)
Summary of the Results for the PRIMO BD8 MOX Rod
Mobile Fission and Activation Products in Nuclear Waste Disposal (2009)
Workshop Proceedings, La Baule, France, 16-19 January 2007
Modelling the Effects of Spatial Variability on Radionuclide Migration (1998)
Workshop Proceedings, Paris, France 9-11 June 1997
Moving Forward with Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste (2008)
A Collective Statement by the NEA Radioactive Waste Management Committee (RWMC)
NEA Issue Briefs (1993)
Broad Impact of Nuclear Power
NEA Issue Briefs (1987)
Decommissioning of Nuclear Power Plants
NEA Issue Briefs (1988)
Human Factor in Nuclear Power Plant Operations (The)
NEA Issue Briefs (1994)
Radiation Protection Overview: International Aspects and Perspective
NEA Issue Briefs (1989)
Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Waste (The)
NEA Issue Briefs (1993)
International Nuclear Third Party Liability [Rev. 1]
NEA Issue Briefs (1989)
Advanced Water Reactor Technology
NEA Issue Briefs (1989)
Management of Low and Intermediate-level Radioactive Waste (The)
NEA Issue Briefs (1990)
Small and Medium Reactors
NEA Issue Briefs (1992)
Probabilistic Safety Assessment: An Analytical Tool for Assessing Nuclear Safety
NEA News (2000)
2000 - No. 18.2
NEA News (2000)
2000 - No. 18.1
NEA Newsletter (1998)
Volume 16 no.2 - 1998
NEA Newsletter (1999)
Volume 17, no.1 - 1999
NEA Newsletter (1999)
Volume 17, no. 2 - 1999
NEA Newsletter (1997)
Volume 15 no.2 - 1997
NEA Nuclear Model and Code Comparisons (2001)
Complete Collection of the Report 1982-1998
NEA Sorption Project Phase II (2005)
Interpretation and Prediction of Radionuclide Sorption onto Substrates Relevant for Radioactive Waste Disposal Using Thermodynamic Sorption Models
NEA Statute (1995)
NJOY and THEMIS Nuclear Data (1994)
Proceedings of a Seminar Saclay, France, 7-8 April 1992
NUPEC BWR Full-size Fine-mesh Bundle Test (BFBT) Benchmark (Vol. II) (2010)
Volume II: Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analyses of Void Distribution and Critical Power - Specification
National Inventories and Management Strategies for Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste (2017)
Extended Methodology for the Common Presentation of Data
Neutron Cross-section Standards for the Energy Region Above 20 MeV (1991)
Proceedings of a Specialists' Meeting, Uppsala, Sweden, May 1991
Neutronics/Thermal-hydraulics Coupling in LWR Technology, Vol. 1 (2004)
CRISSUE-S - WP1: Data Requirements and Databases Needed for Transient Simulations and Qualification - 5th EURATOM Framework Programme (1998-2002)
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CRISSUE-S - WP2: State-of-the-art Report - 5th EURATOM Framework Programme (1998-2002)
Neutronics/Thermal-hydraulics Coupling in LWR Technology, Vol. 3 (2004)
CRISSUE-S - WP3: Achievements and Recommendations Report - 5th EURATOM Framework Programme (1998-2002)
Notes de synthèse de l'AEN (1989)
Gestion des déchets radioactifs de faible et moyenne activité (La)
Notes de synthèse de l'AEN (1987)
Déclassement des centrales nucléaires
Notes de synthèse de l'AEN (1988)
Facteur humain dans l'exploitation des centrales nucléaires (Le)
Notes de synthèse de l'AEN (1989)
Evacuation des déchets de haute activité (L')
Notes de synthèse de l'AEN (1993)
Régimes internationaux de responsabilité civile dans le domaine nucléaire (Les) (Rév. 1)
Notes de synthèse de l'AEN (1989)
Réacteurs à eau de type avancé et leur technologie (Les)
Notes de synthèse de l'AEN (1990)
Réacteurs de faible et moyenne puissance (Les)
Notes de synthèse de l'AEN (1992)
Etudes probabilistes de sûreté (Les) : Un outil d'évaluation de la sûreté nucléaire
Notes de synthèse de l'AEN (1993)
Incidences générales de l'énergie nucléaire
Notes de synthèse de l'AEN (1994)
Point sur la radioprotection (Le) : Aspects internationaux et perspectives
Nuclear Competence Building (2004)
Summary Report
Nuclear Emergency Data Management (1997)
Zurich, Switzerland , 13-14 September 1995
Nuclear Energy Today (2012)
Second Edition
Nuclear Energy and Renewables (2012)
System Effects in Low-carbon Electricity Systems
Nuclear Energy and Renewables – Executive Summary (2012)
System Effects in Low-carbon Electricity Systems
Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 89 (2012)
Volume 2012/1
Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 90 (2012)
Volume 2012/2
Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 91 (2013)
Volume 2013/1
Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 92 (2014)
Volume 2013/2
Nuclear Legislation: Analytical Study (2000)
Regulatory and Institutional Framework for Nuclear Activities
Nuclear Legislation: Analytical Study - 2002 and 2003 Updates (2004)
Regulatory and Institutional Framework for Nuclear Activities
Nuclear Legislation: Analytical Study - Update 2001 (2002)
Regulatory and Institutional Framework for Nuclear Activities
Nuclear Power Plant Life Management in a Changing Business World (2000)
Workshop Proceedings, Washington DC, United States, 26-27 June 2000
Nuclear Power Plant Operating Experience (2012)
from the IAEA/NEA International Reporting System for Operating Experience: 2009-2011
Nuclear Production of Hydrogen (2001)
First Information Exchange Meeting, Paris, France, 2-3 October 2000
Nuclear Production of Hydrogen (2010)
Fourth Information Exchange Meeting, Oakbrook, Illinois, United States, 13-16 April 2009
Nuclear Production of Hydrogen (2006)
Third Information Exchange Meeting, Oarai, Japan, 5-7 October 2005
Nuclear Production of Hydrogen (2004)
Second Information Exchange Meeting, Argonne, Illinois, USA, 2-3 October 2003
Nuclear Safety Research in OECD Countries (2007)
Support Facilities for Existing and Advanced Reactors (SFEAR)
Nuclear Safety Research in OECD Countries (2001)
Summary Report of Major Facilities and Programmes at Risk
Nuclear Safety Research in OECD Countries (2001)
Major Facilities and Programmes at Risk
Nuclear Safety Research in OECD Countries - 1996 (1996)
Areas of Agreement, Areas for Further Action, Increasing Need for Collaboration
Nuclear Safety Research in OECD Countries - 1997 (1997)
Capabilities and Facilities
Nuclear Waste Bulletin (1999)
Update on Waste Management Policies and Programmes, No.13 - December 1998
Nuclear Waste Bulletin (1997)
No. 12 - June 1997
Nuclear Waste Bulletin (2001)
Update on Waste Management Policies and Programmes, No. 14 - 2000 Edition
Nucleon Nucleus Optical Model up to 200 MeV (1997)
Proceedings of a Specialist Meeting, Bruyères-le-Châtel, France, 13-15 November 1996
Occupational Exposure Management at Nuclear Power Plants (2005)
Fourth ISOE European Symposium, Lyon, France 24-26 March 2004
Occupational Exposure Management at Nuclear Power Plants (2003)
Third ISOE European Workshop, Portoroz, Slovenia, 17-19 April 2002
Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants (2001)
Tenth Annual Report of the ISOE Programme, 2000
Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants (2000)
Ninth Annual Report of the ISOE Programme, 1999
Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants (2006)
Fourteenth Annual Report of the ISOE Programme, 2004
Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants (2005) (2007)
Fifteenth Annual Report of the ISOE Programme, 2005
Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants (2006) (2008)
Sixteenth Annual Report of the ISOE Programme, 2006
Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants (2007) (2009)
Seventeenth Annual Report of the ISOE Programme, 2007
Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants (2008) (2010)
Eighteenth Annual Report of the ISOE Programme, 2008
Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants - 2001 (2002)
Eleventh Annual Report on the ISOE Programme, 2001
Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants - 2002 (2004)
Twelfth Annual Report on the ISOE programme, 2002
Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants - 2003 (2005)
Thirteenth Annual Report on the ISOE Programme, 2003
Optimisation des stockages géologiques de déchets radioactifs (2010)
Recommandations nationales et internationales et futurs thèmes de discussions
Optimisation in Operational Radiological Protection (2005)
A Report by the Working Group on Operational Radiological Protection of the Information System on Occupational Exposure
Optimisation of Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste (2010)
National and International Guidance and Questions for Further Discussion
Options de rejet des effluents des installations nucléaires (2003)
Contexte technique et aspects réglementaires
Ou en est l'evacuation des dechets radioactifs en formations geologiques ? (1999)
Une evaluation internationale des progres recents
PENELOPE 2001 - A Code System for Monte Carlo Simulation of Electron and Photon Transport (2002)
Workshop Proceedings, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France, 5-7 November 2001
PENELOPE 2003 - A Code System for Monte Carlo Simulation of Electron and Photon Transport (2003)
Workshop Proceedings, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France, 7-10 June 2003
PENELOPE-2006: A Code System for Monte Carlo Simulation of Electron and Photon Transport (2006)
Workshop Proceedings, Barcelona, Spain, 4-7 July 2006
PENELOPE-2008: A Code System for Monte Carlo Simulation of Electron and Photon Transport (2009)
Workshop Proceedings, Barcelona, Spain, 30 June-3 July 2008
Pa väg mot geologisk slutförvaring av radioaktivt avfall: Var star vi idag? (1999)
En internationell bedömning - Utgiven av Milijödepartemenet och Kommentus förlag, Stockholm, 2000
Partenariats pour la gestion à long terme des déchets radioactifs (2010)
Evolution et pratique actuelle dans treize pays
Partnering for Long-term Management of Radioactive Waste (2010)
Evolution and Current Practice in Thirteen Countries
Pellet-clad Interaction in Water Reactor Fuels (2005)
Seminar Proceedings, Aix-en-Provence, France, 9-11 March 2004
Perspectives on Nuclear Data for the Next Decade (2006)
Workshop Proceedings, Bruyères-le-Châtel, France, 26-28 September 2005
Physics and Fuel Performance of Reactor-Based Plutonium Disposition (1999)
Workshop Proceedings, Paris, France, 28-30 September 1998
Physics of Plutonium Recycling (2002)
Multiple Pu Recycling in Advanced PWRs - Volume VI
Physics of Plutonium Recycling - Vol. VII (2003)
Volume VII: BWR MOX Benchmark - Specification and Results
Physics of Plutonium Recycling - Volume IX (2007)
Volume IX: Benchmark on Kinetic Parameters in the CROCUS Reactor
Physics of Plutonium Recycling - Volume VIII (2007)
Volume VIII: Results of a Benchmark Considering a High-temperature Reactor (HTR) Fuelled with Reactor-grade Plutonium
Plutonium Management in the Medium Term (2003)
A Review by the OECD/NEA Working Party on the Physics of Plutonium Fuels and Innovative Fuel Cycles (WPPR)
Point sur les rayonnements [Le] (1997)
Applications, risques et protection
Policy Issues in Radiological Protection Decision Making (2001)
Summary Report of the 2nd Villigen (Switzerland) Workshop, January 2001
Politique future en matière de protection radiologique (2004)
Dialogue avec les parties prenantes sur les répercussions des propositions de la CIPR - Exposé de synthèse, Lanzarote, Espagne, 2-4 avril 2003
Pressured Water Reactor Main Steam Line Break (MSLB) Benchmark (2003)
Volume IV: Results of Phase III on Coupled Core-plant Transient Modelling
Pressurised Water Reactor Main Steam Line Break (MSLB) Benchmark (2000)
Volume II: Results of Phase I on Point Kinetics
Pressurised Water Reactor Main Steam Line Break (MSLB) Benchmark (2002)
Volume III: Results of Phase 2 on 3-D Core Boundary Conditions Modelling
Probabilistic Structural Integrity Analysis and its Relationship to Deterministic Analysis (1996)
Principal Working Group No.3 on Integrity of Components and Structures - NEA/CSNI/R(96)4 - Stockhom, Sweden, 28 February-1 March 1996
Probabilistic System Assessment Group (The) (1997)
History and Achievement - 1985-1994
Programme français de R-D sur le stockage géologique de déchets radioactifs (2003)
Revue internationale par des pairs du Dossier 2001 Argile
Progresser sur la voie du stockage géologique des déchets radioactifs (2008)
Déclaration collective du Comité de la gestion des déchets radioactifs (RWMC) de l'AEN
Projected costs of Generating Electricity - Update 1992 (1993)
Joint Report of the OECD/NEA and the IEA
Protection radiologique de l'environnement (2003)
Rapport de synthèse des questions-clés
Prévisions des coûts de production d'électricité - Mise à jour 1992 (1993)
Rapport conjoint de l'OCDE/AEN et de l'AIE
Public Confidence in the Management of Radioactive Waste: The Canadian Context (2003)
Workshop Proceedings, Ottawa, Canada, 14-18 October 2002
Public Information, Consultation and Involvement in Radioactive Waste Management (2003)
An International Overview of Approaches and Experiences
Pyrochemical Separations (2001)
Workshop Proceedings, Avignon, France, 14-16 March 2000
Quality Improvement of the EXFOR Database (2011)
International Evaluation Co-operation, Volume 30
Radiation Protection Today and Tomorrow (1994)
A Collective Opinion by the NEA Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health
Radiation in Perspective (1997)
Applications, Risks and Protection
Radioactive Waste Management and Constructing Memory for Future Generations (2015)
Proceedings of the International Conference and Debate, 15-17 September 2015, Verdun, France
Radioactive Waste Management in Spain: Co-ordination and Projects (2007)
FSC Workshop Proceedings, L'Hospitalet de l'Infant, Spain, 21-23 November 2005
Radioactive Waste Repositories and Host Regions: Envisaging the Future Together (2010)
Synthesis of the FSC National Workshop and Community Visit, Bar-le-Duc, France, 7-9 April 2009
Radiological Protection of the Environment (2003)
Summary Report of the Issues
Radiological Protection of the Environment: The Path Forward to a New Policy? (2002)
Workshop Proceedings, Taormina, Sicily, Italy, 12-14 February 2002
Radionuclide Retention in Geologic Media (2002)
Workshop Proceedings, Oskarshamn, Sweden, 7-9 May 2001
Rapport Annuel 1998 (1999)
Vingt-septième rapport annuel de l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire
Rapport annuel 1999 (2000)
Vingt-huitième rapport annuel de l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire
Rapport de synthèse sur la conférence du 50e anniversaire du CRPPH (2009)
Comité de protection radiologique et de santé publique (CRPPH), 31 mai 2007
Recycling and Reuse of Materials Arising from the Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities (2017)
A Report by the NEA Co-operative Programme on Decommissioning
Recycling and Reuse of Scrap Metals (1996)
A Report by a Task Group of the NEA Co-operative Programme on Decommissioning
Reform of Civil Nuclear Liability (2000)
Budapest Symposium 1999
Regional Development and Community Support for Radioactive Waste Management (web only) (2009)
Synthesis of the FSC National Workshop and Community Visit, Tengelic and Bataapati, Hungary, 14-17 November 2006
Regulating the Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities (2008)
Relevant Issues and Emerging Practices
Regulating the Long-term Safety of Geological Disposal (2007)
Towards a Common Understanding of the Main Objectives and Bases of Safety Criteria
Regulation and Guidance for the Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste (2010)
A Review of the Literature and Initiatives of the Past Decade
Regulatory Approaches to PSA (1996)
Report on the Survey of National Practices - NEA/CNRA/R(95)2
Regulatory Inspection Activities Related to Inspection Planning, Plant Maintenance and Assessment of Safety (1997)
Proceedings of an International Workshop - NEA/CNRA/R(97)1 - Chester, United Kingdom, 19-23 May 1996
Relevant Thermal Hydraulic Aspects of Advanced Reactor Design (1997)
Status Report - NEA/CSNI/R(96)22- November 1996
Report of the Task Group on the Seismic Behaviour of Structures (1997)
Status Report - NEA/CSNI/R(96)11 - April 1997
Reversibility and Retrievability in Planning for Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste (2012)
Proceedings of the "R&R" International Conference and Dialogue, 14-17 December 2010, Reims, France
Reversibility of Decisions and Retrievability of Radioactive Waste (2012)
Considerations for National Geological Disposal Programmes
Review of the Role, Activities and Working Methods of the CNRA (2005)
Committee on Nuclear Regulatory Activities (CNRA)
Review of the Role, Activities and Working Methods of the CSNI (2005)
Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI)
Réaménagement de l'environnement des sites de production d'uranium (2002)
Rapport établi conjointement par l'AEN et l'AIEA
Réglementation de la sûreté à long terme du stockage géologique (2008)
Vers une compréhension commune des objectifs principaux et des fondements des critères de sûreté
Réglementation et lignes directrices pour l'évacuation des déchets radioactifs en formation géologique (2010)
Revue de la littérature et des initiatives de la dernière décennie
Réversibilité des décisions et récupérabilité des déchets radioactifs (2012)
Éléments de réflexion pour les programmes nationaux de stockage géologique
SATIF-3 - Shielding Aspects of Accelerators, Targets and Irradiation Facilities (1998)
Proceedings of 3rd Specialists Meeting Sendai, Japan, 12-13 May 1997
SMORN-VII (1996)
Proceedings of the Seventh Symposium on Surveillance and Diagnostics in Nuclear Reactors
Safety Cases for Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste: Where Do We Stand? (2008)
Symposium Proceedings, Paris, France, 23-25 January 2007
Safety of Disposal of Spent Fuel, HLW and Long-lived ILW in Switzerland (2004)
An International Peer Review of the Post-closure Radiological Safety Assessment for Disposal in the Opalinus Clay of the Zürcher Weinland
Safety of Geological Disposal of High-level and Long-lived Radioactive Waste in France (2006)
An International Peer Review of the “Dossier 2005 Argile” Concerning Disposal in the Callovo-Oxfordian Formation
Scenario Development Methods and Practices (2001)
An Evaluation Based on the NEA Workshop on Scenario Development, Madrid, Spain, May 1999
Science and Values in Radiological Protection (2011)
Summary of the CRPPH Workshops held in Helsinki (2008) and Vaux-de-Cernay (2009)
Scientific Issues and Emerging Challenges for Radiological Protection (2007)
Report of the Expert Group on the Implications of Radiological Protection Science
Scientific Issues and Emerging Challenges for Radiological Protection - 放射線防護における科学的問題と新たな課題 (2009)
Report of the Expert Group on the Implications of Radiological Protection Science
Second International Nuclear Emergency Exercise INEX 2 (2000)
Final Report of the Finnish Regional Exercise
Second International Nuclear Emergency Exercise INEX 2 (1999)
Final Report of the Swiss Regional INEX 2 Exercise
Second International Nuclear Emergency Exercise INEX 2 (2001)
Final Report of the Hungarian Regional Exercise
Second International Nuclear Emergency Exercise INEX 2 (2001)
Final Report of the Canadian Regional Exercise
Separate Effects Test Matrix for Thermal-Hydraulic Code Validation - Vol. 1 (1994)
Phenomena Characterisation and Selection of Facilities and Tests - NEA/CSNI/R(93)14
Separate Effects Test Matrix for Thermal-Hydraulic Code Validation - Vol. 2 (1994)
Facility and Experiment Characteristics - NEA/CSNI/R(93)14
Shielding Aspects of Accelerators, Targets and Irradiation Facilities - SATIF 4 (1999)
Workshop Proceedings, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA, 17-18 September 1998
Shielding Aspects of Accelerators, Targets and Irradiation Facilities - SATIF 5 (2001)
Workshop Proceedings, Paris, France, 18-21 July 2000
Shielding Aspects of Accelerators, Targets and Irradiation Facilities - SATIF 6 (2004)
Workshop Proceedings, Stanford, California, USA, 10-12 April 2002
Shielding Aspects of Accelerators, Targets and Irradiation Facilities - SATIF 7 (2005)
Workshop Proceedings, Lisbon, Portugal, 17-18 May 2004
Shielding Aspects of Accelerators, Targets and Irradiation Facilities -- SATIF-11 (2013)
Workshop Proceedings, Tsukuba, Japan, 11-13 September 2012
Shielding Aspects of Accelerators,Targets and Irradiation Facilities - SATIF-10 (2010)
Workshop Proceedings, Geneva, Switzerland, 2-4 June 2010
Small Modular Reactors (2016)
Nuclear Energy Market Potential for Near-term Deployment
Source Convergence in Criticality Safety Analyses (2006)
Phase I: Results for Four Test Problems
Specialist Meeting on Erosion and Corrosion of Nuclear Power Plant Materials (1995)
Proceedings of a Joint IAEA/NEA Specialist Meeting , Kiev, September 1994 - NEA/CSNI/R(94)26
Specialist Meeting on Leak before Break in Reactor Piping and Vessels (3 volumes) (1996)
Proceedings of a Joint Specialist Meeting, Lyon, France, Ocotber 1995 - NEA/CSNI/R(95)18
Speciation Techniques and Facilities for Radioactive Materials at Synchrotron Light Sources (2006)
Workshop Proceedings, Berkeley, California, USA, 14-16 September 2004
Speciation Techniques and Facilities for Radioactive Materials at Synchrotron Light Sources (2007)
Workshop Proceedings, Karlsruhe, Germany, 18-20 September 2006
Speciation, Techniques and Facilities for Radioactive Materials at Synchroton Light Sources (2002)
Workshop Proceedings, Grenoble, France, 10-12 September 2000
Speciation, Techniques and Facilities for Radioactive Materials at Synchrotron Light Sources (1999)
Workshop Proceedings, Grenoble, France, 4-6 October 1998
Stability and Buffering Capacity of the Geosphere for Long-term Isolation of Radioactive Waste (2005)
Application to Argillaceous Media - "Clay Club" Workshop Proceedings, Braunschweig, Germany, 9-11 December 2003
Stakeholder Confidence and Radioactive Waste Disposal (2000)
Workshop Proceedings, Paris, France, 28-31 August 2000
Stakeholder Confidence in Radioactive Waste Management (2013)
An Annotated Glossary of Key Terms
Stakeholder Involvement Techniques (2004)
A Short Guide and Annotated Bibliography
Stakeholder Participation in Radiological Decision Making: Processes and Implications (Villigen 3) (2004)
Third Villigen Workshop, Villigen, Switzerland, 21-23 October 2003
Stakeholder Participation in Radiological Decision Making: Processes and Implications (2004)
Case Studies for the Third Villigen Workshop, Villigen, Switzerland, 21-23 October 2003
Stakeholder Participation in Radiological Decision Making: Processes and Implications (2004)
Summary Report of the 3rd Villigen (Switzerland) Workshop, October 2003
Status Report on Regulatory Inspection Philosophy, Inspection Organisation and Inspection Practices (1997)
Prepared by the CNRA Working Group on Inspection Practices (WGIP) - NEA/CNRA/R(97)3
Stepwise Decision Making in Finland for the Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel (2002)
Workshop Proceedings, Turku, Finland, 15-16 November 2001
Stockage des déchets radioactifs et territoires d'accueil : envisager l'avenir ensemble (2010)
Synthèse de l’atelier du FSC et des rencontres avec les collectivités locales, Bar-le-Duc, France, 7-9 avril 2009
Stockage géologique des déchets radioactifs : Engagement national, participation locale et régionale (2012)
Déclaration collective du Comité de la gestion des déchets radioactifs de l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire, adoptée en mars 2012
Strategic Areas in Radioactive Waste Management (1999)
The Viewpoint and Work Orientations of the NEA Radioactive Waste Management Committee
Strategic Aspects of Nuclear and Radiological Emergency Management (2010)
Planning for Effective Decision Making; Consequence Management and Transition to Recovery
Strategy Selection for the Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities (2004)
Seminar Proceedings, Tarragona, Spain, 1-4 September 2003
Structural Materials for Innovative Nuclear Systems (SMINS) (2008)
Workshop Proceedings, Karlsruhe, Germany, 4-6 June 2007
Structural Materials for Innovative Nuclear Systems (SMINS-2) (2012)
Workshop Proceedings, Daejon, Republic of Korea, 31 August-3 September 2010
Summary Report of the CRPPH 50th Anniversary Conference (2009)
Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH), 31 May 2007
Summary of the Fourth International Nuclear Emergency Exercise (INEX-4) (2013)
Exercise Conduct and Evaluation Questionnaires
Sûreté Nucléaire - Recherches dans les pays de l'OCDE (1996)
Domaines d'accord, travaux futurs, besoins de collaboration accrus
Sûreté du stockage géologique de déchets radioactifs HAVL en France (2006)
Examen international par des pairs du "Dossier 2005 Argile" concernant le stockage dans la formation du Callovo-Oxfordien
Tchernobyl - Dix Ans déjà : Impact radiologique et sanitaire (1996)
Evaluation établie par le Comité de protection radiologique et de santé publique de l'AEN - Novembre 1995
Tchernobyl : Evaluation des incidences radiologiques et sanitaires (2002)
Mise à jour 2002 de Tchernobyl : Dix ans déjà
Technology and Components of Accelerator-driven Systems (2011)
Workshop Proceedings, Karlsruhe, Germany, 15-17 March 2010
The Decommissioning and Dismantling of Nuclear Facilities (2002)
Status, Approaches, Challenges
The French R&D Programme on Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste (2003)
An International Peer Review of the "Dossier 2001 Argile"
The Future Policy for Radiological Protection (2004)
A Stakeholder Dialogue on the Implications of the ICRP Proposals - Summary Report, Lanzarote, Spain, 2-4 April 2003
The Future Policy for Radiological Protection (2003)
Workshop Proceedings, Lanzarote, Spain, 2-4 April 2003
The Handling of Timescales in Assessing Post-closure Safety (2004)
Lessons Learnt from the April 2002 Workshop in Paris, France
The Handling of Timescales in Assessing Post-closure Safety of Deep Geological Disposal (2002)
Workshop Proceedings, Paris, France,16-18 April 2002
The JEF-2.2 Nuclear Data Library (2000)
JEFF Report 17
The JEFF-3.0 Nuclear Data Library (Reprint) (2005)
JEFF Report 19 - Synopsis of the General Purpose File
The JEFF-3.1 Nuclear Data Library (2006)
JEFF Report 21
The JEFF-3.1.1 Nuclear Data Library (2009)
JEFF Report 22 - Validation Results from JEF-2.2 to JEFF-3.1.1
The Long-term Radiological Safety of a Surface Disposal Facility for Low-level Waste in Belgium (2012)
An International Peer Review of Key Aspects of ONDRAF/NIRAS' Safety Report of November 2011 in Preparation for the License Application
The Need for Integral Critical Experiments with Low-moderated MOX Fuels (2004)
Workshop Proceedings, Paris, France, 14-15 April 2004
The Post-closure Radiological Safety Case for a Spent Fuel Repository in Sweden (2012)
An International Peer Review of the SKB License-application Study of March 2011
The Process of Regulatory Authorisation (2006)
A Report by the CRPPH Expert Group on the Regulatory Application of Authorisation (EGRA)
The Regulator's Evolving Role and Image in Radioactive Waste Management (2003)
Lessons Learnt within the NEA Forum on Stakeholder Confidence
The Regulatory Control of Radioactive Waste Management (2004)
Overview of 15 NEA Member Countries
The Role of Research in a Regulatory Context (RRRC-2) (2008)
Workshop Proceedings, Paris, France, 5 December 2007
The Roles of Storage in the Management of Long-lived Radioactive Waste (2006)
Practices and Potentialities in OECD Countries
The Societal Aspects of Decision Making in Complex Radiological Situations (1998)
Proceedings of an International Workshop, Villigen, Switzerland, 13-15 January 1998
The Supply of Medical Radioisotopes (2011)
The Path to Reliability
The Supply of Medical Radioisotopes (2012)
Market Impacts of Converting to Low-enriched Uranium Targets for Medical Isotope Production
The Use of Thermodynamic Databases in Performance Assessment (2002)
Workshop Proceedings, Barcelona, Spain, 29-30 May 2001
The Way Forward in Radiological Protection (2002)
An Expert Group Report
Thermal Performance of High Burn-Up LWR Fuel (1998)
Seminar Proceedings, Cadarache, France, 3-6 March 1998
Towards Transparent, Proportionate and Deliverable Regulation for Geological Disposal (2010)
Workshop Proceedings, Tokyo, Japan, 20-22 January 2009
Transient Behaviour of High Burnup Fuel (1996)
Proceedings of the CSNI Specialist Meeting, Cadarache, France: 12-14 September 1995 NEA/CSNI/R(95)22
Transparency of Nuclear Regulatory Activities (2007)
Workshop Proceedings,Tokyo and Tokai-Mura, Japan, 22-24 May 2007
Trends in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle (2002)
Economic, Environmental and Social Aspects
Uranium 1997 - Ressources, production et demande (1998)
Rapport établi conjointement par l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire et l'Agence internationale de l'énergie atomique
Uranium 1997: Resources, Production and Demand (1998)
A Joint report by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency
Uranium 1999 : Ressources, production et demande (2000)
Rapport établi conjointement par l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire et l'Agence internationale de l'énergie atomique
Uranium 1999: Resources, Production and Demand (2000)
A Joint report by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency
Uranium 2001 : Ressources, production et demande (2002)
Rapport conjoint AEN/AIEA
Uranium 2003 : Ressources, production et demande (2004)
Rapport établi conjointement par l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire et l'Agence internationale de l'énergie atomique
Uranium 2003: Resources, Production and Demand (2004)
A Joint Report by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency
Uranium 2005 : Ressources, production et demande (2006)
Rapport établi conjointement par l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire et l'Agence internationale de l'énergie atomique
Uranium 2005: Resources, Production and Demand (2006)
A Joint Report by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency
Uranium-235 Capture Cross-section in the keV to MeV Energy Region (2011)
International Evaluation Co-operation, Volume 29
Use of Hydrogeochemical Information in Testing Groundwater Flow Models (1999)
Workshop Proceedings, Borgholm, Sweden, 1-3 September 1997
Utilisation and Reliability of High Power Proton Accelerators (2005)
Workshop Proceedings, Daejeon, Republic of Korea, 16-19 May 2004
Utilisation and Reliability of High Power Proton Accelerators (2001)
Workshop Proceedings, Aix-en-Provence, France, 22-24 November 1999
Utilisation and Reliability of High Power Proton Accelerators (2003)
Workshop Proceedings, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA, 12-16 May 2002
Utilisation and Reliability of High Power Proton Accelerators (1999)
Workshop Proceedings, Mito, Japan, 13-15 October 1998
Utilisation and Reliability of High Power Proton Accelerators (HPPA5) (2008)
Workshop Proceedings, Mol, Belgium, 6-9 May 2007
VVER-1000 Coolant Transient Benchmark (2010)
Phase 2 (V1000CT-2) Summary Results of Exercise 1 on Vessel Mixing Simulation
VVER-1000 Coolant Transient Benchmark (Vol. I) (2002)
PHASE 1 (V1000CT-1), Vol. I: Main Coolant Pump (MCP) Switching On - Final Specifications
VVER-1000 Coolant Transient Benchmark (Vol. II) (2006)
Phase 1 (V1000CT-1), Vol. 2: Summary Results of Exercise 1 on Point Kinetics Plant Simulation
VVER-1000 Coolant Transient Benchmark - Phase 1 (Vol. 3) (2007)
Phase I (V1000CT-1), Vol. 3: Summary Results of Exercise 2 on Coupled 3-D Kinetics/Core Thermal-hydraulics
VVER-1000 MOX Core Computational Benchmark (2006)
Specification and Results
Vers un nouveau système de protection radiologique (2002)
Rapport d'un Groupe d'experts
Water-conducting Features in Radionuclide Migration (1999)
Workshop Proceedings, Barcelona, Spain, 10-12 June 1998
Work Management in the Nuclear Power Industry (1997)
A Manual prepared for the NEA Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health by the ISOE Expert Group on the Impact of Work Management on Occupational Exposure
Énergies nucléaire et renouvelables – Synthèse (2012)
Effets systémiques dans les réseaux électriques bas carbone
Агентство по ядерной энергии ОЭСР (2013)
Russian version of "The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency"
ウラニウム2009: 資源、生産、需給 (2011)
Japanese translation of "Uranium 2009: Resources, Production and Demand"
原子力緊急事態の事後管理における ステークホルダー関与の実践と経験 (2012)
Practices and Experience in Stakeholder Involvement for Post-nuclear Emergency Management
技术路线图: 核能 (2011)
Chinese translation of Nuclear Energy Technology Roadmap
新核电站设计的职业辐射防护原则和准则 (2010)
Chinese translation of Occupational Radiological Protection Principles and Criteria for Designing New Nuclear Power Plants
核設施除役 (2012)
Chinese translation of Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities
福岛第一核电站事故对核能开发政策的影响 (2017)
Chinese translation of Impacts of the Fukushima Daiichi Accident on Nuclear Development Policies
福島第一原子力発電所事故後の5年:原子力安全の改善と教訓 (2016)
Five Years after Fukushima - Executive Summary (Japanese) Nuclear Safety Improvements and Lessons Learnt
经济合作与发展组织核能署 (2013)
Chinese translation of The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

Detailed publication list

2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1994 | 1993 | 1992 | 1991 | 1990 | 1989 | 1988 | 1987 | 1982 | 1979 | page top

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Executive Summary of Towards an All-Hazards Approach to Emergency Preparedness and Response
English, published: 02/26/18
NEA#7436
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2018/7436-all-hazards-epr-es.pdf
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IFNEC Proceedings: Conference on Supply Chain
English, published: 07/16/18
NEA#7409
Free on web
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Microbial Influence on the Performance of Subsurface, Salt-Based Radioactive Waste Repositories
English, published: 05/22/18
NEA#7387
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2018/7387-salt-club.pdf
For the past several decades, the Nuclear Energy Agency Salt Club has been supporting
and overseeing the characterisation of rock salt as a potential host rock for deep
geological repositories. This extensive evaluation of deep geological settings is aimed
at determining ? through a multidisciplinary approach ? whether specific sites are
suitable for radioactive waste disposal. Studying the microbiology of granite, basalt,
tuff, and clay formations in both Europe and the United States has been an important
part of this investigation, and much has been learnt about the potential influence
of microorganisms on repository performance, as well as about deep subsurface
microbiology in general. Some uncertainty remains, however, around the effects of
microorganisms on salt-based repository performance. Using available information
on the microbial ecology of hypersaline environments, the bioenergetics of survival
under high ionic strength conditions and studies related to repository microbiology,
this report summarises the potential role of microorganisms in salt-based radioactive
waste repositories.
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NEA News, Vol. 36.2
English, published: 07/16/18
NEA#7430
Free on web
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Preparing for Decommissioning during Operation and after Final Shutdown
, published: 05/25/18
NEA#7374
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2018/7374-decom-prep.pdf
The transition from an operating nuclear facility to the decommissioning phase is critical in the life cycle of every facility. A number of organisational and technical modifications are needed in order for the facility to meet new objectives and requirements, and a certain number of activities must be initiated to support the transition and preparation for the dismantling of the facility. Thorough preparation and planning is key for the success of global decommissioning and dismantling projects, both to minimise delays and undue costs and to ensure a safe and efficient decommissioning process.
The aim of this report is to inform regulatory bodies, policy makers and planners about the relevant aspects and activities that should begin during the last years of operation and following the end of operation. Compiling lessons learnt from experiences and good practices in NEA member countries, the report supports the further optimisation of transition strategies, activities and measures that will ensure adequate preparation for decommissioning and dismantling.
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Rapport annuel de l'AEN 2017
Français, published: 06/04/18
NEA#7405
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2017/ar2017-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: NEA 2017 Annual Report 
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State-of-the-art Report on the Progress of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Chemistry
English, 291 pages, published: 03/19/18
NEA#7267
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2018/7267-soar.pdf
The implementation of advanced nuclear systems requires that new technologies associated with the back end of the fuel cycle are developed. The separation of minor actinides from other fuel components is one of the advanced concepts being studied to help close the nuclear fuel cycle and to improve the long-term effects on the performance of geological repositories. Separating spent fuel elements and subsequently converting them through transmutation into short-lived nuclides should considerably reduce the long-term risks associated with nuclear power generation.

R&D programmes worldwide are attempting to address such challenges, and many processes for advanced reprocessing and partitioning minor actinides are being developed. This report provides a comprehensive overview of progress on separation chemistry processes, and in particular on the technologies associated with the separation and recovery of minor actinides for recycling so as to help move towards the implementation of advanced fuel cycles. The report examines both aqueous and pyro processes, as well as the status of current and proposed technologies described according to the hierarchy of separations targeting different fuel components. The process criteria that will affect technology down-selection are also reviewed, as are non-proliferation requirements. The maturity of different reprocessing techniques are assessed using a scale based on the technology readiness level, and perspectives for future
R&D are reviewed.
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The Full Costs of Electricity Provision
English, 212 pages, published: 04/13/18
NEA#7298
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2018/7298-full-costs-2018.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Extended Summary of Full Costs of Electricity Provision 
- English: Executive Summary of The Full Costs of Electricity Provision 
Electricity provision touches upon every facet of life in OECD and non-OECD countries alike, and choosing how this electricity is generated - whether from fossil fuels, nuclear energy or renewables - affects not only economic outcomes but individual and social well-being in the broader sense. Research on the overall costs of electricity is an ongoing effort, as only certain costs of electricity provision are perceived directly by producers and consumers. Other costs, such as the health impacts of air pollution, damage from climate change or the effects on the electricity system of small-scale variable production are not reflected in market prices and thus diminish well-being in unaccounted for ways.

Accounting for these social costs in order to establish the full costs of electricity provision is difficult, yet such costs are too important to be disregarded in the context of the energy transitions currently under way in OECD and NEA countries. This report draws on evidence from a large number of studies concerning the social costs of electricity and identifies proven instruments for internalising them so as to improve overall welfare.

The results outlined in the report should lead to new and more comprehensive research on the full costs of electricity, which in turn would allow policy makers and the public to make better informed decisions along the path towards fully sustainable electricity systems.
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Towards an All-Hazards Approach to Emergency Preparedness and Response
Lessons Learnt from Non-Nuclear Events
English, published: 01/12/18
NEA#7308
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2018/7308-all-hazards-epr.pdf
The field of emergency management is broad, complex and dynamic. In the post-Fukushima context, emergency
preparedness and response (EPR) in the nuclear sector is more than ever being seen as part of a broader
framework. The OECD has recommended that its members ?establish and promote a comprehensive, all-hazards
and transboundary approach to country risk governance to serve as the foundation for enhancing
national resilience and responsiveness?. In order to achieve such an all-hazards approach to emergency
management, a major step in the process will be to consider experiences from the emergency management of
hazards emanating from a variety of sectors.

The NEA Working Party on Nuclear Emergency Matters (WPNEM) joined forces with the OECD Working Group
on Chemical Accidents (WGCA), the OECD Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate?s High-
Level Risk Forum (HLRF) and the European Commission?s Joint Research Centre (JRC) to collaborate on this
report, which demonstrates similarities between emergency planning and preparedness across sectors, and
identifies lessons learnt and good practices in diverse areas for the benefit of the international community.
A set of expert contributions, enriched with a broad range of national experiences, are presented in the
report to take into account expertise gathered from the emergency management of hazards other than those
emanating from the nuclear sector in an effort to support and foster an all-hazards approach to EPR.

2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1994 | 1993 | 1992 | 1991 | 1990 | 1989 | 1988 | 1987 | 1982 | 1979 | page top

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Addressing Uncertainties in Cost Estimates for Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities
English, 66 pages, published: 09/28/17
NEA#7344
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2017/7344-uncertainties-decom-cost.pdf
The cost estimation process of decommissioning nuclear facilities has continued to evolve in recent years, with a general trend towards demonstrating greater levels of detail in the estimate and more explicit consideration of uncertainties, the latter of which may have an impact on decommissioning project costs. The 2012 report on the International Structure for Decommissioning Costing (ISDC) of Nuclear Installations, a joint recommendation by the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the European Commission, proposes a standardised structure of cost items for decommissioning projects that can be used either directly for the production of cost estimates or for mapping of cost items for benchmarking purposes. The ISDC, however, provides only limited guidance on the treatment of uncertainty when preparing cost estimates. Addressing Uncertainties in Cost Estimates for Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities, prepared jointly by the NEA and IAEA, is intended to complement the ISDC, assisting cost estimators and reviewers in systematically addressing uncertainties in decommissioning cost estimates. Based on experiences gained in participating countries and projects, the report describes how uncertainty and risks can be analysed and incorporated in decommissioning cost estimates, while presenting the outcomes in a transparent manner.
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Communication on the Safety Case for a Deep Geological Repository
English, 87 pages, published: 02/20/17
NEA#7336
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2017/7336-comms-safety-case.pdf
Communication has a specific role to play in the development of deep geological repositories. Building trust with the stakeholders involved in this process, particularly within the local community, is key for effective communication between the authorities and the public. There are also clear benefits to having technical experts hone their communication skills and having communication experts integrated into the development process. This report has compiled lessons from both failures and successes in communicating technical information to non-technical audiences. It addresses two key questions in particular: what is the experience base concerning the effectiveness or non-effectiveness of different tools for communicating safety case results to a non-technical audience and how can communication based on this experience be improved and included into a safety case development effort from the beginning?
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Impacts of the Fukushima Daiichi Accident on Nuclear Development Policies
English, 68 pages, published: 04/06/17
NEA#7212
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2017/7212-impacts-fukushima-policies.pdf

Other language(s):
- Chinese: 福岛第一核电站事故对核能开发政策的影响
The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident has had an impact on the development of nuclear power around the world. While the accident was followed by thorough technical assessments of the safety of all operating nuclear power plants, and a general increase in safety requirements has been observed worldwide, national policy responses have been more varied. These responses have ranged from countries phasing out or accelerating decisions to phase out nuclear energy to countries reducing their reliance on nuclear power or on the contrary continuing to pursue or expand their nuclear power programmes.

This study examines changes to policies, and plans and attempts to distinguish the impact of the Fukushima Daiichi accident from other factors that have affected policymaking in relation to nuclear energy, in particular electricity market economics, financing challenges and competition from other sources (gas, coal and renewables). It also examines changes over time to long-term, quantitative country projections, which reveal interesting trends on the possible role of nuclear energy in future energy systems.
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International Conference on Geological Repositories
Conference Synthesis, 7-9 December 2016, Paris, France
English, 40 pages, published: 04/04/17
NEA#7345
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2017/7345-icgr2016-synthesis.pdf
Worldwide consensus exists within the international community that geological repositories can provide the necessary long-term safety and security to isolate long-lived radioactive waste from the human environment over long timescales. Such repositories are also feasible to construct using current technologies. However, proving the technical merits and safety of repositories, while satisfying societal and political requirements, has been a challenge in many countries.

Building upon the success of previous conferences held in Denver (1999), Stockholm (2003), Berne (2007) and Toronto (2012), the ICGR 2016 brought together high-level decision makers from regulatory and local government bodies, waste management organisations and public stakeholder communities to review current perspectives of geological repository development. This publication provides a synthesis of the 2016 conference on continued engagement and safe implementation of repositories, which was designed to promote information and experience sharing, particularly in the development of polices and regulatory frameworks. Repository safety, and the planning and implementation of repository programmes with societal involvement, as well as ongoing work within different international organisations, were also addressed at the conference.
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International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments (IRPhe Project)
English, published: 04/28/17
NEA#7329
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wprs/irphe/handbook.html
The International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation (IRPhE) Project was initiated as a pilot in 1999 by the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Nuclear Science Committee (NSC). The project was endorsed as an official activity of the NSC in June 2003. While the NEA co-ordinates and administers the IRPhE Project at the international level, each participating country is responsible for the administration, technical direction and priorities of the project within their respective countries. The information and data included in this handbook are available to NEA member countries, contributors and to others on a case-by-case basis.

This handbook contains reactor physics benchmark specifications that have been derived from experiments performed at nuclear facilities around the world. The benchmark specifications are intended for use by reactor designers, safety analysts and nuclear data evaluators to validate calculation techniques and data. Example calculations are presented; these do not constitute a validation or endorsement of the codes or cross-section data.

The 2016 edition of the International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments contains data from 151 experimental series that were performed at 50 reactor facilities. To be published as approved benchmarks, the experiments must be evaluated against agreed technical criteria and reviewed by the IRPhE Technical Review Group. A total of 146 of the 151 evaluations are published as approved benchmarks. The remaining five evaluations are published as draft documents only.

New to the handbook is the evaluation of the CERES Phase II validation of fission product poisoning through reactivity worth measurements, which includes 13 fission products. The front cover of this year?s handbook shows the MINERVE reactor used to obtain the results.
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Mentoring a Future Generation of Female Leaders in Science and Engineering
English, 13 pages, published: 10/16/17
NEA#7403
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/hans/pubs/2017/mentoring-report-japan-2017.pdf
Despite progress over the past decades, women remain under-represented in executive positions in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Female students tend to do very well in math and science early in their academic careers but often take other career paths. Many countries are working to close the gender gap and are developing policies to reverse this trend. However, considering the increasing demand worldwide for skilled workers in all areas of science and technology, including in the nuclear energy sector, more advocacy is needed to encourage the next generation and to capture their interest in these fields. It is in this spirit that the NEA partnered with Japan’s National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST) to organise a mentoring workshop on July 25-26, 2017 in Chiba, Japan.
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NEA Annual Report 2016
English, 68 pages, published: 04/19/17
NEA#7349
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2016/ar2016.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Rapport annuel 2016 de l'AEN
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NEA News Vol. 35.1
English, 31 pages, published: 08/04/17
NEA#7347
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2017/35-1/nea-news-35-1.pdf
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NEA News Vol. 35.2
English, 32 pages, published: 02/13/18
NEA#7348
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2018/35-2/nea-news-35-2.pdf
NEA News is the professional journal of the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA). It features articles on the latest nuclear energy issues concerning the economic and technical aspects of nuclear energy, nuclear safety and regulation, radioactive waste management, radiological protection, nuclear science and nuclear legislation. Each issue provides facts and opinions on nuclear energy, updates on NEA activities, a brief presentation of new NEA publications and other NEA news, along with links to NEA videos.

Topics covered in this issue of NEA News include: the Cabri Reactor – Equipped for NEA Cabri International Project tests; TREAT – A new element in the international nuclear science infrastructure; the NEA inspiring female leaders in science and engineering; extracts from the interview with Dr Hélène Langevin-Joliot; metadata for radioactive waste management; a strategic partnership between the NEA and China; and NEA thanks to outgoing NRA Chairman Dr Shunichi Tanaka. This edition of NEA News also includes the NEA Director-General William D. Magwood IV’s speech at the International Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Power in the 21st Century held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates in October 2017.

A special thank you to the contributors to this edition of NEA News: François Barré, Massimo Ciambrella, James Dyrda, Yeonhee Hah, Martin Kissane, Christelle Manenc, Kimberly Nick, Terumasa Niioka, Giovanna Piccarreta and Tomoyuki Saito.
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NEA Workshop on Stakeholder Involvement in Nuclear Decision Making
Summary Report
English, 83 pages, published: 10/16/17
NEA#7302
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/hans/pubs/2017/7302-stakeholder-workshop.pdf
Because nuclear issues are embedded in broader societal issues such as the environment, energy, risk
management, health policy and sustainability, they can often generate considerable interest and concern.
Actors involved in the nuclear energy sector, including regulators, governments and licensees, share
the goal of reaching accepted, sustainable decisions and to ensure that the decision-making process
is transparent. Stakeholder involvement in decision making is today seen as an essential means for
improving decisions and for optimising their implementation.

In this context, the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) organised a Workshop on Stakeholder Involvement in
Nuclear Decision Making in January 2017, acknowledging that different countries and sectors may face
similar challenges and that sharing experiences and approaches could be useful. The workshop was an
opportunity to bring together experts with first-hand knowledge and experience in areas related to
nuclear law, regulatory practices, radiological protection, nuclear waste management, the deployment of
new nuclear facilities, extended operation of nuclear facilities, deployment of other energy technologies
and infrastructures, and social and traditional media.

This summary report attempts to capture the collective wisdom generated over three days of interaction.
It highlights some commonalities and differences in views and approaches, and identifies particular
lessons that can be applied to improve the strategy and practice of involving stakeholders in decision
making. Overall, the learning gained from this workshop can benefit governments and citizens alike.
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National Inventories and Management Strategies for Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste
Extended Methodology for the Common Presentation of Data
English, 70 pages, published: 08/28/17
NEA#7371
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2017/7371-spent-fuel-strategies.pdf
Radioactive waste inventory data are an important element in the development of a national radioactive waste management programme since these data affect the design and selection of the ultimate disposal methods. Inventory data are generally presented as an amount of radioactive waste under various waste classes, according to the waste classification scheme developed and adopted by the country or national programme in question. Various waste classification schemes have evolved in most countries, and these schemes classify radioactive waste according to its origin, to criteria related to the protection of workers or to the physical, chemical and radiological properties of the waste and the planned disposal method(s).

The diversity in classification schemes across countries has restricted the possibility of comparing waste inventories and led to difficulties in interpreting waste management practices, both nationally and internationally. To help improve this situation, the Nuclear Energy Agency developed a methodology that ensures consistency of national radioactive waste and spent fuel inventory data when presenting them in a common scheme in direct connection with accepted management strategy and disposal routes. This report is a follow up to the 2016 report that introduced the methodology and presenting scheme for spent fuel, and it now extends this methodology and presenting scheme to all types of radioactive waste and corresponding management strategies.
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Nuclear Energy Data 2017
English, published: 11/20/17
NEA#7365
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2017/7365-ned-2017.pdf
Nuclear Energy Data -- 2017
Nuclear Energy Data is the Nuclear Energy Agency's annual compilation of statistics and country reports
documenting nuclear power status in NEA member countries and in the OECD area. Information provided
by governments includes statistics on total electricity produced by all sources and by nuclear power, fuel
cycle capacities and requirements, and projections to 2035, where available. Country reports summarise
energy policies, updates of the status in nuclear energy programmes and fuel cycle developments. In
2016, nuclear power continued to supply significant amounts of low-carbon baseload electricity, despite
strong competition from low-cost fossil fuels and subsidised renewable energy sources. Three new units
were connected to the grid in 2016, in Korea, Russia and the United States. In Japan, an additional three
reactors returned to operation in 2016, bringing the total to five under the new regulatory regime. Three
reactors were officially shut down in 2016 -- one in Japan, one in Russia and one in the United States.
Governments committed to having nuclear power in the energy mix advanced plans for developing or
increasing nuclear generating capacity, with the preparation of new build projects making progress in
Finland, Hungary, Turkey and the United Kingdom. Further details on these and other developments are
provided in the publication's numerous tables, graphs and country reports.
This publication contains "StatLinks". For each StatLink, the reader will find a URL which leads to the
corresponding spreadsheet. These links work in the same way as an Internet link.

Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire -- 2017
Les Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire, compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux de
l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'energie nucleaire, presentent la situation de l'energie nucleaire dans les pays
membres de l'AEN et dans la zone de l'OCDE. Les informations communiquees par les gouvernements
comprennent des statistiques sur la production d'electricite totale et nucleaire, les capacites et les besoins
du cycle du combustible et, lorsqu'elles sont disponibles, des projections jusqu'en 2035. Les rapports
nationaux presentent brievement les politiques energetiques et les evolutions du cycle du combustible.
En 2016, l'electronucleaire a continue de generer des quantites importantes d'electricite en base faiblement
carbonee, et ce en depit de la forte concurrence des combustibles fossiles bon marche et des energies
renouvelable subventionnees. Cette meme annee, trois nouveaux reacteurs ont ete raccordes au reseau
en Coree, aux Etats-Unis et en Russie. Au Japon, trois reacteurs ont ete redemarres, ce qui porte a cinq
le nombre de tranches en exploitation repondant a la nouvelle reglementation en vigueur. Trois reacteurs
ont ete officiellement mis hors service en 2016 -- un aux Etats-Unis, un au Japon et un en Russie. Les pays
decides a inclure le nucleaire dans leur bouquet energetique ont poursuivi leurs projets de developpement
ou d'augmentation de la puissance nucleaire installee. Ainsi, les projets de construction en Finlande, en
Hongrie, au Royaume-Uni et en Turquie ont progresse. Le lecteur trouvera de plus amples informations sur
ces evolutions et d'autres developpements dans les nombreux tableaux, graphiques et rapports nationaux
que contient cet ouvrage.
Cette publication contient des "StatLinks". Fonctionnant comme un lien internet, un StatLink fournit
l'acces a la feuille de calcul correspondante.
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 98 - Volume 2/2016
English, 103 pages, published: 02/24/17
NEA#7313
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb98.pdf
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in
the field of nuclear law. It provides readers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear
law developments. Published free online twice a year in both English and French, it features topical
articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on
relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international
organisations.
Feature articles in this issue include: "Strengthening the international legal framework for nuclear security:
Better sooner rather than later"; "Brexit, Euratom and nuclear proliferation"; and "McMunn et al. V Babcock
and Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc., et al.: The long road to dismissal".
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 99 - Volume 1/2017
English, published: 12/12/17
NEA#7366
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb99.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n°99 – Volume 1/2017 
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides readers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published free online twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international organisations.

Feature articles in this issue include: "Reformed and reforming: Adapting the licensing process to meet new challenges"; "Reflections on the development of international nuclear law"; and "Facing the challenge of nuclear mass tort processing".
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Radiological Characterisation from a Materials and Waste End-State Perspective – Experience from Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities
English, 95 pages, published: 11/02/17
NEA#7373
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2017/7373-rad-char-pers.pdf
Radiological characterisation is a key enabling activity for the planning and
implementation of nuclear facility decommissioning. Effective characterisation allows
the extent, location and nature of contamination to be determined and provides
crucial information for facility dismantling, the management of material and waste
arisings, the protection of workers, the public and the environment, and associated
cost estimations.
This report will be useful for characterisation practitioners who carry out tactical
planning, preparation, optimisation and implementation of characterisation to support
the decommissioning of nuclear facilities and the management of associated materials
and waste. It compiles recent experience from NEA member countries in radiological
characterisation, including from international experts, international case studies,
an international conference, and international standards and guidance. Using this
comprehensive evidence base, the report identifies relevant good practice and provides
practical advice covering all stages of the characterisation process.
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Rapport annuel 2016 de l'AEN
Français, 72 pages, published: 05/29/17
NEA#7350
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2016/ar2016-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: NEA Annual Report 2016
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Recycling and Reuse of Materials Arising from the Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities
A Report by the NEA Co-operative Programme on Decommissioning
English, 69 pages, published: 08/16/17
NEA#7310
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2017/7310-recycle-decom.pdf
Large quantities of materials arising from the decommissioning of nuclear facilities are non-radioactive per se. An additional significant share of materials is of very low-level or low-level radioactivity and can, after having undergone treatment and a clearance process, be recycled and reused in a restricted or unrestricted way. Recycle and reuse options today provide valuable solutions to minimise radioactive waste from decommissioning and at the same time maximise the recovery of valuable materials. The NEA Co-operative Programme on Decommissioning (CPD) prepared this overview on the various approaches being undertaken by international and national organisations for the management of slightly contaminated material resulting from activities in the nuclear sector. The report draws on CPD member organisations’ experiences and practices related to recycling and reuse, which were gathered through an international survey. It provides information on improvements and changes in technologies, methodologies and regulations since the 1996 report on this subject, with the conclusions and recommendations taking into account 20 years of additional experience that will be useful for current and future practitioners. Case studies are provided to illustrate significant points of interest, for example in relation to scrap metals, concrete and soil.
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SFCOMPO-2.0: International Database of Spent Nuclear Fuel Isotopic Assays
English, published: 10/02/17
NEA#7391
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/sfcompo/
SFCOMPO 2.0 is the NEA database of experimental assay measurements. Measurements are isotopic concentrations from destructive radiochemical analyses of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) samples, supplemented with design information for the fuel rod and fuel assembly from which each sample was taken, as well as with relevant information on operating conditions and design characteristics of the host reactors. SFCOMPO 2.0 contains data from 750 SNF samples coming from 44 reactors representing 8 different international reactor designs. SFCOMPO 2.0 was released online in June 2017.
SFCOMPO 2.0 has been developed by the NEA in close collaboration with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The data in SFCOMPO 2.0 has undergone an independent and iterative review process by the Expert Group on Assay Data of Spent Nuclear Fuel (EGADSNF), under the NEA Working Party on Nuclear Criticality Safety (WPNCS). The data have been reviewed for consistency with the experimental reports but have not been formally evaluated. Assay data evaluations are a multidisciplinary effort involving reactor specialists, modelling and simulation experts, and radiochemistry experts. Any errors in measurements, omissions or inconsistencies in the original reported data may be reproduced in the database. Therefore, it is important that any user of the data for code validation consider and assess the potential data deficiencies. The evaluation of assay data will provide a more complete assessment and may result in the development of benchmark specifications and measurement data in cases of high quality experiments.
SFCOMPO 2.0 contains only openly accessible, published experimental assay data. An online Java application of SFCOMPO 2.0 is available at www.oecd-nea.org/sfcompo.
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Sourcebook of International Activities Related to the Development of Safety Cases for Deep Geological Repositories
English, 64 pages, published: 08/21/17
NEA#7341
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2017/7341-sourcebook-safety-cases.pdf
All national radioactive waste management authorities recognise today that a robust safety case is essential in developing disposal facilities for radioactive waste. To improve the robustness of the safety case for the development of a deep geological repository, a wide variety of activities have been carried out by national programmes and international organisations over the past years. The Nuclear Energy Agency, since first introducing the modern concept of the ?safety case?, has continued to monitor major developments in safety case activities at the international level. This Sourcebook summarises the activities being undertaken by the Nuclear Energy Agency, the European Commission and the International Atomic Energy Agency concerning the safety case for the operational and post-closure phases of geological repositories for radioactive waste that ranges from low-level to high-level waste and for spent fuel. In doing so, it highlights important differences in focus among the three organisations.
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State-of-the-Art Report on Molten Corium Concrete Interaction and Ex-Vessel Molten Core Coolability
English, 365 pages, published: 10/16/17
NEA#7392
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/pubs/2017/7392-soar-molten-corium.pdf
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Uranium 2016: Resources, Production and Demand (Executive Summary)
English, 10 pages, published: 04/12/17
NEA#7388
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2017/7388-uranium-2016-es.pdf
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福岛第一核电站事故对核能开发政策的影响
Chinese translation of Impacts of the Fukushima Daiichi Accident on Nuclear Development Policies
Chinese, 49 pages, published: 08/01/17
NEA#7439
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2017/7439-impacts-fukushima-policies-zh.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Impacts of the Fukushima Daiichi Accident on Nuclear Development Policies
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Annual Report 2015
English, 60 pages, published: 04/21/16
NEA#7293
Volume of the series: General information
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2015/ar2015.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Rapport Annuel 2015
The NEA Annual Report of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) for the year ending on 31 December 2015 provides an overview of the status of nuclear power in OECD countries and illustrative descriptions of the Agency’s activities and international joint projects.

At the end of 2015, there were 442 reactors in operation in 33 countries worldwide, representing over 380 GWe of capacity, with NEA member countries operating 348 of these reactors (319 GWe, or 84% of the world total). Ten reactors were connected to the grid in 2015. Construction began on 4 reactors, bringing the total number under construction to 67.

The Annual Report also provides a full list of the NEA publications produced during the year. All NEA publications can be downloaded free of charge from the NEA website at www.oecd-nea.oreg/pub. The reports address key issues in relation to nuclear development and the fuel cycle, nuclear safety and regulation, radioactive waste management, radiological protection, nuclear science, nuclear data and nuclear law.
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Costs of Decommissioning Nuclear Power Plants
English, 256 pages, published: 03/02/16
NEA#7201
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2016/7201-costs-decom-npp.pdf
While refurbishments for the long-term operation of nuclear power plants and for the lifetime extension of such plants have been widely pursued in recent years, the number of plants to be decommissioned is nonetheless expected to increase in future, particularly in the United States and Europe. It is thus important to understand the costs of decommissioning so as to develop coherent and cost-effective strategies, realistic cost estimates based on decommissioning plans from the outset of operations and mechanisms to ensure that future decommissioning expenses can be adequately covered.
This study presents the results of an NEA review of the costs of decommissioning nuclear power plants and of overall funding practices adopted across NEA member countries. The study is based on the results of this NEA questionnaire, on actual decommissioning costs or estimates, and on plans for the establishment and management of decommissioning funds. Case studies are included to provide insight into decommissioning practices in a number of countries.
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Financing the Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities
English, 21 pages, published: 08/18/16
NEA#7326
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2016/7326-fin-decom-nf.pdf
Decommissioning of both commercial and R&D nuclear facilities is expected to increase significantly in the coming years, and the largest of such industrial decommissioning projects could command considerable budgets. It is important to understand the costs of decommissioning projects in order to develop realistic cost estimates as early as possible based on preliminary decommissioning plans, but also to develop funding mechanisms to ensure that future decommissioning expenses can be adequately covered. Sound financial provisions need to be accumulated early on to reduce the potential risk for residual, unfunded liabilities and the burden on future generations, while ensuring environmental protection.

Decommissioning planning can be subject to considerable uncertainties, particularly in relation to potential changes in financial markets, in energy policies or in the conditions and requirements for decommissioning individual nuclear installations, and such uncertainties need to be reflected in regularly updated cost estimates.

This booklet offers a useful overview of the relevant aspects of financing the decommissioning of nuclear facilities. It provides information on cost estimation for decommissioning, as well as details about funding mechanisms and the management of funds based on current practice in NEA member countries.
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Five Years after the Fukushima Daiichi Accident
Nuclear Safety Improvements and Lessons Learnt
English, 76 pages, published: 02/29/16
NEA#7284
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/pubs/2016/7284-five-years-fukushima.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Five Years after the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (Executive summary)
- Japanese: 福島第一原子力発電所事故後の5年:原子力安全の改善と教訓
Countries around the world continue to implement safety improvements and corrective actions based on lessons learnt from the 11 March 2011 accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. This report provides a high-level summary and update on these activities, and outlines further lessons learnt and challenges identified for future consideration. It focuses on actions taken by NEA committees and NEA member countries, and as such is complementary to reports produced by other international organisations.

It is in a spirit of openness and transparency that NEA member countries share this information to illustrate that appropriate actions are being taken to maintain and enhance the level of safety at their nuclear facilities. Nuclear power plants are safer today because of these actions. High priority follow-on items identified by NEA committees are provided to assist countries in continuously benchmarking and improving their nuclear safety practices.
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Five Years after the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (Executive summary)
Nuclear Safety Improvements and Lessons Learnt
English, 11 pages, published: 02/29/16
NEA#7285
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/pubs/2016/7285-five-years-fukushima-es.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Five Years after the Fukushima Daiichi Accident
- Japanese: 福島第一原子力発電所事故後の5年:原子力安全の改善と教訓
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Implementation of Defence in Depth at Nuclear Power Plants
Lessons Learnt from the Fukushima Daiichi Accident
English, 45 pages, published: 01/28/16
NEA#7248
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/pubs/2016/7248-did-npp.pdf
Defence in depth (DiD) is a concept that has been used for many years alongside tools to optimise nuclear safety in reactor design, assessment and regulation. The 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident provided unique insight into nuclear safety issues and raised questions about the tools used at nuclear power plants, including the effectiveness of the DiD concept, and whether DiD can be enhanced and its implementation improved.

This regulatory guidance booklet examines and provides advice on the implementation of DiD. A key observation is that the use of the DiD concept remains valid after the Fukushima Daiichi accident. Indeed, lessons learnt from the accident, and the accident?s impact on the use of DiD, have reinforced the fundamental importance of DiD in ensuring adequate safety.

This report is intended primarily for nuclear regulatory bodies, although information included herein is expected to be of interest to licensees, nuclear industry organisations and the general public.
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International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments
English, published: 12/21/16
NEA#7328
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wpncs/icsbep/handbook.html
The Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (CSBEP) was initiated in October of 1992 by the United States Department of Energy. The project quickly became an international effort as scientists from other interested countries became involved. The International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) became an official activity of the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in 1995.

This handbook contains criticality safety benchmark specifications that have been derived from experiments performed at various critical facilities around the world. The benchmark specifications are intended for use by criticality safety engineers to validate calculation techniques used to establish minimum subcritical margins for operations with fissile material and to determine criticality alarm requirements and placement. Many of the specifications are also useful for nuclear data testing. Example calculations are presented; however, these do not constitute a validation of the codes or cross-section data.

The evaluated criticality safety benchmark data are given in nine volumes. These volumes span over 70 000 pages and contain 570 evaluations with benchmark specifications for 4 913 critical, near-critical or subcritical configurations, 45 criticality alarm placement/shielding configurations with multiple dose points for each, and 215 configurations that have been categorised as fundamental physics measurements that are relevant to criticality safety applications.

New to the handbook are 15 critical experiments with highly enriched uranium in an iron matrix performed to support the design of a repetitively pulsed reactor called the Sorgenta Rapida Reactor (SORA) at the Eurotom Research Centre in Ispra, Italy. A photograph of this experiment assembly is shown on the front cover.
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Japan's Siting Process for the Geological Disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste
An International Peer Review
English, 46 pages, published: 08/04/16
NEA#7331
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2016/7331-japan-peer-review-gdrw.pdf
The Nuclear Energy Agency carried out an independent peer review of Japan's siting process and criteria for the geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste in May 2016. The review concluded that Japan's site screening process is generally in accordance with international practices. As the goal of the siting process is to locate a site -- that is both appropriate and accepted by the community -- to host a geological disposal facility for high-level radioactive waste, the international review team emphasises in this report the importance of maintaining an open dialogue and interaction between the regulator, the implementer and the public. Dialogue should begin in the early phases and continue throughout the siting process. The international review team also underlines the importance of taking into account feasibility aspects when selecting a site for preliminary investigations, but suggests that it would be inappropriate to set detailed scientific criteria for nationwide screening at this stage. The team has provided extensive advisory remarks in the report as opportunities for improvement, including the recommendation to use clear and consistent terminology in defining the site screening criteria as it is a critical factor in a successful siting process.
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Management of Radioactive Waste after a Nuclear Power Plant Accident
English, 225 pages, published: 12/02/16
NEA#7305
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2016/7305-mgmt-rwm-npp-2016.pdf
The NEA Expert Group on Fukushima Waste Management and Decommissioning R&D (EGFWMD) was established in 2014 to offer advice to the authorities in Japan on the management of large quantities of on-site waste with complex properties and to share experiences with the international community and NEA member countries on ongoing work at the Fukushima Daiichi site. The group was formed with specialists from around the world who had gained experience in waste management, radiological contamination or decommissioning and waste management R&D after the Three Mile Island and Chernobyl accidents. This report provides technical opinions and ideas from these experts on post-accident waste management and R&D at the Fukushima Daiichi site, as well as information on decommissioning challenges.
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NEA News Vol. 33 No. 2
English, 40 pages, published: 02/22/16
NEA#7243
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2015/33-2/nea-news-33-2.pdf

Other language(s):
- : AEN Infos Vol. 33 n°2 
NEA News is the professional journal of the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA). It features articles on the latest nuclear energy issues concerning the economic and technical aspects of the nuclear fuel cycle, nuclear safety and regulation, radioactive waste management, radiological protection, nuclear science and nuclear legislation. Each issue provides facts and opinions on nuclear energy, an update of NEA activities, and a brief presentation of new NEA publications and other NEA news.

Topics covered in this special "green" issue of the NEA News include why the climate needs nuclear energy; a clean environment approach to uranium mining; the growing interrelationship between nuclear law and environmental law; radioactive waste management solutions; learning from stakeholders to enhance communication in nuclear regulatory organisations; the renewal of the NEA Thermochemical Database and NEA joint projects.

A special thank you to the many contributors to this edition of NEA News: Manuel Bossant, Pierre Bourdon, Davide Costa, Luminita Grancea, Jan Horst Keppler, Aurélie Lorin, Henri Paillère, Marilena Ragoussi and Michael Siemann.
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NEA News Vol. 34.1
English, 24 pages, published: 07/19/16
NEA#7291
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2016/34-1/nea-news-34-1.pdf
NEA News is the professional journal of the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA). It features articles on the latest nuclear energy issues concerning the economic and technical aspects of the nuclear fuel cycle, nuclear safety and regulation, radioactive waste management, radiological protection, nuclear science and nuclear legislation. Each issue provides facts and opinions on nuclear energy, an update of NEA activities, and a brief presentation of new NEA publications and other NEA news.

Topics covered in this edition of the NEA News include assessing the full costs of electricity; nuclear power plant decommissioning costs in perspective; nuclear safety: five years after the Fukushima Daiichi accident; strengthening the scientific basis of radiological protection; The NEA Nuclear Education, Skills and Technology (NEST) Framework; OECD and NEA countries' national frameworks for nuclear activities and spotlight on Finland: the world's first deep geological repository.

A special thank you to the many contributors to this edition of NEA News: Jan Horst Keppler, Geoffrey Rothwell, Marc Deffrennes, Inge Weber, Ho Nieh, Andrew White, Nancy Salgado, Ted Lazo, Liuidmila Adreeva, Jim Gulliford, Kaan Kuzeyli and Olli Nevander.
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NEA News Vol. 34.2
English, 28 pages, published: 03/20/17
NEA#7292
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2017/34-2/nea-news-34-2.pdf
NEA News is the professional journal of the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA). It features articles on the latest nuclear energy issues concerning the economic and technical aspects of the nuclear fuel cycle, nuclear safety and regulation, radioactive waste management, radiological protection, nuclear science and nuclear legislation. Each issue provides facts and opinions on nuclear energy, updates on NEA activities, and a brief presentation of new NEA publications and other NEA news.

Topics covered in this issue include: the NEA Nuclear Innovation 2050 Initiative; the International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation; NEA collaborative activities related to accident-tolerant fuels; costing for decommissioning; the 10th national workshop of the NEA Forum on Stakeholder Confidence and the International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology.

A special thank you to the many contributors to this edition of NEA News: Axel Breest, Oscar Cabellos, Marc Deffrennes, Aleshia Duncan, James Dyrda, Mari Gillogly, Kamishan Martin, Simone Massara, Margaret McGrath, Franco Michel-Sendis, Fiona Rayment, Michael Siemann and Inge Weber.
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NEA Strategic Plan 2017-2022
English, published: 12/22/16
NEA#7295
Volume of the series: General information
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/general/about/strategic-plan2017-2022.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Plan stratégique de l'AEN 2017-2022
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National Inventories and Management Strategies for Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste
Methodology for Common Presentation of Data
English, 62 pages, published: 07/28/16
NEA#7323
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2016/7323-radioactive-waste-inventory-strategy.pdf
Radioactive waste inventory data are an important element in the development of a national radioactive waste management programme since these data affect the design and selection of the ultimate disposal methods. Inventory data are generally presented as an amount of radioactive waste under various waste classes, according to the waste classification scheme developed and adopted by the country or national programme in question. Various waste classification schemes have thus evolved in most countries, and these schemes classify radioactive waste according to its origin, to criteria related to the protection of workers or to the physical, chemical and radiological properties of the waste and the planned disposal method(s).

The diversity in classification schemes across countries has restricted the possibility of comparing waste inventories and led to difficulties in interpreting waste management practices, both nationally and internationally. To help improve this situation, the Nuclear Energy Agency proposed to develop a methodology that would ensure consistency of national radioactive waste inventory data when presenting them in a common scheme. This report provides such a methodology and presenting scheme for spent nuclear fuel and for waste arising from reprocessing. The extension of the methodology and presenting scheme to other types of radioactive waste and corresponding management strategies is envisaged in a second phase.
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Nuclear Energy Data 2016
English, 103 pages, published: 12/20/16
NEA#7300
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2016/7300-ned-2016.pdf
Nuclear Energy Data is the Nuclear Energy Agency's annual compilation of statistics and country
reports documenting nuclear power status in NEA member countries and in the OECD area. Information
provided by governments includes statistics on installed generating capacity, total electricity produced
by all sources and by nuclear power, nuclear energy policies and fuel cycle developments, as well as
projections of nuclear generating capacity and electricity production to 2035, where available. Total
electricity generation at nuclear power plants and the share of electricity production from nuclear power
plants increased slightly in 2015, by 0.2% and 0.1%, respectively. Two new units were connected to the
grid in 2015, in Russia and Korea; two reactors returned to operation in Japan under the new regulatory
regime; and seven reactors were officially shut down - five in Japan, one in Germany and one in the
United Kingdom. Governments committed to having nuclear power in the energy mix advanced plans
for developing or increasing nuclear generating capacity, with the preparation of new build projects
progressing in Finland, Hungary, Turkey and the United Kingdom. Further details on these and other
developments are provided in the publication's numerous tables, graphs and country reports.

This publication contains "StatLinks". For each StatLink, the reader will find a URL which leads to the
corresponding spreadsheet. These links work in the same way as an Internet link.
Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire 2016

Les Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire, compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux de
l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'energie nucleaire, presentent la situation de l'energie nucleaire dans les pays
membres de l'AEN et dans la zone de l'OCDE. Les informations communiquees par les gouvernements
comprennent des statistiques sur la puissance installee, la production d'electricite totale et nucleaire,
les politiques nucleaires, les evolutions du cycle du combustible ainsi que, lorsqu'elles sont disponibles,
des projections jusqu'en 2035 de la puissance nucleaire et de la production d'electricite. En 2015, la
production totale d'electricite des centrales nucleaires ainsi que la part du nucleaire dans la production
d'electricite ont legerement augmente, de 0,2 % et 0,1 % respectivement. Deux nouveaux reacteurs ont
ete raccordes au reseau en Russie et en Coree, deux reacteurs ont ete remis en service au Japon, ou un
nouveau regime de surete est en vigueur, et sept reacteurs ont ete mis officiellement et definitivement a
l'arret - cinq au Japon, un en Allemagne et un au Royaume-Uni. Les pays decides a inclure le nucleaire
dans leur bouquet energetique ont poursuivi leurs projets de developpement ou d'augmentation de
la puissance nucleaire installee, et ont realise des avancees dans de futurs projets de construction en
Finlande, en Hongrie, au Royaume-Uni et en Turquie. Le lecteur trouvera de plus amples informations sur
ces evolutions et d'autres developpements dans les nombreux tableaux, graphiques et rapports nationaux
que contient cet ouvrage.
Cette publication contient des "StatLinks". Fonctionnant comme un lien internet, un StatLink fournit
l'acces a la feuille de calcul correspondante.
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 97 - Volume 1/2016
English, 120 pages, published: 08/22/16
NEA#7311
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb97.pdf
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides readers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published free online twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international organisations.

Feature articles in this issue include "Nuclear Third Party Liability in Germany" and "Towards Nuclear Disarmament: State of Affairs in the International Legal Framework".
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Plan stratégique de l'AEN 2017-2022
Français, published: 12/22/16
NEA#7296
Volume of the series: General information
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/general/about/plan-strategique2017-2022.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: NEA Strategic Plan 2017-2022
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Radiological Protection Science and Application
English, 111 pages, published: 03/03/16
NEA#7265
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2016/7265-rp-science-application.pdf
Since the discovery of radiation at the end of the 19th century, the health effects of exposure to radiation have been studied more than almost any other factor with potential effects on human health. The NEA has long been involved in discussions on the effects of radiation exposure, releasing two reports in 1994 and 2007 on radiological protection science.

This report is the third in this state-of-the-art series, examining recent advances in the understanding of radiation risks and effects, particularly at low doses. It focuses on radiobiology and epidemiology, and also addresses the social science aspects of stakeholder involvement in radiological protection decision making. The report summarises the status of, and issues arising from, the application of the International System of Radiological Protection to different types of prevailing circumstances.
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Rapport Annuel 2015
Français, 64 pages, published: 04/21/16
NEA#7294
Volume of the series: General information
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2015/ar2015-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Annual Report 2015
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Small Modular Reactors
Nuclear Energy Market Potential for Near-term Deployment
English, 73 pages, published: 09/22/16
NEA#7213
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2016/7213-smrs.pdf
Recent interest in small modular reactors (SMRs) is being driven by a desire to reduce the total capital costs associated with nuclear power plants and to provide power to small grid systems. According to estimates available today, if all the competitive advantages of SMRs were realised, including serial production, optimised supply chains and smaller financing costs, SMRs could be expected to have lower absolute and specific (per-kWe) construction costs than large reactors. Although the economic parameters of SMRs are not yet fully determined, a potential market exists for this technology, particularly in energy mixes with large shares of renewables.

This report assesses the size of the market for SMRs that are currently being developed and that have the potential to broaden the ways of deploying nuclear power in different parts of the world. The study focuses on light water SMRs that are expected to be constructed in the coming decades and that strongly rely on serial, factory-based production of reactor modules. In a high-case scenario, up to 21 GWe of SMRs could be added globally by 2035, representing approximately 3% of total installed nuclear capacity.
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Strategic Considerations for the Sustainable Remediation of Nuclear Installations
English, 110 pages, published: 05/23/16
NEA#7290
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2016/7290-strategic-considerations.pdf
Nuclear sites around the world are being decommissioned and remedial actions are being undertaken to enable sites, or parts of sites, to be reused. Although such activities are relatively straightforward for most sites, experience has suggested that preventative action is needed to minimise the impact of remediation activities on the environment and the potential burden to future generations. Removing all contamination in order to make a site suitable for any use generates waste and has associated environmental, social and economic drawbacks and benefits. Site remediation should thus be sustainable and result in an overall net benefit.

This report draws on recent experience of NEA member countries in nuclear site remediation during decommissioning in order to identify strategic considerations for the sustainable remediation of subsurface contamination – predominantly contaminated soil and groundwater – to describe good practice, and to make recommendations for further research and development. It provides insights for the decision makers, regulators, implementers and stakeholders involved in nuclear site decommissioning so as to ensure the sustainable remediation of nuclear sites, now and in the future.
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The Safety Culture of an Effective Nuclear Regulatory Body
English, 32 pages, published: 02/04/16
NEA#7247
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/pubs/2016/7247-scrb2016.pdf
The fundamental objective of all nuclear safety regulatory bodies is to ensure that activities related to the peaceful use of nuclear energy are carried out in a safe manner within their respective countries. In order to effectively achieve this objective, the nuclear regulatory body requires specific characteristics, one of which is a healthy safety culture.

This regulatory guidance report describes five principles that support the safety culture of an effective nuclear regulatory body. These principles concern leadership for safety, individual responsibility and accountability, co-operation and open communication, a holistic approach, and continuous improvement, learning and self-assessment.

The report also addresses some of the challenges to a regulatory body's safety culture that must be recognised, understood and overcome. It provides a unique resource to countries with existing, mature regulators and can be used for benchmarking as well as for training and developing staff. It will also be useful for new entrant countries in the process of developing and maintaining an effective nuclear safety regulator.
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Uranium 2016: Resources, Production and Demand
English, 548 pages, published: 11/30/16
NEA#7301
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2016/7301-uranium-2016.pdf
Uranium is the raw material used to produce fuel for long-lived nuclear power facilities, necessary for the generation of significant amounts of baseload low-carbon electricity for decades to come. Although a valuable commodity, declining market prices for uranium in recent years, driven by uncertainties concerning evolutions in the use of nuclear power, have led to the postponement of mine development plans in a number of countries and to some questions being raised about future uranium supply. This 26th edition of the "Red Book", a recognised world reference on uranium jointly prepared by the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), provides analyses and information from 49 producing and consuming countries in order to address these and other questions. The present edition provides the most recent review of world uranium market fundamentals and presents data on global uranium exploration, resources, production and reactor-related requirements. It offers updated information on established uranium production centres and mine development plans, as well as projections of nuclear generating capacity and reactor-related requirements through 2035, in order to address long-term uranium supply and demand issues.
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福島第一原子力発電所事故後の5年:原子力安全の改善と教訓
Five Years after Fukushima - Executive Summary (Japanese) Nuclear Safety Improvements and Lessons Learnt
Japanese, published: 03/01/16
NEA#7289
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.orghttp://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/pubs/2016/7285-five-years-fukushima-es-jp.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Five Years after the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (Executive summary)
- English: Five Years after the Fukushima Daiichi Accident

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AEN Infos, Vol 32.1-32.2
, published: 05/13/15
NEA#7240
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2014/32-1-32-2/aen-infos-32-1-32-2.pdf
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Annual Report 2014
English, 60 pages, published: 06/10/15
NEA#7238
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2014/ar2014.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Rapport Annuel 2014
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Fostering a Durable Relationship Between a Waste Management Facility and its Host Community
Adding Value Through Design and Process - 2015 Edition
English, 66 pages, published: 12/01/15
NEA#7264
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2015/7264-fostering-durable-relationship-2015.pdf
In the field of long-term radioactive waste management, projects to construct repositories normally last from decades to centuries. Such projects will inevitably have an effect on the host community from the planning stage to the end of construction and beyond. The key to a long-lasting and positive relationship between a site and its host community is ensuring that solutions are reached together throughout the entire process. The sustainability of radioactive waste management solutions can potentially be achieved through design and implementation of a facility that provides added cultural and amenity value, as well as economic opportunities, to the local community.

This second edition of Fostering a Durable Relationship Between a Waste Management Facility and its Host Community: Adding Value Through Design and Process highlights new innovations in siting processes and in facility design – functional, cultural and physical – from different countries, which could be of added value to host communities and their sites in the short to long term. These new features are examined from the perspective of sustainability, with a focus on increasing the likelihood that people will both understand the facility and its functions, and remember what is located at the site.

This 2015 update by the NEA Forum on Stakeholder Confidence will be beneficial in designing paths forward for local or regional communities, as well as for national radioactive waste management programmes.
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Handbook on Lead-bismuth Eutectic Alloy and Lead Properties, Materials Compatibility, Thermal-hydraulics and Technologies
English, 954 pages, published: 08/11/15
NEA#7268
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2015/7268-lead-bismuth-2015.pdf
Heavy liquid metals such as lead or lead-bismuth have been proposed and investigated as coolants for fast reactors since the 1950s. More recently, there has been renewed interest worldwide in the use of these materials to support the development of systems for the transmutation of radioactive waste. Heavy liquid metals are also under evaluation as a reactor core coolant and accelerator-driven system neutron spallation source. Several national and international R&D programmes are ongoing for the development of liquid lead-alloy technology and the design of liquid-lead alloy-cooled reactor systems.

In 2007, a first edition of the handbook was published to provide deeper insight into the properties and experimental results in relation to lead and lead-bismuth eutectic technology and establish a common database. This handbook remains a reference and is a valuable tool for designers and researchers with an interest in heavy liquid metals.

The 2015 edition includes updated data resulting from various national and international R&D programmes and contains new experimental data to help understand some important phenomena such as liquid metal embrittlement and turbulent heat transfer in a fuel bundle. The handbook provides an overview of liquid lead and lead-bismuth eutectic properties, materials compatibility and testing issues, key aspects of thermal-hydraulics and existing facilities, as well as perspectives for future R&D.
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How can stakeholder involvement be improved?
(FSC Flyer)
, published: 12/01/15
NEA#7262
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/fsc/docs/a4-stakeholder_involvement.pdf
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International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments
English, published: 12/09/15
NEA#7281
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wpncs/icsbep/handbook.html
The Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (CSBEP) was initiated in October of 1992 by the United States Department of Energy (DOE). The project quickly became an international effort as scientists from other interested countries became involved. The International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) became an official activity of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in 1995.

This handbook contains criticality safety benchmark specifications that have been derived from experiments performed at various critical facilities around the world. The benchmark specifications are intended for use by criticality safety engineers to validate calculation techniques used to establish minimum subcritical margins for operations with fissile material and to determine criticality alarm requirements and placement. Many of the specifications are also useful for nuclear data testing. Example calculations are presented; however, these calculations do not constitute a validation of the codes or cross-section data.

The evaluated criticality safety benchmark data are given in nine volumes. These volumes span approximately 69 000 pages and contain 567 evaluations with benchmark specifications for 4 874 critical, near-critical or subcritical configurations, 31 criticality alarm placement/shielding configurations with multiple dose points for each, and 207 configurations that have been categorised as fundamental physics measurements that are relevant to criticality safety applications.

New to the handbook are benchmark specifications for neutron activation foil and thermoluminescent dosimeter measurements performed at the SILENE critical assembly in Valduc, France as part of a joint venture in 2010 between the US DOE and the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA). A photograph of this experiment is shown on the front cover.
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International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments
English, published: 05/26/15
NEA#7258
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wprs/irphe/
International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments

The International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation (IRPhE) Project was initiated as a pilot activity in 1999 by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
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Introduction of Thorium in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle
Short- to long-term considerations
English, 136 pages, published: 07/29/15
NEA#7224
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2015/7224-thorium.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Perspectives on the Use of Thorium in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle – Extended Summary
- Français: Cycle de combustible nucléaire au thorium (TA provisoire) - Synthèse 
Since the beginning of the nuclear era, significant scientific attention has been given to thorium's potential as a nuclear fuel. Although the thorium fuel cycle has never been fully developed, the opportunities and challenges that might arise from the use of thorium in the nuclear fuel cycle are still being studied in many countries and in the context of diverse international programmes around the world. This report provides a scientific assessment of thorium's potential role in nuclear energy both in the short to longer term, addressing diverse options, potential drivers and current impediments to be considered if thorium fuel cycles are to be pursued.
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NEA News Vol. 33 No. 1
English, published: 07/29/15
NEA#7241
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2015/33-1/nea-news-33-1.pdf
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Nuclear Energy 2015 Edition - Roadmap Insights (foldout in publication)
, published: 09/01/15
NEA#7282
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/techroadmap/techroadmap-2015-foldout-a3.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Technology Roadmap: Nuclear Energy - 2015 Edition
- : Technology Roadmap: Nuclear Energy - 2015 Edition (Chinese) 技术路线图 核能
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Nuclear Energy Data 2015/Données sur l'énergie nucléaire 2015
Bilingual, 106 pages, published: 10/21/15
NEA#7246
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2015/7246-ned-2015.pdf
Nuclear Energy Data is the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency's annual compilation of statistics and country reports documenting nuclear power status in the OECD area. Information provided by member country governments includes statistics on installed generating capacity, total electricity produced by all sources and by nuclear power, nuclear energy policies and fuel cycle developments, as well as projected generating capacity and electricity production to 2035, where available. Total electricity generation at nuclear power plants and the share of electricity production from nuclear power plants increased slightly in 2014, by 1.4% and 0.3% respectively, despite Japan's nuclear fleet remaining offline throughout the year. No new reactor was connected to the grid in OECD countries and one, in the United States, was permanently shut down. Governments committed to having nuclear power in the energy mix advanced plans for developing or increasing nuclear generating capacity, with the preparation of new build projects making progress in Finland, Hungary, Turkey and the United Kingdom. Further details on these and other developments are provided in the publication's numerous tables, graphs and country reports.

This publication contains "StatLinks". For each StatLink, the reader will find a URL which leads to the corresponding spreadsheet. These links work in the same way as an Internet link.

Les Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire, compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux de l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'energie nucleaire, presentent la situation de l'energie nucleaire dans les pays de l'OCDE. Les informations communiquees par les pouvoirs publics des pays membres de l'OCDE comprennent des statistiques sur la puissance nucleaire installee, la production d'electricite totale et nucleaire, les politiques nucleaires, les evolutions du cycle du combustible ainsi que, lorsqu'elles sont disponibles, des projections jusqu'en 2035 de la puissance nucleaire et de la production d'electricite. En 2014, la production totale d'electricite des centrales nucleaires ainsi que la part du nucleaire dans la production d'electricite ont legerement augmente, de 1,4 % et 0,3 % respectivement, et cela meme si la totalite des reacteurs japonais est restee a l'arret. Aucun nouveau reacteur n'a ete connecte au reseau dans les pays de l'OCDE, et un reacteur, aux Etats-Unis, a ete mis definitivement a l'arret. Les pays decides a inclure le nucleaire dans leur bouquet energetique ont poursuivi leurs projets de developper ou d'augmenter la puissance nucleaire installee, avec des avancees dans de futurs projets de construction en Finlande, en Hongrie, au Royaume-Uni et en Turquie. Le lecteur trouvera de plus amples informations sur ces evolutions et d'autres developpements dans les nombreux tableaux, graphiques et rapports nationaux que contient cet ouvrage.

Cette publication contient des < StatLinks >. Fonctionnant comme un lien internet, un StatLink fournit l'acces a la feuille de calcul correspondante.
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Nuclear Energy: Combating Climate Change
English, 19 pages, published: 11/05/15
NEA#7208
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2015/7208-climate-change-2015.pdf
The global response to address climate change is a key policy challenge of the 21st century. Many governments around the world have agreed that action should be taken to achieve large cuts in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions over the coming decades, to adapt to the impacts of climate change and to ensure the necessary financial and technical support for developing countries to take action.

There is a growing scientific consensus that global annual GHG emissions will need to be reduced by at least 50% from today’s levels by 2050 if the world is to limit the average temperature increase to 2°C by the end of the century and avoid the worst consequences of global warming. This brochure describes the role that nuclear energy can play in helping to combat climate change, and sets that role in the context of all low-carbon electricity sources, with specific references to renewables.
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 95
English, 157 pages, published: 11/20/15
NEA#7252
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb95.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n°95 - Volume 1/2015 
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides readers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published free online twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international organisations.
Feature articles in this issue include "Entry into force of the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage: Opening the umbrella"; "Towards a new international framework for nuclear safety: Developments from Fukushima to Vienna"; "Nuclear arbitration: Interpreting non-proliferation agreements".
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 96 - Volume 2/2015
English, 116 pages, published: 02/23/16
NEA#7254
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb96.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n°96 - Volume 2/2015 
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides readers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published free online twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international organisations.

Feature articles in this issue include ?Treaty implementation applied to conventions on nuclear safety? and ?Crisis, criticism, change: Regulatory reform in the wake of nuclear accidents?.
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Nuclear New Build: Insights into Financing and Project Management
English, 244 pages, published: 07/20/15
NEA#7195
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2015/7195-nn-build-2015.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear New Build: Insights into Financing and Project Management (Executive Summary)
Nuclear new build has been progressing steadily since the year 2000, with the construction of 94 new reactors initiated and 56 completed reactors connected to the grid. Among these new reactors are some of the first generation III/III+ reactors of their kind. Drawing on a combination of conceptual analysis, expert opinion and seven in-depth case studies, this report provides policymakers and stakeholders with an overview of the principal challenges facing nuclear new build today, as well as ways to address and overcome them.

It focuses on the most important challenges of building a new nuclear power plant, namely assembling the conditions necessary to successfully finance and manage highly complex construction processes and their supply chains. Different projects have chosen different paths, but they nonetheless share a number of features. Financing capital-intensive nuclear new build projects requires, for example, the long-term stabilisation of electricity prices whether through tariffs, power purchase agreements or contracts for difference. In construction, the global convergence of engineering codes and quality standards would also promote both competition and public confidence. In addition, change management, early supply chain planning and "soft issues" such as leadership, team building and trust have emerged over and again as key factors in the new build construction process. This report looks at ongoing trends in these areas and possible ways forward.
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Nuclear New Build: Insights into Financing and Project Management (Executive Summary)
Executive Summary
English, published: 11/17/15
NEA#7196
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2015/7196-nn-build-2015-es.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear New Build: Insights into Financing and Project Management
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Perspectives on the Use of Thorium in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle – Extended Summary
English, 20 pages, published: 09/10/15
NEA#7228
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2015/7228-thorium-es.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Introduction of Thorium in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle
- Français: Cycle de combustible nucléaire au thorium (TA provisoire) - Synthèse 
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Projected Costs of Generating Electricity - 2015 Edition
English, 212 pages, published: 08/31/15
NEA#7057
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2015/7057-proj-costs-electricity-2015.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Coûts prévisionnels de production de l'électricité - Synthèse 
- English: Projected Costs of Generating Electricity - Executive Summary
This joint report by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) is the eighth in a series of studies on electricity generating costs. As policy makers work to ensure that the power supply is reliable, secure and affordable, while making it increasingly clean and sustainable in the context of the debate on climate change, it is becoming more crucial that they understand what determines the relative cost of electricity generation using fossil fuel, nuclear or renewable sources of energy. A wide range of fuels and technologies are presented in the report, including natural gas, coal, nuclear, hydro, solar, onshore and offshore wind, biomass and biogas, geothermal, and combined heat and power, drawing on a database from surveys of investment and operating costs that include a larger number of countries than previous editions.

The analysis of more than 180 plants, based on data covering 22 countries, reveals several key trends, pointing, for example, to a significant decline in recent years in the cost of renewable generation. The report also reveals that nuclear energy costs remain in line with the cost of other baseload technologies, particularly in markets that value decarbonisation. Overall, cost drivers of the different generating technologies remain both market-specific and technology-specific.

Readers will find a wealth of details and analysis, supported by over 200 figures and tables, underlining this report's value as a tool for decision makers and researchers concerned with energy policies, climate change and the evolution of power sectors around the world.
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Projected Costs of Generating Electricity - Executive Summary
English, published: 08/31/15
NEA#7279
Volume of the series: Nuclear Development
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2015/7279-proj-costs-electricity-2015-es.pdf
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Radioactive Waste Management and Constructing Memory for Future Generations
Proceedings of the International Conference and Debate, 15-17 September 2015, Verdun, France
English, 177 pages, published: 11/18/15
NEA#7259
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2015/7259-constructing-memory-2015.pdf
The Preservation of Records, Knowledge and Memory (RK&M) across Generations initiative was launched by the Nuclear Energy Agency in 2011 to foster international reflection and progress towards this goal and to meet increasing demands by waste management specialists and other interested parties for viable and shared strategies. The RK&M initiative is now in its second phase, which is to last until 2017. Phase I culminated on 15-17 September 2014 with the organisation of an international conference and debate on “Constructing Memory" held in Verdun, France.

The conference was attended by approximately 200 participants from 17 countries and 3 international organisations. Participants included specialists from the radioactive waste management area and beyond, academics in the fields of archaeology, communications, cultural heritage, geography and history, as well as artists, archivists, representatives from local heritage societies and from communities that could host a radioactive waste repository.
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Rapport Annuel 2014
Français, published: 06/10/15
NEA#7239
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2014/ar2014-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Annual Report 2014
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Review of Integral Experiments for Minor Actinide Management
English, 137 pages, published: 02/17/15
NEA#7222
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2015/7222-review-minor-actinide-management.pdf
Spent nuclear fuel contains minor actinides (MAs) such as neptunium, americium and curium, which require careful management. This becomes even more important when mixed oxide (MOX) fuel is being used on a large scale since more MAs will accumulate in the spent fuel. One way to manage these MAs is to transmute them in nuclear reactors, including in light water reactors, fast reactors or accelerator-driven subcritical systems. The transmutation of MAs, however, is not straightforward, as the loading of MAs generally affects physics parameters, such as coolant void, Doppler and burn-up reactivity.

This report focuses on nuclear data requirements for minor actinide management, the review of existing integral data and the determination of required experimental work, the identification of bottlenecks and possible solutions, and the recommendation of an action programme for international co-operation.
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Stakeholder Involvement in Decision Making: A Short Guide to Issues, Approaches and Resources
English, 62 pages, published: 01/01/16
NEA#7189
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2015/7189-stakeholder-involvement-2015.pdf
Radioactive waste management is embedded in broader societal issues such as the environment, risk management, energy, health policy and sustainability. In all these fields, there is an increasing demand for public involvement and engagement. This 2015 update of Stakeholder Involvement Techniques: Short Guide and Annotated Bibliography, assists practitioners and non-specialists by outlining the steps and issues associated with stakeholder involvement in decision making and by facilitating access to useful online resources (handbooks, toolboxes and case studies). The updated guide has been considerably enriched with experiences since 2004 and includes extensive references to the literature. It is published alongside the release of an online annotated bibliography that will be updated regularly.
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Technology Roadmap: Nuclear Energy - 2015 Edition
English, 64 pages, published: 01/19/15
NEA#7257
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2015/7257-techroadmap-2015.pdf

Other language(s):
- : Technology Roadmap: Nuclear Energy - 2015 Edition (Chinese) 技术路线图 核能
- : Nuclear Energy 2015 Edition - Roadmap Insights (foldout in publication)
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Technology Roadmap: Nuclear Energy - 2015 Edition (Chinese) 技术路线图 核能
, published: 10/21/15
NEA#7330
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/techroadmap/techroadmap-2015-zh.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Technology Roadmap: Nuclear Energy - 2015 Edition
- : Nuclear Energy 2015 Edition - Roadmap Insights (foldout in publication)
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The Practice of Cost Estimation for Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities
English, published: 06/01/15
NEA#7237
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2015/7237-practice-cost-estimation.pdf
Decommissioning of both commercially used and R&D nuclear facilities is expected to increase significantly in the coming years, and the largest of such industrial decommissioning projects could command considerable budgets. Several approaches are currently being used for decommissioning cost estimations, with an international culture developing in the field. The present cost estimation practice guide was prepared in order to offer international actors specific guidance in preparing quality cost and schedule estimates to support detailed budgeting for decommissioning implementation, for the preparation of decommissioning plans and for the securing of funds. This guide is based on current practices and standards in a number of NEA member countries and aims to help consolidate the practice and process of decommissioning cost estimation so as to make it more widely understood. It offers a useful reference for the practitioner and for training programmes.

2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1994 | 1993 | 1992 | 1991 | 1990 | 1989 | 1988 | 1987 | 1982 | 1979 | page top

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AEN Infos, n° 32-1/32-2
Français, 43 pages, published: 05/13/15
NEA#7177
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/index-fr.html

Other language(s):
- English: NEA News, No. 32-1/32-2
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Annual Report 2013
English, 60 pages, published: 06/04/14
NEA#7174
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2013/ar2013.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Rapport annuel 2013
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Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 92
Volume 2013/2
Français, 248 pages, published: 08/22/14
NEA#7155
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlbfr/nlb92-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 92
Le Bulletin de droit nucléaire est une publication internationale unique en son genre destinée aux juristes et aux universitaires en droit nucléaire. Ses abonnés bénéficient d’informations exhaustives qui font autorité sur les développements qui touchent ce droit. Publié deux fois par an en anglais et en français, il propose des articles thématiques rédigés par des experts juridiques renommés, rend compte du développement des législations à travers le monde et présente la jurisprudence et les accords bilatéraux et multilatéraux pertinents ainsi que les activités réglementaires des organisations internationales.

Les principaux articles de ce numéro portent sur : « Extraction et production d’uranium : le point de vue d’une juriste sur la réglementation d’une ressource importante » ; « La législation nucléaire turque : les évolutions d'un nouvel entrant sur la scène nucléaire » ; et « Le droit nucléaire et le droit de l’environnement dans les procédures d’autorisation des installations nucléaires ».
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Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 93
Français, published: 02/06/15
NEA#7182
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlbfr/nlb93-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 93

Le Bulletin de droit nucleaire est une publication internationale unique en son genre destinee aux juristes et aux universitaires en droit nucleaire. Ses abonnes beneficient d'informations exhaustives qui font autorite sur les developpements qui touchent ce droit. Publie deux fois par an en anglais et en francais, il propose des articles thematiques rediges par des experts juridiques renommes, rend compte du developpement des legislations a travers le monde et presente la jurisprudence et les accords bilateraux et multilateraux pertinents ainsi que les activites reglementaires des organisations internationales.

Les principaux articles de ce numero portent sur : " Les progres vers un regime mondial de responsabilite civile nucleaire " ; " La Convention sur la reparation complementaire des dommages nucleaires et participation des pays en developpement : Perspective de l'Afrique du Sud " ; " L'energie de fusion et la responsabilite civile nucleaire " ; et " L'energie nucleaire et la societe indienne : Participation du public, evaluation des risques et cadre juridique ".
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Guide for International Peer Reviews of Decommissioning Cost Studies for Nuclear Facilities
English, 49 pages, published: 10/27/14
NEA#7190
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2014/7190-guide-peer-reviews.pdf
Peer reviews are a standard co-operative OECD working tool that offer member countries a framework to compare experiences and examine best practices in a host of areas. The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) has developed a proven methodology for conducting peer reviews in radioactive waste management and nuclear R&D. Using this methodology, the NEA Radioactive Waste Management Committee’s Working Party on Decommissioning and Dismantling (WPDD) developed the present guide as a framework for decommissioning cost reviewers and reviewees to prepare for and conduct international peer reviews of decommissioning cost estimate studies for nuclear facilities. It includes checklists that will help national programmes or relevant organisations to assess and improve decommissioning cost estimate practices in the future. This guide will act as the NEA reference for conducting such international peer reviews.
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International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments
English, published: 12/15/14
NEA#7231
Volume of the series: Data Bank
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wpncs/icsbep/handbook.html
The Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (CSBEP) was initiated in October 1992 by the United States Department of Energy. The project quickly became an international effort as scientists from other interested countries became involved. The International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) became an official activity of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in 1995.

This handbook contains criticality safety benchmark specifications that have been derived from experiments performed at various critical facilities around the world. The benchmark specifications are intended for use by criticality safety engineers to validate calculation techniques used to establish minimum subcritical margins for operations with fissile material and to determine criticality alarm requirements and placement. Many of the specifications are also useful for nuclear data testing. Example calculations are presented; however, these calculations do not constitute a validation of the codes or cross-section data.

The evaluated criticality safety benchmark data are given in nine volumes. These volumes span approximately 67?000 pages and contain 561 evaluations with benchmark specifications for 4?839 critical, near-critical or subcritical configurations, 24 criticality alarm placement/shielding configurations with multiple dose points for each and 207?configurations that have been categorised as fundamental physics measurements that are relevant to criticality safety applications.

New to the handbook are benchmark specifications for subcritical measurements of a nickel-reflected, plutonium-metal sphere performed at the National Criticality Experiments Research Center (NCERC) by experimenters at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in 2012. A photograph of this experiment is shown on the front cover.
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International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments
2014 Edition
, published: 06/11/14
NEA#7173
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wprs/irphe/irphe-handbook/
The International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation (IRPhE) Project was initiated as a pilot activity in 1999 by the the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Nuclear Science Committee (NSC). The project was endorsed as an official activity of the NSC in June 2003. While the NEA co-ordinates and administers the IRPhE at the international level, each participating country is responsible for the administration, technical direction and priorities of the project within their respective countries. The information and data included in this handbook are available to NEA member countries, to all contributing countries and to others on a case-by-case basis.

This handbook contains reactor physics benchmark specifications that have been derived from experiments that were performed at nuclear facilities around the world. The benchmark specifications are intended for use by reactor designers, safety analysts and nuclear data evaluators to validate calculation techniques and data. Example calculations are presented; they do not constitute a validation or endorsement of the codes or cross-section data.

The 2014 edition of the International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments contains data from 135 experimental series that were performed at 48 reactor facilities. A total of 131 of the 135 evaluations are published as approved benchmarks. The remaining four evaluations are published as draft documents only.

New to the handbook are benchmark specifications for selected measurements from the VENUS-7 series that were performed in the zero power VENUS reactor at SCK?CEN, Mol (Belgium) as part of the ?Plutonium Recycle Programme?.
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L'extraction d'uranium aujourd'hui : perceptions et réalités – Résumé détaillé
Français, 21 pages, published: 08/14/14
NEA#7064
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2014/7064-mehium-es-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Perceptions and Realities in Modern Uranium Mining – Extended Summary
- English: Managing Environmental and Health Impacts of Uranium Mining
Produire de l'uranium de façon sûre et responsable sur le plan environnemental est important non seulement pour les producteurs et les consommateurs du produit, mais également pour la société dans son ensemble. Considérant les perspectives de croissance de la capacité de production nucléaire pour les prochaines décennies, et de la demande en uranium qu'elle entraîne &ndash; en particulier dans les pays en développement &ndash; il est important d’améliorer la connaissance des meilleures pratiques en matière d'extraction de l'uranium. Ce résumé détaillé du rapport <em>Managing Environmental and Health Impacts of Uranium Mining</em> présente un aperçu des facteurs qui ont conduit à une évolution significative de ces pratiques depuis les premières extractions à des fins militaires jusqu'à nos jours.
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Managing Environmental and Health Impacts of Uranium Mining
English, 140 pages, published: 06/04/14
NEA#7062
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2014/7062-mehium.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Perceptions and Realities in Modern Uranium Mining – Extended Summary
- Français: L'extraction d'uranium aujourd'hui : perceptions et réalités – Résumé détaillé
Uranium mining and milling has evolved significantly over the years. By comparing currently leading approaches with outdated practices, this report demonstrates how uranium mining can be conducted in a way that protects workers, the public and the environment. Innovative, modern mining practices combined with strictly enforced regulatory standards are geared towards avoiding past mistakes committed primarily during the early history of the industry when maximising uranium production was the principal operating consideration. Today?s leading practices in uranium mining aim at producing uranium in an efficient and safe manner that limits environmental impacts to acceptable standards. As indicated in this report, the collection of baseline environmental data, environmental monitoring and public consultation throughout the life cycle of the mine enables verification that the facility is operating as planned, provides early warning of any potentially adverse impacts on the environment and keeps stakeholders informed of developments. Leading practice also supports planning for mine closure before mine production is licensed to ensure that the mining lease area is returned to an environmentally acceptable condition. The report highlights the importance of mine workers being properly trained and well equipped, as well as that of ensuring that their work environment is well ventilated so as to curtail exposure to radiation and hazardous materials and thereby minimise health impacts.
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NEA News, No. 32-1/32-2
English, 40 pages, published: 12/19/14
NEA#7176
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2014/32-1-32-2/nea-news-32-1-32-2.pdf
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Nuclear Energy Data 2014/Données sur l'énergie nucléaire 2014
Bilingual, 93 pages, published: 12/08/14
NEA#7197
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2014/7197-bb-2014.pdf
Nuclear Energy Data is the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency's annual compilation of statistics and country reports documenting the status of nuclear power in the OECD area. Information provided by member country governments includes statistics on installed generating capacity, total electricity produced by all sources and by nuclear power, nuclear energy policies and fuel cycle developments, as well as projected generating capacity and electricity production to 2035, where available. Total electricity generation at nuclear power plants and the share of electricity production from nuclear power plants remained steady in 2013 despite the progressive shutdown of all reactors in Japan leading up to September and the permanent closure of six reactors in the OECD area. Governments committed to maintaining nuclear power in the energy mix advanced plans for increasing nuclear generating capacity, and progress was made in the development of deep geological repositories for spent nuclear fuel, with Finland expected to have the first such facility in operation in the early 2020s. Further details on these and other developments are provided in the publication's numerous tables, graphs and country reports.

This publication contains "StatLinks". For each StatLink, the reader will find a URL which leads to the corresponding spreadsheet. These links work in the same way as an Internet link.

Les Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire, compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux de l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'energie nucleaire, presente la situation de l'energie nucleaire dans les pays de l'OCDE. Les informations communiquees par les pouvoirs publics des pays membres de l'OCDE comprennent des statistiques sur la puissance nucleaire installee et sur la production d'electricite totale et nucleaire, les politiques nucleaires et les evolutions du cycle du combustible ainsi que, lorsqu'elles sont disponibles, des projections jusqu'en 2035 de la puissance nucleaire installee et de la production d'electricite. En 2013, la production totale d'electricite des centrales nucleaires ainsi que la part du nucleaire dans la production d'electricite sont restees stables malgre les mises a l'arret de tous les reacteurs japonais, intervenues progressivement jusqu'a septembre, et la mise a l'arret definitif de six reacteurs dans la zone de l'OCDE. Les pays decides a conserver le nucleaire dans leur mix energetique ont poursuivi leurs projets d'augmentation de la puissance nucleaire installee. Le developpement de centres de stockages en couche geologique profonde pour le combustible use a lui aussi progresse, la premiere installation de ce type devant entrer en exploitation en Finlande au debut des annees 2020. Le lecteur trouvera de plus amples informations sur ces evolutions et d'autres developpements dans les nombreux tableaux, graphiques et rapports nationaux que contient cet ouvrage.

Cette publication contient des " StatLinks ". Fonctionnant comme un lien internet, un StatLink fournit l'acces a la feuille de calcul correspondante.
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 92
Volume 2013/2
English, 220 pages, published: 04/11/14
NEA#7154, ISSN: 0304-341X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb92.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 92
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides subscribers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international organisations.

Feature articles in this issue include: "Uranium mining and production: A legal perspective on regulating an important resource"; "Turkish nuclear legislation: Developments for a nuclear newcomer"; and "Nuclear law and environmental law in the licensing of nuclear installations".
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 93
English, published: 10/10/14
NEA#7181
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb93.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 93
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published free online twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international organisations.

Feature articles in this issue include: "Progress towards a global nuclear liability regime"; "The Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage and participation by developing countries: A South African perspective"; "Fusion energy and nuclear liability considerations"; and "Nuclear energy and Indian society: Public engagement, risk assessment and legal frameworks".
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 94
English, 185 pages, published: 03/04/15
NEA#7183
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb94.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 94 - Volume 2/2014 
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides subscribers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international organisations.
Feature articles in this issue include "Facilitating the entry into force and implementation of the Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material: Observations, challenges and benefits"; "The legal status of nuclear power in Germany"; "Challenges facing the insurance industry since the modernisation of the international nuclear third party liability regime"; "Draft Federal Act of the Russian Federation, 'The Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage and its Financial Security'".
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Nuclear Site Remediation and Restoration during Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations
English, 244 pages, published: 08/18/14
NEA#7192
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2014/7192-cpd-report.pdf
Decommissioning of nuclear facilities and related remedial actions are currently being undertaken around the world to enable sites or parts of sites to be reused for other purposes. Remediation has generally been considered as the last step in a sequence of decommissioning steps, but the values of prevention, long-term planning and parallel remediation are increasingly being recognised as important steps in the process. This report, prepared by the Task Group on Nuclear Site Restoration of the NEA Co-operative Programme on Decommissioning, highlights lessons learnt from remediation experiences of NEA member countries that may be particularly helpful to practitioners of nuclear site remediation, regulators and site operators. It provides observations and recommendations to consider in the development of strategies and plans for efficient nuclear site remediation that ensures protection of workers and the environment.
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Perceptions and Realities in Modern Uranium Mining – Extended Summary
English, 19 pages, published: 08/14/14
NEA#7063
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2014/7063-mehium-es.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: L'extraction d'uranium aujourd'hui : perceptions et réalités – Résumé détaillé
- English: Managing Environmental and Health Impacts of Uranium Mining
Producing uranium in a safe and environmentally responsible manner is not only important to the producers and consumers of the product, but also to society at large. Given expectations of growth in nuclear generating capacity and associated uranium demand in the coming decades &ndash; particularly in the developing world &ndash; enhancing awareness of leading practice in uranium mining is important. This extended summary of the report <em>Managing Environmental and Health Impacts of Uranium Mining</em> provides a brief outline of the driving forces behind the significant evolution of uranium mining practices from the time that uranium was first mined for military purposes until today.
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R&D and Innovation Needs for Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities
English, 314 pages, published: 07/21/14
NEA#7191
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2014/7191-rd-innovation-needs.pdf
Nuclear decommissioning activities can greatly benefit from research and development (R&D) projects. This report examines applicable emergent technologies, current research efforts and innovation needs to build a base of knowledge regarding the status of decommissioning technology and R&D. This base knowledge can be used to obtain consensus on future R&D that is worth funding. It can also assist in deciding how to collaborate and optimise the limited pool of financial resources available among NEA member countries for nuclear decommissioning R&D.
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Rapport annuel 2013
Français, 60 pages, published: 06/11/14
NEA#7175
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2013/ar2013-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Annual Report 2013
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State-of-the-art Report on Innovative Fuels for Advanced Nuclear Systems
English, 193 pages, published: 12/12/14
NEA#6895
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2014/6895-report-innovative-fuels.pdf
Development of innovative fuels such as homogeneous and heterogeneous fuels, ADS fuels, and oxide, metal, nitride and carbide fuels is an important stage in the implementation process of advanced nuclear systems. Several national and international R&D programmes are investigating minor actinide-bearing fuels due to their ability to help reduce the radiotoxicity of spent fuel and therefore decrease the burden on geological repositories. Minor actinides can be converted into a suitable fuel form for irradiation in reactor systems where they are transmuted into fission products with a significantly shorter half-life.

This report compares recent studies of fuels containing minor actinides for use in advanced nuclear systems. The studies review different fuels for several types of advanced reactors by examining various technical issues associated with fabrication, characterisation, irradiation performance, design and safety criteria, as well as technical maturity.
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The Characteristics of an Effective Nuclear Regulator
NEA/CNRA/R(2014)1
English, 32 pages, published: 07/04/14
NEA#7185
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/pubs/2014/7185-regulator.pdf
Both national and international organisations agree that the fundamental objective of all nuclear safety regulatory bodies -- the regulator's prime purpose -- is to ensure that nuclear licensees operate their facilities at all times in a safe manner. Much has been written about ways to improve regulatory processes or to improve the effectiveness of a regulatory body, including in previous OECD/NEA regulatory guidance booklets. But until now, none have focused on the characteristics of an effective nuclear safety regulator.

Effective organisations are those that have good leadership and are able to transform strategic direction into operational programmes. Effectiveness is about how well the organisation is achieving its fundamental purpose -- in the case of a nuclear safety regulator, ensuring that licensees operate their facilities and discharge their obligations in a safe manner.

This regulatory guidance booklet describes the characteristics of an effective nuclear safety regulator in terms of roles and responsibilities, principles and attributes. Each of the characteristics discussed in this report is a necessary feature of an effective nuclear safety regulator but no one characteristic is sufficient on its own. It is the combination of these characteristics that leads to the effectiveness of a nuclear regulatory body. The report provides a unique resource to countries with existing, mature regulators and can be used for benchmarking as well as training and developing staff. It will also be useful for new entrant countries in the process of developing and maintaining an effective nuclear safety regulator.
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Uranium 2014 : Ressources, production et demande - Synthèse
Français, 12 pages, published: 10/14/14
NEA#7211
Volume of the series: Nuclear Development
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2014/7211-uranium-2014-es-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Uranium 2014: Resources, Production and Demand - Executive Summary
- English: Uranium 2014: Resources, Production and Demand
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Uranium 2014: Resources, Production and Demand
English, 504 pages, published: 09/09/14
NEA#7209
Volume of the series: Nuclear Development
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2014/7209-uranium-2014.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Uranium 2014: Resources, Production and Demand - Executive Summary
- Français: Uranium 2014 : Ressources, production et demande - Synthèse
Uranium is the raw material used to fuel over 400 operational nuclear reactors around the world that produce large amounts of electricity and benefit from life cycle carbon emissions as low as renewable energy sources. Although a valuable commodity, declining market prices for uranium since the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident in 2011, driven by uncertainties concerning the future of nuclear power, have led to the postponement of mine development plans in a number of countries and raised questions about continued uranium supply. This 25th edition of the "Red Book", a recognised world reference on uranium jointly prepared by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency, provides analyses and information from 45 producing and consuming countries in order to address these and other questions. It includes data on global uranium exploration, resources, production and reactor-related requirements. It offers updated information on established uranium production centres and mine development plans, as well as projections of nuclear generating capacity and reactor-related requirements through 2035, incorporating policy changes following the Fukushima accident, in order to address long-term uranium supply and demand issues.
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Uranium 2014: Resources, Production and Demand - Executive Summary
English, 12 pages, published: 10/14/14
NEA#7210
Volume of the series: Nuclear Development
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2014/7210-uranium-2014-es.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Uranium 2014 : Ressources, production et demande - Synthèse
- English: Uranium 2014: Resources, Production and Demand
Uranium is the raw material used to fuel over 400 operational nuclear reactors around the world that produce large amounts of electricity and benefit from life cycle carbon emissions as low as renewable energy sources. Although a valuable commodity, declining market prices for uranium since the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident in 2011, driven by uncertainties concerning the future of nuclear power, have led to the postponement of mine development plans in a number of countries and raised questions about continued uranium supply. This 25th edition of the "Red Book", a recognised world reference on uranium jointly prepared by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency, provides analyses and information from 45 producing and consuming countries in order to address these and other questions. It includes data on global uranium exploration, resources, production and reactor-related requirements. It offers updated information on established uranium production centres and mine development plans, as well as projections of nuclear generating capacity and reactor-related requirements through 2035, incorporating policy changes following the Fukushima accident, in order to address long-term uranium supply and demand issues.
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福島第一原子力発電所事故 OECD/NEA原子力安全の対応と教訓
要旨
Japanese, 8 pages, published: 03/17/14
NEA#7217
Volume of the series: Nuclear Safety
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/2014/7217-fukushima-es-jp-2014.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident: OECD/NEA Nuclear Safety Response and Lessons Learnt

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AEN Infos vol. 30.2-31.1
Français, published: 10/14/13
NEA#7165, ISSN: 1605-959X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2013/30-2-31-1/aen-infos-30-2-31-1.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: NEA News No. 30.2-31.1
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Annual Report 2012
English, 60 pages, published: 04/19/13
NEA#7144
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2012/ar2012.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Rapport annuel 2012
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Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 91
Volume 2013/1
Français, 212 pages, published: 11/21/13
NEA#7153, ISSN: 0304-3428
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlbfr/nlb91-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 91
Le Bulletin de droit nucleaire est une publication internationale unique en son genre destinee aux juristes et aux universitaires en droit nucleaire. Ses abonnes beneficient d?informations exhaustives qui font autorite sur les developpements qui touchent ce droit. Publie deux fois par an en anglais et en francais, il propose des articles thematiques rediges par des experts juridiques renommes, rend compte du developpement des legislations a travers le monde et presente la jurisprudence et les accords bilateraux et multilateraux pertinents ainsi que les activites reglementaires des organisations internationales.

Les principaux articles de ce numero portent sur : < La reponse a l?accident de Fukushima Daiichi : le role de la Convention sur la surete nucleaire dans le renforcement du cadre juridique de la surete nucleaire > ; < La protection suffisante apres Fukushima : l?element stable d?un monde changeant > ; < Internationaliser davantage pour ameliorer la surete ? Action concertee contre souverainete nationale > et ; < Compte-rendu special de la Deuxieme reunion annuelle de l'Association de droit nucleaire, `Le secteur de l'energie nucleaire en Inde : opportunites commerciales et defis juridiques?, 2 mars 2013, Mumbai, Inde >.
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CSNI Technical Opinion Papers No. 16
Defence in Depth of Electrical Systems
English, 48 pages, published: 05/17/13
NEA#7070
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2013/7070-top-16.pdf
As all safety systems in the majority of existing nuclear power plants use the preferred power supply, any voltage surges in these systems could lead to common-cause failures. In the event of an unusual electrical system transient, it is essential that safety-related equipment be isolated or protected from the fault in order to ensure its ability to safely shut down the reactor and remove decay heat.
Based on the analysis of the voltage surges observed at Forsmark-1 in 2006 and Olkiluoto-1 in 2008, this technical opinion paper summarises the current state of knowledge of in-plant and external grid-related challenges to nuclear power plant safety-related electrical equipment. It will be of particular interest to nuclear safety regulators, nuclear power plant operators and grid system regulators and operators.
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Chemical Thermodynamics of Iron, Part I, Volume 13a
English, 1124 pages, published: 12/13/13
NEA#6355
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/dbtdb/pubs/6355-vol13a-iron.pdf
This volume is the 13th in the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) "Chemical Thermodynamics" series. It is the first part of a critical review of the thermodynamic properties of iron, its solid compounds and aqueous complexes, initiated as part of the NEA Thermochemical Database Project Phase III (TDB III). The database system developed at the OECD/NEA Data Bank ensures consistency not only within the recommended data sets of iron, but also among all the data sets published in the series. This volume will be of particular interest to scientists carrying out performance assessments of deep geological disposal sites for radioactive waste.
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Crisis Communication: Facing the Challenges - Proceedings
Workshop Proceedings, Madrid, Spain, 9-10 May 2012
English, 240 pages, published: 05/06/13
NEA#7067
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2013/7067-crisis-communication.pdf
As manifested by an increasingly globalised media, a nuclear accident anywhere quickly becomes a potential concern for people everywhere. It is therefore of prime importance that nuclear regulators’ communication strategies take into consideration the expectations and concerns of the public and provide sound information not only for the people of the affected country, but also for citizens worldwide. Public trust is a key element in being able to do so effectively and of particular importance when there are consequences for people or the environment. International co-operation can play a fundamental role in helping to improve crisis communication on national and global scales in the event of a nuclear accident or radiological emergency. These proceedings contain the papers, recommendations and conclusions of the workshop, which was attended by over 180 experts from 27 countries and 6 international organisations.
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International Evaluation Co-operation (Vol. 33)
Methods and Issues for the Combined Use of Integral Experiments and Covariance Data (Volume 33)
English, 178 pages, published: 12/20/13
NEA#7171
Volume of the series: Nuclear Science
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wpec/volume33/volume33.pdf
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International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments (DVD)
March 2013
English, published: 05/13/13
NEA#7140
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wprs/irphe/irphe-handbook/
The International Reactor Physics Experiments Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) was launched in 1999 by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Nuclear Science Committee (NSC). While co-ordination and administration of the IRPhEP is managed at the international level by the NEA, each participating country is responsible for the administration, technical direction and priorities of the project within their respective countries. The information and data included in this handbook are available to NEA member countries, to all contributing countries and to others on a case-by-case basis.
This handbook contains reactor physics benchmark specifications that have been derived from experiments performed at various nuclear facilities around the world. The benchmark specifications are intended for use by reactor designers, safety analysts and nuclear data evaluators to validate calculation techniques and data. Example calculations are presented; they do not, however, constitute validation or endorsement of the codes or cross-section data.
The 2013 edition of the International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments contains data from 130 experimental series performed at 47 reactor facilities. One hundred twenty-six of the 130 evaluations are published as approved benchmarks; the remaining four are published as draft documents only.
New to the handbook are benchmark specifications for selected measurements on the very-high-temperature reactor critical assembly (VHTRC) which were performed at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) Tokai Research Establishment in Japan between 1985 and 1996.
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L'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire
Français, 8 pages, published: 01/31/13
NEA#7142
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/aen-bref.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency
- Chinese: 经济合作与发展组织核能署
- Russian: Агентство по ядерной энергии ОЭСР
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Minor Actinide Burning in Thermal Reactors
A Report by the Working Party on Scientific Issues of Reactor Systems
English, 82 pages, published: 11/18/13
NEA#6997
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2013/6997-minor-actinide.pdf
This publication provides an introduction to minor actinide nuclear properties and discusses some of the arguments in favour of minor actinide recycling, as well as the potential role of thermal reactors in this regard. Various technical issues and challenges are examined from the fuel cycle, operations, fuel designs, core management and safety/dynamics responses to safety and economics. The focus of this report is on the general conclusions of recent research that could be applied to thermal reactors. Further research and development needs are also considered, with summaries of findings and recommendations for the direction of future R&D efforts.
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NEA News No. 30.2-31.1
English, 32 pages, published: 09/16/13
NEA#7164, ISSN: 1605-9581
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2013/30-2-31-1/nea-news-30-2-31-1.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: AEN Infos vol. 30.2-31.1
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NEA News, No. 31-2
English, 32 pages, published: 01/21/14
NEA#7169
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2013/31-2/nea-news-31-2.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: AEN Infos, n° 31-2 
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Nuclear Energy Data 2013/Données sur l'énergie nucléaire 2013
Bilingual, 92 pages, published: 12/03/13
NEA#7162
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2013/7162-bb-2013.pdf
Nuclear Energy Data is the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency's annual compilation of statistics and country reports documenting the status of nuclear power in the OECD area. Information provided by member country governments includes statistics on installed generating capacity, total electricity produced by all sources and by nuclear power, nuclear energy policies and fuel cycle developments, as well as projected generating capacity and electricity production to 2035, where available. Total electricity generation at nuclear power plants and the share of electricity production from nuclear power plants declined in 2012 as a result of operational issues at some facilities and suspended operation at all but two reactors in Japan. Nuclear safety was further strengthened in 2012 following safety reviews prompted by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. Governments committed to maintaining nuclear power in the energy mix pursued initiatives to increase nuclear generating capacity. In Turkey, plans were finalised for the construction of the first four reactors for commercial electricity production. Further details on these and other developments are provided in the publication's numerous tables, graphs and country reports.

This publication contains 'StatLinks'. For each StatLink, the reader will find a URL which leads to the corresponding spreadsheet. These links work in the same way as an Internet link.


Les Données sur l'énergie nucléaire, compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux de l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire, présente la situation de l'énergie nucléaire dans les pays de l'OCDE. Les informations communiquées par les pouvoirs publics des pays membres de l'OCDE comprennent des statistiques sur la puissance nucléaire installée, la production d'électricité totale et nucléaire, les politiques nucléaires, les évolutions du cycle du combustible ainsi que, lorsqu'elles sont disponibles, des projections jusqu'en 2035 de la puissance nucléaire et de la production d'électricité. En 2012, la production totale d'électricité des centrales nucléaires mais aussi la part du nucléaire dans la production d'électricité ont diminué en raison de problèmes d'exploitation rencontres par certaines installations et de la mise à l'arrêt de tous les réacteurs japonais sauf deux. À l'issue des réexamens de la sureté entrepris après l'accident de Fukushima Daichi, la sureté nucléaire s'est renforcée en 2012. Les pays décides à conserver le nucléaire dans leur mix énergétique ont avancé dans leurs projets d'augmentation de la puissance nucléaire installée. La Turquie a mis la dernière main au projet de construction de ses quatre premiers réacteurs destines a la production d'électricité. Le lecteur trouvera de plus amples informations sur ces évolutions et d'autres développements dans les nombreux tableaux, graphiques et rapports nationaux que contient cet ouvrage.

Cette publication contient des < StatLinks >. Fonctionnant comme un lien internet, un StatLink fournit l'acces a la feuille de calcul correspondante.
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 91
Volume 2013/1
English, 196 pages, published: 09/13/13
NEA#7152, ISSN: 0304-341X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb91.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 91
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides subscribers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international organisations.

Feature articles in this issue include: “The post-Fukushima Daiichi response: The role of the Convention on Nuclear Safety in strengthening the legal framework for nuclear safety”; “Adequate protection after the Fukushima Daiichi acccident: A constant in a world of change”; “Safer nuclear energy through a higher degree of internationalisation? International involvement versus national sovereignty”; and “Special report on the Second Annual Meeting of the Nuclear Law Association, ‘India’s nuclear energy sector: Business opportunities and legal challenges’, 2 March 2013, Mumbai, India”.
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Rapport annuel 2012
Français, 64 pages, published: 07/16/13
NEA#7145
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2012/ar2012-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Annual Report 2012
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Shielding Aspects of Accelerators, Targets and Irradiation Facilities -- SATIF-11
Workshop Proceedings, Tsukuba, Japan, 11-13 September 2012
English, 202 pages, published: 10/08/13
NEA#7157
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2013/7157-satif-11.pdf
Particle accelerators have evolved over the last decades from simple devices to powerful machines, and are having an increasingly important impact on research, technology and daily life. Today they have a wide range of applications in many areas including material science and medical applications. In recent years, new technological and research applications have helped to define requirements while the number of accelerator facilities in operation, being commissioned, designed or planned has grown significantly. Their parameters, which include the beam energy, currents and intensities, and target composition, can vary widely, giving rise to new radiation shielding aspects and problems.
Particle accelerators must be operated in safe ways to protect operators, the public and the environment. As the design and use of these facilities evolve, so must the analytical methods used in the safety analyses. These workshop proceedings review the state of the art in radiation shielding of accelerator facilities and irradiation targets. They also evaluate progress in the development of modelling methods used to assess the effectiveness of such shielding as part of safety analyses.
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Stakeholder Confidence in Radioactive Waste Management
An Annotated Glossary of Key Terms
English, 64 pages, published: 03/01/13
NEA#6988
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/docs/2013/6988-fsc-glossary.pdf
The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Forum on Stakeholder Confidence (FSC) Annotated Glossary is a review of concepts central to societal decision making about radioactive waste management. It records the evolution in understanding that has taken place in the group as the FSC has worked with these concepts over time. This should be a useful resource not only for new FSC participants but also for others: this annotated glossary forms a good reference handbook for future texts regarding societal aspects of radioactive waste management and its governance.
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Status Report on Structural Materials for Advanced Nuclear Systems
English, 107 pages, published: 10/21/13
NEA#6409
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2013/6409-sr-smans.pdf
Materials performance is critical to the safe and economic operation of any nuclear system. As the international community pursues the development of Generation IV reactor concepts and accelerator-driven transmutation systems, it will be increasingly necessary to develop advanced materials capable of tolerating the more challenging environments of these new systems. The international community supports numerous materials research programmes, with each country determining its individual focus on a case-by-case basis. In many instances, similar alloys of materials systems are being studied in several countries, providing the opportunity for collaborative and cross-cutting research that benefits different systems.

This report is a snapshot of the current materials programmes supporting the development of advanced concepts. The descriptions of the research are grouped by concept, and national programmes are described within each concept. The report provides an overall sense of the importance of materials research worldwide and the opportunities for synergy among the countries represented in this overview.
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Summary of the Fourth International Nuclear Emergency Exercise (INEX-4)
Exercise Conduct and Evaluation Questionnaires
English, 48 pages, published: 07/29/13
NEA#7143
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2013/7143-summary-inex4.pdf
The International Nuclear Emergency Exercise (INEX) series, organised under the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Working Party on Nuclear Emergency Matters (WPNEM), has proven successful in testing, investigating and improving national and international response arrangements for nuclear accidents and radiological emergencies. Early INEX exercises focused on the national and international aspects of early phase management of nuclear power plant emergencies. Starting with INEX-3 (2005-2006), the international community began looking at issues concerning longer-term consequence management. In 2008, the WPNEM started preparing the INEX-4 series, which was conducted in 2010-2011 and addressed consequence management and transition to recovery in response to malicious acts involving the release of radioactive materials in an urban setting. The goal of INEX-4 was to provide a basis for enhancing emergency management through the exchange of exercise experiences from participating countries and the identification of good practices and common issues. This summary report provides general outcomes based on country responses to the INEX-4 evaluation questionnaire and suggests areas of focus for future consideration.
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The Economics of the Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle
English, 188 pages, published: 10/23/13
NEA#7061
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2013/7061-ebenfc.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: The Economics of the Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle - Executive Summary
- Français: Economie de l'aval du cycle du combustible nucléaire - Synthèse 
The feasibility and costs of spent nuclear fuel management and the consequent disposal of ultimate waste continue to be the subject of public debate in many countries, with particular concern often expressed over the lack of progress in implementing final disposal. Uncertainties about back-end costs and the financial risks associated with management of the back end have also been singled out as possible deterrents to investment in new nuclear power plants.

This report offers an appraisal of economic issues and methodologies for the management of spent nuclear fuel and high-level waste from commercial power reactors. It includes a review of different back-end options and current policies and practices, with a focus on the cost estimates for these options and the funding mechanisms in place or under consideration in OECD/NEA countries. A generic economic assessment of high-level estimates of back-end cost impacts on fuel cycle costs is undertaken for selected idealised scenarios, by means of a simple static model. Sensitivity analyses are conducted for the evaluation of uncertainties in major components and the identification of cost drivers. Since factors other than economics are an important part of the decision-making process, an analysis of the influence of key qualitative parameters in the selection of back-end strategies is also presented in this report.
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The Economics of the Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle - Executive Summary
English, 16 pages, published: 10/23/13
NEA#7193
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2013/7061-ebenfc-execsum.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Economie de l'aval du cycle du combustible nucléaire - Synthèse 
- English: The Economics of the Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle
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The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident: OECD/NEA Nuclear Safety Response and Lessons Learnt
English, 68 pages, published: 09/10/13
NEA#7161
Volume of the series: Nuclear Safety
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/2013/7161-fukushima2013.pdf

Other language(s):
- Japanese: 福島第一原子力発電所事故 OECD/NEA原子力安全の対応と教訓
This report outlines the response of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) and its member countries to the March 2011 accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. All NEA members took early action to ensure and confirm the continued safety of their nuclear power plants and the protection of the public. Consistent with its objective of maintaining and further developing the scientific, technological and legal bases for safe nuclear energy, the NEA has assisted its member countries in their individual and collective responses to the accident. It has also provided direct assistance to the relevant authorities in Japan. These actions are summarised in the report along with lessons learnt thus far. Key messages are offered as a means to help strengthen the basis for nuclear safety and its implementation in all countries using nuclear power.
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The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency
English, 8 pages, published: 10/21/13
NEA#7139
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/nea-brief.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: L'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire
- Chinese: 经济合作与发展组织核能署
- Russian: Агентство по ядерной энергии ОЭСР
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Transition Towards a Sustainable Nuclear Fuel Cycle
English, 68 pages, published: 07/18/13
NEA#7133
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org /science/pubs/2013/7133-transition-sustainable-fuel-cycle.pdf
Future fuel cycle characteristics, feasibility and acceptability will be crucial for the continued development of nuclear energy, especially in the post-Fukushima context. Fuel cycle choices have both long- and short-term impacts, and a holistic assessment of their characteristics, cost and associated safety issues is of paramount importance. This report seeks to associate quantified impacts with foreseeable nuclear energy development in different world regions. It gives initial results in terms of uranium resource availability, fuel cycle facility deployment and reactor types. In particular, the need to achieve short doubling times with future fast reactors is investigated and quantified. The report also provides guidelines for performing future studies to account for a wider range of hypotheses on energy demand growth, different hypotheses regarding uranium resource availability and different types of reactors to be deployed.
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Validation of the JEFF-3.1 Nuclear Data Library
JEFF Report 23
English, 76 pages, published: 02/14/13
NEA#7079
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/dbdata/nds_jefreports/jefreport-23/nea7079-jeff23.pdf
The Joint Evaluated Fission and Fusion (JEFF) Project is a collaborative effort among OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Data Bank member countries to develop a reference nuclear data library for use in different energy applications. These data can be used to help improve the safety and economy of existing installations, as well as to design advanced nuclear reactors and their associated fuel cycles, including radioactive waste management. The JEFF-3.1 library contains several different data types, including neutron and proton interaction data, neutron activation data, radioactive decay data, fission yield data and thermal scattering data. This report describes the initial validation of the complete JEFF-3.1 library for thermal reactors, fuel cycle, storage and reprocessing, fusion technology and intermediate energy applications. It will be useful for scientists and engineers in national laboratories, universities and industry who use basic nuclear data, and is particularly suitable for those who work with application libraries based on JEFF-3.1.

The JEF/DOC and EFFDOC working documents cited in the report are available online at www.oecd-nea.org/dbdata/nds_jefreports/jefreport-23/.
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Агентство по ядерной энергии ОЭСР
Russian version of "The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency"
Russian, 8 pages, published: 01/31/13
NEA#7158
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/nea-brief-ru.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency
- Français: L'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire
- Chinese: 经济合作与发展组织核能署
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经济合作与发展组织核能署
Chinese translation of The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency
Chinese, 8 pages, published: 03/25/13
NEA#7149
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/nea-brief-ch.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency
- Français: L'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire
- Russian: Агентство по ядерной энергии ОЭСР

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AEN Infos, vol. 30 n° 1
Français, 36 pages, published: 07/24/12
NEA#7097, ISSN: 1605-959X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2012/30-1/aen-infos-30-1.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: NEA News, Vol. 30 No. 1
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Actinide and Fission Product Partitioning and Transmutation
Eleventh Information Exchange Meeting, San Francisco, California, USA, 1-4 November 2010
English, 404 pages, published: 06/01/12
NEA#6996, ISBN: 978-92-64-99174-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/reports/2012/nea6996-11thPandT.pdf
In order to provide experts with a forum to present and discuss developments in the field of partitioning and transmutation (P&T), the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) has been organising, since 1990, a series of biennial information exchange meetings on actinide and fission product P&T.

These proceedings contain all the technical papers presented at the 11th Information Exchange Meeting, which was held on 1-4 November 2010 in San Francisco, California, USA. The meeting covered national programmes on P&T; fuel cycle strategies and transition scenarios; waste forms and geological disposal; transmutation fuels and targets; pyro and aqueous processes; transmutation physics and materials; and transmutation system design, performance and safety.
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Annual Report 2011
English, 56 pages, published: 04/24/12
NEA#7094, ISBN: 978-92-64-99179-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2011/AR2011-E.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Rapport annuel 2011
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Avis techniques du CSIN n° 14
Déterminer la pertinence des structures organisationnelles, des ressources et des compétences des exploitants nucléaires
Français, 20 pages, published: 05/15/12
NEA#6913, ISBN: 978-92-64-99176-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2011/csni-r2011-13-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: CSNI Technical Opinion Papers No. 14
La structure organisationnelle des exploitants ainsi que leurs ressources ont clairement un impact sur la sûreté nucléaire. L’expérience continue à montrer que les organisations qui bénéficient d’un programme de formation du personnel solide, de ressources adéquates et de services de direction et de gestion efficaces fonctionnent mieux en temps de crise que celles qui présentent des lacunes dans un ou plusieurs de ces domaines. En parallèle, le secteur nucléaire développe de nouvelles stratégies de déploiement des ressources qui font appel à un nombre croissant de fournisseurs et font l’objet de modifications structurelles, qui à leur tour créent des défis pour une exploitation sûre dans la durée des installations nucléaires. Cet avis technique présente le consensus de spécialistes des facteurs humains et organisationnels des pays membres de l’AEN et des pays associés sur les méthodes, approches et bonnes pratiques à suivre dans le cadre de la conception d’une organisation qui tient fortement compte de la sûreté mais aussi des impératifs commerciaux. Il aborde également les caractéristiques d’une organisation qui gère efficacement ses ressources et ses capacités.
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Avis techniques du CSIN n° 15
Gestion du vieillissement des installations du cycle du combustible nucléaire
Français, 44 pages, published: 12/31/12
NEA#6991, ISBN: 978-92-64-99182-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2012/6991-top-15-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: CSNI Technical Opinion Papers No. 15
La gestion du vieillissement des installations du cycle du combustible consiste, comme pour toute autre installation nucléaire, à garantir la disponibilité des fonctions de sûreté sur toute leur durée de vie tout en tenant compte des modifications intervenues avec le temps et l’usage. Cet avis technique identifie et compare les stratégies et les bonnes pratiques utilisées pour faire face au vieillissement physique et à l’obsolescence des installations, depuis leur conception jusqu’à leur démantèlement. Il devrait intéresser les autorités de sûreté nucléaire, les exploitants d’installations du cycle du combustible ainsi que les chercheurs qui travaillent sur ce sujet.
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Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 88 (Décembre 2011)
Volume 2011/2
Français, published: 03/02/12
NEA#7002, ISSN: 0304-3428
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlbfr/nlb88-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 88 (December 2011)
Le Bulletin de droit nucléaire est une publication internationale unique en son genre destinée aux juristes et aux universitaires en droit nucléaire. Ses abonnés bénéficient d’informations exhaustives qui font autorité dans ce domaine. Publié deux fois par an en anglais et en français, il propose des articles thématiques rédigés par des experts juridiques renommés, rend compte du développement des législations à travers le monde et présente la jurisprudence et les accords bilatéraux et multilatéraux pertinents ainsi que les activités réglementaires des organisations internationales.

Les principaux articles de ce numéro portent sur « Le développement d'un site de stockage de déchets radioactifs aux États-Unis : état des lieux », « La Directive relative aux déchets radioactifs : une étape nécessaire dans la gestion du combustible usé et des déchets radioactifs dans l'Union européenne », « Le rôle continu des accords par installation dans le système de garanties de l'AIEA » et « Fukushima : responsabilités et indemnisation ».
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Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 89
Volume 2012/1
Français, 264 pages, published: 10/15/12
NEA#7091, ISSN: 0304-3428
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlbfr/nlb89-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 89
Le Bulletin de droit nucléaire est une publication internationale unique en son genre destinée aux juristes et aux universitaires en droit nucléaire. Ses abonnés bénéficient d’informations exhaustives qui font autorité dans ce domaine. Publié deux fois par an en anglais et en français, il propose des articles thématiques rédigés par des experts juridiques renommés, rend compte du développement des législations à travers le monde et présente la jurisprudence et les accords bilatéraux et multilatéraux pertinents ainsi que les activités réglementaires des organisations internationales.
Les principaux articles de ce numéro portent sur « Le droit nucléaire mondial en devenir ? L’exercice conjoint des pouvoirs publics dans le domaine nucléaire : le cas de la révision des Normes fondamentales internationales de sûreté », « La procédure de déclassement nucléaire en Italie après le référendum », « De l’autre côté du miroir : Le nouveau régime indien de responsabilité civile nucléaire vu dans son contexte » et « Les aspects juridiques du contrôle et de la répression du trafic illégal de matières nucléaires et autres matières radioactives ».
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Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 90
Volume 2012/2
Français, 288 pages, published: 04/18/13
NEA#7093, ISSN: 0304-3428
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlbfr/nlb90-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 90
Le Bulletin de droit nucléaire est une publication internationale unique en son genre destinée aux juristes et aux universitaires en droit nucléaire. Ses abonnés bénéficient d’informations exhaustives qui font autorité dans ce domaine. Publié deux fois par an en anglais et en français, il propose des articles thématiques rédigés par des experts juridiques renommés, rend compte du développement des législations à travers le monde et présente la jurisprudence et les accords bilatéraux et multilatéraux pertinents ainsi que les activités réglementaires des organisations internationales.
Les principaux articles de ce numéro sont : « À la recherche de l’excellence : présentation et analyse des Principes de conduite des exportateurs de centrales électronucléaires », « La réponse du Canada à l’incident du MCP Altona : cadre réglementaire relatif à l’exportation d’uranium », « Conflits de lois liés à la participation de la Suisse au régime de responsabilité civile de la Convention de Paris » et « L’impact des protocoles additionnels et des garanties renforcées sur l’Agence internationale de l’énergie atomique et les États ».
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Burn-up Credit Criticality Safety Benchmark – Phase VII
UO2 Fuel: Study of Spent Fuel Compositions for Long-term Disposal
English, 180 pages, published: 02/21/12
NEA#6998, ISBN: 978-92-64-99172-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/docs/2012/burn-up-credit-phaseVII.pdf
After spent nuclear fuel (SNF) is discharged from a nuclear reactor, fuel composition and reactivity continue to vary as a function of time due to the decay of unstable nuclides. Accurate predictions of the concentrations of long-lived radionuclides in SNF, which represent a significant potential hazard to human beings and to the environment over a very long period, are particularly necessary for radiological dose assessments.
This report assesses the ability of existing computer codes and associated nuclear data to predict isotopic compositions and their corresponding neutron multiplication factor (keff) values for pressurised-water-reactor (PWR) UO2 fuel at 50 GWd/MTU burn-up in a generic spent fuel cask configuration. Fuel decay compositions and keff values have been calculated for 30 post-irradiation time steps out to one million years.
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CSNI Technical Opinion Papers No. 14
Nuclear Licensee Organisational Structures, Resources and Competencies: Determining Their Suitability
English, 16 pages, published: 05/15/12
NEA#6912, ISBN: 978-92-64-99175-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2011/csni-r2011-13.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Avis techniques du CSIN n° 14
The way in which nuclear licensees’ organisations are structured and resourced clearly has a potential impact on nuclear safety. As experience has continually demonstrated, operating organisations with a strong training programme for personnel, adequate resourcing and overall effective leadership and management perform more effectively in times of crisis than those lacking in one or more of these areas. In parallel, the nuclear industry is developing new resource deployment strategies which are making increased use of contractors and leading to changes in organisational structure, which in turn create challenges for the continued safe operation of nuclear facilities. This technical opinion paper represents the consensus among human and organisational factor specialists in NEA member and associated countries on the methods, approaches and good practices to be followed in designing an organisation with a strong safety focus while meeting business needs. It also considers some of the attributes that an organisation which is effectively managing its resources and capabilities might demonstrate.
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CSNI Technical Opinion Papers No. 15
Ageing Management of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Facilities
English, 40 pages, published: 12/31/12
NEA#6990, ISBN: 978-92-64-99181-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2012/6990-top-15.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Avis techniques du CSIN n° 15
Managing the ageing of fuel cycle facilities (FCFs) means, as for other nuclear installations, ensuring the availability of required safety functions throughout their service life while taking into account the changes that occur with time and use. This technical opinion paper identifies a set of good practices by benchmarking strategies and good practices on coping with physical ageing and obsolescence from the facility design stage until decommissioning. It should be of particular interest to nuclear safety regulators, fuel cycle facilities operators and fuel cycle researchers.
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Challenges in Long-term Operation of Nuclear Power Plants
Implications for Regulatory Bodies
English, 32 pages, published: 09/21/12
NEA#7074, ISBN: 978-92-64-99187-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2012/cnra-r2012-5.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Défis de l'exploitation à long terme des centrales nucléaires
Nuclear power reactors have become a major source of electricity supply in many countries and, based on the experience of safe and reliable operation, many operators have sought and received authorisation for long-term operation beyond the period assumed in the plant’s design. Acceptance of a nuclear power plant for long-term operation must be based on evidence that the plant will operate safely over the extended period of service. This requires an assessment of the current and projected condition of the plant and, in particular, of the systems that perform fundamental safety functions, to ensure that these systems will continue to perform their safety functions during the extended operating period. Programmes for long-term operation must be informed by operating experience and must also consider and assess environmental impacts.
This guidance document is intended to assist regulatory organisations in assessing and approving the long-term operation safety assessments submitted by operators. It outlines the fundamental principles that should govern decisions on authorisation for long-term operation. It also describes regulatory challenges and considerations that may arise in an assessment of a plant for long-term operation.
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Chemical Thermodynamics of Tin
Chemical Thermodynamics Volume 12
English, 644 pages, published: 12/31/12
NEA#6354, ISBN: 978-92-64-99206-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/dbtdb/pubs/tin.pdf
This volume is the 12th in the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) "Chemical Thermodynamics" series. It is based on a critical review of the thermodynamic properties of tin, its solid compounds and aqueous complexes, carried out as part of the NEA Thermochemical Database Project Phase III (TDB III). The database system developed at the OECD/NEA Data Bank ensures consistency not only within the recommended data sets of tin, but also among all the data sets published in the series. This volume will be of particular interest to scientists carrying out performance assessments of deep geological disposal sites for radioactive waste.
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Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) for Nuclear Reactor Safety Applications
Workshop Proceedings, CFD4NRS-3, Bethesda, Maryland, USA, 14-16 September 2010
English, published: 03/22/12
NEA#7076
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/csni/cfd/workshops/CFD4NRS-3/
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is increasingly being adopted in nuclear reactor safety (NRS) analyses as a tool which enables a better description of specific safety-relevant phenomena occurring in nuclear reactors. The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) has in recent years conducted important activities in the CFD area, including the organisation of three workshops. The CFD4NRS-3 workshop was the third in the series and was held in Bethesda, Maryland, USA on 14-16 September 2010. A total of 200 experts participated. These proceedings contain the 4 keynote lectures, including the synthesis of results for the Tee-junction Benchmark, and the 57 technical papers presented at the workshop.
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Défis de l'exploitation à long terme des centrales nucléaires
Implications pour les autorités de sûreté
Français, 32 pages, published: 09/21/12
NEA#7075, ISBN: 978-92-64-99188-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2012/cnra-r2012-5-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Challenges in Long-term Operation of Nuclear Power Plants
Les réacteurs nucléaires sont devenus une source majeure de production d'électricité dans de nombreux pays et, sur la base d'une exploitation sûre et fiable, de nombreux exploitants ont demandé et obtenu une autorisation d'exploitation à long terme au-delà de la durée prévue à la conception. L’acceptation de l'exploitation à long terme d’une centrale doit être basée sur la preuve que la sûreté sera maintenue pendant la période de prolongement de sa durée de vie. Il est nécessaire d'évaluer l'état actuel et prévu de la centrale et, en particulier, des systèmes qui assurent les fonctions fondamentales de sûreté, afin de garantir que ces systèmes vont continuer à réaliser ces fonctions pendant la période d’exploitation supplémentaire. Les programmes d’exploitation à long terme doivent utiliser et évaluer le retour d'expérience d’exploitation et prendre également en compte les impacts sur l’environnement.
Ce guide vise à aider les autorités de sûreté dans l’analyse et l’approbation des évaluations de sûreté soumises par les exploitants pour l’exploitation à long terme. Il expose les principes fondamentaux sur lesquels doivent être basées les décisions d’autorisation d’exploitation à long terme. Il décrit également les défis et les considérations qui peuvent survenir dans l’évaluation d’une centrale pour l’exploitation à long terme.
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Enseignement et formation dans le domaine nucléaire : moins d'inquiétudes, plus de compétences – Synthèse
Français, 12 pages, published: 07/30/12
NEA#7068
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2012/7068-formation-nucleaire-synthese.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Education and Training: From Concern to Capability – Executive Summary
En 2000, l’Agence pour l’énergie nucléaire (AEN) de l’OCDE publiait le rapport Enseignement et formation dans le domaine nucléaire : faut-il s’inquiéter ? qui révélait d’importants problèmes de disponibilité en ressources humaines pour l’industrie nucléaire. Dix ans plus tard, Enseignement et formation dans le domaine nucléaire : moins d’inquiétudes, plus de compétences fait le point sur les changements intervenus dans l’intervalle. Cette étude fait état de mesures positives prises par certains pays, mais également de sérieux défis en matière de ressources humaines dans d’autres pays face aux besoins des installations nucléaires existantes et futures, le taux croissant des départs à la retraite exacerbant ces difficultés. Le rapport présente une caractérisation qualitative des besoins en ressources humaines et évalue les instruments et les programmes d’enseignement et de formation dans le domaine du nucléaire entrepris par les acteurs du secteur dans différents pays. Dans ce contexte, il examine aussi les usages actuels et futurs des installations de recherche nucléaire à des fins d’enseignement et de formation. Concernant la composante nucléaire de la formation de la main-d’œuvre, il définit une taxinomie des emplois pouvant aider à identifier et à combler les besoins en personnel du secteur. Il présente la taxinomie comme un moyen d’améliorer la reconnaissance mutuelle et de favoriser l’harmonisation de l’enseignement et de la formation dans les pays développés et en voie de développement.
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Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste: National Commitment, Local and Regional Involvement
A Collective Statement of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency Radioactive Waste Management Committee Adopted March 2012
English, 24 pages, published: 07/18/12
NEA#7082, ISBN: 978-92-64-99183-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2012/7082-geo-disposal-statement.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Stockage géologique des déchets radioactifs : Engagement national, participation locale et régionale
Disposal in engineered facilities built in stable, deep geological formations is the reference solution for permanently isolating long-lived radioactive waste from the human biosphere. This management method is designed to be intrinsically safe and final, meaning that it is not dependent on human presence or intervention in order to fulfil its safety goal. Selecting the site of a waste repository brings up a range of issues involving scientific knowledge, technical capacity, ethical values, territorial planning, community well-being and more. Bringing to fruition the multi-decade task of siting and developing a repository demands a strong national commitment and significant regional and local involvement.
This collective statement by the Radioactive Waste Management Committee of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency recognises the advances made towards greater transparency and dialogue among the diverse stakeholders concerned and identifies the fundamental elements needed to support national commitment and to foster territorial involvement. It concludes that technical and societal partners can develop shared confidence in the safety of geological repositories and jointly carry these projects forward.
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Homogeneous versus Heterogeneous Recycling of Transuranics in Fast Nuclear Reactors
English, 92 pages, published: 12/31/12
NEA#7077, ISBN: 978-92-64-99177-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/docs/2012/7077-hvh-recycling-transuranics-fnr.pdf
Fuel transuranics (TRU) multi-recycling is a mandatory feature if both the resource sustainability and the waste minimisation objectives for future fuel cycles are to be pursued. The resulting TRU transmutation can be implemented in fast neutron spectrum reactors according to two main options commonly referred to as the homogeneous and heterogeneous modes.

In this study, the two alternatives have been compared in terms of reactor core feasibility, fuel development and impact on the fuel cycle. The multi-criteria analysis indicates that there are major challenges in minor actinide-loaded fuel development, its experimental validation and possibly in its reprocessing. Both modes of recycling have an impact on the overall fuel cycle, even if at different stages, for example complex target fabrication and handling in the case of heterogeneous recycling and full core fuel fabrication in the case of homogeneous recycling. The study finds that an economic evaluation according to specific implementation scenarios should still be undertaken.
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Image et rôle de l'autorité de sûreté nucléaire dans la gestion des déchets radioactifs
Tendances sur 20 ans
Français, 32 pages, published: 12/31/12
NEA#7124, ISBN: 978-92-64-99194-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/docs/2012/7124-image-et-role.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: The Evolving Role and Image of the Regulator in Radioactive Waste Management
Dans le domaine de la gestion des déchets radioactifs, les dernières années ont vu émerger l’autorité de sûreté comme un acteur central aux yeux de la société civile. Cette étude montre comment les autorités de sûreté ont développé leurs interactions avec la société civile tout en conservant – voire en renforçant – leur indépendance et comment elles jouent leur rôle au sein du processus d’autorisation et de prise de décision par étapes adopté aujourd’hui dans la plupart des pays. La sûreté est assurée par un « système réglementaire », dans lequel tout un ensemble d’acteurs, dont les parties prenantes locales, ont un rôle essentiel à jouer. L’autorité de sûreté est de plus en plus souvent considérée comme « l’expert du public », car elle réunit des connaissances utiles pour les communes qui envisagent d’accueillir une installation de stockage ou d’entreposage de déchets.
Cette étude offre une mise à jour opportune sur l’évolution du rôle de l’autorité de sûreté, et les éclairages apportés pourront aider les nombreux pays qui envisagent ou préparent l’entreposage ou le stockage des déchets radioactifs dans des installations en subsurface ou plus grande profondeur. Alors que l’étude est centrée sur les avancées relatives à la gestion et au stockage des déchets, les tendances décrites sont probablement pertinentes dans le domaine nucléaire au sens large.
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International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments
September 2011
English, published: 03/26/12
NEA#7038, ISBN: 978-92-64-99163-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wpncs/icsbep/handbook.html
The International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP), originally initiated at the national level by the US Department of Energy in 1992, became an official activity of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in 1995.

This handbook contains criticality safety benchmark specifications that have been derived from experiments performed at various critical facilities around the world. The benchmark specifications are intended for use by criticality safety engineers to validate calculation techniques used to establish minimum subcritical margins for operations with fissile material and to determine criticality alarm requirement and placement. Many of the specifications are also useful for nuclear data testing. Example calculations are presented; these calculations do not, however, constitute a validation of the codes or cross-section data.

The evaluated criticality safety benchmark data are presented in nine volumes, containing over 58 000 pages and 533 evaluations with benchmark specifications for 4 552 critical, near-critical or subcritical configurations, 24 criticality alarm placement/shielding configurations with multiple dose points for each, and 200 configurations that have been categorised as fundamental physics measurements that are relevant to criticality safety applications.

New to the handbook are benchmark specifications for the GROTESQUE: Complex Geometric Arrangement of Unreflected HEU (93.15) Metal Pieces experiment (see front cover) that was performed by John T. Mihalczo at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Critical Experiment Facility in June 1964.
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International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments (DVD)
English, published: 12/31/12
NEA#7080, ISBN: 978-92-64-99192-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wpncs/icsbep/handbook.html
The International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP), originally initiated at the national level by the US Department of Energy in 1992, became an official activity of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in 1995.
This handbook contains criticality safety benchmark specifications that have been derived from experiments performed at various critical facilities around the world. The benchmark specifications are intended for use by criticality safety engineers to validate calculation techniques used to establish minimum subcritical margins for operations with fissile material and to determine criticality alarm requirement and placement. Many of the specifications are also useful for nuclear data testing. Example calculations are presented; these calculations do not, however, constitute a validation of the codes or cross-section data.
The evaluated criticality safety benchmark data are presented in nine volumes, containing over 65 000 pages and 549 evaluations with benchmark specifications for over 4 700 critical, near-critical or subcritical configurations, 24 criticality alarm placement/shielding configurations with multiple dose points for each, and 200 configurations that have been categorised as fundamental physics measurements that are relevant to criticality safety applications.
New to the handbook are benchmark specifications for the Water-moderated Square-pitched U(6.90)O2 Fuel Rod Lattices with 0.67 Fuel-to-water Ratio experiments (see front cover) that were performed by a team of experimenters at Sandia National Laboratories between 2009 and 2012.
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International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments (DVD)
English, published: 05/15/12
NEA#7081, ISBN: 978-92-64-99168-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wprs/irphe/irphe-handbook/handbook.html
The International Reactor Physics Experiments Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) was launched in 1999 by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Nuclear Science Committee (NSC). While co-ordination and administration of the IRPhEP is managed at the international level by the NEA, each participating country is responsible for the administration, technical direction and priorities of the project within their respective countries. The information and data included in this handbook are available to NEA member countries, to all contributing countries and to others on a case-by-case basis.

This handbook contains reactor physics benchmark specifications that have been derived from experiments performed at various nuclear facilities around the world. The benchmark specifications are intended for use by reactor designers, safety analysts and nuclear data evaluators to validate calculation techniques and data. Example calculations are presented; they do not, however, constitute validation or endorsement of the codes or cross-section data.

The 2012 edition of the International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments contains data from 56 experimental series performed at 32 reactor facilities. Fifty-four of the 56 evaluations are published as approved benchmarks; the remaining two are published as draft documents only.

New to the handbook are benchmark specifications for selected configurations from the HTR-PROTEUS Pebble Bed Experimental Program which were performed at the Paul Scherrer Institute’s PROTEUS zero-power research reactor in Villigen, Switzerland between 1992 and 1996.
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International Structure for Decommissioning Costing (ISDC) of Nuclear Installations
English, 192 pages, published: 03/02/12
NEA#7088, ISBN: 978-92-64-99173-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2012/ISDC-nuclear-installations.pdf
Cost estimation for the decommissioning of nuclear facilities can vary considerably in format, content and practice both within and across countries. These differences may have legitimate reasons but make the process of reviewing estimates complicated and the estimates themselves difficult to defend. Hence, the joint initiative of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the European Commission (EC) was undertaken to propose a standard itemisation of decommissioning costs either directly for the production of cost estimates or for mapping estimates onto a standard, common structure for purposes of comparison. This report updates the earlier itemisation published in 1999 and takes into account experience accumulated thus far. The revised cost itemisation structure has sought to ensure that all costs within the planned scope of a decommissioning project may be reflected. The report also provides general guidance on developing a decommissioning cost estimate, including detailed advice on using the structure.
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JEFF 3.1.2
Joint Evaluated Nuclear Data Library for Fission and Fusion Applications February 2012
English, published: 04/19/12
NEA#7111
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/dbdata/jeff
The Joint Evaluated Fission and Fusion File is an evaluated library produced through international collaboration among Data Bank member countries co-ordinated by the NEA Data Bank. As of February 2012, JEFF 3.1.2 is the latest update of the general purpose neutron data library.

This DVD contains:
• General purpose incident neutron data in ENDF-6 and ACE formats
• Activation data
• Thermal scattering data
• Incident proton data
• Radioactive decay data
• Neutron-induced fission yields data
• Spontaneous fission yields data
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Janis 3.4
A Java-based Nuclear Data Display Program
English, published: 08/21/12
NEA#7116
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/abstract/detail/nea-1760/
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Japan's Compensation System for Nuclear Damage
As Related to the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident
English, 244 pages, published: 12/31/12
NEA#7089, ISBN: 978-92-64-99200-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/fukushima/7089-fukushima-compensation-system-pp.pdf
Following the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident, extraordinary efforts were undertaken in Japan to implement a compensation scheme for the proper and efficient indemnification of the affected victims. This publication provides English translations of key Japanese legislative and administrative texts and other implementing guidance, as well as several commentaries by Japanese experts in the field of third party nuclear liability.

The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) has prepared this publication in co-operation with the government of Japan to share Japan’s recent experience in implementing its nuclear liability and compensation regime. The material presented in the publication should provide valuable insights for those wishing to better understand the regime applied to compensate the victims of the accident and for those working on potential improvements in national regimes and the international framework for third party nuclear liability.
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Main Benefits from 30 Years of Joint Projects in Nuclear Safety
English, 132 pages, published: 05/04/12
NEA#7073, ISBN: 978-92-64-99171-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2012/nea7073-30-years-joint-safety-projects.pdf
One of the major achievements of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) is the knowledge it has helped to generate through the organisation of joint international research projects. Such projects, primarily in the areas of nuclear safety and radioactive waste management, enable interested countries, on a cost-sharing basis, to pursue research or the sharing of data with respect to particular areas or issues. Over the years, more than 30 joint projects have been conducted with wide participation of member countries.
The purpose of this report is to describe the achievements of the OECD/NEA joint projects on nuclear safety research that have been carried out over the past three decades, with a particular focus on thermal-hydraulics, fuel behaviour and severe accidents. It shows that the resolution of specific safety issues in these areas has greatly benefited from the joint projects’ activities and results. It also highlights the added value of international co-operation for maintaining unique experimental infrastructure, preserving skills and generating new knowledge.
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Methods for Safety Assessment of Geological Disposal Facilities for Radioactive Waste
Outcomes of the NEA MeSA Initiative
English, 240 pages, published: 06/21/12
NEA#6923, ISBN: 978-92-64-99190-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2012/nea6923-MESA-initiative.pdf
Safety assessment is an interdisciplinary approach that focuses on the scientific understanding and performance assessment of safety functions as well as the hazards associated with a geological disposal facility. It forms a central part of the safety case, and the results of the safety assessments provide evidence to support decision making. The goals of the NEA project on “Methods for Safety Assessment for Geological Disposal Facilities for Radioactive Waste” (MeSA) were to examine and document methods used in safety assessment for radioactive waste disposal facilities, to generate collective views based on the methods’ similarities and differences, and to identify future work. The project reviewed a number of approaches used by various national and international organisations. Following the comprehensive review, a generic safety case with a safety assessment flowchart was developed and is presented herein. The elaboration of the safety concept, the use of safety functions, the implication of uncertainties and the formulation of scenarios are also discussed.
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NEA News, Vol. 30 No. 1
English, 32 pages, published: 07/17/12
NEA#7096, ISSN: 1605-9581
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2012/30-1/nea-news-30-1.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: AEN Infos, vol. 30 n° 1
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Nuclear Education and Training: From Concern to Capability
English, 200 pages, published: 04/12/12
NEA#6979, ISBN: 978-92-64-17637-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2012/6979-nuclear-education.pdf
The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) first published in 2000 Nuclear Education and Training: Cause for Concern?, which highlighted significant issues in the availability of human resources for the nuclear industry. Ten years on, Nuclear Education and Training: From Concern to Capability considers what has changed in that time and finds that, while some countries have taken positive actions, in a number of others human resources could soon be facing serious challenges in coping with existing and potential new nuclear facilities. This is exacerbated by the increasing rate of retirement as the workforce ages. This report provides a qualitative characterisation of human resource needs and appraises instruments and programmes in nuclear education and training initiated by various stakeholders in different countries. In this context, it also examines the current and future uses of nuclear research facilities for education and training purposes. Regarding the nuclear training component of workforce competence, it outlines a job taxonomy which could be a basis for addressing the needs of workers across this sector. It presents the taxonomy as a way of enhancing mutual recognition and increasing consistency of education and training for both developed and developing countries.
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Nuclear Education and Training: From Concern to Capability – Executive Summary
English, 12 pages, published: 04/04/12
NEA#7112
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2012/nuclear-edu-training-ex.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Enseignement et formation dans le domaine nucléaire : moins d'inquiétudes, plus de compétences – Synthèse
The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) first published in 2000 Nuclear Education and Training: Cause for Concern?, which highlighted significant issues in the availability of human resources for the nuclear industry. Ten years on, Nuclear Education and Training: From Concern to Capability considers what has changed in that time and finds that, while some countries have taken positive actions, in a number of others human resources could soon be facing serious challenges in coping with existing and potential new nuclear facilities. This is exacerbated by the increasing rate of retirement as the workforce ages. This report provides a qualitative characterisation of human resource needs and appraises instruments and programmes in nuclear education and training initiated by various stakeholders in different countries. In this context, it also examines the current and future uses of nuclear research facilities for education and training purposes. Regarding the nuclear training component of workforce competence, it outlines a job taxonomy which could be a basis for addressing the needs of workers across this sector. It presents the taxonomy as a way of enhancing mutual recognition and increasing consistency of education and training for both developed and developing countries.
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Nuclear Energy Data 2012/Données sur l'énergie nucléaire 2012
Bilingual, 84 pages, published: 09/24/12
NEA#7058, ISBN: 978-92-64-17785-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2012/7058-BB-2012.pdf
Nuclear Energy Data is the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency’s annual compilation of statistics and country reports documenting the status of nuclear power in the OECD area. Information provided by member country governments includes statistics on installed generating capacity, total electricity produced by all sources and by nuclear power, nuclear energy policies, fuel cycle developments, and projected generating capacity and electricity production to 2035, where available. Following the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in March 2011, total nuclear generating capacity and electricity generation declined, principally because of the permanent shutdown of 12 reactors (8 in Germany and 4 in Japan) and the prolonged shutdown of reactors in Japan. The Fukushima Daiichi accident also prompted safety reviews of existing nuclear facilities and led some governments to adopt nuclear phase-out plans. Other governments remained committed to maintaining nuclear power in the energy mix, in some cases pursuing plans to either increase nuclear generating capacity or, as in the cases of Poland and Turkey, to add nuclear generating capacity for the first time. Further details on these and other developments are provided in the publication’s numerous tables, graphs and country reports.
This publication contains “Statlinks”. For each StatLink the reader will find a url which leads to the corresponding spreadsheet. These links work in the same way as an Internet link.

Les Données sur l'énergie nucléaire, la compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux de l’Agence de l’OCDE pour l’énergie nucléaire, présentent des informations communiquées par les gouvernements des pays membres de l'OCDE sur la puissance nucléaire installée, la production d’électricité totale et nucléaire, les politiques nucléaires, les évolutions du cycle du combustible ainsi que, quand elles sont disponibles, des projections jusqu'en 2035 de la puissance nucléaire et de la production d'électricité. Au lendemain de l’accident survenu dans la centrale de Fukushima Daiichi en mars 2011, la puissance installée et la production du parc nucléaire global ont décliné, principalement du fait de la mise hors service de 12 réacteurs (8 en Allemagne et 4 au Japon) et de l’arrêt prolongé d’autres réacteurs au Japon. Cet accident a conduit à réaliser des évaluations de la sûreté des installations et incité certains pays à adopter des plans de sortie du nucléaire. D’autres, en revanche, restent déterminés à conserver le nucléaire dans leur bouquet énergétique, voire à s’équiper de tranches supplémentaires ou, comme la Pologne et la Turquie, de leur premier réacteur de puissance. Le lecteur trouvera de plus amples informations sur ces évolutions et d’autres développements dans les nombreux tableaux, graphiques et rapports nationaux que contient cet ouvrage.
Cette publication contient des « StatLinks ». Fonctionnant comme un lien internet, un StatLink fournit l'accès à la feuille de calcul correspondante.
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Nuclear Energy Today
Second Edition
English, 120 pages, published: 12/21/12
NEA#6885, ISBN: 978-92-64-99204-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/nuclearenergytoday/6885-nuclear-energy-today.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: L'énergie nucléaire aujourd'hui 
Meeting the growing demand for energy, and electricity in particular, while addressing the need to curb greenhouse gas emissions and to ensure security of energy supply, is one of the most difficult challenges facing the world’s economies. No single technology can respond to this challenge, and the solution which policy-makers are seeking lies in the diversification of energy sources.

Although nuclear energy currently provides over 20% of electricity in the OECD area and does not emit any carbon dioxide during production, it continues to be seen by many as a controversial technology. Public concern remains over its safety and the management of radioactive waste, and financing such a capital-intensive technology is a complex issue. The role that nuclear power will play in the future depends on the answers to these questions, several of which are provided in this up-to-date review of the status of nuclear energy, as well as on the outcome of research and development on the nuclear fuel cycle and reactor technologies.
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Nuclear Energy and Renewables
System Effects in Low-carbon Electricity Systems
English, 252 pages, published: 11/09/12
NEA#7056, ISBN: 978-92-64-18851-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2012/7056-system-effects.pdf
This report addresses the increasingly important interactions of variable renewables and dispatchable energy technologies, such as nuclear power, in terms of their effects on electricity systems. These effects add costs to the production of electricity, which are not usually transparent. The report recommends that decision-makers should take into account such system costs and internalise them according to a “generator pays” principle, which is currently not the case. Analysing data from six OECD/NEA countries, the study finds that including the system costs of variable renewables at the level of the electricity grid increases the total costs of electricity supply by up to one-third, depending on technology, country and penetration levels. In addition, it concludes that, unless the current market subsidies for renewables are altered, dispatchable technologies will increasingly not be replaced as they reach their end of life and consequently security of supply will suffer. This implies that significant changes in management and cost allocation will be needed to generate the flexibility required for an economically viable coexistence of nuclear energy and renewables in increasingly decarbonised electricity systems.
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Nuclear Energy and Renewables – Executive Summary
System Effects in Low-carbon Electricity Systems
English, 16 pages, published: 11/05/12
NEA#7066
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2012/system-effects-exec-sum.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Énergies nucléaire et renouvelables – Synthèse
This report addresses the increasingly important interactions of variable renewables and dispatchable energy technologies, such as nuclear power, in terms of their effects on electricity systems. These effects add costs to the production of electricity, which are not usually transparent. The report recommends that decision-makers should take into account such system costs and internalise them according to a “generator pays” principle, which is currently not the case. Analysing data from six OECD/NEA countries, the study finds that including the system costs of variable renewables at the level of the electricity grid increases the total costs of electricity supply by up to one-third, depending on technology, country and penetration levels. In addition, it concludes that, unless the current market subsidies for renewables are altered, dispatchable technologies will increasingly not be replaced as they reach their end of life and consequently security of supply will suffer. This implies that significant changes in management and cost allocation will be needed to generate the flexibility required for an economically viable coexistence of nuclear energy and renewables in increasingly decarbonised electricity systems.
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Nuclear Fuel Safety Criteria Technical Review
Second Edition
English, 80 pages, published: 09/14/12
NEA#7072, ISBN: 978-92-64-99178-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2012/nea7072-fuel-safety-criteria.pdf
Most of the current nuclear fuel safety criteria were established during the 1960s and early 1970s. Although these criteria were validated against experiments with fuel designs available at that time, a number of tests were based on unirradiated fuels. Additional verification was performed as these designs evolved, but mostly with the aim of showing that the new designs adequately complied with existing criteria, and not to establish new limits.

In 1996, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) reviewed existing fuel safety criteria, focusing on new fuel and core designs, new cladding materials and industry manufacturing processes. The results were published in the Nuclear Fuel Safety Criteria Technical Review of 2001. The NEA has since re-examined the criteria. A brief description of each criterion and its rationale are presented in this second edition, which will be of interest to both regulators and industry (fuel vendors, utilities).
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 88 (December 2011)
Volume 2011/2
English, published: 01/25/12
NEA#7001, ISSN: 0304-341X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb88.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 88 (Décembre 2011)
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides subscribers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international organisations.

Feature articles in this issue include "The status of radioactive waste repository development in the United States", "The Radioactive Waste Directive: a necessary step in the management of spent fuel and radioactive waste in the European Union", "The continuing role of item-specific agreements in the IAEA safeguards system" and "Fukushima: liability and compensation".
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 89
Volume 2012/1
English, 240 pages, published: 07/03/12
NEA#7090, ISSN: 0304-341X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb89.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 89
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides subscribers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international organisations.

Feature articles in this issue include: "Global nuclear law in the making? Joint exercise of public powers in the nuclear field: the case of the revision of the International Basic Safety Standards", "Italian decommissioning in the post-referendum era", "Through the looking glass: placing India’s new civil liability regime for nuclear damage in context" and "Legal aspects of the control and repression of illicit trafficking of nuclear and other radioactive materials".
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 90
Volume 2012/2
English, 284 pages, published: 03/22/13
NEA#7092, ISSN: 0304-341X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb90.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 90
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides subscribers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international organisations.
Feature articles in this issue include: "A common high standard for nuclear power plant exports: overview and analysis of the Nuclear Power Plant Exporters’ Principles of Conduct"; "The MCP Altona incident: the Canadian regulatory response and framework for the export of uranium"; "Conflict of law issues related to Switzerland’s participation in the Paris Nuclear Third Party Liability Regime"; and "The impact of the Additional Protocol and Strengthened Safeguards: effects on the International Atomic Energy Agency and on states".
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Nuclear Power Plant Operating Experience
from the IAEA/NEA International Reporting System for Operating Experience: 2009-2011
English, 60 pages, published: 12/31/12
NEA#7120, ISBN: 978-92-64-99193-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2012/7120-iaea-nea-irs-2009-2011.pdf
The application of lessons learnt from the International Reporting System for Operating Experience (IRS) is an essential element for enhancing the safe operation of nuclear power plants (NPPs) throughout the world. The IRS provides a mechanism for the exchange of information related to the incident, actions taken, root cause analysis and lessons learnt. This feedback on how to adequately remedy, or avoid, possible challenges and precursors is of paramount importance to operational safety. The IRS improves international awareness of potential challenges, actual incidents and “precursors” in NPP operations. The heightened awareness generated by feedback from operating experience has resulted in numerous improvements to equipment, procedures and training in many NPPs. The application of operational feedback also benefits the design of the next generation of NPPs. Operating experience has demonstrated that design modification issues documented in IRS reports can have a significant impact on safety. The IRS is jointly operated and managed by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
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OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) follow-up to the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident
Extracts from NEA News
English, 16 pages, published: 06/27/12
NEA#6888
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/nea6888-follow-up-fukushima.pdf
The NEA has undertaken a number of activities following the March 2011 accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Japan. This brochure contains three extracts from NEA News published in the months following the accident: Fukushima (what happened, consequence, follow-up), published June 2011; Fukushima: liability and compensation, published December 2011; and The NEA integrated response to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident, published June 2012. Together these extracts allow the reader to understand better the causes, consequences and importance of the NEA’s response to the Fukushima Daiichi accident (2012).
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Rapport annuel 2011
Français, 56 pages, published: 04/24/12
NEA#7095, ISBN: 978-92-64-99180-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2011/AR2011-F.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Annual Report 2011
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Reversibility and Retrievability in Planning for Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste
Proceedings of the "R&R" International Conference and Dialogue, 14-17 December 2010, Reims, France
English, 236 pages, published: 12/31/12
NEA#6993, ISBN: 978-92-64-99185-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/docs/2012/6993-proceedings-rr-reims.pdf
Deep geological repositories of radioactive waste are designed and licensed based on a model of long-term safety which does not require the active presence of man. During the period of stepwise development of such repositories, reversibility of decisions and retrievability of the waste are widely thought to be beneficial. Reversibility and retrievability are not requirements for long-term safety. They are instead about implementing a process that responds to ethical and precautionary obligations without compromising safety. How are the concepts of reversibility and retrievability understood in the various nuclear countries? How do they appear in national waste management legislation, regulation and operational programmes, and how can they be implemented?
The “R&R” project of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) culminated in an International Conference and Dialogue on Reversibility and Retrievability in December 2010. This open meeting brought together regulators, policy makers, elected officials, experts in social sciences, and representatives of civil society and stakeholder groups in addition to waste management professionals. These proceedings include the texts of 50 presentations and the “International Retrievability Scale” – a tool to support dialogue with stakeholders and to help establish a common international framework.
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Reversibility of Decisions and Retrievability of Radioactive Waste
Considerations for National Geological Disposal Programmes
English, 28 pages, published: 03/09/12
NEA#7085, ISBN: 978-92-64-99169-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2012/7085-reversibility.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Réversibilité des décisions et récupérabilité des déchets radioactifs
The most widely adopted solution for the definitive management of high-level radioactive waste involves its emplacement in deep geological repositories whose safety should not depend on the active presence of man. In this context, national programmes are considering whether and how to incorporate the concepts of reversibility of decisions and retrievability of waste, including to what extent retrieval can or should be facilitated at the design stage of a repository, and if so over what timescales.
This brochure delivers the key findings and observations of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) project on reversibility and retrievability conducted from 2007 to 2011 with the participation of 15 countries and 2 international organisations. It outlines the activities undertaken and points to further resources. While focused on deep geological disposal, the pragmatic and precise information provided may also be pertinent to sub-surface disposal and to decision-making processes more generally. This brochure, and related project documents, will be of interest to technical and policy professionals and civil society stakeholders concerned with radioactive waste disposal.
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Réversibilité des décisions et récupérabilité des déchets radioactifs
Éléments de réflexion pour les programmes nationaux de stockage géologique
Français, 32 pages, published: 03/09/12
NEA#7105, ISBN: 978-92-64-99170-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2012/7105-reversibilite.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Reversibility of Decisions and Retrievability of Radioactive Waste
La solution la plus communément adoptée en matière de gestion définitive des déchets radioactifs de haute activité consiste à placer ces déchets dans des centres de stockage en couche géologique profonde dont la sûreté ne devra pas être tributaire de la présence active de l’homme. C’est dans ce contexte que les programmes nationaux de stockage géologique étudient s’il est opportun d’incorporer les concepts de réversibilité des décisions et de récupérabilité des déchets et comment. On y regarde notamment dans quelle mesure le retrait peut ou doit être facilité dès la conception d'un centre de stockage et, dans ce cas, sur quelle échelle de temps.
Cette brochure fournit les résultats principaux et les observations du projet de l’Agence de l’OCDE pour l’énergie nucléaire (AEN) relatif à la réversibilité et la récupérabilité, mené de 2007 à 2011 avec la participation de 15 pays et 2 organisations internationales. Elle décrit les activités entreprises dans le cadre de ce projet et propose des ressources complémentaires. Bien que portant sur le stockage en formation géologique profonde, elle contient des informations pratiques et précises qui ont aussi leur pertinence pour le stockage en sub-surface et pour la prise de décision en général. Cette brochure, et les autres documents relatifs au projet, intéresseront les professionnels traitant des questions techniques et stratégiques, les décideurs politiques ainsi que les parties prenantes concernés par le stockage des déchets radioactifs.
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Stockage géologique des déchets radioactifs : Engagement national, participation locale et régionale
Déclaration collective du Comité de la gestion des déchets radioactifs de l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire, adoptée en mars 2012
Français, 24 pages, published: 07/18/12
NEA#7037, ISBN: 978-92-64-99184-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2012/7037-stock-geo-dechets.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste: National Commitment, Local and Regional Involvement
Le stockage dans des installations construites dans des couches géologiques stables et profondes constitue la solution de référence pour isoler de la biosphère humaine de manière permanente les déchets radioactifs à vie longue. Cette méthode de gestion est prévue pour être intrinsèquement sûre et finale, c’est-à-dire ne nécessitant aucune présence ou intervention humaine pour remplir son objectif de sûreté. L’implantation de stockages géologiques soulève un ensemble de questions touchant aux connaissances scientifiques, aux capacités techniques, aux valeurs éthiques, à l’aménagement du territoire, à la qualité de vie locale et plus encore. Mener à bien un projet de stockage est une tâche qui demande des décennies et exige à la fois un engagement national fort et une participation significative aux niveaux régional et local.
Cette déclaration collective du Comité de la gestion des déchets radioactifs de l’Agence de l’OCDE pour l’énergie nucléaire reconnaît les avancées réalisées vers davantage de transparence et de dialogue entre les diverses parties prenantes concernées, et identifie les éléments fondamentaux indispensables à l’engagement national et au soutien de l’implication territoriale. Elle tire comme conclusion que les partenaires techniques et sociétaux peuvent développer une confiance partagée dans la sûreté des stockages géologiques et porter conjointement ces projets de l’avant.
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Structural Materials for Innovative Nuclear Systems (SMINS-2)
Workshop Proceedings, Daejon, Republic of Korea, 31 August-3 September 2010
English, 444 pages, published: 12/31/12
NEA#6896, ISBN: 978-92-64-99209-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/docs/2012/6896-smins-korea-proceedings.pdf
Materials research is a field of growing relevance for innovative nuclear systems, such as Generation IV reactors, critical and sub-critical transmutation systems and fusion devices. For these different systems, structural materials are selected or developed taking into account the specificities of their foreseen operational environment. Since 2007, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) has begun organising a series of workshops on Structural Materials for Innovative Nuclear Systems (SMINS) in order to provide a forum to exchange information on current materials research programmes for different innovative nuclear systems. These proceedings include the papers of the second workshop (SMINS-2) which was held in Daejon, Republic of Korea on 31 August-3 September 2010, and hosted by the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI).
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The Economics of Long-term Operation of Nuclear Power Plants
English, 114 pages, published: 12/19/12
NEA#7054, ISBN: 978-92-64-99205-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2012/7054-long-term-operation-npps.pdf
Refurbishment and long-term operation (LTO) of existing nuclear power plants (NPPs) today are crucial to the competitiveness of the nuclear industry in OECD countries as existing nuclear power plants produce baseload power at a reliable cost. A number of nuclear power plants, most notably 73 units in the United States (up to 2012), have been granted lifetime extensions of up to 60 years, a development that is being keenly watched in other OECD countries. In many of these (e.g. France, Switzerland), there is no legal end to the operating licence, but continued operation is based on the outcomes of periodic safety reviews.
This study analyses technical and economic data on the upgrade and lifetime extension experience in OECD countries. A multi-criteria assessment methodology is used considering various factors and parameters reflecting current and future financial conditions of operation, political and regulatory risks, the state of the plants’ equipment and the general role of nuclear power in the country’s energy policy.
The report shows that long-term operation of nuclear power plants has significant economic advantages for most utilities envisaging LTO programmes. In most cases, the continued operation of NPPs for at least ten more years is profitable even taking into account the additional costs of post-Fukushima modifications, and remains cost-effective compared to alternative replacement sources.
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The Evolving Role and Image of the Regulator in Radioactive Waste Management
Trends over Two Decades
English, 28 pages, published: 12/31/12
NEA#7083, ISBN: 978-92-64-99186-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/docs/2012/7083-evolving-role-and-image.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Image et rôle de l'autorité de sûreté nucléaire dans la gestion des déchets radioactifs
In the area of radioactive waste management, the regulator or safety authority has emerged in recent years as a principal actor in the eyes of civil society. This study shows how regulators are increasing their interaction with society while still retaining – or ­reinforcing – their independence and how they play their role within the stepwise ­licensing and decision-making processes now adopted in most countries. Safety is ensured by a “regulatory system”, in which a host of players, including local ­stakeholders, have a vital role to play. The technical regulator has come to be considered as the “people’s expert”, concentrating knowledge useful to local communities as they deliberate the hosting of a waste storage or disposal facility.
This report provides a useful update on the changing role of the regulator as well as insights that will be helpful to the many countries that are considering, or are preparing for, storage or disposal of radioactive waste either in near-surface facilities or deeper underground. While it focuses on the developments in waste management and disposal, the trends it describes are probably relevant throughout the nuclear field.
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The Long-term Radiological Safety of a Surface Disposal Facility for Low-level Waste in Belgium
An International Peer Review of Key Aspects of ONDRAF/NIRAS' Safety Report of November 2011 in Preparation for the License Application
English, 100 pages, published: 10/08/12
NEA#7086, ISBN: 978-92-64-99196-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2012/7086-Belgian-peer-review.pdf
An important activity of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in the field of radioactive waste management is the organisation of independent, international peer reviews of national studies and projects. This report provides an international peer review of the long-term safety strategy and assessment being developed by the Belgian Agency for Radioactive Waste and Enriched Fissile Materials, ONDRAF/NIRAS, as part of the licence application for the construction and operation of a surface disposal facility for short-lived, low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste in the municipality of Dessel, Belgium. The review was carried out by an International Review Team comprised of seven international specialists, all of whom were free of conflict of interest and chosen to bring complementary expertise to the review. To be accessible to both specialist and non-specialist readers, the review findings are provided at several levels of detail.
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The Post-closure Radiological Safety Case for a Spent Fuel Repository in Sweden
An International Peer Review of the SKB License-application Study of March 2011
English, 156 pages, published: 07/05/12
NEA#7084, ISBN: 978-92-64-99191-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/docs/2012/nea7084-peer-review-sweden.pdf
Sweden is at the forefront among countries developing plans for a deep geological repository of highly radioactive waste. There is no such repository in operation yet worldwide, but Sweden, Finland and France are approaching the licensing stage. At the request of the Swedish government, the NEA organised an international peer review of the post-closure radiological safety case produced by the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB) in support of the application for a general licence to construct and operate a spent nuclear fuel geological repository in the municipality of Östhammar. The purpose of the review was to help the Swedish government, the public and relevant organisations by providing an international reference regarding the maturity of SKB’s spent fuel disposal programme vis-à-vis best practices in long-term disposal safety and radiological protection. The International Review Team (IRT) consisted of ten international specialists, who were free of conflict of interest with the SKB and brought complementary expertise to the review. This report provides the background and findings of the international peer review. The review’s findings are presented at several levels of detail in order to be accessible to both specialist and non-specialist readers.
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The Role of Nuclear Energy in a Low-carbon Energy Future
English, 92 pages, published: 06/18/12
NEA#6887, ISBN: 978-92-64-99189-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2012/nea6887-role-nuclear-low-carbon.pdf
This report assesses the role that nuclear energy can play in supporting the transition to a low-carbon energy system. It begins by considering the greenhouse gas emissions from the full nuclear fuel cycle, reviewing recent studies on indirect emissions and assessing the impact that nuclear power could make in reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
The report provides estimates of the construction rates that would be needed to meet the projected expansion of nuclear power foreseen by many energy scenarios published by international organisations. It then assesses the economic, technical, societal and institutional challenges represented by such an expansion to identify the most significant barriers. The capacity of nuclear power plants to operate in an electricity system with a large share of renewables, and the impact of smart grid technologies are also examined. Finally, long-term prospects for nuclear energy are discussed in terms of development of new reactor and fuel cycle technologies, non-electric applications and new operational and regulatory constraints that could arise as a consequence of climate change.
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The Supply of Medical Radioisotopes
Market Impacts of Converting to Low-enriched Uranium Targets for Medical Isotope Production
English, 64 pages, published: 12/18/12
NEA#7129, ISBN: 978-92-64-99197-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2012/7129-leu.pdf
The reliable supply of molybdenum-99 (99Mo) and its decay product, technetium-99m (99mTc), is a vital component of modern medical diagnostic practices. At present, most of the global production of 99Mo is from highly enriched uranium (HEU) targets. However, all major 99Mo-producing countries have recently agreed to convert to using low-enriched uranium (LEU) targets to advance important non-proliferation goals, a decision that will have implications for the global supply chain of 99Mo/99mTc and the long-term supply reliability of these medical isotopes.
This study provides the findings and analysis from an extensive examination of the 99Mo/99mTc supply chain by the OECD/NEA High-level Group on the Security of Supply of Medical Radioisotopes (HLG-MR). It presents a comprehensive evaluation of the potential impacts of converting to the use of LEU targets for 99Mo production on the global 99Mo/99mTc market in terms of costs and available production capacity, and the corresponding implications for long-term supply reliability. In this context, the study also briefly discusses the need for policy action by governments in their efforts to ensure a stable and secure long-term supply of 99Mo/99mTc.
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Thermodynamic Sorption Modelling in Support of Radioactive Waste Disposal Safety Cases
NEA Sorption Project Phase III
English, 152 pages, published: 05/04/12
NEA#6914, ISBN: 978-92-64-17781-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/docs/2013/6914-sorption-III.pdf
A central safety function of radioactive waste disposal repositories is the prevention or sufficient retardation of radionuclide migration to the biosphere. Performance assessment exercises in various countries, and for a range of disposal scenarios, have demonstrated that one of the most important processes providing this safety function is the sorption of radionuclides along potential migration paths beyond the engineered barriers. Thermodynamic sorption models (TSMs) are key for improving confidence in assumptions made about such radionuclide sorption when preparing a repository's safety case. This report presents guidelines for TSM development as well as their application in repository performance assessments. They will be of particular interest to the sorption modelling community and radionuclide migration modellers in developing safety cases for radioactive waste disposal.
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Trends towards Sustainability in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle: Executive Summary
English, 12 pages, published: 01/16/12
NEA#7069
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2011/trends-nuclear-fuel-cycle-ex.pdf
Interest in expanding nuclear power to cope with rising demand for energy and potential climate change places increased attention on the nuclear fuel cycle and whether significant moves are being taken towards ensuring sustainability over the long term. Future nuclear power programme decisions will be increasingly based on strategic considerations involving the complete nuclear fuel cycle, as illustrated by the international joint projects for Generation IV reactors. Currently, 90% of installed reactors worldwide operate on a once-through nuclear fuel cycle using uranium-oxide fuel. While closing the fuel cycle has been a general aim for several decades, progress towards that goal has been slow. This report reviews developments in the fuel cycle over the past ten years, potential developments over the next decade and the outlook for the longer term. It analyses technological developments and government actions (both nationally and internationally) related to the fuel cycle, and examines these within a set of sustainability parameters in order to identify trends and to make recommendations for further actions.
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Uranium 2011 : Ressources, production et demande – Synthèse
Français, 12 pages, published: 07/30/12
NEA#7060
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/nea7060-uranium2011-synthese.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Uranium 2011: Resources, Production and Demand – Executive Summary
- Russian: Yран 2011: запасы, добыча и спрос – Краткий обзор
Au lendemain de l’accident de Fukushima Daiichi, des questions se posent concernant l’avenir du marché de l’uranium, en particulier le nombre de réacteurs qui devraient être construits dans les prochaines années, la quantité d’uranium requise pour satisfaire la demande à venir, l’adéquation des ressources identifiées à cette demande et la capacité du secteur de répondre aux besoins des réacteurs dans un climat d’investissement difficile. Ces questions, et bien d’autres, sont traitées dans cette 24e édition du « Livre rouge », la référence mondiale sur l’uranium, préparé conjointement par l’Agence de l’OCDE pour l’énergie nucléaire et l’Agence internationale de l’énergie atomique. Cette édition, qui rassemble des analyses et des informations de 42 pays producteurs et consommateurs, présente un panorama complet de l’offre et la demande mondiale d’uranium ainsi que des données sur la prospection, les ressources, la production d’uranium et les besoins des centrales nucléaires dans le monde. Elle s’est enrichie d’importantes informations nouvelles concernant les centres de production à travers le globe, en particulier dans les pays qui s’en sont dotés récemment. Elle propose également des projections de la puissance nucléaire installée et des besoins en uranium des centrales jusqu’en 2035, compte tenu des changements de politiques intervenus après l’accident de Fukushima Daiichi, ainsi qu’une analyse des questions relatives à l’offre et la demande d’uranium à long terme.
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Uranium 2011: Resources, Production and Demand
English, 488 pages, published: 07/26/12
NEA#7059, ISBN: 978-92-64-17803-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2012/7059-uranium-2011.pdf
In the wake of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident, questions are being raised about the future of the uranium market, including as regards the number of reactors expected to be built in the coming years, the amount of uranium required to meet forward demand, the adequacy of identified uranium resources to meet that demand and the ability of the sector to meet reactor requirements in a challenging investment climate. This 24th edition of the ?Red Book?, a recognised world reference on uranium jointly prepared by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency, provides analyses and information from 42 producing and consuming countries in order to address these and other questions. It offers a comprehensive review of world uranium supply and demand as well as data on global uranium exploration, resources, production and reactor-related requirements. It also provides substantive new information on established uranium production centres around the world and in countries developing production centres for the first time. Projections of nuclear generating capacity and reactor-related requirements through 2035, incorporating policy changes following the Fukushima accident, are also featured, along with an analysis of long-term uranium supply and demand issues.
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Uranium 2011: Resources, Production and Demand – Executive Summary
English, 8 pages, published: 11/01/12
NEA#7123
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2012/uranium-2011-exec-summary.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Uranium 2011 : Ressources, production et demande – Synthèse
- Russian: Yран 2011: запасы, добыча и спрос – Краткий обзор
In the wake of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident, questions are being raised about the future of the uranium market, including as regards the number of reactors expected to be built in the coming years, the amount of uranium required to meet forward demand, the adequacy of identified uranium resources to meet that demand and the ability of the sector to meet reactor requirements in a challenging investment climate. This 24th edition of the “Red Book”, a recognised world reference on uranium jointly prepared by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency, provides analyses and information from 42 producing and consuming countries in order to address these and other questions. It offers a comprehensive review of world uranium supply and demand as well as data on global uranium exploration, resources, production and reactor-related requirements. It also provides substantive new information on established uranium production centres around the world and in countries developing production centres for the first time. Projections of nuclear generating capacity and reactor-related requirements through 2035, incorporating policy changes following the Fukushima accident, are also featured, along with an analysis of long-term uranium supply and demand issues.
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Vers un cycle du combustible nucléaire durable : Évolution et tendances
Français, published: 12/31/12
NEA#6981, ISBN: 978-92-64-99201-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2012/6981-trends-sustainability-fuel-cycle-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Trends towards Sustainability in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle
L'intérêt porté au développement de l'énergie nucléaire pour satisfaire une demande croissante d'énergie et faire face au changement climatique conduit à s'intéresser de plus près au cycle du combustible nucléaire et aux initiatives prises pour assurer la durabilité de cette énergie à long terme. Les décisions concernant les futurs programmes électronucléaires ne pourront plus se passer d'une analyse stratégique de l'intégralité du cycle du combustible, comme le font déjà les projets internationaux consacrés aux réacteurs de quatrième génération. À l'heure actuelle, 90 % des réacteurs installés dans le monde fonctionnent avec de l'oxyde d'uranium et en cycle ouvert. Or, si la fermeture du cycle est un objectif général recherché depuis des décennies, les progrès dans cette direction sont lents. Ce rapport fait état des évolutions intervenues dans le cycle du combustible au cours des dix dernières années, de celles auxquelles on pourrait s’attendre dans les dix ans et des perspectives ultérieures. Il analyse les progrès technologiques et les mesures prises par les pouvoirs publics (aux niveaux national et international), et les examine par rapport à des critères de durabilité afin de dégager des tendances et de recommander des voies à suivre.
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Yран 2011: запасы, добыча и спрос – Краткий обзор
Russian, 12 pages, published: 07/30/12
NEA#7121
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/uranium-2011-russian-ex.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Uranium 2011: Resources, Production and Demand – Executive Summary
- Français: Uranium 2011 : Ressources, production et demande – Synthèse
Сразу после аварии на АЭС “Фукусима-Даичи” стали подниматься вопросы о будущем рынка урана, в том числе о количестве реакторов, которые предполагалось построить в ближайшие годы, количестве урана, необходимого для удовлетворения будущего спроса, достаточности выявленных запасов урана для удовлетворения этого спроса, а также способности отрасли удовлетворить требования реакторов в затрудненном инвестиционном климате. Настоящее 24-е издание всемирно признанной “Красной книги”, совместно подготовленной Агентством по ядерной энергии ОЭСР и Международным агентством по атомной энергии, представляет анализы и информацию 42 стран-производителей и потребителей урана, охватывающую вышеупомянутые и прочие вопросы. Настоящее издание предлагает комплексный обзор мирового спроса и предложения на уран, а также данные по глобальным поискам и разведке урана, его запасам, производству и потребностям, связанным с реакторами. Оно также предоставляет существенную новую информацию о существующих центрах производства урана по всему миру и в странах, впервые развивающих подобные производственные центры. В нем приведены прогнозы генерируемой мощности от АЭС и связанных с реакторами потребностей вплоть до 2035 г., включая изменения политики после аварии на АЭС “Фукусима-Даичи” и анализ долгосрочных проблем, связанных со спросом на уран и его предложением на мировом рынке.
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Énergies nucléaire et renouvelables – Synthèse
Effets systémiques dans les réseaux électriques bas carbone
Français, 16 pages, published: 12/17/12
NEA#7131
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2012/7066-synthese-renouvelables.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Energy and Renewables – Executive Summary
Cet ouvrage s’intéresse aux interactions de plus en plus importantes entre les énergies renouvelables variables et les énergies programmables telles que l’énergie nucléaire, et aux effets de ces interactions sur les systèmes électriques. Ces effets systémiques induisent des surcoûts à la production d’électricité qui ne sont généralement pas identifiés. L’étude recommande que les décideurs prennent désormais en compte ces effets systémiques et les internalisent suivant un principe de « producteur-payeur ». À partir des données de six pays membres de l’OCDE/AEN, ce rapport montre qu’en réalité les effets systémiques des énergies renouvelables variables au niveau du réseau majorent de jusqu’à un tiers les coûts complets de production d’électricité selon le pays considéré, la technologie employée et son taux de pénétration. Il conclut que, dans le cas où les régimes de subventions aux énergies renouvelables restent inchangés, les moyens de production programmables arrivés en fin d’exploitation risquent de ne pas être remplacés à des niveaux suffisants pour garantir la sécurité d’approvisionnement en énergie. Des changements significatifs dans la gestion et l’allocation des coûts deviennent donc indispensables pour assurer la flexibilité nécessaire à une coexistence viable entre l’énergie nucléaire et les énergies renouvelables dans des systèmes électriques bas carbone.
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原子力緊急事態の事後管理における ステークホルダー関与の実践と経験
Practices and Experience in Stakeholder Involvement for Post-nuclear Emergency Management
Japanese, 24 pages, published: 09/20/12
NEA#7128
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2012/7128-practices-stakeholder-post-emergency-jp.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Practices and Experience in Stakeholder Involvement for Post-nuclear Emergency Management
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核設施除役
Chinese translation of Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities
Chinese, 8 pages, published: 08/31/12
NEA#7126
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2012/nea7126-decommissioning-ch.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Démantèlement des installations nucléaires (brochure)
- Italian: Il Decommissioning degli Impianti Nucleari
- English: Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities (brochure)
- Swedish: Avveckling av kärntekniska anläggningar
- German: Stilllegung kerntechnischer Anlagen (decommissioning brochure)

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AEN Infos, vol. 29 n° 1
Français, 44 pages, published: 07/07/11
NEA#7008, ISSN: 1605-959x
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2011/29-1/29-1-int-f.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: NEA News, Vol. 29 No. 1
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AEN Infos, vol. 29 n° 2
Français, 36 pages, published: 12/30/11
NEA#7010, ISSN: 1605-959X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2011/29-2/aen-infos-29-2.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: NEA News, Vol. 29 No. 2
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Annual Report 2010
English, 52 pages, published: 04/22/11
NEA#7005, ISBN: 978-92-64-99159-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2010/AR2010-E.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Rapport annuel 2010
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Assessment of the Unresolved Resonance Treatment for Cross-section and Covariance Representation
International Evaluation Co-operation, Volume 32
English, published: 10/07/11
NEA#7042
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wpec/volume32/volume32.pdf
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Att skapa en hållbar relation mellan en avfallsanläggning för hantering av radioaktivt avfall och dess värdkommun
Mervärde genom design och process
Swedish, 60 pages, published: 05/04/11
NEA#7023
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2011/nea7023-fostering-swedish.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Fostering a Durable Relationship between a Waste Management Facility and its Host Community
- Français: Créer un lien durable entre une installation de gestion de déchets et sa collectivité d'accueil
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Avis techniques du CSIN – n° 13
Méthodologies d'essai et bases de calcul des critères APRP
Français, 48 pages, published: 09/21/11
NEA#6987, ISBN: 978-92-64-99161-3
Volume of the series: Sûreté nucléaire
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2011/csni-r2011-7f.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: CSNI Technical Opinion Papers – No. 13
Les critères d’acceptation du circuit de refroidissement de secours du cœur définissent la température et le niveau d’oxydation à ne pas dépasser pour éviter la fragilisation excessive, et donc la rupture, des gaines de combustible, qui pourrait affecter le refroidissement du cœur dans le cas d’un accident de perte de réfrigérant primaire (APRP). Ces critères ont été établis principalement à partir de données expérimentales obtenues dans les années 1970 et 80. Plusieurs types d’essais ont été réalisés pour évaluer l’intégrité structurale et la fragilisation des gaines dans les conditions d'un APRP, et diverses méthodologies utilisées pour déterminer les seuils de fragilisation des gainages. Avec l'emploi de plus en plus fréquent de combustibles à haut taux de combustion et de nouveaux alliages pour les gainages, il a été jugé utile d’engager une réflexion au niveau international sur les méthodologies d’essai et les critères d'acceptation. Ainsi, le Comité de l’AEN sur la sûreté des installations nucléaires (CSIN) et son Groupe de travail sur la sûreté du combustible ont rédigé cet avis technique qui devrait intéresser tout particulièrement les autorités de sûreté, les exploitants de centrales nucléaires ainsi que les chercheurs travaillant sur le combustible nucléaire.
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Avveckling av kärntekniska anläggningar
Det har gjorts och kan göras igen
Swedish, 8 pages, published: 02/11/11
NEA#6983
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2011/nea6983-decommissioning-SWE.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities (brochure)
- Italian: Il Decommissioning degli Impianti Nucleari
- German: Stilllegung kerntechnischer Anlagen (decommissioning brochure)
- Français: Démantèlement des installations nucléaires (brochure)
- Chinese: 核設施除役
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Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 87 (Juin 2011)
Volume 2011/1
Français, 120 pages, published: 08/01/11
NEA#7000, ISSN: 0304-3428
Volume of the series: Legal Affairs
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlbfr/nlb87-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 87 (June 2011)
Le Bulletin de droit nucléaire est une publication internationale unique en son genre destinée aux juristes et aux universitaires en droit nucléaire. Ses abonnés bénéficient d’informations exhaustives qui font autorité sur les développements qui touchent ce droit. Publié deux fois par an en anglais et en français, il propose des articles thématiques rédigés par des experts juridiques renommés, rend compte du développement des législations à travers le monde et présente la jurisprudence et les accords bilatéraux et multilatéraux pertinents ainsi que les activités réglementaires des organisations internationales. Les articles de fond de ce numéro concernent le 25e anniversaire de l’accident de Tchernobyl, la législation japonaise à la lumière de l’accident de Fukushima Daiichi et l’exploitation de longue durée des centrales nucléaires.
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CSNI Technical Opinion Papers – No. 13
LOCA Criteria Basis and Test Methodology
English, 40 pages, published: 09/21/11
NEA#6986, ISBN: 978-92-64-99154-5
Volume of the series: Nuclear Safety
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2011/csni-r2011-7.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Avis techniques du CSIN – n° 13
Acceptance criteria for emergency core cooling systems (ECCS) define the maximum temperature and degree of oxidation in order to avoid excessive embrittlement and hence failure of the fuel cladding, which would affect core cooling in the case of a loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA). The criteria are mainly based on experimental data obtained in the 1970s-80s. Several types of tests have been performed to evaluate structural integrity and embrittlement of the cladding under LOCA conditions, and consequently different test methodologies have been used for determining the cladding embrittlement criteria. The current trend towards high burn-up and the use of new cladding alloys has increased the need for international discussions on these test methodologies and acceptance criteria. In response, the NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) and its Working Group on Fuel Safety produced this technical opinion paper, which should be of particular interest to nuclear safety regulators, nuclear power plant operators and fuel researchers.
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Carbon Pricing, Power Markets and the Competitiveness of Nuclear Power
English, 108 pages, published: 07/12/11
NEA#6982, ISBN: 978-92-64-11887-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2011/6982-carbon-pricing.pdf
This study assesses the competitiveness of nuclear power against coal- and gas-fired power generation in liberalised electricity markets with either CO2 trading or carbon taxes. It uses daily price data for electricity, gas, coal and carbon from 2005 to 2010, which encompasses the first years of the European Emissions Trading System (EU ETS), the world’s foremost carbon trading framework. The study shows that even with modest carbon pricing, competition for new investment in electricity markets will take place between nuclear energy and gas-fired power generation, with coal-fired power struggling to be profitable. The outcome of the competition between nuclear and gas-fired generation hinges, in addition to carbon pricing, on the capital costs for new nuclear power plant construction, gas prices and the profit margins applied. Strong competition in electricity markets reinforces the attractiveness of nuclear energy, as does carbon pricing, in particular when the latter ranges between USD 40 and USD 70 per tonne of CO2. The data and analyses contained in this study provide a robust framework for assessing cost and investment issues in liberalised electricity markets with carbon pricing.
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Carbon Pricing, Power Markets and the Competitiveness of Nuclear Power: Executive Summary
English, 12 pages, published: 08/03/11
NEA#7030
Volume of the series: Nuclear Development
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2011/carbon-pricing-exec-sum-2011.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: La tarification du carbone, les marchés de l'électricité et la compétitivité du nucléaire – Synthèse
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Covariance Data in the Fast Neutron Region
International Evaluation Co-operation, Volume 24
English, published: 10/07/11
NEA#7040
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wpec/volume24/volume24.pdf
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Evolution of ICRP Recommendations – 1977, 1990 and 2007
Changes in Underlying Science and Protection Policy and Case Study of their Impact on European and UK Domestic Regulation
English, 115 pages, published: 02/28/11
NEA#6920, ISBN: 978-92-64-99153-8
Volume of the series: Radiation Protection
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2011/6920-icrp-recommendations.pdf
Radiological protection philosophy, regulation and application have evolved significantly over the last 30 years, adapting to the ever-changing landscapes of scientific understanding and societal values. This report provides a methodical assessment of these changes. Starting with radiological protection in the 1970s, it describes the philosophical differences between International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) Publication 26, issued in 1977, and ICRP Publication 60, issued in 1990, as well as the regulatory evolution that was necessary to effectively implement the changes. It then examines the philosophical and regulatory changes between ICRP Publication 60 and ICRP Publication 103 of 2007. Although the regulatory changes needed to implement Publication 103 are, in practice, yet to come, the report provides a seasoned view of what these changes will most likely be, and what efforts will be necessary to successfully implement them.
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Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection (Japanese version) 放射線防護体系の発展
ICRP 2007年勧告の取り入れに関する討論
, published: 03/31/11
NEA#6911, ISBN: 978-92-64-99158-3
Volume of the series: Radiation Protection
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2010/6911-evolution-system-radiological-jp.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection
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Executive Summary of the Security of Energy Supply and the Contribution of Nuclear Energy
English, published: 02/08/11
NEA#7019
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2010/security-energy-exec-summary.pdf
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Experimental Facilities for Sodium Fast Reactor Safety Studies
Task Group on Advanced Reactor Experimental Facilities (TAREF)
English, 144 pages, published: 04/15/11
NEA#6908, ISBN: 978-92-64-99155-2
Volume of the series: Nuclear Safety
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2010/csni-r2010-12.pdf
This report provides an overview of experimental facilities that can be used to carry out nuclear safety research for sodium fast reactors and identifies priorities for organising international co-operative programmes at selected facilities. The information has been collected and analysed by a Task Group on Advanced Reactor Experimental Facilities (TAREF) as part of an ongoing initiative of the NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) which aims to define and to implement a strategy for the efficient utilisation of facilities and resources for Generation IV reactor systems.
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Improving Nuclear Regulation
NEA Regulatory Guidance Booklets, Volumes 1-14
English, 270 pages, published: 05/30/11
NEA#6905, ISBN: 978-92-64-99162-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2011/cnra-r2011-10.pdf
A common theme throughout the series of NEA regulatory guidance reports, or “green booklets”, is the premise that the fundamental objective of all nuclear safety regulatory bodies is to ensure that nuclear facilities are continuously maintained and operated in an acceptably safe manner. In meeting this objective the regulator must bear in mind that it is the operator that has responsibility for safely operating the nuclear facility; the role of the regulator is to assess and to provide assurance regarding the operator’s activities in terms of assuming that responsibility.
The full series of these reports was brought together in one edition for the first time in 2009 and was widely found to be a useful resource. This second edition comprises 14 volumes, including the latest on The Nuclear Regulator's Role in Assessing Licensee Oversight of Vendor and Other Contracted Services. The reports address various challenges that could apply throughout the lifetime of a nuclear facility, including design, siting, manufacturing, construction, commissioning, operation, maintenance and decommissioning. The compilation is intended to serve as a knowledge management tool both for current regulators and the new nuclear professionals and organisations entering the regulatory field.
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La sécurité d'approvisionnement énergétique et le rôle du nucléaire
Français, 188 pages, published: 06/17/11
NEA#6359, ISBN: 978-92-64-09637-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2010/6359-securite-approvision.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: The Security of Energy Supply and the Contribution of Nuclear Energy
Quelle peut être la contribution du nucléaire à l’amélioration de la sécurité d’approvisionnement énergétique ? Cette étude, qui porte sur une sélection de pays membres de l’OCDE, confirme par une analyse qualitative et quantitative l’hypothèse souvent intuitive selon laquelle le nucléaire, en tant que source d’électricité en grande partie nationale à coûts stables et sans émissions de gaz à effet de serre lors de la production, aurait un effet positif à cet égard. Après une analyse du sens et du contexte de la sécurité d’approvisionnement, l’étude démontre, à l’aide d’indicateurs transparents et pertinents en termes de politique énergétique, que le nucléaire a largement contribué, en parallèle avec les économies d’énergie, à améliorer la sécurité d’approvisionnement énergétique dans les pays de l’OCDE au cours des 40 dernières années.
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La sécurité d'approvisionnement énergétique et le rôle du nucléaire (Résumé)
Français, 12 pages, published: 07/01/11
NEA#7026
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/security-energy-exec-summary-f.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: The Security of Energy Supply and the Contribution of Nuclear Energy: Executive Summary
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La tarification du carbone, les marchés de l'électricité et la compétitivité du nucléaire – Synthèse
Français, 12 pages, published: 11/10/11
NEA#7047
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2011/carbon-pricing-exec-sum-2011-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Carbon Pricing, Power Markets and the Competitiveness of Nuclear Power: Executive Summary
Cette étude examine la compétitivité de l’énergie nucléaire par rapport au charbon et au gaz pour la production d’électricité dans un contexte de marchés libéralisés de l’électricité où il existe des échanges de quotas d'émissions ou une taxe carbone. Elle s’appuie sur les données journalières des prix de l’électricité, du gaz, du charbon et du carbone entre 2005 et 2010, période qui correspond aux premières années d’existence du Système communautaire d’échange de quotas d’émission (SCEQE), le plus grand cadre d’échange de quotas d’émissions de carbone au monde. L’étude montre que, même en cas de prix modéré du carbone, la concurrence pour de nouveaux investissements sur les marchés de l’électricité se joue entre l’énergie nucléaire et le gaz, la production d’électricité par les centrales thermiques au charbon étant difficilement rentable. Outre la tarification du carbone, la compétitivité de l’énergie nucléaire par rapport au gaz repose sur les coûts en capital liés à la construction d’une nouvelle centrale, sur le prix du gaz et sur les marges de profit. Une forte concurrence sur les marchés de l’électricité renforce l’avantage de l’énergie nucléaire, tout comme le prix du carbone, notamment lorsque ce dernier se situe entre 40 et 70 USD par tonne de CO2. Les données et analyses présentées dans cette étude forment une base solide pour évaluer les questions liées aux coûts et aux investissements sur les marchés libéralisés de l’électricité ayant une tarification du carbone.
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Le rôle de l'autorité de sûreté nucléaire dans l'évaluation de la surveillance par l'exploitant des services sous-traités
Français, 40 pages, published: 12/19/11
NEA#6827, ISBN: 978-92-64-99167-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2011/cnra-r2011-4-f.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: The Nuclear Regulator's Role in Assessing Licensee Oversight of Vendor and Other Contracted Services
Les services sous-traités font partie intégrante de la conception, de la construction et de l’exploitation d’une installation nucléaire. Les évolutions du secteur de l’industrie nucléaire, notamment une disponibilité de l’expertise nucléaire en mutation, un marché international de l’approvisionnement en expansion et l’introduction de nouvelles technologies, incitent les exploitants à recourir de plus en plus à ces services. Tous ces changements ont placé les exploitants et les autorités de sûreté face à des défis en termes de maintien de l’expertise nucléaire, de gestion efficace des interfaces entre les exploitants et les entreprises extérieures, et de surveillance de la qualité de fabrication de ces dernières dans le contexte d’une plus grande diversité multinationale. L’autorité de sûreté doit relever ces défis pour garantir que les exploitants continuent à assumer leur responsabilité en matière de sûreté des installations, quel que soit le fournisseur des biens et services ou le lieu où se déroulent les activités impliquées dans la chaîne d’approvisionnement. Ce rapport vise à aider les autorités de sûreté à évaluer leurs pratiques actuelles en matière de contrôle réglementaire du recours des exploitants à des entreprises extérieures, et à les adapter le cas échéant en fonction de l’évolution de la situation.
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Les déchets radioactifs - Mise en perspective
Français, 220 pages, published: 04/22/11
NEA#6351, ISBN: 978-92-64-09263-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2010/6351-dechets-perspective.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Radioactive Waste in Perspective
Chaque année on produit de grandes quantités de déchets dangereux, mais seule une faible proportion est constituée de déchets radioactifs. Si, globalement, on a trouvé des solutions satisfaisantes pour la gestion des déchets dangereux, certaines catégories posent des problèmes analogues au stockage des déchets radioactifs et exigent aussi un stockage de longue durée. Avec cette étude, l'AEN entend mettre en perspective la gestion des déchets radioactifs, d'abord par une comparaison des caractéristiques entre déchets radioactifs et dangereux et les politiques et stratégies de gestion qui leur sont appliquées, puis à travers l'analyse du cas particulier des déchets provenant du captage et du stockage du carbone issu de combustibles fossiles. Il s'agit ainsi de fournir aux décideurs une vue d'ensemble des similitudes et différences entre les déchets radioactifs et dangereux et leurs stratégies de gestion.
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NEA News, Vol. 29 No. 1
English, 40 pages, published: 07/05/11
NEA#7007, ISSN: 1605-9581
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2011/29-1/29-1-int-e.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: AEN Infos, vol. 29 n° 1
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NEA News, Vol. 29 No. 2
English, 32 pages, published: 12/14/11
NEA#7009, ISSN: 1605-9581
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2011/29-2/nea-news-29-2-e.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: AEN Infos, vol. 29 n° 2
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Nuclear Energy Data 2011/Données sur l'énergie nucléaire 2011
Bilingual, 140 pages, published: 10/05/11
NEA#6978, ISBN: 978-92-64-12187-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2011/6978-BB-2011.pdf
Nuclear Energy Data, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency’s annual compilation of statistics and country reports on nuclear energy, contains official information provided by OECD member country governments on plans for new nuclear plant construction, nuclear fuel cycle developments as well as current and projected nuclear generating capacity to 2035. For the first time, it includes data for Chile, Estonia, Israel and Slovenia, which recently became OECD members. Key elements of this edition show a 2% increase in nuclear and total electricity production and a 0.5% increase in nuclear generating capacity. They also show excess conversion and enrichment capacities in OECD Europe, and insufficient capacity to meet requirements in the North American and Pacific regions. Further details are provided in the publication’s numerous tables, graphs and reports.
This publication contains “Statlinks”. For each StatLink the reader will find a url which leads to the corresponding spreadsheet. These links work in the same way as an Internet link.

Les Données sur l'énergie nucléaire, la compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux de l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire, présentent des informations communiquées par les gouvernements des pays membres de l'OCDE sur les projets de construction de centrales nucléaires, les évolutions du cycle du combustible ainsi que la puissance nucléaire installée actuelle et projetée jusqu'en 2035. Cette édition comprend pour la première fois des données sur le Chili, l'Estonie, Israël et la Slovénie qui sont récemment devenus membres de l'OCDE. Des données clés de cette édition montrent une progression de 2 % de la production d'électricité totale et nucléaire et de 0,5 % de la puissance nucléaire installée. Les capacités de conversion et d'enrichissement de l'uranium sont excédentaires dans les pays européens de l'OCDE et insuffisantes dans les pays d'Amérique du Nord et la région Pacifique. Le lecteur trouvera de plus amples détails dans les nombreux tableaux, graphiques et rapports que contient cet ouvrage.
Cette publication inclut des « Statlinks ». Pour chaque StatLink, une adresse internet pointe vers la feuille de calcul correspondante. Cela fonctionne de la même manière qu’un lien internet.
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Nuclear Energy in Perspective: The Path to a Reliable Supply of Medical Radioisotopes
English, 12 pages, published: 06/17/11
NEA#7022
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/news/in-perspective/2011-reliable-supply-medical-radioisotopes.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Perspectives de l'énergie nucléaire : Vers un approvisionnement fiable en radioisotopes à usage médical
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 87 (June 2011)
Volume 2011/1
English, 110 pages, published: 08/01/11
NEA#6999, ISSN: 0304-341X
Volume of the series: Legal Affairs
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb87.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 87 (Juin 2011)
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides subscribers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international organisations. Feature articles in this issue address the 25th anniversary of the Chernobyl accident, Japanese legislation in light of the Fukushima Daiichi accident and the long-term operation of nuclear power plants.
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Perspectives de l'énergie nucléaire : Vers un approvisionnement fiable en radioisotopes à usage médical
Français, 12 pages, published: 06/21/11
NEA#7024
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/news/in-perspective/2011-radioisotopes-f.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Energy in Perspective: The Path to a Reliable Supply of Medical Radioisotopes
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Potential Benefits and Impacts of Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles with Actinide Partitioning and Transmutation
English, 74 pages, published: 09/29/11
NEA#6894, ISBN: 978-92-64-99165-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/reports/2011/6894-benefits-impacts-advanced-fuel.pdf
This report provides a comparative analysis of different studies performed to assess the potential impact of partitioning and transmutation (P&T) on different types of geological repositories for radioactive waste in various licensing and regulatory environments. Criteria, metrics and impact measures have been analysed and compared with the goal of providing an objective comparison of the state of the art to help shape decisions on options for future advanced fuel cycles.
P&T allows a reduction of the inventory of the emplaced materials which can have a significant impact on the repository. Such a reduction can also make the uncertainty about repository performance less important both during normal evolution and in the case of disruptive scenarios. While P&T will never replace the need for waste repositories, it has the potential to significantly improve public perception regarding the ability to effectively manage radioactive waste by largely reducing the transuranic (TRU) waste masses to be stored and, consequently, to improve public acceptance of the geological repositories. Both issues are important for the future sustainability of nuclear power.
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Practices and Experience in Stakeholder Involvement for Post-nuclear Emergency Management
English, 25 pages, published: 10/04/11
NEA#6994, ISBN: 978-92-64-99166-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2011/6994-practices-stakeholder-involvement-post-emergency.pdf

Other language(s):
- Japanese: 原子力緊急事態の事後管理における ステークホルダー関与の実践と経験
One of the most important aspects of post-accident consequence management is the involvement of stakeholders: in the planning, preparation and execution as well as in sustaining efforts over the long term. Having recognised the significance of stakeholder participation in several International Nuclear Emergency Exercises (INEX), the NEA Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) decided to organise the Practices and Experience in Stakeholder Involvement for Post-nuclear Emergency Management Workshop to explore these issues. This summary highlights the key issues discussed during the workshop, which brought together 75 emergency management and communication specialists from 16 countries. In light of the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, the experience shared during this workshop will be central to further improving national emergency management arrangements.
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Quality Improvement of the EXFOR Database
International Evaluation Co-operation, Volume 30
English, published: 10/07/11
NEA#7041
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wpec/volume30/volume30.pdf
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Rapport annuel 2010
Français, 52 pages, published: 04/27/11
NEA#7006, ISBN: 978-92-64-99160-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2010/AR2010-F.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Annual Report 2010
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Science and Values in Radiological Protection
Summary of the CRPPH Workshops held in Helsinki (2008) and Vaux-de-Cernay (2009)
English, 84 pages, published: 02/17/11
NEA#6364, ISBN: 978-92-64-99156-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2011/6364-sciences-values-in-rp.pdf
Decisions regarding radiological protection are informed by science, including its uncertainties, influenced by stakeholder concerns, driven by prevailing circumstances, and broadly based on values and judgments. However, the processes by which protection decisions are taken do not always sufficiently articulate the scientific and value-judgment elements on which decisions are based. To assist decision makers at all levels to further clarify the various aspects of their decisions, and to assist scientists and regulators in better understanding each other’s contributions to radiological protection decisions, the NEA Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) has held two workshops addressing science and values in radiological protection. This report summarises the discussions and conclusions of the first two workshops in this innovative series, and suggests the way forward in preparing the discussions at the third science and values workshop.
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Technology and Components of Accelerator-driven Systems
Workshop Proceedings, Karlsruhe, Germany, 15-17 March 2010
English, 442 pages, published: 06/28/11
NEA#6897, ISBN: 978-92-64-11727-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2011/6897-technology-components.pdf
The accelerator-driven system (ADS) is a potential transmutation system option as part of partitioning and transmutation strategies for radioactive waste in advanced nuclear fuel cycles. These proceedings contain all the technical papers presented at the workshop on Technology and Components of Accelerator-driven Systems held on 15-17 March 2010 in Karlsruhe, Germany. The workshop provided experts with a forum to present and discuss state-of-the-art developments in the field of ADS and neutron sources. It included a special session on the EUROTRANS as well as four technical sessions covering current ADS experiments and test facilities, accelerators, neutron sources and subcritical systems.
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The Nuclear Regulator's Role in Assessing Licensee Oversight of Vendor and Other Contracted Services
English, 38 pages, published: 03/31/11
NEA#6910, ISBN: 978-92-64-99157-6
Volume of the series: Nuclear Safety
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2011/cnra-r2011-4.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Le rôle de l'autorité de sûreté nucléaire dans l'évaluation de la surveillance par l'exploitant des services sous-traités
Contracted services are an integral part of the design, construction and operation of a nuclear facility. Changes in the nuclear industry sector, including varied availability of nuclear expertise, the expansion of the international supply market and the introduction of new technologies, have tended to increase licensees’ use of contracted services. These changes have created challenges for licensees and regulators related to the retention of nuclear expertise, the effective management of the interfaces between the licensees and contractors, and the oversight of contractor manufacturing quality in the context of greater multinational diversity. The regulatory body must address these challenges to provide assurance that the licensees maintain their responsibility for the safety of the facilities, regardless of who provides goods and services or where the activities involved in the supply chain take place. This report is intended to assist regulatory bodies in assessing their current practices for the regulatory oversight of licensees’ use of contractors, and adapting them where necessary to meet the evolving situation.
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The Security of Energy Supply and the Contribution of Nuclear Energy: Executive Summary
English, 12 pages, published: 08/03/11
NEA#7029
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/security-energy-exec-summary.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: La sécurité d'approvisionnement énergétique et le rôle du nucléaire (Résumé)
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The Supply of Medical Radioisotopes
The Path to Reliability
English, 170 pages, published: 06/23/11
NEA#6985, ISBN: 978-92-64-99164-4
Volume of the series: Nuclear Development
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/med-radio/reports/med-radio-reliability.pdf
The reliable supply of molybdenum-99 (99Mo) and its decay product, technetium-99m (99mTc), is a vital component of modern medical diagnostic practices. Disruptions in the supply chain of these radioisotopes can delay or prevent important medical testing services. Unfortunately, supply reliability has declined over the past decade, due to unexpected or extended shutdowns at the few ageing, 99Mo-producing, research reactors and processing facilities. These shutdowns have recently created global supply shortages.

This report provides the findings and analysis of two years of extensive examination of the 99Mo/99mTc supply chain by the OECD/NEA High-level Group on the Security of Supply of Medical Radioisotopes (HLG-MR). It puts forth a comprehensive policy approach that would help ensure long-term supply security of 99Mo/99mTc, detailing the essential steps to be taken by governments, industry and the health community to address the vulnerabilities of the supply chain, including its economic structure.
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Trends towards Sustainability in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle
English, 184 pages, published: 12/21/11
NEA#6980, ISBN: 978-92-64-16810-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2011/6980-trends-fuel-cycle.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Vers un cycle du combustible nucléaire durable : Évolution et tendances
Interest in expanding nuclear power to cope with rising demand for energy and potential climate change places increased attention on the nuclear fuel cycle and whether significant moves are being taken towards ensuring sustainability over the long term. Future nuclear power programme decisions will be increasingly based on strategic considerations involving the complete nuclear fuel cycle, as illustrated by the international joint projects for Generation IV reactors. Currently, 90% of installed reactors worldwide operate on a once-through nuclear fuel cycle using uranium-oxide fuel. While closing the fuel cycle has been a general aim for several decades, progress towards that goal has been slow. This report reviews developments in the fuel cycle over the past ten years, potential developments over the next decade and the outlook for the longer term. It analyses technological developments and government actions (both nationally and internationally) related to the fuel cycle, and examines these within a set of sustainability parameters in order to identify trends and to make recommendations for further actions.
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Uranium 2009 : Ressources, production et demande
Français, 482 pages, published: 02/21/11
NEA#6892, ISBN: 978-92-64-08889-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2010/6892-uranium-2009-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- Japanese: ウラニウム2009: 資源、生産、需給
- English: Uranium 2009: Resources, Production and Demand
Avec la construction de centrales nucléaires dans plusieurs pays et des projets de construction additionnels pour répondre à la demande croissante d’électricité, les ressources en uranium, sa production et la demande y afférentes suscitent toujours un intérêt notable. Au vu de l’augmentation projetée de la demande d’uranium et de la diminution des stocks, l’industrie de l’uranium, premier maillon critique dans la chaîne d'approvisionnement en combustible pour les réacteurs nucléaires, accroît sa production, et des projets de capacités supplémentaires sont prévus dans un futur proche. Cependant, des conditions de marché fortes seront nécessaires pour déclencher les investissements requis pour satisfaire la demande projetée.

Le « Livre rouge », préparé conjointement par l’Agence de l’OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire et l’Agence internationale de l’énergie atomique, est un ouvrage de référence de notoriété mondiale. Il se fonde sur des données officielles communiquées par 40 pays, dont les principaux producteurs et consommateurs d’uranium. Cette 23e édition présente les résultats d’un examen approfondi de l’offre et de la demande mondiale d’uranium au 1er janvier 2009, ainsi que des données sur l’exploration mondiale de l’uranium, les ressources, la production et les besoins des réacteurs. Elle est enrichie de nombreuses informations nouvelles en provenance de tous les grands centres de production au niveau mondial, ainsi que des pays développant de tels centres pour la première fois. Des projections de la capacité de production nucléaire et des besoins en uranium des centrales jusqu’en 2035 sont également présentées ainsi qu'une analyse des questions relatives à l'offre et à la demande d'uranium à long terme.
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Uranium-235 Capture Cross-section in the keV to MeV Energy Region
International Evaluation Co-operation, Volume 29
English, published: 10/07/11
NEA#7043
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wpec/volume29/volume29.pdf
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ウラニウム2009: 資源、生産、需給
Japanese translation of "Uranium 2009: Resources, Production and Demand"
Japanese, 482 pages, published: 08/18/11
NEA#7033
Volume of the series: Nuclear Development
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2011/uranium-2009-japanese.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Uranium 2009: Resources, Production and Demand
- Français: Uranium 2009 : Ressources, production et demande
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技术路线图: 核能
Chinese translation of Nuclear Energy Technology Roadmap
Chinese, 48 pages, published: 11/22/11
NEA#7049
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2011/nea7049-nuclear-roadmap-chinese.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Energy Technology Roadmap

2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1994 | 1993 | 1992 | 1991 | 1990 | 1989 | 1988 | 1987 | 1982 | 1979 | page top

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AEN Infos 28.1 (Juin 2010)
Français, 36 pages, published: 07/23/10
NEA#6928
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/newsletter/2010/28-1/AEN-infos-28-1.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: NEA News 28.1 (June 2010)
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AEN Infos 28.2 (Décembre 2010)
Français, 44 pages, published: 01/02/11
NEA#6930
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2010/28-2/AEN-infos-28-2-f.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: NEA News 28.2 (December 2010)
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Actinide and Fission Product Partitioning and Transmutation + CD-ROM
Tenth Information Exchange Meeting, Mito, Japan, 6-10 October 2008
English, 454 pages, published: 02/08/10
NEA#6420, ISBN: 978-92-64-99097-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/reports/2010/nea6420-actinide10th.html
For the successful deployment of the advanced fuel cycle, it is important to apply partitioning and transmutation (P&T) technologies to radioactive waste management. In order to provide experts with a forum to present and to discuss the latest developments in partitioning and transmutation, the NEA has organised, since 1990, a series of biennial information exchange meetings on actinide and fission product P&T.

These proceedings contain all the technical papers and posters presented at the 10th Information Exchange Meeting, which was held on 6-10 October 2008 in Mito, Japan. The meeting addressed the following technical issues: the impact of P&T on waste management and geological disposal; transmutation fuels and targets; partitioning, waste forms and management; materials, spallation targets and coolants; transmutation physics experiments and nuclear data; and transmutation systems design, performance and safety.
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Annual Report 2009
English, 52 pages, published: 04/27/10
NEA#6931, ISBN: 978-92-64-99126-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2009/

Other language(s):
- Français: Rapport annuel 2009
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Applying Decommissioning Experience to the Design and Operation of New Nuclear Power Plants
English, 56 pages, published: 04/21/10
NEA#6924, ISBN: 978-92-64-99118-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6924-applying-decommissioning.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Intégration du retour d'expérience du démantèlement à la conception et l'exploitation des futures centrales nucléaires
Experience from decommissioning projects suggests that the decommissioning of nuclear power plants could be made easier if it received greater consideration at the design stage and during the operation of the plants. Better forward planning for decommissioning results in lower worker doses and reduced costs. When appropriate design measures are not taken at an early stage, their introduction later in the project becomes increasingly difficult. Hence, their early consideration may lead to smoother and more effective decommissioning.

It is now common practice to provide a preliminary decommissioning plan as part of the application for a licence to operate a nuclear facility. This means, in turn, that decommissioning issues are being considered during the design process. Although many design provisions aiming at improved operation and maintenance will be beneficial for decommissioning as well, designers also need to consider issues that are specific to decommissioning, such as developing sequential dismantling sequences and providing adequate egress routes. These issues and more are discussed in this report.
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Au-delà des seules réalités concrètes : la dimension symbolique de la gestion des déchets radioactifs
Français, 40 pages, published: 04/15/10
NEA#6870, ISBN: 978-92-64-99106-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6870-symbolique.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: More than Just Concrete Realities: The Symbolic Dimension of Radioactive Waste Management
Les concepts clés de la gestion des déchets radioactifs, tels la sûreté, le risque, la réversibilité et la récupérabilité, ont des connotations différentes pour la communauté scientifique et pour les parties prenantes de formation non technique. De manière similaire, des concepts socio-économiques, dont la communauté, le paysage et les avantages sociaux, sont interprétés différemment suivant les groupes sociaux. Les opinions et les comportements ne sont pas simplement une image fidèle de la prise de décision, des événements réels et des messages communiqués ; la perception et l’interprétation des événements et des objets jouent aussi un rôle. Ce rapport présente les questions clés et des exemples permettant de développer la prise de conscience de l’importance des symboles et du symbolisme dans la communication sur les perceptions et les interprétations. Il accentue le constat que la communication entre les parties prenantes est modelée par des dimensions qui vont au-delà du sens commun et sont fondées sur les traditions et les conventions sociales. Une meilleure compréhension de ces réalités moins évidentes ou flagrantes devrait aider à trouver des moyens additionnels pour créer des relations constructives entre les parties prenantes.
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Boiling Water Reactor Turbine Trip (TT) Benchmark - Vol. IV
Volume IV: Summary Results of Exercise 3
English, 276 pages, published: 10/08/10
NEA#6050, ISBN: 978-92-64-99137-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/reports/2010/nea6050-tt-benchmark-vol4.pdf
In the field of coupled neutronics/thermal-hydraulics computation there is a need to enhance scientific knowledge in order to develop advanced modelling techniques for new nuclear technologies and concepts, as well as for current applications.

Recently developed “best-estimate” computer code systems for modelling 3-D coupled neutronics/thermal-hydraulics transients in nuclear cores and for coupling of the core phenomena and system dynamics (PWR, BWR, VVER) need to be compared against each other and validated against results from experiments. International benchmark studies have been set up for that purpose.

The present volume is the last in a series of four and summarises the results of the third benchmark exercise, which analyses a turbine trip (TT) in a BWR in its entirety, involving pressurisation events in which the coupling between core phenomena and system dynamics plays an important role. Exercise 3 also analyses four extreme scenarios which allowed participants to test the capabilities of their code(s) in terms of coupling and feedback modelling. The data made available from experiments carried out at the plant make the present benchmark particularly valuable. The data used are from events at the Peach Bottom 2 reactor (a GE-designed BWR/4).
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Brochure for the International School of Nuclear Law - 10th Anniversary
English, 52 pages, published: 07/02/10
NEA#6961
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/isnl/10th/brochure-isnl-10.pdf
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Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 85 (Juin 2010)
Volume 2010/1
Français, 172 pages, published: 07/21/10
NEA#6900, ISSN: 0304-3428
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlbfr/nlb85-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 85 (June 2010)
Le Bulletin de droit nucléaire est une publication internationale unique en son genre destinée aux juristes et aux universitaires en droit nucléaire. Ses abonnés bénéficient d’informations exhaustives qui font autorité sur les développements qui touchent ce droit. Publié deux fois par an en anglais et en français, il propose des articles thématiques rédigés par des experts juridiques renommés, rend compte du développement des législations à travers le monde et présente la jurisprudence et les accords bilatéraux et multilatéraux pertinents ainsi que les activités réglementaires des organisations internationales.

Les principaux articles de ce numéro portent sur l’indépendance des autorités de sûreté nucléaire, la directive européenne sur la sûreté nucléaire, la renaissance nucléaire en Italie et l’affaire de Temelín auprès de la Cour européenne de justice.
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Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 86 (Décembre 2010)
Volume 2010/2
Français, 124 pages, published: 01/21/11
NEA#6902, ISSN: 0304-3428
Volume of the series: Affaires juridiques
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlbfr/nlb86-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 86 (December 2010)
Le Bulletin de droit nucléaire est une publication internationale unique en son genre destinée aux juristes et aux universitaires en droit nucléaire. Ses abonnés bénéficient d’informations exhaustives qui font autorité sur les développements qui touchent ce droit. Publié deux fois par an en anglais et en français, il propose des articles thématiques rédigés par des experts juridiques renommés, rend compte du développement des législations à travers le monde et présente la jurisprudence et les accords bilatéraux et multilatéraux pertinents ainsi que les activités réglementaires des organisations internationales.

Les principaux articles de ce numéro portent sur le Traité sur la non-prolifération des armes nucléaires, le droit de la concurrence et le secteur nucléaire, et la responsabilité civile en cas de dommages nucléaires (juridiction et exécution ainsi qu'indemnisation pour les dommages environnementaux).
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Comparing Nuclear Accident Risks with Those from Other Energy Sources
English, 52 pages, published: 08/31/10
NEA#6861, ISBN: 978-92-64-99122-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2010/nea6861-comparing-risks.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Evaluation de risques d'accidents nucléaires comparés à ceux d'autres filières énergétiques
Nuclear accident risks are raised frequently in discussions of the acceptability of nuclear power generation, often framed in the context of the Three Mile Island and Chernobyl accidents. In reality, the safety record of nuclear power plants, by comparison with other electricity generation sources, is very good. This report describes how safety has been enhanced in nuclear power plants over the years, as the designs have progressed from Generation I to Generation III, and why it is important that safety remain the highest priority. This is illustrated by considering core damage frequencies and large radioactive release frequencies for each generation of nuclear power plants. It also compares severe accident data (those resulting in five or more fatalities) between different energy sources, both for immediate fatalities and for delayed (latent) fatalities, recognising that the latter data are often more difficult to estimate. Finally, it uses results of opinion surveys to analyse public confidence in nuclear operations and how this is correlated with trust in legislation and regulatory systems. It has been written for a general audience.
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Cost Estimation for Decommissioning
An International Overview of Cost Elements, Estimation Practices and Reporting Requirements
English, 80 pages, published: 05/17/10
NEA#6831, ISBN: 978-92-64-99133-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6831-cost-estimation-decommissioning.pdf
This report is based on a study carried out by the NEA Decommissioning Cost Estimation Group (DCEG) on decommissioning cost elements, estimation practices and reporting requirements. Its findings indicate that cost methodologies need to be updated continuously using cost data from actual decommissioning projects and hence, systematic approaches need to be implemented to collect these data. The study also concludes that changes in project scope may have the greatest impact on project costs. Such changes must therefore be identified immediately and incorporated into the estimate. Finally, the report notes that more needs to be done to facilitate the comparison of estimates, for example by providing a reporting template for national estimates.
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Coûts prévisionnels de production de l'électricité
Edition 2010
Français, 232 pages, published: 06/25/10
NEA#6820, ISBN: 978-92-64-08432-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2010/6820-couts-previsionnels.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Projected Costs of Generating Electricity
Ce rapport conjoint de l’Agence internationale de l’énergie (AIE) et de l’Agence de l'OCDE pour l’énergie nucléaire (AEN) est la septième d’une série d’études consacrées aux coûts de production d’électricité. Elle présente les données les plus récentes disponibles sur un large éventail d'énergies et de technologies, notamment le charbon et le gaz (avec et sans capture du carbone), le nucléaire, l’hydro-électrique, l’éolien (à terre et en mer), la biomasse, le solaire, l’énergie des vagues et l’énergie marémotrice, ainsi que la production combinée de chaleur et d’électricité. Elle indique les coûts moyens actualisés de l’électricité (LCOE, levelised costs of electricity) par MWe pour près de 200 centrales, sur la base de données couvrant 21 pays (dont quatre pays importants non-membres de l’OCDE), ainsi que plusieurs sociétés industrielles et organisations. Pour la première fois, le rapport contient une analyse de sensibilité approfondie de l’impact sur le LCOE de la variation des principaux paramètres, tels les taux d’actualisation, les prix des énergies et les coûts du carbone. D’autres impacts sur les choix en matière de production d’électricité sont également étudiés.

L’étude montre que la compétitivité des différentes technologies de production d’électricité dépend d’un certain nombre de facteurs qui peuvent varier d’un pays, voire d'une zone géographique à l’autre. Les lecteurs trouveront tous les détails et des analyses complètes, étayées par plus de 130 illustrations et tableaux, dans ce rapport qui devrait constituer un outil précieux pour les décideurs et les chercheurs intéressés par les politiques énergétiques et le changement climatique.
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Coûts prévisionnels de production de l'électricité - Edition 2010 - Synthèse
Français, 12 pages, published: 06/03/10
NEA#6957
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/egc/2010/docs/exec-summary-FR.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Projected Costs of Generating Electricity - 2010 Edition - Executive Summary
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Decommissioning Considerations for New Nuclear Power Plants
English, 16 pages, published: 06/07/10
NEA#6833, ISBN: 978-92-64-99132-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6833-decommissioning-considerations.pdf
Experience from decommissioning projects suggests that the decommissioning of nuclear power plants could be made easier if this aspect received greater consideration at the design stage and during operation of the plants. Better forward planning for decommissioning results in lower worker doses and reduced costs. When appropriate design measures are not taken at an early stage, their introduction later in the project becomes increasingly difficult. Hence, their early consideration may lead to smoother and more effective decommissioning operations. This report provides an overview of key decommissioning issues which are useful to consider when designing new nuclear power plants.
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Démantèlement des installations nucléaires (brochure)
C'est possible et cela a été fait
Français, 8 pages, published: 04/22/10
NEA#6830
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6830-demantelement.pdf

Other language(s):
- Italian: Il Decommissioning degli Impianti Nucleari
- German: Stilllegung kerntechnischer Anlagen (decommissioning brochure)
- Swedish: Avveckling av kärntekniska anläggningar
- English: Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities (brochure)
- Chinese: 核設施除役
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Evaluation de risques d'accidents nucléaires comparés à ceux d'autres filières énergétiques
Français, 56 pages, published: 08/31/10
NEA#6862, ISBN: 978-92-64-99123-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2010/nea6862-evaluation-risques.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Comparing Nuclear Accident Risks with Those from Other Energy Sources
Les risques d'accidents nucléaires sont un sujet qui revient régulièrement dans les débats concernant l'acceptabilité de la production électronucléaire, souvent avec en toile de fond les accidents de Three Mile Island et de Tchernobyl. En fait, les performances en matière de sûreté nucléaire sont très bonnes comparées aux autres modes de production de l'électricité. Ce rapport décrit comment la sûreté des centrales nucléaires a progressé au fil des années, depuis la première génération jusqu'à la troisième, et montre pourquoi il est essentiel que la sûreté reste au premier rang des priorités. Ceci est illustré en analysant la fréquence des fusions du cœur et de rejets importants de radioactivité pour chaque génération de centrale nucléaire. Le rapport compare également les données sur les accidents graves (ayant provoqué la mort de cinq personnes ou plus) suivant les différents modes de production d'énergie, en comptabilisant tant les décès immédiats qu’ultérieurs, sachant que ces derniers sont souvent plus difficiles à évaluer. Enfin, à partir des résultats de sondages d'opinion, ce rapport analyse la confiance que le nucléaire inspire au public et sa corrélation avec le crédit accordé à la législation et au système réglementaire. Cet ouvrage s'adresse principalement à un public généraliste.
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Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection
Implementing the 2007 ICRP Recommendations - Fifth Asian Regional Conference, Chiba, Japan, 3-4 September 2009
English, 28 pages, published: 09/24/10
NEA#6828, ISBN: 978-92-64-99147-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2010/6828-evolution-system-radiological.pdf

Other language(s):
- : Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection (Japanese version) 放射線防護体系の発展
Since 2002, the NEA has been actively facilitating the detailed discussion of the evolving system of radiological protection in an Asian context. Its work in this area has included four previous conferences to discuss various International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) draft general recommendations. The Fifth Asian Regional Conference on the Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection was the first in this series to be focused directly on the implementation of the new ICRP recommendations. This conference report provides very useful, practical insight into the Asian approach to implementing this new radiological protection philosophy.
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Experiments and CFD Code Application to Nuclear Reactor Safety (XCFD4NRS)
Workshop Proceedings, Grenoble, France, 10-12 September 2008
English, published: 03/19/10
NEA#6879
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/csni/cfd/workshops/XCFD4NRS/index.html
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is to an increasing extent being adopted in nuclear reactor safety (NRS) analyses as a tool that enables a better description of specific safety-relevant phenomena occurring in nuclear reactors. The NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) has in recent years conducted important activities in the CFD area, including the organisation of two workshops. The “XCFD4NRS” workshop was the second in the series and was held in Grenoble, France in September 2008. A total of 147 experts from 22 countries took part. These proceedings contain the five keynote lectures, summaries of the activities of three CFD writing groups and the 59 technical papers presented at the workshop.
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Geoscientific Information in the Radioactive Waste Management Safety Case
Main Messages from the AMIGO Project
English, 56 pages, published: 09/24/10
NEA#6395, ISBN: 978-92-64-99138-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6395-AMIGO.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Rôle des informations géoscientifiques dans le dossier de sûreté pour la gestion des déchets radioactifs
Radioactive waste is associated with all phases of the nuclear fuel cycle as well as the use of radioactive materials in medicine, research and industry. For the most hazardous and long-lived waste, the solution being investigated worldwide is disposal in engineered repositories deep underground. The importance of geoscientific information in selecting a site for geological disposal has long been recognised, but there has been growing acknowledgement of the broader role of this information in assessing and documenting the safety of disposal. The OECD/NEA Approaches and Methods for Integrating Geological Information in the Safety Case (AMIGO) project has demonstrated that geological data and understanding serve numerous roles in safety cases. The project, which ran from 2002 to 2008, underscored the importance of integrating geoscientific information in the development of a disposal safety case and increasingly in the overall process of repository development, including, for example, siting decisions and ensuring the practical feasibility of repository layout and engineering.
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Il Decommissioning degli Impianti Nucleari
Si può, ed é stato fatto
Italian, 8 pages, published: 04/03/10
NEA#6955
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6955-Decommissioning-brochure-ITA.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities (brochure)
- Français: Démantèlement des installations nucléaires (brochure)
- German: Stilllegung kerntechnischer Anlagen (decommissioning brochure)
- Swedish: Avveckling av kärntekniska anläggningar
- Chinese: 核設施除役
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International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation - CD-ROM
Complete Collection of Published Reports as of January 2010
English, published: 03/19/10
NEA#6942
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wpec/vols1-26/vols1-26.zip
The NEA International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation programme brings together evaluation projects being carried out in Japan (JENDL), the United States (ENDF), Europe (JEFF) and non-OECD countries (BROND, CENDL and FENDL). The Nuclear Data Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) sponsors the participation of evaluation projects from non-OECD countries.

The Co-operation programme was established to promote the exchange of information on nuclear data evaluations, measurements, nuclear model calculations, validation and related topics, as well as to provide a framework for co-operative activities among the participating projects. The Co-operation programme assesses needs for nuclear data improvements and addresses those needs by initiating joint evaluation and/or measurement efforts. Expert groups are established to solve specific common nuclear data problems. Each expert group produces a final report of its findings.

This CD-ROM contains the full collection of the expert group reports as of January 2010.
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International Nuclear Law: History, Evolution and Outlook
10th Anniversary of the International School of Nuclear Law
English, 424 pages, published: 07/26/10
NEA#6934, ISBN: 978-92-64-99143-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/pubs/2010/6934-10th-anniversary-inl.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Le droit nucléaire international : Histoire, évolution et perspectives
This publication commemorates the International School of Nuclear Law which is celebrating its 10th anniversary in 2010. The purpose of the publication is to provide an overview of the international nuclear law instruments, their background, content and development over the years and to present an outlook on future needs in the field of international nuclear law. Renowned experts in the nuclear law field have contributed scholarly papers on the various aspects of international nuclear law, including international institutions, protection against ionising radiation, nuclear safety, non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and safeguards, nuclear security, transport of nuclear material and fuel, management of spent fuel and radioactive waste, liability, compensation and insurance for nuclear damages, environmental protection and international trade in nuclear material and equipment. This publication is dedicated to the school?s 500+ alumni from all around the world.
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Intégration du retour d'expérience du démantèlement à la conception et l'exploitation des futures centrales nucléaires
Français, 68 pages, published: 04/16/10
NEA#6946, ISBN: 978-92-64-99130-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6946-integration-conception.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Applying Decommissioning Experience to the Design and Operation of New Nuclear Power Plants
L’expérience des projets de démantèlement de centrales nucléaires laisse entendre que l'on pourrait simplifier ces opérations si l'on y accordait davantage d'attention au moment de la conception ou pendant l'exploitation de l'installation. Mieux planifier le démantèlement est en effet synonyme de doses réduites et de moindres coûts. Or les adaptations de la conception qui n'ont pas été effectuées dès l'origine sont difficiles à introduire ultérieurement. C'est pourquoi, leur prise en compte précoce est gage d'un démantèlement plus facile et plus efficace.

Il est dorénavant de pratique courante de produire un plan de démantèlement préliminaire avec la demande d'autorisation d’exploitation d'une centrale nucléaire. Cela signifie que les questions de démantèlement sont prises en compte pendant la conception. Toutefois, si les dispositions de conception adoptées pour l’exploitation et la maintenance améliorent souvent les conditions de démantèlement aussi, les concepteurs doivent également considérer les aspects spécifiques à ces opérations, établir des séquences d'opérations de démantèlement et prévoir des voies d'évacuation adaptées par exemple. Ce rapport approfondit ces questions et bien d'autres encore.
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JANIS 3
A Java-based Nuclear Data Display Program
English, published: 07/02/10
NEA#6907
Free on request
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JEFF Reports CD-ROM
Complete Collection of JEFF Reports 1-22
English, published: 03/19/10
NEA#6941
Free on request
The Joint Evaluated File (JEF) project was started in 1982 as a collaborative project among NEA Data Bank member countries. The main objective is to provide participating countries with a common and unique source of nuclear data for the calculation and prediction of different nuclear applications. The first version of the JEF file was issued in 1985, and was followed in spring 1993 by a second version (JEF-2.2). An improved, third version was developed in collaboration with the European Fusion File (EFF) project and released in 2005 as the Joint Evaluated Fission and Fusion file (JEFF-3.1). Further updates of the radioactive decay data and neutron data sub-libraries were successively released in 2007 and 2009 as JEFF-3.1.1.

This CD-ROM contains the complete collection of JEF(F) Reports as of January 2010. Among the various JEF(F) publications, reports and documents, only the JEF(F) reports should be used as an official reference.
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L'opinion publique et l'énergie nucléaire
Français, 60 pages, published: 03/22/10
NEA#6860, ISBN: 978-92-64-99112-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2010/nea6860-opinion-publique.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Public Attitudes to Nuclear Power
Les réactions du public face à l’énergie nucléaire sont fondamentales pour la détermination des politiques nucléaires dans les pays de l’OCDE/AEN, et ces derniers ne pourront faire appel à cette source d’énergie que si un public éclairé estime que ses avantages l’emportent sur ses risques. Ce rapport offre un certain nombre d’enseignements concernant les réactions du public face à l’énergie nucléaire. Il existe d’ordinaire une corrélation entre l’adhésion au nucléaire et le niveau d’expérience et de connaissance de l’électronucléaire. Il est intéressant de noter que le public est généralement conscient de la contribution de l’électronucléaire à la sécurité des approvisionnements énergétiques, mais il se rend moins compte de sa contribution potentielle à la lutte contre le changement climatique. Une solution au problème du stockage définitif des déchets aurait aussi pour effet de renforcer notablement le niveau de soutien. Par ailleurs, les gouvernements des pays de l’OCDE/AEN voudront peut-être réfléchir soigneusement à l’attitude à adopter face à ces résultats car, d’après les sondages, ils représentent la source d’informations sur les questions énergétiques la moins fiable, loin derrière les autorités de sûreté, les organisations non gouvernementales et les scientifiques.
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L'organisation du travail pour optimiser la radioprotection professionnelle dans les centrales nucléaires
Français, 132 pages, published: 06/09/10
NEA#6400, ISBN: 978-92-64-99134-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2010/6400-organisation-travail.pdf

Other language(s):
- Japanese: Japanese version - Work Management to Optimise Occupational Radiological Protection at Nuclear Power Plants 
- English: Work Management to Optimise Occupational Radiological Protection at Nuclear Power Plants
Depuis 1992, le Système d’information sur les expositions professionnelles [Information System on Occupational Exposure (ISOE)] a mis en place un forum pour les professionnels de la radioprotection des installations électronucléaires et les autorités de réglementation nationales du monde entier pour discuter, promouvoir et coordonner des opérations coopératives internationales en faveur de la radioprotection des travailleurs dans les centrales nucléaires. L’objectif d’ISOE est d’améliorer la gestion des expositions professionnelles dans les centrales nucléaires à travers l’échange de données, d’informations et d’expériences pertinentes sur les méthodes permettant d’optimiser la radioprotection professionnelle.

Ce rapport sur l’organisation du travail constitue un guide pratique sur l’application des principes d’organisation du travail dans le cadre de l’optimisation de la radioprotection professionnelle. Il reconnaît que, bien que l’organisation du travail ne soit pas un concept nouveau, des efforts continus sont nécessaires pour maintenir un bon niveau de résultats, de performances et de tendances face aux défis actuels et futurs. Le but de ce rapport est donc de présenter les aspects essentiels de l’organisation du travail qui doivent être pris en compte par les personnels d’encadrement et d’exécution pour réduire les doses d’exposition ainsi que le temps et les coûts. Il s’appuie sur des exemples pratiques issus de la communauté ISOE.

ISOE est coparrainé par l’Agence de l’OCDE pour l’énergie nucléaire (AEN) et l’Agence internationale de l’énergie atomique (AIEA).

Réseau ISOE : www.isoe-network.net
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L'énergie nucléaire et le changement climatique (brochure)
Français, 8 pages, published: 05/12/10
NEA#6963
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/news/in-perspective/addressing-climate-change-FR.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Energy and Addressing Climate Change (brochure)
- Japanese: Nuclear Energy and Addressing Climate Change (brochure) - Japanese version
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Le droit nucléaire international : Histoire, évolution et perspectives
10e anniversaire de l'Ecole internationale de droit nucléaire
Français, 472 pages, published: 07/30/10
NEA#6935, ISBN: 978-92-64-99144-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/pubs/2010/6935-10e-anniversaire-dni.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: International Nuclear Law: History, Evolution and Outlook
Cette publication commémore l’École internationale de droit nucléaire qui célèbre son 10e anniversaire en 2010. L’objectif de la publication est d’offrir une vue d’ensemble des instruments internationaux du droit nucléaire, leur contexte, leur contenu et leur développement au fil des années et de présenter un aperçu des besoins futurs dans le domaine du droit nucléaire international. Des experts de renom du droit nucléaire y ont contribué par des articles érudits sur les différents aspects du droit nucléaire international, dont les institutions internationales, la protection contre les rayonnements ionisants, la sûreté nucléaire, la non-prolifération des armes nucléaires et les garanties, la sécurité nucléaire, le transport de matières nucléaires et de combustible, la gestion du combustible usé et des déchets radioactifs, la responsabilité, l’indemnisation et l’assurance pour les dommages nucléaires, la protection de l’environnement et le commerce international des matières et des équipements nucléaires. Cette publication est dédiée aux Anciens élèves de l’École comprenant plus de 500 participants originaires des quatre coins du monde.
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Le financement des centrales nucléaires
Français, 70 pages, published: 02/12/10
NEA#6361, ISBN: 978-92-64-07923-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2009/financing-plants-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: The Financing of Nuclear Power Plants
De nombreux pays en sont venus à reconnaître qu'un plus grand recours à l'énergie nucléaire pourrait contribuer utilement à réduire les émissions de dioxyde de carbone. Cependant, compte tenu des coûts élevés d’investissement et de la complexité des centrales nucléaires, le financement de leur construction reste souvent un défi de taille. Cela est particulièrement vrai lorsque ces financements sont laissés au secteur privé dans un contexte de concurrence des marchés de l’électricité.

Cette étude examine les risques financiers qu'implique l'investissement dans une nouvelle centrale nucléaire, les moyens de les atténuer et les façons de structurer les projets de telle sorte que les risques résiduels soient pris par ceux qui sont les plus à même de les gérer. Compte tenu du fait que l'expansion des programmes nucléaires exigera des aides substantielles et durables des pouvoirs publics, l'étude met en avant le rôle que peuvent jouer les États pour faciliter et encourager les investissements dans de nouvelles capacités de production.
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Le plan stratégique de l'Agence pour l'énergie nucléaire - 2011-2016
Français, 44 pages, published: 07/05/10
NEA#6960, ISBN: 978-92-64-99136-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/general/about/plan-strategique-2011-2016.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: The Strategic Plan of the Nuclear Energy Agency - 2011-2016
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L’approvisionnement en radioisotopes médicaux
Étude économique de la chaîne d’approvisionnement en molybdène-99 : Synthèse
Français, 40 pages, published: 09/16/10
NEA#6970, ISBN: 978-92-64-99151-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2010/6970-radioisotopes-synthese.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: The Supply of Medical Radioisotopes: An Economic Study of the Molybdenum-99 Supply Chain: Summary
L’approvisionnement fiable de molybdène-99 (Mo-99) et de son produit de désintégration, le technétium-99m (Tc-99m), est une composante essentielle des pratiques modernes de diagnostic médical. Les perturbations intervenant dans la chaîne d’approvisionnement de ces isotopes – qui ne peuvent être stockés – risquent d’empêcher la réalisation de ces examens médicaux importants. Malheureusement, les approvisionnements sont moins fiables depuis une dizaine d’années en raison d’arrêts non programmés ou prolongés des quelques équipements vieillissants (réacteurs de recherche et installations de traitement) qui produisent le Mo-99. Ces arrêts ont créé des pénuries à l’échelle mondiale.

Au travers d’une analyse unique portant sur la structure économique et la situation actuelle de la chaîne d’approvisionnement en Mo-99/Tc-99m, l’étude complète révèle que ces pénuries sont un problème de long terme, lié à des investissements capitalistiques insuffisants pour garantir la fiabilité de l’offre. Cette insuffisance s’explique par une structure économique qui ne permet pas une rémunération suffisante de la production de Mo-99 et n’encourage pas le développement d’autres réacteurs et d’usines de traitement. Afin de contribuer aux efforts déployés par les pouvoirs publics et autres décideurs pour sécuriser à long terme l’approvisionnement de ces importants radioisotopes médicaux, l’étude examine les solutions envisageables pour mettre en place une structure économique viable. Elle aidera aussi les parties prenantes à mieux percevoir les coûts associés à la fourniture de Mo-99 et contribuera à terme à un meilleur fonctionnement du marché.
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More than Just Concrete Realities: The Symbolic Dimension of Radioactive Waste Management
English, 36 pages, published: 04/15/10
NEA#6869, ISBN: 978-92-64-99105-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6869-symbolic.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Au-delà des seules réalités concrètes : la dimension symbolique de la gestion des déchets radioactifs
Key concepts of radioactive waste management, such as safety, risk, reversibility and retrievability, carry different meanings for the technical community and for non-technical stakeholders. Similarly, socio-economic concepts, including community, landscape and benefit packages, are interpreted differently by diverse societal groups. Opinions and attitudes are not simply a faithful reflection of decision making, actual events and communicated messages; perceptions and interpretations of events and objects also play a role. This report presents key issues and examples in order to build awareness of the importance of symbols and symbolism in communicating about perceptions and interpretations. It adds to the recognition that dialogue amongst stakeholders is shaped by dimensions of meaning that reach beyond dictionary definitions and are grounded in tradition and social conventions. A better understanding of these less obvious or conspicuous realities should help find additional ways of creating constructive relationships amongst stakeholders.
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NEA News 28.1 (June 2010)
English, 32 pages, published: 07/13/10
NEA#6927
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/newsletter/2010/28-1/NEA-News-28-1.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: AEN Infos 28.1 (Juin 2010)
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NEA News 28.2 (December 2010)
English, 44 pages, published: 12/15/10
NEA#6929
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2010/28-2/NEA-News-28-2-e.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: AEN Infos 28.2 (Décembre 2010)
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NUPEC BWR Full-size Fine-mesh Bundle Test (BFBT) Benchmark (Vol. II)
Volume II: Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analyses of Void Distribution and Critical Power - Specification
English, 44 pages, published: 07/30/10
NEA#6343, ISBN: 978-92-64-99124-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/docs/2010/NUPEC-BWR-VOL2.pdf
The government of Japan and the Japanese Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation (NUPEC) have released high-quality data, based on a series of void measurements using full-size mock-up tests for boiling water reactors (BWRs), with the aim of assisting the scientific community to advance its understanding of the two-phase flow (a system containing both gas and liquid) in BWR fuel bundles.

An international benchmark, based on the NUPEC data, has been defined to encourage advancement in the development of two-phase flow theory, which is of importance, for example, for the evaluation of the safety margins in a reactor. The benchmark specifications are being designed so that it systematically assesses and compares the capability of the numerical models to predict detailed void distributions and critical powers.

This report is the second in a series and describes the specification of the sensitivity and uncertainty analysis exercises undertaken to assess the accuracy of the results obtained when modelling basic thermal-hydraulics in a single channel relative to void fraction and critical power. Further volumes will be published, with a synthesis showing to what extent the most recent models are capable of predicting two-phase flow in BWR fuel bundles.
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National Programmes in Chemical Partitioning
A Status Report
English, 120 pages, published: 03/10/10
NEA#5425, ISBN: 978-92-64-99096-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/reports/2010/nea5425-National-Prog.pdf
Many countries have been performing a wide range of research on the partitioning and transmutation (P&T) of minor actinides and fission products. The aim is to provide greater flexibility in terms of radioactive waste management strategies and deploying advanced nuclear fuel cycles. This report describes recent and ongoing national research programmes related to chemical partitioning in the Czech Republic, France, Italy, Japan, Korea, the Russian Federation, Spain, the United Kingdom and the United States. European Commission research programmes are also included.
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Nuclear Energy Data 2010/Données sur l'énergie nucléaire 2010
Bilingual, 138 pages, published: 09/15/10
NEA#6893, ISBN: 978-92-64-09198-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2010/6893-BB-2010.pdf
This new edition of Nuclear Energy Data, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency’s annual compilation of official statistics and country reports on nuclear energy, provides key information on plans for new nuclear plant construction, nuclear fuel cycle developments as well as current and projected nuclear generating capacity to 2035 in OECD member countries. This comprehensive overview provides authoritative information for policy makers, experts and other interested stakeholders.

Cette nouvelle édition des Données sur l'énergie nucléaire, la compilation annuelle de l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire contenant des statistiques officielles et des rapports nationaux sur l'énergie nucléaire, présente des informations clés concernant les projets de construction de centrales nucléaires, l'évolution du cycle du combustible ainsi que la puissance nucléaire installée et projetée dans les pays membres de l'OCDE jusqu'en 2035. Ce panorama complet constitue une source d'informations officielles pour les décideurs politiques, experts et le public intéressé
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Nuclear Energy Technology Roadmap
English, 48 pages, published: 06/16/10
NEA#6962
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2010/nea6962-nuclear-roadmap.pdf

Other language(s):
- Chinese: 技术路线图: 核能
This nuclear energy roadmap has been prepared jointly by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA). Unlike most other low-carbon energy sources, nuclear energy is a mature technology that has been in use for more than 50 years. The latest designs for nuclear power plants build on this experience to offer enhanced safety and performance, and are ready for wider deployment over the next few years. Several countries are reactivating dormant nuclear programmes, while others are considering nuclear for the first time. In the longer term, there is great potential for new developments in nuclear energy technology to enhance the role of nuclear power in a sustainable energy future.
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Nuclear Energy and Addressing Climate Change
English, 8 pages, published: 11/15/10
NEA#6976
Free on request
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Nuclear Energy and Addressing Climate Change (brochure) - Japanese version
Japanese, 8 pages, published: 09/07/10
NEA#6972
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/news/in-perspective/addressing-climate-change-JAP.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Energy and Addressing Climate Change (brochure)
- Français: L'énergie nucléaire et le changement climatique (brochure)
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Nuclear Fuel Behaviour under Reactivity-initiated Accident (RIA) Conditions
State-of-the-art Report
English, 208 pages, published: 03/24/10
NEA#6847, ISBN: 978-92-64-99113-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2010/nea6847-behaviour-RIA.pdf
Considerable experimental and analytical work has been performed in recent years which has led to a broader and deeper understanding of phenomena related to reactivity-initiated accidents (RIAs). Further, newly designed fuels – such as mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel and rods with new cladding – have been introduced which might behave differently than those used previously, both under normal operating conditions and during transients. Compared with 20 years ago, fuel burn-up has been significantly increased. These and other factors have led the NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) and its Working Group on Fuel Safety to produce this state-of-the-art report. The report should be of particular interest to nuclear safety regulators, nuclear plant operators and fuel researchers.
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 85 (June 2010)
Volume 2010/1
English, 164 pages, published: 07/21/10
NEA#6899, ISSN: 0304-341X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb85.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 85 (Juin 2010)
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides subscribers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers nuclear legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements and regulatory activities of international organisations.

Feature articles in this issue address the independence of the nuclear regulator, the European nuclear safety directive, the nuclear renaissance in Italy and the Temelin case in the European Court of Justice.
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 86 (December 2010)
Volume 2010/2
English, 120 pages, published: 01/21/11
NEA#6901, ISSN: 0304-341X
Volume of the series: Legal Affairs
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb86.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 86 (Décembre 2010)
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides subscribers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international organisations.

Feature articles in this issue address the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, competition law and the nuclear sector, and third party liability for nuclear damage (jurisdiction and enforcement, and compensation for environmental damage).
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Nuclear Production of Hydrogen
Fourth Information Exchange Meeting, Oakbrook, Illinois, United States, 13-16 April 2009
English, 464 pages, published: 06/24/10
NEA#6805, ISBN: 978-92-64-08713-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2010/6805-production-hydrogen.pdf
Hydrogen has the potential to play an important role as a sustainable and environmentally acceptable energy carrier in the 21st century. This report describes the scientific and technical challenges associated with the production of hydrogen using heat and/or electricity from nuclear power plants, with special emphasis on recent developments in high-temperature electrolysis and the use of different chemical thermodynamic processes. Economics and market analysis as well as safety aspects of the nuclear production of hydrogen are also discussed.
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Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants (2008)
Eighteenth Annual Report of the ISOE Programme, 2008
English, 132 pages, published: 05/27/10
NEA#6826, ISBN: 978-92-64-99131-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2010/6826-occupational-exposures.pdf
The Information System on Occupational Exposure (ISOE) was created by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency in 1992 to promote and co-ordinate international co-operative undertakings in the area of occupational radiological protection at nuclear power plants. ISOE provides experts in occupational radiological protection with a forum for communication and exchange of experience.

At the end of 2008, the ISOE programme included 59 participating utilities in 26 countries (278 operating units and 32 shutdown units), as well as the regulatory authorities of 22 countries. The ISOE database, publications, annual symposia and ISOE Network website facilitate the exchange amongst participants of operational experience and lessons learnt in the optimisation of occupational radiological protection.

The Eighteenth Annual Report of the ISOE Programme summarises occupational exposure data trends and ISOE achievements made during 2008. Principal developments in ISOE participating countries are also described.

ISOE is jointly sponsored by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

ISOE Network: www.isoe-network.net
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Occupational Radiological Protection Principles and Criteria for Designing New Nuclear Power Plants
English, 112 pages, published: 10/05/10
NEA#6975, ISBN: 978-92-64-99142-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2010/6975-criteria-new-plants.pdf

Other language(s):
- Chinese: 新核电站设计的职业辐射防护原则和准则
Global demand for electricity continues to grow and numerous new nuclear power plants (NPPs) are being planned or constructed in NEA member countries. Most of these new NPPs will be of the third generation, and will be designed for as long as 80 years of operation. The successful design, construction and operation of these plants will depend broadly on appropriately implementing the lessons from experience accumulated to date.

This case study introduces a policy and technical framework that may be used when formulating technical assistance and guidance for senior managers of NPPs, designers, manufacturers, contractors and authorities responsible for regulating occupational radiation exposure. It is aimed in particular at assisting design and license assessments of new NPPs. Although not targeting the needs of countries introducing nuclear power for the first time, this case study can also provide valuable input on occupational radiological protection issues for the implementation of new nuclear energy programmes.
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Optimisation des stockages géologiques de déchets radioactifs
Recommandations nationales et internationales et futurs thèmes de discussions
Français, 36 pages, published: 03/12/10
NEA#6837, ISBN: 978-92-64-99108-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6837-optimisation-FR.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Optimisation of Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste
Alors que les programmes nationaux de stockage géologique progressent vers leur mise en œuvre, le concept d’« optimisation » et les exigences réglementaires associées suscitent une attention accrue. Les échanges au sein des groupes d’experts de l’AEN ont montré que les régulateurs et les maîtres d’ouvrage pourraient ensemble tirer bénéfice d'un examen des concepts applicables ainsi que des recommandations et de l'expérience disponibles. Ce rapport récapitule et examine les concepts qui concernent l’« optimisation » des systèmes de stockage géologique tels qu'ils sont mis en avant dans les textes réglementaires nationaux et les recommandations internationales. Il présente également un certain nombre d'observations et de questions clés. De façon générale, il montre que, lorsque l’on traite de l’optimisation, il existe des marges substantielles pour clarifier les concepts, les faits et les options ainsi que pour s’assurer que les textes réglementaires sont suffisamment précis et applicables. L'objectif de ce rapport est de servir de base de discussions parmi et au delà des comités et des groupes d’experts de l’AEN.
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Optimisation of Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste
National and International Guidance and Questions for Further Discussion
English, 28 pages, published: 03/11/10
NEA#6836, ISBN: 978-92-64-99107-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6836-optimisation-ENG.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Optimisation des stockages géologiques de déchets radioactifs
As national geological disposal programmes progress towards implementation, the concept of “optimisation” and related requirements are receiving increased attention. Exchanges within NEA expert groups have shown that both regulators and implementers would benefit from a review of the relevant concepts and available guidance and experience. This report summarises and reviews the concepts relevant to the “optimisation” of geological disposal systems as they are outlined in national and international guidance. It also presents a set of observations and key questions. Overall, the report shows that, when addressing “optimisation”, there is ample scope for clarifying concepts, facts and possibilities and for ensuring that regulatory guidance is sufficiently precise and implementable. The intention is that this report should serve as a basis for discussion within and beyond NEA committees and expert groups.
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Partenariats pour la gestion à long terme des déchets radioactifs
Evolution et pratique actuelle dans treize pays
Français, 150 pages, published: 04/06/10
NEA#6824, ISBN: 978-92-64-08371-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2010/6824-partenariats-gestion.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Partnering for Long-term Management of Radioactive Waste
Les programmes nationaux de gestion des déchets radioactifs se trouvent à des phases diverses dans la recherche de sites d’implantation d’installations et se fondent sur des approches techniques distinctes adaptées aux différentes catégories de déchets. Dans tous les cas, il est nécessaire que les acteurs institutionnels et la communauté d’accueil, actuelle ou potentielle, établissent entre eux une relation sérieuse et viable. Les formules de partenariat permettent de réaliser un équilibre entre les exigences d’une représentation équitable et d’une participation éclairée. Avec l'appui de la communauté d’accueil, elles contribuent également à l'association souhaitable d’un site et d’un concept de gestion pouvant être autorisés au plan réglementaire ainsi qu'à un bon équilibre entre l'octroi de compensations, le contrôle local et les possibilités de développement. Ce rapport présente les informations les plus récentes sur les expériences de partenariat avec les communautés d’accueil dans 13 pays. Les caractéristiques, les avantages et les objectifs de telles formules de partenariat y sont décrits ainsi que l'évolution du concept sur les dix dernières années.
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Partnering for Long-term Management of Radioactive Waste
Evolution and Current Practice in Thirteen Countries
English, 132 pages, published: 04/06/10
NEA#6823, ISBN: 978-92-64-08369-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2010/6823-partnering-management.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Partenariats pour la gestion à long terme des déchets radioactifs
National radioactive waste management programmes are in various phases of siting facilities and rely on distinct technical approaches for different categories of waste. In all cases, it is necessary for institutional actors and the potential or actual host community to build a meaningful, workable relationship. Partnership approaches are effective in achieving a balance between the requirements of fair representation and competent participation. With host community support, they also help ensure the desirable combination of a licensable site and management concept as well as a balance between compensation, local control and development opportunities. This report provides up-to-date information on experience with local partnership arrangements in 13 countries. The characteristics, advantages and aims of community partnerships are also described in addition to the concept's evolution over the past decade.
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Projected Costs of Generating Electricity
2010 Edition
English, 216 pages, published: 03/25/10
NEA#6819, ISBN: 978-92-64-08430-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2010/6819-projected-costs.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Coûts prévisionnels de production de l'électricité
This joint report by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) is the seventh in a series of studies on electricity generating costs. It presents the latest data available for a wide variety of fuels and technologies, including coal and gas (with and without carbon capture), nuclear, hydro, onshore and offshore wind, biomass, solar, wave and tidal as well as combined heat and power (CHP). It provides levelised costs of electricity (LCOE) per MWh for almost 200 plants, based on data covering 21 countries (including four major non-OECD countries), and several industrial companies and organisations. For the first time, the report contains an extensive sensitivity analysis of the impact of variations in key parameters such as discount rates, fuel prices and carbon costs on LCOE. Additional issues affecting power generation choices are also examined.

The study shows that the cost competitiveness of electricity generating technologies depends on a number of factors which may vary nationally and regionally. Readers will find full details and analyses, supported by over 130 figures and tables, in this report which is expected to constitute a valuable tool for decision makers and researchers concerned with energy policies and climate change.
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Projected Costs of Generating Electricity - 2010 Edition - Executive Summary
English, 12 pages, published: 05/18/10
NEA#6956
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/egc/2010/docs/exec-summary-ENG.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Coûts prévisionnels de production de l'électricité - Edition 2010 - Synthèse
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Public Attitudes to Nuclear Power
English, 56 pages, published: 03/22/10
NEA#6859, ISBN: 978-92-64-99111-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2010/nea6859-public-attitudes.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: L'opinion publique et l'énergie nucléaire
Public attitudes to nuclear power are critical in shaping nuclear policies in OECD/NEA countries and the latter will only be able to make use of this energy source if a well-informed public considers that its benefits outweigh its risks. This report provides a number of insights into public attitudes towards nuclear power. Support for nuclear energy is generally correlated with the level of experience of and knowledge about nuclear power. Interestingly, while the public is generally aware of the contribution of nuclear power to ensuring security of energy supply, its potential contribution to combating climate change is less well recognised. Solving the waste disposal issue would also significantly increase the level of public support. Furthermore, OECD/NEA governments may wish to reflect carefully on how to react to these results as, according to the surveys, they are the least trusted source on energy issues, far behind regulators, non-governmental organisations and scientists.
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Radioactive Waste Repositories and Host Regions: Envisaging the Future Together
Synthesis of the FSC National Workshop and Community Visit, Bar-le-Duc, France, 7-9 April 2009
English, 56 pages, published: 04/12/10
NEA#6925, ISBN: 978-92-64-99128-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6925-repositories-host-regions.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Stockage des déchets radioactifs et territoires d'accueil : envisager l'avenir ensemble
This 7th Forum on Stakeholder Confidence (FSC) workshop focused on the territorial implementation of France’s high-level and long-lived intermediate-level waste management programme. Sessions addressed the French historical and legislative context, public information, reversibility, environmental monitoring and the issue of memory. Amongst the participants were representatives of local and regional governments, civil society organisations, universities, waste management agencies, institutional authorities and delegates from 13 countries. This report provides a synthesis of the workshop deliberations.
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Radioactive Waste in Perspective
English, 204 pages, published: 09/16/10
NEA#6350, ISBN: 978-92-64-09261-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2010/6350-waste-perspective.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Les déchets radioactifs - Mise en perspective
Large volumes of hazardous wastes are produced each year, however only a small proportion of them are radioactive. While disposal options for hazardous wastes are generally well established, some types of hazardous waste face issues similar to those for radioactive waste and also require long-term disposal arrangements. The objective of this NEA study is to put the management of radioactive waste into perspective, firstly by contrasting features of radioactive and hazardous wastes, together with their management policies and strategies, and secondly by examining the specific case of the wastes resulting from carbon capture and storage of fossil fuels. The study seeks to give policy makers and interested stakeholders a broad overview of the similarities and differences between radioactive and hazardous wastes and their management strategies.
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Rapport annuel 2009
Français, 52 pages, published: 04/28/10
NEA#6932, ISBN: 978-92-64-99127-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2009/fr/

Other language(s):
- English: Annual Report 2009
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Regulation and Guidance for the Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste
A Review of the Literature and Initiatives of the Past Decade
English, 40 pages, published: 02/24/10
NEA#6405, ISBN: 978-92-64-99120-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6405-regulation-guidance-ENG.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Réglementation et lignes directrices pour l'évacuation des déchets radioactifs en formation géologique
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Research and Test Facilities Required in Nuclear Science and Technology (Japanese version) 原子力の科学技術で必要とされる試験研究施設
Japanese, 164 pages, published: 05/12/10
NEA#6947, ISBN: 978-92-64-99125-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/reports/2010/nea6947-Research-Test-JAP.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Research and Test Facilities Required in Nuclear Science and Technology
- Français: Besoins d'installations de recherche et d'expérimentation en sciences et technologies nucléaires
原子力の科学技術の発展及び、現在または将来用いられるシステムや材料の評価のためには、それらの研究に利用可能な試験研究施設が必要不可欠である。しかしながら、経済的な負担や老朽化施設の閉鎖等により、原子力の科学技術の維持、発展に必要な研究を行う能力が現在、危機にさらされている。

OECD/NEA加盟国のうちの十ヵ国と国際原子力機関(IAEA)、欧州委員会(EC)からの代表者によって組織されたNEA専門家会合は、NEA原子力科学委員会(NSC)の所掌範囲に関係する試験研究施設の状況についてレビューを行った。対象とした試験研究施設は、核データ測定、原子炉開発、中性子散乱、中性子ラジオグラフィ、ADS、核変換、燃料、材料、安全性、放射化学、分離技術、水素製造のための核熱利用等に関係するものである。


このレポートにはNEA専門家会合による試験研究施設の現状に関する評価の詳細が述べられており、また高性能で近代的な施設の整備により、将来の発展がいかに担保できるかについて勧告がなされている。さらに専門家会合が整備した、約800の試験研究施設の情報を掲載したオンライン・データベースについても解説がなされている。
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Réglementation et lignes directrices pour l'évacuation des déchets radioactifs en formation géologique
Revue de la littérature et des initiatives de la dernière décennie
Français, 40 pages, published: 02/24/10
NEA#6406, ISBN: 978-92-64-99121-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6406-regulation-guidance-FR.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Regulation and Guidance for the Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste
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Rôle des informations géoscientifiques dans le dossier de sûreté pour la gestion des déchets radioactifs
Principales conclusions du Projet AMIGO
Français, 56 pages, published: 09/24/10
NEA#6396, ISBN: 978-92-64-99139-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6396-AMIGO-f.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Geoscientific Information in the Radioactive Waste Management Safety Case
À toutes les phases du cycle du combustible nucléaire, mais aussi lorsque l'on utilise des substances radioactives dans l’industrie, la recherche et en médecine, on produit des déchets radioactifs. La solution la plus largement étudiée à travers le monde est, pour les déchets les plus dangereux et à vie longue, le stockage en formation géologique, c’est-à-dire dans des ouvrages aménagés à de grandes profondeurs. L'importance des informations géoscientifiques pour la sélection des sites de stockage géologique est connue depuis longtemps. Mais on a pris conscience progressivement du rôle plus vaste qu'elles peuvent jouer lorsqu’il s’agit d’évaluer et de documenter la sûreté d’un ouvrage de stockage. Le projet de l’OCDE/AEN sur les Procédures et méthodes d’intégration des informations géologiques dans le dossier de sûreté (AMIGO) a démontré que les données et la compréhension géologiques ont de nombreuses fonctions dans un dossier de sûreté. Le projet, qui s’est déroulé de 2002 à 2008, a mis en évidence l’importance d’intégrer des informations géoscientifiques à l’élaboration d’un dossier de sûreté et, de plus en plus, au processus global d’aménagement du stockage y compris, par exemple, s’agissant des décisions d’implantation et de la vérification de la faisabilité pratique de l’architecture et de la conception technique du stockage.
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Self-sealing of Fractures in Argillaceous Formations in the Context of Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste
Review and Synthesis
English, 312 pages, published: 06/01/10
NEA#6184, ISBN: 978-92-64-99095-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6184-self-sealing.pdf
Disposal of high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel in engineered facilities, or repositories, located deep underground in suitable geological formations is being developed worldwide as the reference solution to protect humans and the environment both now and in the future. Assessing the long-term safety of geological disposal requires developing a comprehensive understanding of the geological environment. The transport pathways are key to this understanding. Of particular interest are fractures in the host rock, which may be either naturally occurring or induced, for example, during the construction of engineered portions of a repository. Such fractures could provide pathways for migration of contaminants.

In argillaceous (clay) formations, there is evidence that, over time, fractures can become less conductive and eventually hydraulically insignificant. This process is commonly termed “self-sealing”. The capacity for self-sealing relates directly to the function of clay host rocks as migration barriers and, consequently, to the safety of deep repositories in those geological settings.

This report – conducted under the auspices of the NEA Clay Club – reviews the evidence and mechanisms for self-sealing properties of clays and evaluates their relevance to geological disposal. Results from laboratory tests, field investigations and geological analogues are considered. The evidence shows that, for many types of argillaceous formations, the understanding of self-sealing has progressed to a level that could justify its inclusion in performance assessments for geological repositories.
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Shielding Aspects of Accelerators,Targets and Irradiation Facilities - SATIF-10
Workshop Proceedings, Geneva, Switzerland, 2-4 June 2010
English, 444 pages, published: 12/15/10
NEA#6898, ISBN: 978-92-64-03467-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2010/6898-satif-10.pdf
Particle accelerators have evolved over the last decades from simple devices to powerful machines, and are having an increasingly important impact on research, technology and daily life. Today they cover a wide range of applications including material science and medical applications. In recent years, requirements from new technological and research applications have emerged while the number of accelerator facilities in operation, being commissioned, designed or planned has significantly grown. Their parameters (such as the beam energy, beam currents and intensities, and target composition) vary widely, giving rise to new radiation shielding aspects and problems.

Particle accelerators must be operated in safe ways to protect operators, the public and the environment. As the design and use of these facilities evolve, so must the analytical methods used in the safety analyses. These workshop proceedings review the state of the art in radiation shielding of accelerator facilities and irradiation targets. They also evaluate progress on the development of modelling methods used to assess the effectiveness of such shielding as part of safety analyses.
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Society and Nuclear Energy: Towards a Better Understanding (Korean Version)
Korean, 176 pages, published: 01/10/10
NEA#6984
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2010/nea6984-society-and-Nuclear-Energy-Korean.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Society and Nuclear Energy: Towards a Better Understanding
- Français: Société et énergie nucléaire : vers une meilleure compréhension
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Stilllegung kerntechnischer Anlagen (decommissioning brochure)
Machbar und gemacht.
German, published: 09/21/10
NEA#6922
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6822-stilllegung-planche.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Démantèlement des installations nucléaires (brochure)
- Italian: Il Decommissioning degli Impianti Nucleari
- English: Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities (brochure)
- Swedish: Avveckling av kärntekniska anläggningar
- Chinese: 核設施除役
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Stockage des déchets radioactifs et territoires d'accueil : envisager l'avenir ensemble
Synthèse de l’atelier du FSC et des rencontres avec les collectivités locales, Bar-le-Duc, France, 7-9 avril 2009
Français, 60 pages, published: 04/13/10
NEA#6939, ISBN: 978-92-64-99129-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6939-stockage-avenir.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Radioactive Waste Repositories and Host Regions: Envisaging the Future Together
La thématique de ce 7e atelier du Forum sur la confiance des parties prenantes (FSC) concernait la mise en œuvre du programme français de gestion des déchets de haute activité et de moyenne activité à vie longue. Au cours des différentes sessions, ont été abordés le contexte historique et législatif français, l’information du public, la réversibilité, la surveillance de l’environnement ainsi que la conservation de la mémoire. Des représentants des collectivités locales et régionales, des représentants d’organisations de la société civile, des universités, des agences de gestion des déchets et des délégués de 13 pays y ont participé. Ce rapport présente une synthèse des délibérations de l’atelier.
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Strategic Aspects of Nuclear and Radiological Emergency Management
Planning for Effective Decision Making; Consequence Management and Transition to Recovery
English, 72 pages, published: 10/05/10
NEA#6387, ISBN: 978-92-64-99146-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2010/6387-strategic-aspects-of-nuclear.pdf
The collective experience of the NEA Working Party on Nuclear Emergency Matters (WPNEM), and in particular, the experience from the International Nuclear Emergency Exercise (INEX) series, has shown that it is important to plan and to implement emergency response actions based on a guiding strategic vision. Within this context, Strategic Aspects of Nuclear and Radiological Emergency Management presents a framework of strategic planning elements to be considered by national emergency management authorities when establishing or enhancing processes for decision making, and when developing or implementing protection strategies. The focus is on nuclear or radiological emergency situations leading to complex preparedness and response conditions, involving multiple jurisdictions and significant international interfaces.

The report is aimed at national emergency management authorities, international organisations and those who are seeking to improve the effectiveness of emergency management. Its goal is to provide insights into decision-making processes within existing emergency planning arrangements. It also highlights common areas of good practice in decision making. Specific areas for improvement, identified during the INEX-3 consequence management exercise, are included, particularly in support of decision making for countermeasures for consequence management and the transition to recovery.
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The Security of Energy Supply and the Contribution of Nuclear Energy
English, 168 pages, published: 12/13/10
NEA#6358, ISBN: 978-92-64-09634-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2010/6358-security-energy-sup.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: La sécurité d'approvisionnement énergétique et le rôle du nucléaire
What contribution can nuclear energy make to improve the security of energy supply? This study, which examines a selection of OECD member countries, qualitatively and quantitatively validates the often intuitive assumption that, as a largely domestic source of electricity with stable costs and no greenhouse gas emissions during production, nuclear energy can make a positive contribution. Following an analysis of the meaning and context of security of supply, the study uses transparent and policy-relevant indicators to show that, together with improvements in energy efficiency, nuclear energy has indeed contributed significantly to enhanced energy supply security in OECD countries over the past 40 years.
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The Strategic Plan of the Nuclear Energy Agency - 2011-2016
English, 40 pages, published: 07/05/10
NEA#6959, ISBN: 978-92-64-99135-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/general/about/Strategic-plan-2011-2016.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Le plan stratégique de l'Agence pour l'énergie nucléaire - 2011-2016
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The Supply of Medical Radioisotopes: An Economic Study of the Molybdenum-99 Supply Chain
English, 128 pages, published: 09/16/10
NEA#6967, ISBN: 978-92-64-99149-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2010/6967-MO-99.pdf
The reliable supply of molybdenum-99 (Mo-99) and its decay product, technetium-99m (Tc-99m), is a vital component of modern medical diagnostic practices. Disruptions in the supply chain of these radioisotopes – which cannot be effectively stored – can suspend important medical testing services. Unfortunately, supply reliability has declined over the past decade, due to unexpected or extended shutdowns at the few ageing, Mo-99 producing, research reactors and processing facilities. These shutdowns have created global supply shortages.

This study offers a unique analysis of the economic structure and present state of the Mo-99/Tc-99m supply chain. It finds that the shortages are a symptom of a longer-term problem linked to insufficient capital investment, which has been brought about by an economic structure that does not provide sufficient remuneration for producing Mo-99 or support for developing additional production and processing infrastructure. To assist governments and other decision makers in their efforts to ensure long-term, reliable supply of these important medical isotopes, the study presents options for creating a sustainable economic structure. The study will also enhance understanding amongst stakeholders of the costs of supplying Mo-99 and ultimately contribute to a better functioning market.
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The Supply of Medical Radioisotopes: An Economic Study of the Molybdenum-99 Supply Chain: Summary
English, 36 pages, published: 09/16/10
NEA#6969, ISBN: 978-92-64-99150-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2010/nea6969-radioisotopes-summary.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: L’approvisionnement en radioisotopes médicaux
The reliable supply of molybdenum-99 (Mo-99) and its decay product, technetium-99m (Tc-99m), is a vital component of modern medical diagnostic practices. Disruptions in the supply chain of these radioisotopes – which cannot be effectively stored – can suspend important medical testing services. Unfortunately, supply reliability has declined over the past decade, due to unexpected or extended shutdowns at the few ageing, Mo-99 producing, research reactors and processing facilities. These shutdowns have created global supply shortages.

The full study offers a unique analysis of the economic structure and present state of the Mo-99/Tc-99m supply chain. It finds that the shortages are a symptom of a longer-term problem linked to insufficient capital investment, which has been brought about by an economic structure that does not provide sufficient remuneration for producing Mo-99 or support for developing additional production and processing infrastructure. To assist governments and other decision makers in their efforts to ensure long-term, reliable supply of these important medical isotopes, the study presents options for creating a sustainable economic structure. The study will also enhance understanding amongst stakeholders of the costs of supplying Mo-99 and ultimately contribute to a better functioning market.
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Towards Greater Harmonisation of Decommissioning Cost Estimates
English, 16 pages, published: 03/22/10
NEA#6867, ISBN: 978-92-64-99093-7
Volume of the series: Radioactive Waste Management
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6867-harmonisation.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Vers une harmonisation des estimations des coûts du déclassement
Currently, the format, content and practice of cost estimation vary considerably both within and between countries, which makes it very difficult to compare estimates, even for similar types of facilities. The reasons are largely due to different legal requirements in different countries and to historical custom and practice, leading to variations in basic assumptions such as the anticipated decommissioning strategy and end state of the site, and to different approaches to dealing with uncertainties. While attaining harmonisation across national approaches to cost estimation may be difficult to achieve, standardising the way decommissioning cost estimates are structured and reported will give greater transparency to the decommissioning process and will help build regulator and stakeholder confidence in the cost estimates and schedules.

This booklet highlights the findings of the NEA Decommissioning Cost Estimation Group (DCEG) which recently studied cost estimation practices in 12 countries.
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Towards Transparent, Proportionate and Deliverable Regulation for Geological Disposal
Workshop Proceedings, Tokyo, Japan, 20-22 January 2009
English, 196 pages, published: 03/03/10
NEA#6825, ISBN: 978-92-64-06092-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2010/6825-towards-transparent.pdf
As part of its activities, the Regulators’ Forum of the NEA Radioactive Waste Management Committee has been examining the regulatory criteria for the long-term performance of geological disposal. In this context, it organised a workshop entitled “Towards Transparent, Proportionate and Deliverable Regulation for Geological Disposal”, which served to verify current status and needs. Participants included regulators, implementers, policy makers, R&D specialists and academics. Themes addressed included duties to future generations, timescales for regulation, stepwise decision making, roles of optimisation and best available techniques (BAT), multiple lines of reasoning, safety and performance indicators, recognition of uncertainties and the importance of stakeholder interactions. The workshop highlighted the significant amount of work accomplished over the past decade, but also identified important differences between national regulations even if these are not in contradiction with international guidance. Also highlighted was the importance of R&D carried out on behalf of the regulator. In addition to the contributed papers, these proceedings trace the numerous discussions that formed an integral part of the workshop. They constitute an important and unique documentary basis for researchers and radioactive waste management specialists.
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Uranium 2009: Resources, Production and Demand
English, 456 pages, published: 07/28/10
NEA#6891, ISBN: 978-92-64-04789-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2010/6891-uranium-2009.pdf

Other language(s):
- Japanese: ウラニウム2009: 資源、生産、需給
- Français: Uranium 2009 : Ressources, production et demande
With several countries currently building nuclear power plants and planning the construction of more to meet long-term increases in electricity demand, uranium resources, production and demand remain topics of notable interest. In response to the projected growth in demand for uranium and declining inventories, the uranium industry – the first critical link in the fuel supply chain for nuclear reactors – is boosting production and developing plans for further increases in the near future. Strong market conditions will, however, be necessary to trigger the investments required to meet projected demand.

The “Red Book”, jointly prepared by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency, is a recognised world reference on uranium. It is based on information compiled in 40 countries, including those that are major producers and consumers of uranium. This 23rd edition provides a comprehensive review of world uranium supply and demand as of 1 January 2009, as well as data on global uranium exploration, resources, production and reactor-related requirements. It provides substantive new information from major uranium production centres around the world, as well as from countries developing production centres for the first time. Projections of nuclear generating capacity and reactor-related uranium requirements through 2035 are also featured, along with an analysis of long-term uranium supply and demand issues.
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VVER-1000 Coolant Transient Benchmark
Phase 2 (V1000CT-2) Summary Results of Exercise 1 on Vessel Mixing Simulation
English, 144 pages, published: 10/05/10
NEA#6964, ISBN: 978-92-64-99152-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/reports/2010/nea6964-ex-l-vessel-mixing.pdf
Recently developed best-estimate computer code systems for modelling 3-D coupled neutronics/thermal-hydraulics transients in nuclear reactors need to be validated against results from experiments and compared with each other to help understand how the different modelling methods adopted affect the accuracy of the simulation. This benchmark was set up for that purpose.

This report is one of a series covering benchmarks designed to test modelling methods for a range of transient scenarios in a VVER-1000 reactor. In this case, the transient is initiated by isolation of one steam generator causing asymmetric loop heat-up. The benchmark is based on experiments conducted at the Kozloduy nuclear power plant.
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Vers une harmonisation des estimations des coûts du déclassement
Français, 16 pages, published: 03/22/10
NEA#6868, ISBN: 978-92-64-99094-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2010/nea6868-harmonisation-FR.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Towards Greater Harmonisation of Decommissioning Cost Estimates
À l'heure actuelle, on observe une variabilité considérable dans le format, le contenu et les pratiques d'estimation des coûts, que ce soit à l'intérieur d'un même pays ou lorsque l'on franchit les frontières. Les comparaisons sont, de ce fait, extrêmement difficiles, même entre installations du même type. Les exigences de la réglementation sont principalement responsables de ces disparités, ainsi que les habitudes et pratiques historiques. Elles se répercutent sur les hypothèses de base, telles que la stratégie de démantèlement prévue et l'état final du site, mais aussi sur les méthodes de traitement des aléas. Il sera sans doute difficile d'harmoniser les approches nationales des estimations des coûts. On peut du moins recommander une structure et une présentation standard de nature à accentuer la confiance que l'autorité de contrôle et les parties prenantes pourront accorder aux estimations et aux calendriers de dépenses.

Cette brochure présente les conclusions du groupe d’estimation des coûts du démantèlement (DCEG), qui a récemment étudié la façon dont étaient estimés les coûts dans 12 pays.
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新核电站设计的职业辐射防护原则和准则
Chinese translation of Occupational Radiological Protection Principles and Criteria for Designing New Nuclear Power Plants
Chinese, 115 pages, published: 03/27/10
NEA#7438
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2010/7438-criteria-new-plants-zh.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Occupational Radiological Protection Principles and Criteria for Designing New Nuclear Power Plants
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A Common Objective, a Variety of Paths
Third International Conference on Geological Repositories, Berne, Switzerland, 15-17 October 2007
English, published: 10/16/09
NEA#6875, ISBN: 978-92-64-99101-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2009/6875-icgr2007.pdf
High-level political, governmental and regulatory decision makers, as well as representatives of economic and social groups and implementing organisations met in Berne, Switzerland to present and to reflect on their collective experience towards meeting the challenge of implementing national disposal projects for placing radioactive waste in deep geological formations. These proceedings include the papers presented at the conference as well as a summary which highlights the main lessons to be learnt and final recommendations to assist future developments in national radioactive waste management programmes seeking to meet both technical and social imperatives of modern society.
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A Common Objective, a Variety of Paths
Synthesis and Main Lessons:Third International Conference on Geological Repositories, Berne, Switzerland, 15-17 October 2007
English, 40 pages, published: 10/20/09
NEA#6385, ISBN: 978-92-64-99100-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2009/6385-Common-Objective.pdf
High-level political, governmental and regulatory decision makers, as well as representatives of economic and social groups and implementing organisations met in Berne, Switzerland to present and to reflect on their collective experience towards meeting the challenge of implementing national disposal projects for placing radioactive waste in deep geological formations. This summary highlights the main lessons to be learnt and final recommendations to assist future developments in national radioactive waste management programmes seeking to meet both technical and social imperatives of modern society.
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AEN Infos 27.2 (Décembre 2009)
Français, 36 pages, published: 12/31/09
NEA#6841, ISSN: 1605-959X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/newsletter/2009/fr-27-2/AEN-Infos-Vol-27-2.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: NEA News 27.2 (December 2009)
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AEN infos 27.1 (Juin 2009)
Français, 44 pages, published: 07/20/09
NEA#6839, ISSN: 1605-959X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2009/fr/AEN%20Infos%20Vol%20%2027%201%20WEB.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: NEA News 27.1 (June 2009)
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Annual Report 2008
English, 48 pages, published: 04/27/09
NEA#6842, ISBN: 978-92-64-99076-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2008/index.html

Other language(s):
- Français: Rapport annuel 2008
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Approaches and Challenges for the Use of Geological Information in the Safety Case for Deep Disposal of Radioactive Waste
Third AMIGO Workshop Proceedings, Nancy, France, 15-17 April 2008
English, 76 pages, published: 10/09/09
NEA#6417, ISBN: 978-92-64-99090-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2009/AMIGO-3/index.html
A cornerstone of national decision making and societal acceptance of deep geological disposal of radioactive waste is confidence that such repositories can protect humans and the environment both now and in the future. The “safety case” is the synthesis of evidence, analyses and arguments that quantify and substantiate a claim that the repository will be safe after closure and beyond the time when active control of the facility is ensured. For deep geological disposal, studies of the geosphere form a principal component of the safety case. Geoscientific information is unique in that it can offer evidence and lines of reasoning that span geological timescales (millennia and even longer).

The NEA Approaches and Methods for Integrating Geological Information in the Safety Case (AMIGO) project addresses the collection and integration of geoscientific evidence, analyses and arguments that contribute to an understanding of long-term safety. The third and final AMIGO workshop on “Approaches and Challenges for the Use of Geological Information in the Safety Case” underscored that geoscientific information plays a fundamental role in safety assessments. It is also increasingly used in the wider context of the safety case to provide evidence and arguments for the intrinsically favourable properties of a site, including its long-term stability. No single geoscientific argument “proves” safety, but rather each supports some key element of the safety case and provides enhanced confidence in the safety case. The workshop also considered the links and feedback among the safety case; design, engineering and construction issues; and geoscientific investigations.
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Avis techniques du CSIN - No. 11
Améliorer la maintenance des centrales nucléaires en optimisant les performances humaines et organisationnelles
Français, 32 pages, published: 02/26/09
NEA#6154, ISBN: 978-92-64-99071-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2009/NEA6154_TOP_11_FR.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - No. 11
Les erreurs durant la maintenance et les essais périodiques contribuent de manière significative aux incidents dans les centrales. Ces erreurs peuvent ne pas toujours être mises en évidence par les essais post-maintenance et peuvent longtemps passer inaperçues jusqu’à ce que le système touché soit amené à fonctionner. Il importe donc que le processus de maintenance des centrales prenne en considération l’impact possible des erreurs humaines et organisationnelles et qu’il comporte des mesures adaptées pour réduire au minimum ces erreurs.

Le Comité sur la sûreté des installations nucléaires (CSIN) de l’AEN et son Groupe de travail sur les facteurs humains et organisationnels ont organisé un atelier international pour analyser l’impact des facteurs humains et organisationnels sur la maintenance. Cet avis technique reflète le consensus des spécialistes des facteurs humains et organisationnels des pays membres de l’AEN sur des pratiques et approches conseillées pour réaliser les opérations de maintenance dans les centrales nucléaires. Il présente un système pour intégrer la prise en compte systématique des facteurs humains et organisationnels dans le processus de maintenance d’une centrale. Cet avis devrait particulièrement intéresser les autorités de sûreté nucléaire et les exploitants des centrales nucléaires.
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Avis techniques du CSIN - n° 10
Le rôle des facteurs humains et organisationnels dans les modifications des centrales nucléaires
Français, 28 pages, published: 02/03/09
NEA#6316, ISBN: 978-92-64-99069-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/nea6316_TOP_10_FR.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - No. 10
Il peut être nécessaire d’apporter des modifications à une centrale nucléaire pour diverses raisons : le vieillissement des systèmes, des structures et des composants de la centrale, l’obsolescence du matériel et des logiciels, le retour d’expérience et les possibilités d’améliorer la sûreté, la fiabilité ou les capacités de la centrale. Or, l’expérience a montré que des défaillances au niveau de la conception et/ou de la mise en œuvre des modifications pouvaient présenter des défis importants pour la sûreté des centrales. Elles peuvent également avoir une incidence non négligeable sur les résultats commerciaux de l’installation. C’est pourquoi, il importe que le processus de modification concrétise la prise en compte de l’impact possible des erreurs humaines et qu’il comporte des dispositions appropriées pour réduire au maximum l’éventualité de ces erreurs.

Dans ce contexte, le Comité sur la sûreté des installations nucléaires (CSIN) et son Groupe de travail sur les facteurs humains et organisationnels ont organisé, en 2003, un atelier international pour examiner le rôle des performances humaines et organisationnelles dans le processus de modification des centrales nucléaires. Cet avis technique reflète le consensus des spécialistes des facteurs humains et organisationnels des pays membres de l’AEN sur les pratiques et approches recommandées en matière de modification des centrales nucléaires. Il examine les facteurs qui devraient être pris en compte au cours de l’élaboration d’un processus de modification et recense quelques-uns des enseignements tirés de l’application de ce processus. Cet avis technique devrait particulièrement intéresser les exploitants des centrales nucléaires ainsi que les autorités de sûreté nucléaire.
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Avis techniques du CSIN - n° 12
Recherches sur le facteur humain dans les nouvelles centrales nucléaires
, 44 pages, published: 12/11/09
NEA#6845, ISBN: 978-92-64-99117-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2009/nea6845-TOP12-Fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - No. 12
Le secteur nucléaire connaît actuellement une phase dynamique. La modernisation des salles de commande des centrales prend diverses formes. De nouveaux réacteurs sont construits dans de nombreux pays. Des modèles avancés sont conçus dans le cadre de la coopération internationale afin d’assurer la production d'électricité au cours des prochaines décennies. Les nouveaux concepts et technologies étudiés dans ce contexte peuvent avoir un impact sur le rôle des exploitants de centrales et par conséquence sur la sûreté. Il est donc important d'évaluer et de comprendre ces incidences potentielles, qu'elles soient positives ou négatives.

Dans cet avis technique, le Comité de l’AEN sur la sûreté des installations nucléaires (CSIN) a cherché à identifier un ensemble de sujets de recherche à étudier pour la connaissance des facteurs humains et organisationnels concernés. Les recherches menées sur les sujets décrits devront fournir les connaissances techniques qui permettront de tirer parti des nouvelles technologies et d'en réduire le plus possible les éventuels effets négatifs.

Cet avis présentera un intérêt particulier pour les établissements de recherche et les autres acteurs (autorités de sûreté, organisations internationales et entreprises industrielles) susceptibles de contribuer à ces recherches et d'en bénéficier.
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Besoins d'installations de recherche et d'expérimentation en sciences et technologies nucléaires
Français, 180 pages, published: 11/17/09
NEA#6849, ISBN: 978-92-64-99109-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/reports/2009/nea6849-installations-recherche.pdf

Other language(s):
- Japanese: Research and Test Facilities Required in Nuclear Science and Technology (Japanese version) 原子力の科学技術で必要とされる試験研究施設
- English: Research and Test Facilities Required in Nuclear Science and Technology
Les installations expérimentales sont des outils de recherche indispensables au développement des sciences et technologies nucléaires et à l’expérimentation des systèmes et matériaux utilisés actuellement ou qui le seront à l’avenir. Compte tenu des pressions économiques et de la fermeture des installations anciennes, il est à craindre que la capacité à entreprendre les recherches nécessaires au maintien et au développement de la science et de la technologie nucléaires ne soit menacée.

Un groupe d’experts de l’AEN comprenant des représentants de dix pays membres, de l’Agence internationale de l’énergie atomique et de la Commission européenne a examiné la situation des installations de recherche et d’expérimentation opérant dans les domaines d’intérêt du Comité des sciences nucléaires de l’AEN, à savoir : la mesure des données nucléaires, le développement des réacteurs, la diffusion de neutrons, la neutronographie, les systèmes hybrides, la transmutation, le combustible nucléaire, les matériaux, la sûreté, la radiochimie, la séparation et l’utilisation de la chaleur des réacteurs nucléaires pour la production d’hydrogène.

Ce rapport contient l’évaluation détaillée du groupe d’experts sur la situation actuelle des installations de recherche nucléaire, ainsi que des recommandations sur la façon de garantir le développement de ce secteur grâce à la mise en place d’installations modernes de qualité. Il décrit aussi la base de données en ligne établie par le groupe d’experts, qui recense plus de 700 installations.
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Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 83 (Juin 2009)
Français, 200 pages, published: 08/04/09
NEA#6813, ISSN: 0304-3428
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlbfr/nlb83-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 83 (June 2009)
Considéré comme l’ouvrage de référence en la matière, le Bulletin de droit nucléaire est une publication internationale unique en son genre où juristes et universitaires peuvent trouver une information à jour sur l’évolution de ce droit. Publié deux fois par an en anglais et en français, il rend compte du développement des législations dans une soixantaine de pays. Il tient le lecteur informé de la jurisprudence, des décisions administratives, des accords internationaux et des activités réglementaires des organisations internationales, dans le domaine de l’énergie nucléaire.

Les articles marquants de ce numéro portent sur « Le mécanisme de la conférence d’examen en droit nucléaire : problèmes et perspectives », la « Mise en œuvre et application sur le plan national des traités établissant des zones exemptes d’armes nucléaires » et « Le déclassement d’Asse II : Un fardeau du passé en République fédérale d’Allemagne ».
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Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 84 (Décembre 2009)
Volume 2009/2
Français, 200 pages, published: 12/31/09
NEA#6815, ISSN: 0304-3428
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlbfr/nlb84-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 84 (December 2009)
Considéré comme l’ouvrage de référence en la matière, le Bulletin de droit nucléaire est une publication internationale unique en son genre où juristes et universitaires peuvent trouver une information à jour sur l’évolution de ce droit. Publié deux fois par an en anglais et en français, il rend compte du développement des législations dans une soixantaine de pays. Il tient le lecteur informé de la jurisprudence, des décisions administratives, des accords internationaux et des activités réglementaires des organisations internationales, dans le domaine de l’énergie nucléaire.

Les principaux articles de ce numéro portent sur « Le renouveau du nucléaire – Un nouveau droit nucléaire? », « La Directive établissant un cadre communautaire pour la sûreté nucléaire des installations nucléaires » ainsi que « L'harmonisation de la responsabilité civile nucléaire au sein de l'Union européenne ».
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CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - No. 10
The Role of Human and Organisational Factors in Nuclear Power Plant Modifications
English, 28 pages, published: 02/03/09
NEA#6315, ISBN: 978-92-64-99064-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/nea6315_TOP_10_ENG.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Avis techniques du CSIN - n° 10
Nuclear power plant modifications may be needed for a number of different reasons. These include physical ageing of plant systems, structures and components; obsolescence in hardware and software; feedback from operating experience; and opportunities for improved plant safety, reliability or capability. However, experience has also shown that weaknesses in the design and/or implementation of modifications can present significant challenges to plant safety. They can also have a considerable impact on the commercial performance of the plant. It is therefore important that the plant modification process reflect a recognition of the potential impact of human errors and that it incorporate suitable measures to minimise the potential for such errors.

In this context, the NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) and its Working Group on Human and Organisational Factors organised an international workshop in 2003 to discuss the role of human and organisational performance in the nuclear plant modification process. This technical opinion paper represents the consensus of specialists in human and organisational factors (HOF) in the NEA member countries on commendable practices and approaches to dealing with nuclear plant modifications. It considers factors that should be taken into account when developing a modification process and identifies some lessons learnt from application of the process. The paper should be of particular interest of nuclear safety regulators and nuclear power plant operators.
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CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - No. 11
Better Nuclear Plant Maintenance: Improving Human and Organisational Performance
English, 28 pages, published: 02/26/09
NEA#6153, ISBN: 978-92-64-99065-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2009/NEA6153_TOP_11_ENG.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Avis techniques du CSIN - No. 11
Errors during maintenance and periodic testing are significant contributors to plant events. These errors may not always be revealed by post-maintenance tests and may remain undetected for extended periods until the affected system is called upon to function. It is therefore important that the plant maintenance process take into account the potential impact of human and organisational errors, and that it incorporate suitable measures to minimise the potential for such errors.

The NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) and its Working Group on Human and Organisational Factors organised an international workshop to discuss the role of human and organisational performance on maintenance. This technical opinion paper represents the consensus of specialists on human and organisational factors in NEA member countries on commendable practices and approaches to dealing with nuclear power plant maintenance. It sets out a framework for including a systematic consideration of human and organisational factors in the plant maintenance process. The paper should be of particular interest to nuclear safety regulators and nuclear power plant operators.
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CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - No. 12
Research on Human Factors in New Nuclear Plant Technology
English, 40 pages, published: 12/11/09
NEA#6844, ISBN: 978-92-64-99116-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2009/nea6844-TOP12-Eng.pdf

Other language(s):
- : Avis techniques du CSIN - n° 12
It is a dynamic time for the nuclear power sector. Existing reactor control rooms are undergoing various forms of modernisation. New reactors are being built in many countries and advanced reactors are being designed through international co-operation to support power generation for decades to come. The new technologies and concepts that are being considered in this context could impact upon the roles of the plant operators and thus plant safety. It is therefore important that the potential implications – both positive and negative – are evaluated and understood.

Through this technical opinion paper, the NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) has sought to identify a set of research topics that should be explored in order to enhance knowledge of the human and organisational factors concerned. Research to address the topics described in this paper will provide the technical basis to help ensure that the benefits of new technology are realised and that the potential negative effects are minimised.

This paper should be of particular interest to research organisations and other stakeholders (including regulatory agencies, international organisations and industry organisations) that could support this research and benefit from its results.
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Chemical Thermodynamics of Thorium - Volume 11
English, 942 pages, published: 01/22/09
NEA#6254, ISBN: 978-92-64-05667-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2007/6254-DB-chemical-thermodyn-11.pdf
This volume is the eleventh in the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) “Chemical Thermodynamics” series. It is based on a critical review of the thermodynamic properties of thorium, its solid compounds and aqueous complexes, initiated as part of the NEA Thermochemical Database Project Phase III (TDB III). The database system developed at the OECD/NEA Data Bank ensures consistency not only within the recommended data sets of thorium, but also amongst all the data sets published in the series. This volume will be of particular interest to scientists carrying out performance assessments of deep geological disposal sites for radioactive waste.
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Considering Timescales in the Post-closure Safety of Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste
English, 160 pages, published: 03/13/09
NEA#6424, ISBN: 978-92-64-06058-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2009/6424-considering-timescales.pdf
A key challenge in the development of safety cases for the deep geological disposal of radioactive waste is handling the long time frame over which the radioactive waste remains hazardous. The intrinsic hazard of the waste decreases with time, but some hazard remains for extremely long periods. Safety cases for geological disposal typically address performance and protection for thousands to millions of years into the future. Over such periods, a wide range of events and processes operating over many different timescales may impact on a repository and its environment. Uncertainties in the predictability of such factors increase with time, making it increasingly difficult to provide definite assurances of a repository's performance and the protection it may provide over longer timescales. Timescales, the level of protection and the assurance of safety are all linked.

Approaches to handling timescales for the geological disposal of radioactive waste are influenced by ethical principles, the evolution of the hazard over time, uncertainties in the evolution of the disposal system (and how these uncertainties themselves evolve) and the stability and predictability of the geological environment. Conversely, the approach to handling timescales can affect aspects of repository planning and implementation including regulatory requirements, siting decisions, repository design, the development and presentation of safety cases and the planning of pre- and post-closure institutional controls such as monitoring requirements. This is an area still under discussion among NEA member countries. This report reviews the current status and ongoing discussions of this issue.
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Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities (brochure)
It can and has been done
English, 8 pages, published: 10/23/09
NEA#6829
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2009/nea6829-decommissioning.pdf

Other language(s):
- Italian: Il Decommissioning degli Impianti Nucleari
- German: Stilllegung kerntechnischer Anlagen (decommissioning brochure)
- Swedish: Avveckling av kärntekniska anläggningar
- Français: Démantèlement des installations nucléaires (brochure)
- Chinese: 核設施除役
Considerable international experience gained over the last 20 years demonstrates that nuclear facilities can be safely dismantled and decommissioned once a decision is made to cease operations and permanently shut them down. This brochure looks at decommissioning across a spectrum of nuclear facilities and shows worldwide examples of sucessful projects.
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Environmental Radiological Protection in the Law - 法令にみる環境放射線防護
Japanese, 62 pages, published: 09/09/09
NEA#6397, ISBN: 978-92-64-99098-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2009/6397-environmental-law-jp.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Environmental Radiological Protection in the Law
- Français: Le droit de la protection radiologique de l'environnement
法令にみる環境放射線防護

この出版物は国際、ヨーロッパ、そして国内の環境放射線防護に関する法律に係る調査について記述している。これにはオーストラリア、カナダ、フランス、日本、英国、そしてアメリカ合衆国の国々が網羅される。この法律に関する調査は、より良い環境を放射線からどのように保護できるかに触れており、現在のアプローチの強弱と併せ、規制における動向をどのように定義付けるかを扱っている。この本は、放射線防護分野の規制者、政策決定者だけでなく、環境規制に関心のある、より一般的な方への有用なものとなるであろう。
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Evaluated Data Library for the Bulk of Fission Products (Volume 23)
International Evaluation Co-operation, Volume 23
English, 44 pages, published: 09/27/09
NEA#6283, ISBN: 978-92-64-99092-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wpec/volume23/volume23.pdf
This publication reports the conclusions from the work undertaken by Subgroup 23 of the NEA Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC), whose mission was to produce an international library of neutron cross-section evaluations for the most important fission products.

These fission products are important in the operation of nuclear reactors because some of them contribute delayed neutrons that are useful for reactor control, whereas others have a very high neutron capture cross-section, thus inhibiting the nuclear reaction. The build-up of the fission product poisons determines the maximum duration a given fuel element can be kept in a reactor.
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Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection
Discussion of New ICRP Recommendations, 4th Asian Regional Conference, Tokyo, Japan, 13-14 December 2007
English, 48 pages, published: 08/12/09
NEA#6363, ISBN: 978-92-64-99088-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2009/6363-fourth-asian.pdf
The evolution of the system of radiological protection is of great interest to governments and regulatory authorities, in particular in Asia. In this context, the Japanese government hosted a series of NEA conferences on this subject. The 4th Asian Regional Conference, held in Tokyo in December 2007, included key discussions of Japanese, Korean, Chinese and Russian views on the new International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) recommendations, and on their interpretation in the international Basic Safety Standards and national regulations. This report summarises the most significant aspects of these discussions, providing keen insight into governmental and regulatory approaches to radiological protection in Asia.
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Experimental Facilities for Gas-cooled Reactor Safety Studies
Task Group on Advanced Reactor Experimental Facilities (TAREF)
English, 88 pages, published: 12/31/09
NEA#6864, ISBN: 978-92-64-99110-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2009/nea6864-TAREF.pdf
This report provides an overview of experimental facilities that can be used to carry out nuclear safety research for gas-cooled reactors and identifies priorities for organising international co-operative programmes at selected facilities. The information has been collected and analysed by a Task Group on Advanced Reactor Experimental Facilities (TAREF) as part of an ongoing initiative of the NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) which aims to define and to implement a strategy for the efficient utilisation of facilities and resources for Generation IV reactor systems.
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Expériences internationales des dossiers de sûreté pour les dépôts en formation géologique (INTESC) + CD-ROM
Résultats du projet INTESC
Français, 80 pages, published: 11/06/09
NEA#6252, ISBN: 978-92-64-99104-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2009/nea6252-INTESC-fr.pdf
Un « dossier de sûreté » est la synthèse des preuves, analyses et arguments qui permettent de quantifier et de justifier que le dépôt de déchets radioactifs en formation géologique restera sûr après sa fermeture et après que l'on puisse assurer une surveillance active de l'installation. Le projet de l'AEN sur les International Experiences in Safety Cases for Geological Repositories (INTESC) a consisté à analyser les dossiers de sûreté actuels et leurs éléments afin de dresser un bilan des avancées des dix dernières années, d'en dégager les principaux concepts et de préciser les attentes futures des autorités de sûreté concernant le contenu et l'examen des dossiers de sûreté. Ce rapport présente les résultats du projet INTESC. Il tient compte des réponses à une enquête détaillée réalisée auprès des pays membres de l'AEN et intègre les résultats d'un atelier technique.

Le projet a montré que la finalité et le concept même du dossier de sûreté sont généralement bien compris, acceptés et adoptés par les gestionnaires de déchets à travers le monde. Les dossiers de sûreté préparés reprennent la plupart des éléments proposés par l’AEN, même s’il existe quelques différences d’interprétation et de présentation. Des tendances importantes se dessinent comme l'utilisation des fonctions de sûreté et le rôle de la synthèse des connaissances géologiques. À mesure que les dossiers de sûreté seront affinés pour permettre aux programmes d’avancer vers l’étape de la mise en œuvre du dépôt, on pourra également s’attendre à de nouveaux progrès dans l'analyse de certains aspects et l'élaboration d'outils, tels que les programmes d'assurance de la qualité et les systèmes de gestion des spécifications.
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Improving Nuclear Regulation
Compilation of NEA Regulatory Guidance Booklets
English, 208 pages, published: 04/02/09
NEA#6275, ISBN: 978-92-64-99075-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2009/nea6275_Improving_Nuclear_Regulation.pdf
A common theme throughout the series of NEA regulatory guidance reports, or “green booklets”, is the premise that the fundamental objective of all nuclear safety regulatory bodies is to ensure that nuclear facilities are operated at all times and later decommissioned in an acceptably safe manner. In meeting this objective the regulator must keep in mind that it is the operator that has responsibility for safely operating a nuclear facility; the role of the regulator is to oversee the operator’s activities as related to assuming that responsibility.

For the first time, the full series of these reports have been brought together in one edition. As such, it is intended to serve as a knowledge management tool both for current regulators and the younger generation of nuclear experts entering the regulatory field. While the audience for this publication is primarily nuclear regulators, the information and ideas may also be of interest to nuclear operators, other nuclear industry organisations and the general public.
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Independent Evaluation of the MYRRHA Project
Report by an International Team of Experts
English, 44 pages, published: 12/16/09
NEA#6881, ISBN: 978-92-64-99114-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/reports/2009/nea6881-MYRRHA.pdf
The renewed interest in nuclear energy – to a large extent stimulated by concerns about global climate change, high volatility of fossil fuel prices and security of energy supply – has also revived discussions on advanced reactor concepts with the potential to reduce significantly the long-term radioactivity of nuclear waste. One of these concepts is an accelerator-driven system (ADS) which combines a particle accelerator with a subcritical reactor core. The Belgian research centre SCK•CEN at Mol has launched a project aiming to construct an ADS consisting of a high energy proton, linear accelerator combined with a lead-bismuth-cooled, subcritical reactor. The project is called MYRRHA (Multi-purpose Hybrid Research Reactor for High-tech Applications).

The Belgian government asked the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) to organise an international peer review of the MYRRHA project to provide an independent evaluation as part of the decision-making process. This report presents the findings from the review, which was conducted by a team of seven high-level experts from seven countries, assisted by the NEA Secretariat.
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Inter-code Comparison Exercise for Criticality Excursion Analysis
Benchmarks Phase I: Pulse Mode Experiments with Uranyl Nitrate Solution Using the TRACY and SILENE Experimental Facilities
English, 172 pages, published: 07/17/09
NEA#6285, ISBN: 978-92-64-99073-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/reports/2009/6285_CriticalityComparison.pdf
The NEA Working Party on Nuclear Criticality Safety established an Expert Group on Criticality Excursion Analysis in 2001 to explore the performance of various transient codes to evaluate criticality accidents in a fissile solution. Inter-code comparison exercises among four transient codes (AGNES, CRITEX, INCTAC and TRACE) have been carried out with typical transient experiments using uranyl nitrate fuel solution.

Two sets of benchmarks were carried out based on experimental programmes performed in the TRACY reactor in Japan, and the SILENE reactor in France. TRACY and SILENE have the same geometrical features: an annular cylinder with a central void tube for a transient rod and similar operational modes for reactivity insertion. The experiments selected are representative benchmarks for low- and high-enriched uranyl nitrate solution, about 10 wt% for TRACY and 93 wt% for the SILENE core.

This report provides an analysis of the benchmark results obtained with four different codes. It will be of particular interest to criticality safety practitioners developing transient codes, notably since little experimental data is available and the existing transient codes are presently unavailable to the public.
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International Experiences in Safety Cases for Geological Repositories (INTESC) + CD-ROM
Outcomes of the INTESC Project
English, 76 pages, published: 11/06/09
NEA#6251, ISBN: 978-92-64-99103-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2009/nea6251-INTESC-eng.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Expériences internationales des dossiers de sûreté pour les dépôts en formation géologique (INTESC) + CD-ROM
A “safety case” is the synthesis of evidence, analyses and arguments that quantify and substantiate a claim that a geological repository for radioactive waste will be safe after closure and beyond the time when active control of the facility can be ensured. The NEA project on International Experiences in Safety Cases for Geological Repositories (INTESC) analysed existing safety cases, and their elements, to provide an overview of progress during the last decade, to identify key concepts and to give insight into regulatory expectations on the contents and review of safety cases. This report documents the outcomes of the INTESC project. It takes account of the responses to a detailed survey of NEA member countries as well as the results of a technical workshop.

The project has shown that the purpose and concept of a safety case are generally understood, accepted and adopted by radioactive waste management programmes worldwide. Programmes are preparing safety cases in line with most of the elements suggested by the NEA, although there are some differences in interpretation and presentation. Some important trends are emerging, such as the use of safety functions and the role of a geosynthesis. Further development of some aspects and tools, such as quality assurance programmes and requirements management systems, can be expected as safety cases are further refined to support programmes moving towards implementation of geological disposal.
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La contribution de l'AEN à l'évolution du système international de protection radiologique
Français, 138 pages, published: 03/31/09
NEA#6441, ISBN: 978-92-64-99081-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2009/6441-evolution-int-system-rp-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- Japanese: Japanese version of The NEA Contribution to the Evolution of the International System of Radiological Protection 
- English: The NEA Contribution to the Evolution of the International System of Radiological Protection
Depuis que la Commission internationale de protection radiologique (CIPR) a lancé en 1999 une réflexion collective sur le système de protection radiologique, le Comité de protection radiologique et de santé publique (CRPPH) de l’AEN y a activement contribué par la communication de ses observations et ses points de vue. Les travaux du Comité dans ce domaine ont fait l'objet de huit rapports de groupes d'experts, de sept conférences internationales et de quatre revues critiques approfondies des différentes versions des futures recommandations de la CIPR. Le présent rapport récapitule par ordre chronologique les sujets, points de vue et motifs de préoccupation évoqués par le CRPPH à mesure que la CIPR élaborait les différents projets de ses nouvelles recommandations (parues en décembre 2007 en tant que Publication 103 de la CIPR), ainsi que les réactions de la Commission telles qu'elles transparaissaient des versions qui se suivaient. Cette synthèse présente l'intérêt non seulement d'aider le lecteur à comprendre les thématiques et concepts propres aux nouvelles recommandations, mais aussi pourquoi et comment ont vu le jour les modifications faites aux précédentes recommandations de la Publication 60.
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Mixed-oxide (MOX) Fuel Performance Benchmark (PRIMO)
Summary of the Results for the PRIMO BD8 MOX Rod
English, 40 pages, published: 07/13/09
NEA#6291, ISBN: 978-92-64-99085-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/reports/2009/6291-MOX.pdf
The plutonium produced during the operation of commercial nuclear power plants or that has become available from the dismantlement of nuclear weapons needs to be properly managed. One important contribution to the management process consists in validating the calculation methods and nuclear data used for estimates concerning power systems burning mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel. Another important contribution is the improved modelling of MOX fuel behaviour in such systems.

Within the framework of the NEA Expert Group on Reactor-based Plutonium Disposition, a fuel modelling code benchmark test was carried out for MOX fuel, with irradiation data on the BD8 MOX rod of the PRIMO programme provided by SCK•CEN and Belgonucléaire. This report summarises the data provided and the fuel characteristics for the irradiation, and presents the calculation results provided by the contributors.
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Mobile Fission and Activation Products in Nuclear Waste Disposal
Workshop Proceedings, La Baule, France, 16-19 January 2007
English, 264 pages, published: 05/25/09
NEA#6310, ISBN: 978-92-64-99072-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/reports/2009/nea6310-MOFAP.pdf
Most experts worldwide agree that disposal of spent nuclear fuel in appropriate formations deep underground provides a suitable option. Most public discussions about these underground repositories concentrate on the radiological hazard associated with the potential leak of actinides to the biosphere. However, the radiotoxicity of the fission products dominates the total radiotoxicity of the spent nuclear fuel during the first 100 years. Thereafter, their radiotoxicity diminishes and the long-term radiotoxicity becomes dominated by the actinides, mainly by the plutonium and americium isotopes.

The aim of the international workshop on Mobile Fission and Activation Products in Nuclear Waste Disposal, MOFAP07, was to review and to identify the needs for further studies on the transport and chemical behaviour of fission products in the geosphere for the safety assessment of radioactive waste repositories. These proceedings contain 22 peer-reviewed papers from the workshop, which should be of particular interest to professionals in the radioactive waste management field.
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NEA News 27.1 (June 2009)
English, 40 pages, published: 06/24/09
NEA#6838, ISSN: 1605-9581
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2009/NEA_News_Vol _27.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: AEN infos 27.1 (Juin 2009)
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NEA News 27.2 (December 2009)
English, 32 pages, published: 12/18/09
NEA#6840, ISSN: 1605-9581
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/newsletter/2009/27-2/NEA-News-27-2.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: AEN Infos 27.2 (Décembre 2009)
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Natural Tracer Profiles Across Argillaceous Formations: The CLAYTRAC Project
English, 364 pages, published: 03/24/09
NEA#6253, ISBN: 978-92-64-06047-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2009/6253-claytract-project-2009.pdf
Disposal of high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel in engineered facilities, or repositories, located deep underground in suitable geological formations is being developed worldwide as the reference solution to protect humans and the environment both now and in the future. An important aspect of assessing the long-term safety of deep geological disposal is developing a comprehensive understanding of the geological environment in order to define the initial conditions for the disposal system as well as to provide a sound scientific basis for projecting its future evolution. The transport pathways and mechanisms by which contaminants could migrate in the surrounding host rock are key elements in any safety case. Relevant experiments in laboratories or underground test facilities can provide important information, but the challenge remains in being able to extrapolate the results to the spatial and temporal scales required for performance assessment, which are typically tens to hundreds of metres and from thousands to beyond a million years into the future. Profiles of natural tracers dissolved in pore water of argillaceous rock formations can be considered as large-scale and long-term natural experiments which enable the transport properties to be characterised.

The CLAYTRAC Project on Natural Tracer Profiles Across Argillaceous Formations was established by the NEA Clay Club to evaluate the relevance of natural tracer data in understanding past geological evolution and in confirming dominant transport processes. Data were analysed for nine sites to support scientific understanding and development of geological disposal. The outcomes of the project show that, for the sites and clay-rich formations that were studied, there is strong evidence that solute transport is controlled mainly by diffusion. The results can improve site understanding and performance assessment in the context of deep geological disposal and have the potential to be applied to other sites and contexts.
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Nuclear Energy Data 2009/Données sur l'énergie nucléaire 2009
Bilingual, 120 pages, published: 09/04/09
NEA#6816, ISBN: 978-92-64-04772-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2009/6816-BB-2009.pdf
This new edition of Nuclear Energy Data, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency’s annual compilation of essential statistics on nuclear energy in OECD countries, provides information on plans for new nuclear construction, nuclear fuel cycle developments and projections of installed nuclear capacity to 2035 in OECD member countries. This comprehensive overview of the current situation and expected trends in various sectors of the nuclear fuel cycle provides authoritative information for policy makers, experts and academics working in the nuclear energy field.

Cette nouvelle édition des Données sur l'énergie nucléaire de l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l’énergie nucléaire, une compilation annuelle de statistiques essentielles sur l'énergie nucléaire, décrit les projets de construction de centrales nucléaires et les développements dans le cycle du combustible et présente des projections de la puissance nucléaire installée dans les pays membres de l'OCDE jusqu'en 2035. Ce panorama complet de la situation actuelle et des tendances qui se dessinent dans divers secteurs du cycle du combustible nucléaire constitue l'ouvrage de référence pour les décideurs, les spécialistes et les chercheurs qui travaillent dans ce domaine.
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Nuclear Energy Outlook - 2008 (Japanese version)
Japanese, 452 pages, published: 02/13/09
NEA#6850, ISBN: 978-92-64-99067-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/2008/6850-neo-2008-ja.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Energy Outlook (NEO)
- Français: Perspectives de l'énergie nucléaire
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Nuclear Energy and Addressing Climate Change (brochure)
English, 8 pages, published: 12/10/09
NEA#6883
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/news/in-perspective/addressing-climate-change.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: L'énergie nucléaire et le changement climatique (brochure)
- Japanese: Nuclear Energy and Addressing Climate Change (brochure) - Japanese version
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Nuclear Fuel Behaviour in Loss-of-coolant Accident (LOCA) Conditions
State-of-the-art Report
English, 376 pages, published: 06/29/09
NEA#6846, ISBN: 978-92-64-99091-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2009/nea6846_LOCA.pdf
Considerable experimental and analytical work has been performed in recent years which has led to a broader and deeper understanding of phenomena related to loss-of-coolant accidents (LOCAs). Further, new cladding alloys have been produced, which might behave differently than the previously used Zircaloy-4, both under normal operating conditions and during transients. Compared with 20 years ago, fuel burn-up has been significantly increased. These and other factors have led the NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) and its Working Group on Fuel Safety to produce this state-of-the-art report. The report should be of particular interest to nuclear safety regulators, nuclear power plant operators and nuclear fuel researchers.
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Nuclear Fuel Cycle Synergies and Regional Scenarios for Europe
English, 36 pages, published: 09/27/09
NEA#6857, ISBN: 978-92-64-99086-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/reports/2009/nea6857-Regional-Scenarios.pdf
Regional strategies can provide a useful framework for implementing innovative nuclear fuel cycles. The appropriate sharing of efforts and facilities among different countries is necessary in today’s context, as is taking into account proliferation concerns and resource optimisation. The preliminary studies examined in this report show that the expected benefits deriving from partitioning and transmutation (P&T), notably the reduction of radiotoxicity and heat load in a shared repository, can bring advantages to all countries of the region concerned, even when different nuclear energy policies are pursued. The studies also demonstrate that regional strategies tend to favour a nuclear “renaissance” in some countries.

A regional approach is proposed in order to implement the innovative fuel cycles associated with partitioning and transmutation in Europe. The impact of different deployment strategies and policies in various countries is addressed. Regional facilities’ characteristics and potential deployment schedules are also discussed. Further studies should be undertaken to investigate practical issues (fuel transport in particular) and institutional issues which will, without doubt, be very challenging.
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Nuclear Fuel Cycle Transition Scenario Studies
Status Report
English, 124 pages, published: 02/03/09
NEA#6194, ISBN: 978-92-64-99068-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/reports/2009/nea6194_transition_scenario_studies.pdf
Future nuclear fuel cycles could effectively address radioactive waste issues with the implementation of partitioning and transmutation (P&T). Previous studies have defined the infrastructure requirements for several key technical approaches. While these studies have proven extremely valuable, several countries have also recognised the complex, dynamic nature of the infrastructure problem: severe new issues arise when attempting to transit from current open or partially closed cycles to a final equilibrium or burn-down mode. While the issues are country-specific when addressed in detail, it is believed that there exists a series of generic issues related only to the current situation and to the desired end point.

These issues are critical to implementing a sustainable nuclear energy infrastructure. The present report focuses on the definition of key issues, the assessment of technologies and national scenario assessments.
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 83 (June 2009)
English, 200 pages, published: 08/04/09
NEA#6812, ISSN: 0304-341X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb83.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 83 (Juin 2009)
Considered to be the standard reference work for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law, the Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication providing its subscribers with up-to-date information on all major developments falling within the domain of nuclear law. Published twice a year in both English and French, it covers legislative developments in almost 60 countries around the world as well as reporting on relevant jurisprudence and administrative decisions, international agreements and regulatory activities of international organisations.

Feature articles in this issue address “The Review Conference Mechanism in Nuclear Law: Issues and Opportunities”, “National Implementation and Enforcement of Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaties” and “The Decommissioning of Asse II – Burden of the Past in the Federal Republic of Germany".
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 84 (December 2009)
Volume 2009/2
English, 200 pages, published: 12/31/09
NEA#6814, ISSN: 0304-341X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb84.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 84 (Décembre 2009)
Considered to be the standard reference work for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law, the Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication providing its subscribers with up-to-date information on all major developments falling within the domain of nuclear law. Published twice a year in both English and French, it covers legislative developments in almost 60 countries around the world as well as reporting on relevant jurisprudence and administrative decisions, international agreements and regulatory activities of international organisations.

Feature articles in this issue include “Nuclear New Build – New Nuclear Law?”, “Directive Establishing a Community Framework for the Nuclear Safety of Nuclear Installations” and the “Harmonisation of Nuclear Liability in the European Union”.
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Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants (2007)
Seventeenth Annual Report of the ISOE Programme, 2007
English, 120 pages, published: 04/03/09
NEA#6386, ISBN: 978-92-64-99082-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2009/nea6386-isoe.pdf
The Information System on Occupational Exposure (ISOE) was created by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency in 1992 to promote and co-ordinate international co-operative undertakings in the area of worker protection at nuclear power plants. ISOE provides experts in occupational radiological protection with a forum for communication and exchange of experience.

The programme includes 71 participating utilities in 29 countries (334 operating units and 45 shutdown units), as well as the regulatory authorities of 25 countries. The ISOE database, annual symposia and ISOE Network website facilitate the exchange of operational experience and lessons learnt among participants.

The Seventeenth Annual Report of the ISOE Programme summarises occupational exposure data trends and ISOE achievements made during 2007. Principal developments in ISOE participating countries are also described.

ISOE is jointly sponsored by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

ISOE Network: www.isoe-network.net
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PENELOPE-2008: A Code System for Monte Carlo Simulation of Electron and Photon Transport
Workshop Proceedings, Barcelona, Spain, 30 June-3 July 2008
English, 336 pages, published: 02/20/09
NEA#6416, ISBN: 978-92-64-99066-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2009/nea6416-penelope.pdf
Radiation is used in many applications of modern technology. However, its proper handling requires competent knowledge of the basic physical laws governing its interaction with matter. To ensure its safe use, appropriate tools for predicting radiation fields and doses, and subsequently establishing pertinent regulations, are required.

One area of radiation physics that has received much attention concerns electron-photon transport in matter. PENELOPE is a modern, general-purpose Monte Carlo tool for simulating the transport of electrons and photons, which is applicable for arbitrary materials and in a wide energy range. PENELOPE provides quantitative guidance for many practical situations and techniques, including electron and X-ray spectroscopies, electron microscopy and microanalysis, biophysics, dosimetry, medical diagnostics and radiotherapy, and radiation damage and shielding.

These proceedings contain the extensively revised teaching notes of the latest workshop/training course on PENELOPE (version 2008), along with a detailed description of the improved physics models, numerical algorithms and structure of the code system.
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Questions stratégiques et politiques liées à la transition des systèmes nucléaires thermiques aux systèmes rapides
Français, 92 pages, published: 05/28/09
NEA#6353, ISBN: 978-92-64-06066-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2009/6353-questions-strategiques.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Strategic and Policy Issues Raised by the Transition from Thermal to Fast Nuclear Systems
Le renouveau d'intérêt pour l'énergie nucléaire résultant des préoccupations causées par le changement climatique global et la sécurité d'approvisionnement, qui est susceptible d'entraîner une croissance notable de la production d'électricité nucléaire, rend plus attractifs les réacteurs à neutrons rapides fonctionnant en cycle fermé. La transition entre le parc actuel de réacteurs à neutrons thermiques et des systèmes à neutrons rapides demandera plusieurs décennies et d'importants efforts de RD-D. Cet ouvrage identifie et analyse les questions stratégiques et politiques clés posées par une telle transition et vise à assister les décideurs dans le choix des meilleures approches pour mettre en œuvre des scénarios de transition.

Les sujets traités dans ce livre intéresseront les décideurs des gouvernements et de l'industrie nucléaire ainsi que les spécialistes de l'analyse des systèmes énergétiques nucléaires et des cycles du combustible avancés.
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Rapport annuel 2008
Français, 52 pages, published: 04/27/09
NEA#6843, ISBN: 978-92-64-99077-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2008/fr/index.html

Other language(s):
- English: Annual Report 2008
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Rapport de synthèse sur la conférence du 50e anniversaire du CRPPH
Comité de protection radiologique et de santé publique (CRPPH), 31 mai 2007
Français, 48 pages, published: 04/01/09
NEA#6452, ISBN: 978-92-64-99079-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2009/6452-crpph-50e-conference-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Summary Report of the CRPPH 50th Anniversary Conference
Le Comité de protection radiologique et de santé publique (CRPPH) de l’AEN a célébré son 50e anniversaire en mai 2007. Mettant à profit l’expérience accumulée en un demi-siècle, le Comité a saisi cette occasion pour déterminer quels seront, dans les 50 prochaines années, les grands enjeux de la politique et de la réglementation en matière de radioprotection et de leur application. Ce rapport résume les contributions et les analyses des responsables de haut niveau des autorités de sûreté et des organisations internationales de radioprotection qui ont participé à l’événement et ont donné leurs points de vue sur la meilleure façon dont les spécialistes de radioprotection peuvent ensemble relever ces nouveaux défis.
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Regional Development and Community Support for Radioactive Waste Management (web only)
Synthesis of the FSC National Workshop and Community Visit, Tengelic and Bataapati, Hungary, 14-17 November 2006
English, 78 pages, published: 10/16/09
NEA#6258, ISBN: 978-92-64-99102-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2009/6258-FSC-Hungary.pdf
In November 2006, Hungary hosted the 6th National Workshop and Community Visit of the NEA Forum on Stakeholder Confidence (FSC). Participants included institutional authorities, local residents and stakeholders, 11 mayors and more than 30 FSC delegates from 12 countries. The workshop focused on those factors that contribute either to the success or failure of the siting process for a radioactive waste repository. Experience gained in Hungary over the past two decades provided the context for the discussions. The workshop highlighted the role and modes of operation of local public oversight and information associations, which proved to be instrumental in reaching an agreement between the implementer and the local communities. The workshop included a visit to the community of Bátaapáti and the ongoing project site for an underground repository for short-lived, low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste (LILW).
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Research and Test Facilities Required in Nuclear Science and Technology
English, 156 pages, published: 10/09/09
NEA#6293, ISBN: 978-92-64-99070-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/reports/2009/6293-Research-Test-Facilities.pdf

Other language(s):
- Japanese: Research and Test Facilities Required in Nuclear Science and Technology (Japanese version) 原子力の科学技術で必要とされる試験研究施設
- Français: Besoins d'installations de recherche et d'expérimentation en sciences et technologies nucléaires
Experimental facilities are essential research tools both for the development of nuclear science and technology and for testing systems and materials which are currently being used or will be used in the future. As a result of economic pressures and the closure of older facilities, there are concerns that the ability to undertake the research necessary to maintain and to develop nuclear science and technology may be in jeopardy.

An NEA expert group with representation from ten member countries, the International Atomic Energy Agency and the European Commission has reviewed the status of those research and test facilities of interest to the NEA Nuclear Science Committee. They include facilities relating to nuclear data measurement, reactor development, neutron scattering, neutron radiography, accelerator-driven systems, transmutation, nuclear fuel, materials, safety, radiochemistry, partitioning and nuclear process heat for hydrogen production.

This report contains the expert group’s detailed assessment of the current status of these nuclear research facilities and makes recommendations on how future developments in the field can be secured through the provision of high-quality, modern facilities. It also describes the online database which has been established by the expert group which includes more than 700 facilities.
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Scientific Issues and Emerging Challenges for Radiological Protection - 放射線防護における科学的問題と新たな課題
Report of the Expert Group on the Implications of Radiological Protection Science
Japanese, 120 pages, published: 11/05/09
NEA#6876, ISBN: 978-92-64-99099-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2009/6876-scientific-issues-jp.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Scientific Issues and Emerging Challenges for Radiological Protection
- Français: EGIS - Scientific Issues and Emerging Challenges for Radiological Protection (French version) 
放射線防護における科学的問題と新たな課題

科学的知見は、更に進化したテクノロジーが利用可能になるよう常に発展しており、より綿密な研究が実施されている。政策を決定し得る新たな研究成果である将来的な意味合い内容が提示され、1998年、NEAの放射線防護公共保健委員会(CRPPH)では放射線防護科学分野において最先端の研究調査を実施した。この調査は、放射線防護の現システムが科学的理解に支えられていることを示唆しており、様々な分野における知見の増大は、政策、規制に多大なインパクトを与える。10年後においても、CRPPHは再度、最先端の研究調査を繰り返し行い続け、先の結論を明確にする。

このレポートは放射線防護科学の最新のCRPPHアセスメントの結論を要約している。特に、個別機微な、標的とされていない知見、遅れた影響が、過去10年間に多大な改善をされ続けてきたことを説明している。それらは、まだこれらの分野である種非科学的であるにも関わらず、多くの最近の研究や調査を基に、レポートでは政策決定者や規制権者はこれから数年の研究から得られるであろう可能なインパクトを考えるべきだと堅調に示している。更に、レポートは政策選択においてより直接的インパクトを持つ科学的疑問に対し、より決定的な回答をするためにサポートされるべき研究分野を扱っている。
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Stability and Buffering Capacity of the Geosphere for Long-term Isolation of Radioactive Waste: Application to Crystalline Rock
Workshop Proceedings, Manchester, United Kingdom, 13-15 November 2007
English, 304 pages, published: 03/20/09
NEA#6362, ISBN: 978-92-64-06056-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2009/6362-stability-buffering.pdf
Geological settings selected as potential host formations for the deep geological disposal of radioactive waste are chosen for, among other assets, their long-term stability and buffering capacity against disruptive or destabilising events and processes. The NEA Integration Group for the Safety Case organised a workshop on geosphere stability to develop a better understanding of the scientific evidence and arguments that contribute to confidence in the geological stability for deep geological disposal.

These proceedings present the outcomes of a geosphere stability workshop, held in November 2007, that focused on crystalline and other types of hard, fractured rocks. The workshop underscored the fact that many such rocks are intrinsically stable environments that evolve extremely slowly and provide good buffering against external events and processes. There is a good understanding of the processes and events that can affect crystalline rocks and, although there is less confidence in predicting exactly when and where such events will occur and the volume of rock that will be affected, the extent of the impacts on a geological repository can be confidently addressed using bounding approaches supported by geological information from similar sites around the world.
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Strategic and Policy Issues Raised by the Transition from Thermal to Fast Nuclear Systems
English, 84 pages, published: 03/13/09
NEA#6352, ISBN: 978-92-64-06064-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2009/6352-strategic-policy-issues.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Questions stratégiques et politiques liées à la transition des systèmes nucléaires thermiques aux systèmes rapides
The renewed interest in nuclear energy triggered by concerns about global climate change and security of supply, which could lead to substantial growth in nuclear electricity generation, enhances the attractiveness of fast neutron reactors with closed fuel cycles. Moving from the current fleet of thermal neutron reactors to fast neutron systems will require many decades and extensive RD&D efforts. This book identifies and analyses key strategic and policy issues raised by such a transition, aiming at providing guidance to decision makers on the best approaches for implementing transition scenarios.

The topics covered in this book will be of interest to government and nuclear industry policy makers as well as to specialists working on nuclear energy system analyses and advanced fuel cycle issues.
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Summary Report of the CRPPH 50th Anniversary Conference
Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH), 31 May 2007
English, 48 pages, published: 04/01/09
NEA#6451, ISBN: 978-92-64-99078-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2009/6451-crpph-50th-conference.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Rapport de synthèse sur la conférence du 50e anniversaire du CRPPH
The NEA Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) celebrated its 50th anniversary in May 2007. Taking advantage of its half century of experience, the Committee took this occasion to look forward towards the next 50 years in order to identify the most significant emerging challenges to radiological protection policy, regulation and application. This report summarises the presentations and discussions of the high-level regulators and international radiological protection organisations’ leaders who attended, providing their views on how the radiological protection community can best move forward together to address emerging challenges.

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The Financing of Nuclear Power Plants
English, 74 pages, published: 11/30/09
NEA#6360, ISBN: 978-92-64-07921-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/reports/2009/financing-plants.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Le financement des centrales nucléaires
Many countries have recognised that greater use of nuclear power could play a valuable role in reducing carbon dioxide emissions. However, given the high capital cost and complexity of nuclear power plants, financing their construction often remains a challenge. This is especially true where such financing is left to the private sector in the context of competitive electricity markets.

This study examines the financial risks involved in investing in a new nuclear power plant, how these can be mitigated, and how projects can be structured so that residual risks are taken by those best able to manage them. Given that expansion of nuclear power programmes will require strong and sustained government support, the study highlights the role of governments in facilitating and encouraging investment in new nuclear generating capacity.
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The JEFF-3.1.1 Nuclear Data Library
JEFF Report 22 - Validation Results from JEF-2.2 to JEFF-3.1.1
English, 62 pages, published: 05/05/09
NEA#6807, ISBN: 978-92-64-99074-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/dbdata/nds_jefreports/jefreport-22/nea6807-jeff22.pdf
The JEFF-3.1.1 library is an updated version of the JEFF-3.1 Joint Evaluated File for Fission and Fusion. It consists of sets of evaluated nuclear data for reactor applications. Reliable data of this sort are necessary to improve the safety and economy of existing installations, as well as for the design and efficient operation of advanced nuclear reactors. The improvements in this latest version of the JEFF-3.1.1 library are particularly noteworthy as regards light water reactor applications and the associated fuel cycle.

The present report provides detailed information on the analysis and incremental validation process employed with regard to the JEF-2.2 library, which has provided the basis for the JEFF-3.1.1 library.
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The JEFF-3.1/-3.1.1 Radioactive Decay Data and Fission Yields Sub-libraries
JEFF Report 20
English, 148 pages, published: 09/27/09
NEA#6287, ISBN: 978-92-64-99087-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/dbdata/nds_jefreports/jefreport-20/nea6287-jeff-20.pdf
The Joint Evaluated Fission and Fusion (JEFF) Project is a collaborative effort among NEA Data Bank member countries to develop a reference nuclear data library for use in different energy applications. Radioactive decay data forms an integral part of the nuclear data requirements for nuclear applications. In 2005, a completely revised library, JEFF-3.1, was made available. The updated JEFF-3.1.1 Radioactive Decay Data and Fission Yields Sub-libraries were released in 2007.

This report describes the development, contents and initial validation of the JEFF-3.1 Radioactive Decay Data and Fission Yields Sub-libraries, including the 2007 update, JEFF-3.1.1, of these sub-libraries.
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The NEA Contribution to the Evolution of the International System of Radiological Protection
English, 122 pages, published: 03/31/09
NEA#6440, ISBN: 978-92-64-99080-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2009/6440-evolution-int-system-rp.pdf

Other language(s):
- Japanese: Japanese version of The NEA Contribution to the Evolution of the International System of Radiological Protection 
- Français: La contribution de l'AEN à l'évolution du système international de protection radiologique
Since the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) initiated a dialogue in 1999 on the evolution of the system of radiological protection, the NEA Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) has actively engaged in providing the ICRP with input and views. The Committee’s work on this subject has included eight expert group reports, seven international conferences, and four detailed review and comment assessments of draft ICRP recommendations. This report presents a chronological summary of the issues, views and concerns raised by the CRPPH as the ICRP issued various draft versions of its new recommendations (ICRP Publication 103, published in December 2007), and of the response by the ICRP as seen in its subsequent draft recommendations. The interest of this summary report is that it will not only assist readers in understanding the main themes and concepts of the new ICRP recommendations, but also why and how the changes from the previous ICRP Publication 60 recommendations came about.
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Work Management to Optimise Occupational Radiological Protection at Nuclear Power Plants
English, 128 pages, published: 07/13/09
NEA#6399, ISBN: 978-92-64-99089-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2009/6399-work-management.pdf

Other language(s):
- Japanese: Japanese version - Work Management to Optimise Occupational Radiological Protection at Nuclear Power Plants 
- Français: L'organisation du travail pour optimiser la radioprotection professionnelle dans les centrales nucléaires
Since 1992, the Information System on Occupational Exposure (ISOE) has provided a forum for radiological protection professionals from nuclear power utilities and national regulatory authorities worldwide to discuss, promote and co-ordinate international co-operative undertakings for the radiological protection of workers at nuclear power plants. The ISOE objective is to improve occupational exposure management at nuclear power plants by exchanging relevant information, data and experience on methods to optimise occupational radiological protection.

This report on work management provides practical guidance on the application of work management principles as a contribution to the optimisation of occupational radiological protection. It recognises that while work management is no longer a new concept, continued efforts are needed to ensure that good performance, outcomes and trends are maintained in the face of current and future challenges. The focus of this report is therefore on presenting the key aspects of work management that should be considered by management and workers to save time, doses and money, supported by updated practical examples from within the ISOE community.

ISOE is jointly sponsored by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

ISOE Network: www.isoe-network.net

2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1994 | 1993 | 1992 | 1991 | 1990 | 1989 | 1988 | 1987 | 1982 | 1979 | page top

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A Stakeholder Dialogue on the Implications of the ICRP Recommendations
Summary of the Three NEA/ICRP Conferences
English, 44 pages, published: 03/13/08
NEA#6169, ISBN: 978-92-64-99033-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2008/6169-icrp.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Dialogue avec les parties prenantes sur les répercussions des recommandations de la CIPR
Since its inception the NEA Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) has been involved in the assessment and implementation of the recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). The development of new general ICRP recommendations, to replace those of the 1990 ICRP Publication 60, was thus of great interest to the NEA and its member countries. As a result, the NEA initiated a process of interaction and dialogue with the ICRP to ensure that the views and concerns of NEA member countries could be voiced and appropriately addressed in the new ICRP recommendations. The new ICRP recommendations were approved by the ICRP Main Commission in March 2007, by which point the NEA had sponsored 7 international conferences and produced 13 publications on the subject.

This report is the summary of the three international dialogue conferences (held in Tokyo, 5-6 July 2006, Washington, DC, 28-29 August 2006, and Prague, 24-25 October 2006) that were organised to provide the ICRP with feedback regarding the June 2006 draft of its new recommendations. It includes a presentation of the key points of the draft recommendations, a summary of the suggestions made during the three conferences, and an assessment of the significant evolution that has been seen in the ICRP’s presentation of its draft recommendations over the course of the conference series.
French blurb
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Analytical Benchmarks for Nuclear Engineering Applications
Case Studies in Neutron Transport Theory
English, 296 pages, published: 09/01/08
NEA#6292, ISBN: 978-92-64-99056-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/databank/docs/2008/db-doc2008-1.pdf
Preservation of know-how in the nuclear field is promoted through the activities of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency Data Bank. One area of importance concerns methods for solving radiation transport problems, especially with regard to neutrons. This handbook (in the form of a case study), prepared by Barry D. Ganapol, is the result of such an initiative. It is a compilation of solutions to the transport equation for which analytical representations can be found. It is designed for educational use in courses on analytical transport methods and numerical methods with application to reactor physics. In addition, it contains elements for the continuous improvement of transport methods and for computer code verification. The areas of neutron slowing down, thermalization and one-, two- and three-dimensional neutron transport theory are covered. A series of training courses, based on this compilation of solutions has recently begun.
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Annual Report 2007
English, 48 pages, published: 05/02/08
NEA#6371, ISBN: 978-92-64-99046-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2007/

Other language(s):
- Français: Rapport annuel 2007
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Assurer la sûreté nucléaire : la mission des autorités réglementaires
Français, 60 pages, published: 06/13/08
NEA#6274, ISBN: 978-92-64-99051-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2008/nea6274-autorites.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: The Regulatory Goal of Assuring Nuclear Safety
La mission fondamentale de toutes les autorités de sûreté nucléaire consiste à s’assurer que les installations nucléaires sont à tout moment exploitées de manière sûre puis démantelées en toute sécurité. Dans l’accomplissement de sa mission, l’autorité de sûreté ne doit pas oublier que la responsabilité d’exploiter en toute sécurité une installation nucléaire revient à l’exploitant et que la sienne est de contrôler les activités de l’exploitant pour s’assurer que les conditions de fonctionnement de l’installation sont sûres.

Aujourd’hui l’autorité de sûreté dispose de nombreuses sources d’informations sur la sûreté d’une installation nucléaire : les rapports d’inspection, le retour d’expérience, les résultats des recherches, les examens périodiques de sûreté, les résultats des études probabilistes de sûreté (EPS), les enseignements tirés des audits de l’AIEA, pour n’en citer que quelques-unes. Un des principaux défis consiste alors à recueillir et à analyser systématiquement ces informations pour se faire une idée globale du niveau de sûreté de l’installation en question puis ensuite de juger si ce niveau est acceptable. C’est pour aider ses pays membres à relever ce défi que le Comité sur les activités nucléaires réglementaires (CANR) de l’Agence de l’OCDE pour l’énergie nucléaire a préparé ce rapport.

Le rapport s’intéresse essentiellement à la façon dont l’autorité de sûreté peut systématiquement recueillir et analyser de manière intégrée toutes les informations pertinentes sur la sûreté pour porter un jugement valide sur l’acceptabilité du niveau de la sûreté des installations qu’elle contrôle. Ce rapport s’adresse donc avant tout aux autorités de sûreté nucléaire, même si les informations et idées qu’il renferme sont susceptibles d’intéresser des exploitants nucléaires, d’autres organisations dans l’industrie nucléaire ainsi que certains membres du public.
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Brochure 50e anniversaire de l'Agence
Français, 48 pages, published: 10/10/08
NEA#6366
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/general/reports/nea6366-50eme-historique.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: NEA 50th Anniversary Historical Review
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Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 82 (Décembre 2008)
Français, 250 pages, published: 12/31/08
NEA#6384, ISSN: 0304-3428
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlbfr/nlb82-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 82 (December 2008)
Considéré comme l’ouvrage de référence en la matière, le Bulletin de droit nucléaire est une publication internationale unique en son genre où juristes et universitaires peuvent trouver une information à jour sur l’évolution de ce droit. Publié deux fois par an en anglais et en français, il rend compte du développement des législations dans une soixantaine de pays. Il tient le lecteur informé de la jurisprudence, des décisions administratives, des accords internationaux et des activités réglementaires des organisations internationales, dans le domaine de l’énergie nucléaire.
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Bulletin de droit nucléaire n°. 81 (Juin 2008)
Français, 146 pages, published: 08/14/08
NEA#6382, ISSN: 0304-3428
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlbfr/nlb81-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 81 (June 2008)
Considéré comme l’ouvrage de référence en la matière, le Bulletin de droit nucléaire est une publication internationale unique en son genre où juristes et universitaires peuvent trouver une information à jour sur l’évolution de ce droit. Publié deux fois par an en anglais et en français, il rend compte du développement des législations dans une soixantaine de pays. Il tient le lecteur informé de la jurisprudence, des décisions administratives, des accords internationaux et des activités réglementaires des organisations internationales, dans le domaine de l’énergie nucléaire.
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CSNI Collective Statement on Support Facilities for Existing and Advanced Reactors/Déclaration collective du CSIN sur les installations de recherche pour les réacteurs actuels et avancés
The Function of OECD/NEA Joint Projects - NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI)/Utilité des projets communs de l'OCDE/AEN - Comité de l'AEN sur la sûreté des installations nucléaires (CSIN)
Bilingual, 16 pages, published: 05/28/08
NEA#6379, ISBN: 978-92-64-99052-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2008/csni-r2008-5.pdf
The NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) has recently completed a study on the availability and utilisation of facilities supporting safety studies for current and advanced nuclear power reactors. The study showed that significant steps had been undertaken in the past several years in support of safety test facilities, mainly by conducting multinational joint projects centered on the capability of unique test facilities worldwide.

Given the positive experience of the safety research projects, it has been recommended that efforts be made to prioritise technical issues associated with advanced (Generation IV) reactor designs and to develop options on how to efficiently obtain the necessary data through internationally co-ordinated research, preparing a gradual extension of safety research beyond the needs set by currently operating reactors.

This statement constitutes a reference for future CSNI activities and for safety authorities, R&D centres and industry for internationally co-ordinated research initiatives in the nuclear safety research area.


Le Comité de l’AEN sur la sûreté des installations nucléaires (CSIN) a récemment achevé une étude sur la disponibilité et l’utilisation des installations en soutien aux études de sûreté pour les réacteurs nucléaires actuels et avancés. L’étude révèle qu’au cours des dernières années des mesures importantes ont été prises afin de soutenir les installations expérimentales pour la sûreté, essentiellement consistant en la mise en œuvre de projets multinationaux centrés sur le caractère unique de certaines installations dans le monde.

Au vu de l’expérience positive des projets de recherche en sûreté, il a été recommandé que des efforts soient faits pour hiérarchiser les questions techniques associées aux conceptions de réacteurs avancés (Génération IV) et de proposer des solutions pour obtenir efficacement les données nécessaires au moyen d’une recherche internationale coordonnée en préparant une extension progressive de la recherche en sûreté au-delà des besoins correspondant aux réacteurs actuellement en exploitation.

Cette déclaration constitue une référence pour les activités futures du CSIN ainsi que pour les autorités de sûreté, les centres de R-D et l’industrie en vue d’initiatives coordonnées de recherche internationale dans le domaine de la sûreté nucléaire.
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Dialogue avec les parties prenantes sur les répercussions des recommandations de la CIPR
Synthèse des trois conférences de l'AEN/CIPR
Français, 48 pages, published: 03/13/08
NEA#6327, ISBN: 978-92-64-99043-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2008/6327-cipr-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: A Stakeholder Dialogue on the Implications of the ICRP Recommendations
Depuis sa création, le Comité de protection radiologique et de santé publique (CRPPH) participe à l'examen et à l'application des recommandations de la Commission internationale de protection radiologique (CIPR). L'élaboration de nouvelles recom-mandations générales de la CIPR pour remplacer la Publication 60 de la CIPR de 1990, intéressait donc au plus haut point l'AEN et ses pays membres, et c'est pourquoi l'Agence a mis en place une démarche de concertation et de dialogue avec la CIPR afin de s'assurer que les points de vues et préoccupations de ses pays membres puissent s'exprimer et soient pris en compte dans ces nouvelles recommandations. La Commission principale de la CIPR a approuvé les nouvelles recommandations au mois de mars 2007. À cette date l'AEN avait organisé 7 conférences internationales et rédigé 13 publications sur le sujet.

Le présent rapport fait la synthèse des trois conférences internationales (Tokyo, 5 et 6 juillet 2006, Washington, DC, 28 et 29 août 2006 et Prague, 24 et 25 octobre 2006) organisées afin de communiquer à la CIPR des commentaires sur son projet de recommandations de juin 2006. Le lecteur y trouvera une présentation des grandes lignes du projet de recommandations, un résumé des suggestions faites au cours des trois conférences ainsi qu'une description de l'évolution significative de la façon dont la CIPR a présenté son projet de recommandations au fil des conférences.
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Dispositions réglementaires pour le déclassement des installations nucléaires
Points importants et pratiques émergentes
Français, 88 pages, published: 09/25/08
NEA#6402, ISBN: 978-92-64-99060-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2008/ne6402-declassement.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Regulating the Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities
L’enlèvement des matières irradiées et plus particulièrement du combustible à l'issue de l'arrêt définitif d'une installation élimine la source principale de risque radiologique, le risque de criticité. Associé à l'arrêt de l'exploitation et à l'utilisation de procédés à haute température et pression, il induit une diminution significative des risques à la santé publique et à l'environnement. Les procédés utilisés lors des opérations de démantèlement – pour la découpe et le démontage de structures – induisent à la fois des risques conventionnels et radiologiques, comme par exemple les découpes à l'explosif. Des risques radiologiques demeurent en raison de la possibilité d'entrer en contact avec des matériels contaminés ou activés.

Ce rapport présente la nécessaire adaptation des contraintes réglementaires et aux risques associés liés aux opérations de démantèlement. Il présente des exemples de pratiques mises en œuvre dans plusieurs pays qui mènent de grands programmes de déclassement pour illustrer les nouvelles tendances réglementaires.
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International Evaluation Co-operation (Vol. 26) + CD-ROM
Uncertainty and Target Accuracy Assessment for Innovative Systems Using Recent Covariance Data Evaluations (Volume 26)
English, 196 pages, published: 09/01/08
NEA#6410, ISBN: 978-92-64-99053-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wpec/volume26/volume26.pdf
This publication reports the conclusions from the work undertaken by Subgroup 26 of the NEA Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC), which focused on the development of a systematic approach to define data needs for advanced reactor systems and to make a comprehensive study of such needs for Generation IV (Gen-IV) reactors. A comprehensive sensitivity and uncertainty study has been performed to evaluate the impact of neutron cross-section uncertainty on the most significant integral parameters related to the core and fuel cycle of a wide range of innovative systems. A compilation of preliminary “Design Target Accuracies” has been put together and a target accuracy assessment has been performed to provide an indicative quantitative evaluation of nuclear data improvement requirements by isotope, nuclear reaction and energy range, in order to meet the design target accuracies, as compiled in the present study. First priorities were formulated on the basis of common needs for fast reactors and, separately, thermal systems.
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La concurrence sur les marchés de l'industrie nucléaire
Français, 136 pages, published: 10/06/08
NEA#6247, ISBN: 978-92-64-05408-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2008/6247-concurrence-marche.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Market Competition in the Nuclear Industry
Les équipements, matériaux et services nécessaires pour la construction, l'exploitation et l'alimentation en combustible des centrales nucléaires sont aussi nombreux que variés. L'industrie nucléaire a, depuis les années 80, connu de nombreuses fusions et consolidations et vu naître quelques grands groupes mondiaux. En outre, l'ouverture des marchés de l'électricité de nombreux pays de l'OCDE accentue la pression concurrentielle sur les exploitants de centrales nucléaires.

Les changements structurels, qui ont marqué les producteurs comme les consommateurs du secteur nucléaire, se sont répercutés sur le niveau de la concurrence sur les marchés de l'ingénierie nucléaire et du cycle du combustible. Alors que se profile une reprise du nucléaire, la présente publication analyse la situation de la concurrence dans les principaux secteurs de l'industrie nucléaire ainsi que son évolution possible si la demande augmente de façon significative.
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Libération des matériaux et bâtiments radioactifs du contrôle réglementaire
Rapport de synthèse
Français, 76 pages, published: 12/31/08
NEA#6404, ISBN: 978-92-64-99062-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2009/nea6404_Liberatin_des_materiaux.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Release of Radioactive Materials and Buildings from Regulatory Control
En radioprotection, on entend par « libération » la décision prise par l'autorité compétente de lever tous les contrôles réglementaires appliqués jusqu'alors aux matériaux et bâtiments radioactifs. Cette décision se fonde généralement sur l'hypothèse que, si la décision de libération a été prise, alors toute dose d'exposition éventuelle ne sera que négligeable.

Ce concept de libération, aujourd'hui bien rodé, est utilisé pour gérer des matériaux radioactifs en grandes quantités (métaux, gravats, câbles, matières plastiques, etc.) mais aussi des bâtiments désaffectés qui étaient le siège d'une activité nucléaire contrôlée. On note toutefois des différences dans la manière de traiter la question de la libération dans la réglementation des différents pays ainsi que dans la mise en œuvre du concept suivant les projets de démantèlement.

Ce rapport propose aux lecteurs les dernières informations disponibles sur les différentes approches nationales de la libération. Il est destiné plus particulièrement à tous ceux qui s'apprêtent à entreprendre une procédure de libération, par exemple pour le démantèlement d'une installation nucléaire.
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Market Competition in the Nuclear Industry
English, 124 pages, published: 09/05/08
NEA#6246, ISBN: 978-92-64-05406-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2008/6246-market-competition.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: La concurrence sur les marchés de l'industrie nucléaire
Nuclear power plants require a wide variety of specialised equipment, materials and services for their construction, operation and fuelling. There has been much consolidation and retrenchment in the nuclear industry since the 1980s, with the emergence of some large global nuclear companies. Electricity market liberalisation in many OECD countries has meanwhile placed nuclear plant operators under increased competitive pressure.

These structural changes in both the producer and consumer sides of the nuclear industry have had implications for the level of competition in the nuclear engineering and fuel cycle markets. With renewed expansion of nuclear power now anticipated, this study examines competition in the major nuclear industry sectors at present, and how this may change with a significant upturn in demand.
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Moving Forward with Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste
A Collective Statement by the NEA Radioactive Waste Management Committee (RWMC)
English, 24 pages, published: 09/01/08
NEA#6433, ISBN: 978-92-64-99057-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2008/nea6433-statement.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Progresser sur la voie du stockage géologique des déchets radioactifs
The NEA Radioactive Waste Management Committee (RWMC) has underscored the environmental and ethical basis for geological disposal as well as its technical feasibility in a number of previous collective statements. In the intervening period there have been advances and evolving views regarding the appropriate methodologies, policies, and decision-making processes. In addition much further practical experience has accumulated regarding the development of geological repositories. The RWMC expresses herewith, in a concise form, its collective views on why geological disposal remains an appropriate waste management choice for the disposal of the most hazardous and long-lived radioactive wastes, on the current status of geological disposal, on challenges and opportunities for implementation, and expectations for further developments.
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NEA 50th Anniversary Historical Review
English, 48 pages, published: 10/10/08
NEA#6365
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/general/reports/nea6365-50th-historical.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Brochure 50e anniversaire de l'Agence
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NEA News 26
English, 48 pages, published: 12/31/08
NEA#6367, ISSN: 1605-9581
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/newsletter/2008/NEA_News_Vol_26.pdf
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Nuclear Energy Data 2008/Données sur l'énergie nucléaire 2008
Bilingual, 116 pages, published: 07/11/08
NEA#6347, ISBN: 978-92-64-04796-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2008/6347-BB-2008.pdf
This new edition of Nuclear Energy Data, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency’s annual compilation of essential statistics on nuclear energy in OECD countries, provides information on the latest plans for new nuclear construction, nuclear fuel cycle developments and projections of installed nuclear capacity to 2030 in member countries. This comprehensive overview of the current situation and expected trends in various sectors of the nuclear fuel cycle is an authoritative reference for policy makers, experts and academics working in the nuclear energy field.

Cette nouvelle édition des Données sur l'énergie nucléaire de l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l’énergie nucléaire, une compilation annuelle de statistiques essentielles sur l'énergie nucléaire, décrit les derniers développements dans les projets de construction de centrales nucléaires et le cycle du combustible et présente des projections de la puissance nucléaire installée dans les pays membres jusqu'en 2030. Ce panorama complet de la situation actuelle et des tendances qui se dessinent dans divers secteurs du cycle du combustible nucléaire constitue l'ouvrage de référence pour les décideurs, les spécialistes et les chercheurs qui travaillent dans ce domaine.
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Nuclear Energy Outlook (NEO)
English, 460 pages, published: 11/13/08
NEA#6436, ISBN: 978-92-64-05410-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/2008/6436-nuclear-energy-outlook-2008.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Perspectives de l'énergie nucléaire
- Japanese: Nuclear Energy Outlook - 2008 (Japanese version)
This Nuclear Energy Outlook (NEO) is the first of its kind and responds to the renewed interest in nuclear energy by many OECD member countries. World energy demand continues to grow unabated and is leading to very serious concerns about security of supply, soaring energy prices and climate change stemming from fossil fuel consumption. Nuclear energy is being increasingly seen as having a role to play in addressing these concerns.

This Outlook uses the most current data and statistics available and provides projections up to 2050 to consider growth scenarios and potential implications on the future use of nuclear energy. It also offers unique analyses and recommendations on the possible challenges that lie ahead.

Topics covered by the NEO include nuclear power’s current status and projected trends, environmental impacts, uranium resources and security of supply, costs, safety and regulation, radioactive waste management and decommissioning, non-proliferation and security, legal frameworks, infrastructure, stakeholder engagement, advanced reactors and advanced fuel cycles.
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 81 (June 2008)
English, 134 pages, published: 07/10/08
NEA#6381, ISSN: 0304-341X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb81.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n°. 81 (Juin 2008)
ARTICLES
-Looking Backward, Moving Forward: Licensing New Reactors in the United States, by Stephen G. Burns
-The EU and Non-Proliferation: Need for a Quantum Leap?, by Roland Kobia
-Environmental Law Developments in Nuclear Energy, by Stanley David Berger
-Perspective on the Pros and Cons of a Pooling-Type Approach to Nuclear Third Party Liability, by Simon Carroll
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 82 (December 2008)
English, 244 pages, published: 12/31/08
NEA#6383, ISSN: 0304-341X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb82.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 82 (Décembre 2008)
Considered to be the standard reference work for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law, the Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication providing its subscribers with up-to-date information on all major developments falling within the domain of nuclear law. Published twice a year in both English and French, it covers legislative developments in almost 60 countries around the world as well as reporting on relevant jurisprudence and administrative decisions, international agreements and regulatory activities of international organisations.
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Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants (2006)
Sixteenth Annual Report of the ISOE Programme, 2006
English, 120 pages, published: 02/14/08
NEA#6318, ISBN: 978-92-64-99042-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2008/6318-isoe.pdf
The Information System on Occupational Exposure (ISOE) was created by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency in 1992 to promote and co-ordinate international co-operative undertakings in the area of worker protection at nuclear power plants. ISOE provides experts in occupational radiological protection with a forum for communication and exchange of experience. A total of 71 utilities in 29 countries participate in the programme as well as the regulatory authorities of 25 countries. The ISOE databases enable the analysis of occupational exposure data from 401 operating commercial nuclear power plants (representing about 91% of the world's total operating commercial reactors), as well as 80 units undergoing decommissioning.

The Sixteenth Annual Report of the ISOE Programme summarises achievements made during 2006 and compares annual occupational exposure data. Principal developments in ISOE participating countries are also described.
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Perspectives de l'énergie nucléaire
Français, 500 pages, published: 12/31/08
NEA#6349, ISBN: 978-92-64-05416-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/2008/6349-perspectives-energie-nuc-2008.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Energy Outlook (NEO)
- Japanese: Nuclear Energy Outlook - 2008 (Japanese version)
Ces Perspectives de l'énergie nucléaire constituent le premier ouvrage en son genre dans le domaine nucléaire et répondent au regain d'intérêt de nombreux pays membres de l'OCDE pour cette forme d'énergie. En effet, alors que la demande mondiale d'énergie continue à croître inexorablement, maints pays se trouvent confrontés à de sérieux défis en ce qui concerne la sécurité de leurs approvisionnements en énergie, l'envolée des prix de l'énergie et le changement climatique qui résulte de la consommation des énergies fossiles. De plus en plus, l'énergie nucléaire est considérée comme ayant un rôle à jouer dans la résolution de ces problèmes.

À partir des données et des statistiques les plus récentes, ces Perspectives développent des projections jusqu'à l'horizon 2050 afin d'examiner des scénarios de croissance et leurs implications possibles sur l'exploitation future de l'énergie nucléaire. Elles offrent aussi des analyses inédites et des recommandations concernant les défis potentiels de demain.

La situation actuelle de l'énergie nucléaire, ses évolutions prévues et ses répercussions sur l'environnement, les ressources en uranium et la sécurité d'approvisionnement, les coûts, la sûreté et la réglementation, la gestion des déchets radioactifs et le démantèlement, la non prolifération et la sécurité, les régimes juridiques, les infrastructures, la participation du public, les réacteurs et les cycles du combustible avancés, tels sont les principaux thèmes traités dans cette publication.
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Progresser sur la voie du stockage géologique des déchets radioactifs
Déclaration collective du Comité de la gestion des déchets radioactifs (RWMC) de l'AEN
Français, 24 pages, published: 09/01/08
NEA#6434, ISBN: 978-92-64-99058-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2008/nea6434-declaration.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Moving Forward with Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste
Le Comité de la gestion des déchets radioactifs (RWMC) de l’AEN a mis en avant les fondements environnementaux et éthiques relatifs au stockage géologique et s’est prononcé sur sa faisabilité technique par l’intermédiaire de plusieurs déclarations collectives antérieures. Depuis leur publication, aucun élément nouveau n'est venu remettre en cause leurs principales conclusions. Cependant, s’agissant des méthodologies, stratégies et processus de décision sur le sujet, des progrès ont été accomplis et les points de vue ont évolué. Le RWMC exprime ci-après, de manière concise, son opinion collective sur les raisons pour lesquelles le stockage géologique demeure une solution appropriée pour la gestion des déchets les plus dangereux et à vie longue. Il précise également l’état d’avancement des réflexions sur le stockage géologique, les défis et avantages de sa mise en œuvre ainsi que les attentes concernant les futurs développements.
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Radiation Protection in Today's World: Towards Sustainability - 今日の世界における放射線防護: 持続可能性に向けて
Japanese, 72 pages, published: 12/31/08
NEA#6398, ISBN: 978-92-64-99063-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2009/6398-radiation-protection-jp.pdf
放射線防護の科学とその適用は、放射線の身体への影響がはじめて発見された20世紀当初以降、持続的に発展してきている。過去10~15年にわたって、これらの発展を受け、そして科学的価値やその判断の最近の発展を考慮して、CRPPHは、持続的な決定に達するための新たなアプローチを必要とする継続的な挑戦と同様に、今後現れる可能性のある挑戦に注目する価値があることを感じている。

このレポートは、既に現れているか、あるいは今後現れるかもしれない放射線防護政策、規制とその適用に対するもっとも重要な挑戦へのCRPPHの考えを簡潔に記述したものである。これらの問題に対する解決策が計画されるまで、このレポートは、科学、社会や経験の発展を考慮し、政府がこれらの挑戦に対してよりよい先見をもち、必要に応じて、それらの準備が可能となるように、重要な考えや課題を述べるであろう。

The science and application of radiological protection have continually evolved since the beginning of the 20th century when the health effects of radiation first began to be discovered. Given these changes, notably over the past 10 to 15 years, and considering the recent evolution of social values and judgements, the NEA Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) felt that it would be worthwhile to identify possible emerging challenges as well as ongoing challenges that will require new approaches to reach sustainable decisions.

This report concisely describes the CRPPH views of the most significant challenges to radiological protection policy, regulation and application that are likely to emerge or are already emerging. While not proposing solutions to these issues, the report characterises key aspects and pressures, taking into account the evolution of science, society and experience, such that governments can better foresee these challenges and be prepared to address them appropriately.
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Rapport annuel 2007
Français, 52 pages, published: 05/02/08
NEA#6372, ISBN: 978-92-64-99047-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2007/fr/

Other language(s):
- English: Annual Report 2007
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Regulating the Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities
Relevant Issues and Emerging Practices
English, 84 pages, published: 09/25/08
NEA#6401, ISBN: 978-92-64-99059-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2008/ne6401-decommissioning.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Dispositions réglementaires pour le déclassement des installations nucléaires
The removal of fuel from a permanently shutdown nuclear facility eliminates the major source of radiological hazard, a nuclear criticality. Combined with the cessation of operations at high temperatures and pressures, the risk to public health and to the environment is thereby very significantly reduced. The process of decommissioning does however necessitate processes involving both conventional and radiological hazards such as the cutting and dismantling of structures, plant and equipment and the use of explosive cutting techniques. Some radiological hazards remain because of the possibility of coming into contact with radioactively contaminated or activated material.

This report considers how regulatory arrangements are being adapted to the continuously changing environment, and associated risk levels in a nuclear facility that is being decommissioned. It uses examples of current practices in several countries with large decommissioning programmes to illustrate emerging regulatory trends.
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Regulating the Long-term Safety of Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste: Practical Issues and Challenges
Workshop Proceedings, Paris, France, 28-30 November 2006
English, 168 pages, published: 07/10/08
NEA#6423, ISBN: 978-92-64-04812-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2008/6423-regulating-long-term-safety.pdf
Regulating the long-term safety of geological disposal of radioactive waste is a key part of making progress on the radioactive waste management issue. A survey of member countries has shown that differences exist both in the protection criteria being applied and in the methods for demonstrating compliance, reflecting historical and cultural differences between countries which in turn result in a diversity of decision-making approaches and frameworks. At the same time, however, these differences in criteria are unlikely to result in significant differences in long-term protection, as all the standards being proposed are well below levels at which actual effects of radiological exposure can be observed and a range of complementary requirements is foreseen.

In order to enable experts from a wide range of backgrounds to debate the various aspects of these findings, the NEA organised an international workshop in November 2006 in Paris, France. Discussions focused on diversity in regulatory processes; the basis and tools for assuring long-term protection; ethical responsibilities of one generation to later generations and how these can be discharged; and adapting regulatory processes to the long time frames involved in implementing geological disposal. These proceedings include a summary of the viewpoints expressed as well as the 22 papers presented at the workshop.
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Release of Radioactive Materials and Buildings from Regulatory Control
A Status Report
English, 72 pages, published: 11/19/08
NEA#6403, ISBN: 978-92-64-99061-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2008/nea6403-regulatory.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Libération des matériaux et bâtiments radioactifs du contrôle réglementaire
The radiological concept of clearance can be defined as the release of radioactive materials or buildings from any further regulatory control applied for radiological protection purposes by the competent body. It is generally based on the assumption that, following clearance, any potential radiological exposure of the public will be trivial.

Clearance is now a mature concept being used for the management of large amounts of radioactive materials (including metals, building rubble, cables and plastics) and disused buildings associated with a controlled nuclear activity. There are, however, differences in the ways in which clearance is dealt with in the regulatory frameworks of various countries and the ways in which clearance has been implemented in diverse decommissioning projects.

This report provides up-to-date information on an array of national approaches to clearance. It should be of particular help to those planning the implementation of a clearance procedure, such as that for decommissioning a nuclear facility.
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Réglementation de la sûreté à long terme du stockage géologique
Vers une compréhension commune des objectifs principaux et des fondements des critères de sûreté
Français, 88 pages, published: 03/21/08
NEA#6175, ISBN: 978-92-64-99048-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2008/nea6175-surete.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Regulating the Long-term Safety of Geological Disposal
La réglementation de la sûreté à long terme du stockage géologique des déchets radioactifs pose des défis particuliers en raison des vastes échelles de temps concernées. Ce rapport a été préparé afin de promouvoir une compréhension commune des objectifs fondamentaux et des critères de sûreté des dépôts en formation géologique profonde. Il indique des orientations importantes pour les programmes nationaux dont le développement ou le perfectionnement de la réglementation est en cours. Une compréhension commune pourrait aussi aider à une communication plus claire et à une meilleure compréhension des critères réglementaires par le public.
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Safety Cases for Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste: Where Do We Stand?
Symposium Proceedings, Paris, France, 23-25 January 2007
English, 424 pages, published: 04/30/08
NEA#6319, ISBN: 978-92-64-99050-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2008/ne6319-safety.pdf
The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) hosted an international symposium on “Safety Cases for the Deep Disposal of Radioactive Waste: Where Do We Stand?” in January 2007. The NEA has spearheaded important developments in defining, and in developing methodologies to support, demonstrations of safety for deep disposal, including a similar symposium nearly two decades ago that provided the basis for a 1991 NEA collective opinion that the technical basis and methods exist for undertaking safety assessment of deep geological disposal. The 2007 symposium, co-sponsored by the European Commission and the International Atomic Energy Agency, provided the opportunity to review progress and to identify emerging trends and challenges. It brought together experts in the field of radioactive waste disposal from waste management organisations, regulatory agencies, scientific support organisations, international agencies, private sector consultants, and public interest groups both within and beyond NEA member countries.

The symposium showed that safety cases for radioactive waste disposal have evolved to become important tools both to assess safety and to aid in decision making. There is a good, shared understanding of what a safety case is and what comprises its main components. Importantly, the concept of a safety case today encompasses not only quantitative assessments of potential repository performance but also includes additional (and often more qualitative) lines of evidence and arguments that can contribute to confidence in safety. There has been significant evolution in terms of the analytical tools, lines of evidence, range of performance indicators and communication of the safety case. The value of international co-operation and dialogue in developing the concept and methodology of safety cases was underscored. These proceedings describe the discussions and conclusions of the symposium, and provide copies of the technical papers presented.
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Stockage définitif des déchets de haute activité : calendrier de mise en œuvre
Français, 146 pages, published: 08/14/08
NEA#6245, ISBN: 978-92-64-04657-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2008/6245-stockage-definitif.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Timing of High-level Waste Disposal
Cette étude met en évidence les facteurs clés affectant le calendrier du stockage définitif des déchets radioactifs de haute activité. Elle analyse comment l'acceptation sociale, la robustesse technique, la prise en compte des aspects environnementaux et la faisabilité économique influencent les stratégies nationales concernant la gestion et le stockage définitif de tels déchets. À la lumière d'études de cas, elle présente aussi les approches stratégiques adoptées par différents pays dans leurs politiques nationales pour répondre aux préoccupations du public et aux attentes de la société civile en matière de gestion à long terme des déchets radioactifs de haute activité.

Les enseignements et conclusions tirés de l'étude confirment l'importance d'informer toutes les parties prenantes et de les faire participer au processus de décision si l'on veut réussir la mise en œuvre des politiques de stockage définitif des déchets radioactifs. Cette étude intéressera les décideurs et les analystes du secteur de l'énergie nucléaire ainsi que les experts dans le domaine de la gestion des déchets radioactifs.
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Structural Materials for Innovative Nuclear Systems (SMINS)
Workshop Proceedings, Karlsruhe, Germany, 4-6 June 2007
English, 544 pages, published: 07/10/08
NEA#6260, ISBN: 978-92-64-04806-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2008/6260-smins2008.pdf
Structural materials research is a field of growing relevance in the nuclear sector, especially for the different innovative reactor systems being developed within the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), for critical and subcritical transmutation systems, and of interest to the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP). Under the auspices of the NEA Nuclear Science Committee (NSC) the Workshop on Structural Materials for Innovative Nuclear Systems (SMINS) was organised in collaboration with the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe in Germany. The objectives of the workshop were to exchange information on structural materials research issues and to discuss ongoing programmes, both experimental and in the field of advanced modelling. These proceedings include the papers and the poster session materials presented at the workshop, representing the international state of the art in this domain.
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The Regulatory Goal of Assuring Nuclear Safety
English, 56 pages, published: 02/29/08
NEA#6273, ISBN: 978-92-64-99044-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2008/nea6273-goal.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Assurer la sûreté nucléaire : la mission des autorités réglementaires
The fundamental objective of all nuclear safety regulatory bodies is to ensure that nuclear facilities are operated, as well as decommissioned, in an acceptably safe manner. However, in meeting this objective the regulator must keep in mind that it is the operator that has responsibility for safely operating a nuclear facility; the role of the regulator is to oversee the operator’s activities as related to assuming that responsibility.

There are currently many sources of information available to the regulator pertaining to safety at any given nuclear facility, such as inspection reports, operating experience reports, research results, periodic safety reviews, probabilistic safety analysis (PSA) results, insights from IAEA reviews and other similar information. A major challenge for the regulator is to systematically collect and analyse this information in order to arrive at an integrated assessment of the level of safety of the particular facility and then to make a judgement about its acceptability. In order to assist member countries in addressing this challenging question, the Committee on Nuclear Regulatory Activities (CNRA) of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) has sponsored this report.

The primary focus of the report is on how the regulatory body can systematically collect and make an integrated analysis of all the relevant safety information available to it and arrive at a sound judgement on the acceptability of the level of safety of the facilities that it regulates. It therefore follows that the target audience for this report is primarily nuclear regulators, although the information and ideas may also be of interest to nuclear operators, other nuclear industry organisations and segments of civil society.
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The Role of Research in a Regulatory Context (RRRC-2)
Workshop Proceedings, Paris, France, 5 December 2007
English, 136 pages, published: 02/29/08
NEA#6377, ISBN: 978-92-64-99045-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2008/csni-r2008-3.pdf
This workshop enabled the exchange of experience among regulators, research managers and industry on the needs, priorities and foreseeable trends for nuclear safety research in a regulatory context. It also addressed the means that are or can be used for effectively performing such research.

The presentations highlighted priority safety issues, at present and in the near term, for operating plants and new reactors. During the workshop, participants discussed the challenges that the nuclear community will face in the long term for performing safety evaluations of advanced reactor designs, and explored various avenues for organising the research and infrastructure that will be needed.

These proceedings will be of particular interest to nuclear specialists and research managers wishing to obtain an international perspective of current and foreseeable needs in regulatory-driven nuclear safety research.
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Timing of High-level Waste Disposal
English, 132 pages, published: 05/15/08
NEA#6244, ISBN: 978-92-64-04625-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2008/6244-timing-waste-disposal.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Stockage définitif des déchets de haute activité : calendrier de mise en œuvre
This study identifies key factors influencing the timing of high-level waste (HLW) disposal and examines how social acceptability, technical soundness, environmental responsibility and economic feasibility impact on national strategies for HLW management and disposal. Based on case study analyses, it also presents the strategic approaches adopted in a number of national policies to address public concerns and civil society requirements regarding long-term stewardship of high-level radioactive waste.

The findings and conclusions of the study confirm the importance of informing all stakeholders and involving them in the decision-making process in order to implement HLW disposal strategies successfully. This study will be of considerable interest to nuclear energy policy makers and analysts as well as to experts in the area of radioactive waste management and disposal.
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Uranium 2007 : Ressources, production et demande
Français, 452 pages, published: 12/15/08
NEA#6346, ISBN: 978-92-64-04770-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2008/6346-uranium-2007-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Uranium 2007: Resources, Production and Demand
Alors que plusieurs pays construisent des centrales nucléaires et que bien d’autres envisagent d’avoir recours à l’énergie nucléaire pour produire l’électricité nécessaire pour faire face à une demande croissante, l’industrie de l’uranium suscite un intérêt considérable. Ces dernières années, suite à l’augmentation de la demande et de la diminution des stocks, les prix de l’uranium ont considérablement augmenté. L’industrie de l’uranium connaît ainsi une nette reprise qui met un terme à plus de 20 ans de sous-investissements.

Le « Livre rouge », établi conjointement par l’Agence de l’OCDE pour l’énergie nucléaire et l’Agence internationale de l’énergie atomique, est un ouvrage de référence de notoriété mondiale. Il se fonde sur des données officielles communiquées par 40 pays. Cette 22e édition présente les résultats d’un examen approfondi de l’offre et de la demande mondiale d’uranium au 1er janvier 2007, ainsi que des données sur la prospection, les ressources, la production d’uranium et les besoins des réacteurs dans le monde. Elle offre de nombreuses informations nouvelles en provenance de tous les grands centres de production d’Afrique, d’Australie, d’Asie centrale, d’Europe orientale et d’Amérique du Nord. Elle contient, en outre, des projections de la puissance nucléaire installée et des besoins des réacteurs en uranium jusqu’en 2030 ainsi qu’une analyse de l’offre et de la demande d’uranium à long terme.
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Uranium 2007: Resources, Production and Demand
English, 420 pages, published: 06/10/08
NEA#6345, ISBN: 978-92-64-78978-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2008/6345-uranium-2007.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Uranium 2007 : Ressources, production et demande
With several countries building nuclear power plants and many more considering the use of nuclear power to produce electricity in order to meet rising demand, the uranium industry has become the focus of considerable attention. In response to rising demand and declining inventories, uranium prices have increased dramatically in recent years. As a result, the uranium industry is undergoing a significant revival, bringing to an end a period of over 20 years of underinvestment.

The “Red Book”, jointly prepared by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency, is a recognised world reference on uranium. It is based on official information received from 40 countries. This 22nd edition provides a comprehensive review of world uranium supply and demand as of 1st January 2007, as well as data on global uranium exploration, resources, production and reactor-related requirements. It provides substantive new information from major uranium production centres in Africa, Australia, Central Asia, Eastern Europe and North America. Projections of nuclear generating capacity and reactor-related uranium requirements through 2030 are also featured, along with an analysis of long-term uranium supply and demand issues.
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Utilisation and Reliability of High Power Proton Accelerators (HPPA5)
Workshop Proceedings, Mol, Belgium, 6-9 May 2007
English, 456 pages, published: 04/03/08
NEA#6259, ISBN: 978-92-64-04478-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2008/6259-HPPA-Belgium.pdf
The accelerator-driven system (ADS) is one of the viable concepts for transmuting the long-lived isotopes contained in spent nuclear fuel and for this reason has been receiving considerable interest. In turn, attention must be given to the high power proton accelerators whose reliability and performance are key to the functioning of the ADS.

It is in this context that the NEA organised the fifth workshop on the Utilisation and Reliability of High Power Proton Accelerators (HPPA5) which was held on 6-9 May 2007 in Mol, Belgium. The workshop included a special session on the MEGAPIE programme as well as five technical sessions: accelerator programmes and applications; accelerator reliability; spallation target development and coolant technology; subcritical system design and ADS simulations; and ADS experiments and test facilities. These proceedings contain all the technical papers presented at the workshop and will be of particular interest to scientists working on ADS development.

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AEN Infos 25.1
Français, 40 pages, published: 08/20/07
NEA#6269, ISSN: 1605-959X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2007/fr/AEN_Infos-25-1.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: NEA News 25.1
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Actinide and Fission Product Partitioning and Transmutation
Ninth Information Exchange Meeting, Nîmes, France, 25-29 September 2006
English, 752 pages, published: 10/29/07
NEA#6282, ISBN: 978-92-64-99030-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2007/nea6282-iempt9.pdf
Partitioning and transmutation (P&T) has the potential of significantly reducing the radiotoxicity of nuclear waste and thus minimising the amount of it that needs to be stored in deep geological repositories. In order to provide experts with a forum to present and discuss developments in the field of P&T, since 1990 the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) has been organising biennial information exchange meetings on actinide and fission product partitioning and transmutation.

These proceedings contain all the technical papers and posters presented at the Ninth Information Exchange Meeting, which was held on 25-29 September 2006 in Nîmes, France. The meeting covered such issues as progress in fuels and targets, partitioning and waste forms, spallation targets, dedicated transmutation systems, coolants, and physics and nuclear data. In addition, the integration of P&T programmes within different fuel cycle strategies was discussed, as well as the potential transmutation of waste in Generation IV reactors. The implications for waste management strategies, in particular for geological disposal, were also explored. More than 100 papers were presented during the meeting.
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Annual Report 2006
English, 52 pages, published: 04/20/07
NEA#6266, ISBN: 978-92-64-99003-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/activities/ar2006/

Other language(s):
- Français: Rapport annuel 2006
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Assessment of Fission Product Decay Data for Decay Heat Calculations
International Evaluation Co-operation, Volume 25
English, 60 pages, published: 11/14/07
NEA#6284, ISBN: 978-92-64-99034-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wpec/volume25/volume25.pdf
This publication presents the conclusions of the work undertaken by Subgroup 25 of the NEA Working Party on International Evaluation Co-operation, which focused on the assessment and improvement of the evaluated decay data sub-libraries in order to obtain more accurate estimations of decay heat. Recommendations have been prepared for total absorption gamma-ray spectroscopy (TAGS) measurements of specific fission product nuclides to be undertaken in close collaboration with experimentalists in Subgroup 25.
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Avis techniques du CSIN - N° 9
EPS de niveau 2 des centrales nucléaires
Français, 34 pages, published: 04/20/07
NEA#5353, ISBN: 978-92-64-99009-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2007/nea5353-eps2.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - No. 9
Cet avis technique représente le consensus des analystes de risque dans les pays membres de l’AEN sur l'état de l’art en matière d’études probabilistes de sûreté (EPS) et leurs applications à la gestion des accidents dans les centrales nucléaires. Les EPS de niveau 2 modélisent les phénomènes susceptibles de survenir après l'amorce d'une détérioration du cœur, de compromettre l’intégrité du confinement et d'entraîner le rejet de matières radioactives dans l’environnement. L’objectif de ce document est d'offrir aux décideurs dans ce domaine un avis technique clair sur l'état de l'EPS telle qu'elle est utilisée dans l'industrie.

Cet avis s'adresse principalement aux autorités de sûreté nucléaire, aux chercheurs et aux industriels concernés par la gestion de la sûreté et les accidents graves, mais il pourrait également intéresser les autorités publiques et les exploitants de centrales nucléaires.

CSIN : Comité de l'AEN sur la sûreté des installations nucléaires.
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Benchmarking of CFD Codes for Application to Nuclear Reactor Safety (CFD4NRS) - CD-ROM
Workshop Proceedings, Garching (Munich), Germany, 5-7 September 2006
English, 65 pages, published: 03/13/07
NEA#6298
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2007/nea6298-benchmarking.html
On 5-7 September 2006, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency organised a workshop on Benchmarking of CFD Codes for Application to Nuclear Reactor Safety (CFD4NRS) in co-operation with the International Atomic Energy Agency. The workshop was hosted in Germany by the Gesellschaft für Anlagen und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS). The purpose of the workshop was to provide a forum for numerical analysts and experimentalists to exchange information on nuclear reactor safety activities relevant to computational fluid dynamics (CFD) validation, with the objective of providing input to create a practical, state-of-the-art, web-based assessment matrix on the use of CFD for nuclear reactor safety applications. These proceedings contain the 39 technical papers presented at the workshop, which was attended by 100 participants.
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Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 79 (Juin 2007)
Français, 94 pages, published: 07/04/07
NEA#6263, ISSN: 0304-3428
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlbfr/nlb79-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 79 (June 2007)
Considéré comme l’ouvrage de référence en la matière, le Bulletin de droit nucléaire est une publication internationale unique en son genre où juristes et universitaires peuvent trouver une information à jour sur l’évolution de ce droit. Publié deux fois par an en anglais et en français, il rend compte du développement des législations dans une soixantaine de pays. Il tient le lecteur informé de la jurisprudence, des décisions administratives, des accords internationaux et des activités réglementaires des organisations internationales, dans le domaine de l’énergie nucléaire.
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Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 80 - Volume 2007/2
Français, 138 pages, published: 12/31/07
NEA#6265, ISSN: 0304-3428
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlbfr/nlb80-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 80 - Volume 2007/2
Considéré comme l’ouvrage de référence en la matière, le Bulletin de droit nucléaire est une publication internationale unique en son genre où juristes et universitaires peuvent trouver une information à jour sur l’évolution de ce droit. Publié deux fois par an en anglais et en français, il rend compte du développement des législations dans une soixantaine de pays. Il tient le lecteur informé de la jurisprudence, des décisions administratives, des accords internationaux et des activités réglementaires des organisations internationales, dans le domaine de l’énergie nucléaire.
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Burn-up Credit Criticality Benchmark - Phase II-C
Phase II-C: Impact of the Asymmetry of PWR Axial Burn-up Profiles on the End Effect
English, 512 pages, published: 09/09/08
NEA#5435, ISBN: 978-92-64-99049-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/docs/pubs/nea5435-burnup-IIC.pdf
Since 1991, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) has conducted a number of scientific studies to examine nuclear fuel burn-up issues as applied to criticality safety in the transportation, storage and treatment of spent fuel. They have covered a wide range of fuel types, including UOX and MOX fuels for PWR, BWR and VVER reactors.

The objective of the current study was to examine the axial burn-up profiles of PWR UO2 spent fuel assemblies and specifically the fuel assembly end effects and the axial fission density distributions. The study was based on the evaluation of a database of experimentally measured axial burn-up profiles of the Siemens Convoy fuel assemblies, irradiated in the German nuclear power plant Neckarwestheim II.

The report analyses and summarises the solutions to the specified benchmark exercises provided by ten contributors from seven countries. It shows that there is a significant correlation between the asymmetry of axial fuel assembly burn-up profiles and both the end effect and the axial fission density distribution. The results also illustrate the importance of using accurate axial fuel burn-up profiles when designing transport/storage fuel casks.
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CSNI Technical Opinion Papers - No. 9
Level-2 PSA for Nuclear Power Plants
English, 32 pages, published: 04/20/07
NEA#5352, ISBN: 978-92-64-99008-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2007/nea5352-level2-psa.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Avis techniques du CSIN - N° 9
This technical opinion paper represents the consensus of risk analysts in NEA member countries on the current state of the art of level-2 probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) and its applications in accident management of nuclear power plants. Level-2 PSA models the phenomena that could occur following the onset of core damage that have the potential to challenge the containment integrity and lead to a release of radioactive material to the environment. The paper's objective is to present decision makers in the nuclear field with a clear technical opinion on the status as implemented in industrial PSAs.

The intended audience is primarily nuclear safety regulators, researchers and industry representatives dealing with safety management and severe accidents. Government authorities and nuclear power plant operators may also be interested in the paper.

CSNI: NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations.
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Changements culturels et organisationnels dans les organismes de gestion des déchets radioactifs
Enseignements tirés
Français, 44 pages, published: 12/12/07
NEA#6181, ISBN: 978-92-64-99037-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2007/nea6181-culturel.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Cultural and Structural Changes in Radioactive Waste Management Organisations
L'environnement sociopolitique de la gestion des déchets radioactifs a connu de profonds changements ces dernières années. La concertation avec les parties prenantes est devenue l’un des principes directeurs. Comment se sont adaptés les organismes gestionnaires des déchets à cette nouvelle donne ? Comment trouver l'équilibre entre la nécessité de transparence et la préoccupation croissante de sauvegarder la sécurité des installations ? Trouve-t-on des organismes qui ont réussi la transition d’une culture technocentriste à une culture axée sur le client ? Quelle opposition a été rencontrée ? Quels outils et instruments ont aidé les organismes à évoluer?

Ce rapport documente les changements observés par les gestionnaires de ce secteur, et place ces changements dans un cadre d'analyse provenant des sciences de l'organisation. L'expérience et les analyses rapportées seront d’intérêt pour tous ceux qui cherchent à savoir plus sur les changements opérés dans le domaine de la gestion des déchets radioactifs, ou dont la propre organisation – tous secteurs confondus – est appelée à s'adapter à la nouvelle donne sociale.
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Chemical Thermodynamics of Solid Solutions of Interest in Nuclear Waste Management - Volume 10
A State-of-the-art Report
English, 288 pages, published: 07/25/07
NEA#6255, ISBN: 978-92-64-02655-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2007/6255-DB-chemical-thermodyn-10.pdf
This volume provides a state-of-the-art report on the modelling of aqueous-solid solution systems by the combined use of chemical thermodynamics and experimental and computational techniques. These systems are ubiquitous in nature and therefore intrinsic to the understanding and quantification of radionuclide containment and retardation processes present in geological repositories of radioactive waste. Representative cases for study have been chosen from the radioactive waste literature to illustrate the application of the various approaches.

This report has been prepared by a team of four leading experts in the field under the auspices of the OECD/NEA Thermochemical Database (TDB) Project. The team comprised Jordi Bruno (Enviros, Spain), Dirk Bosbach (FZK, Germany), Dmitrii Kulik (PSI, Switzerland) and Alexandra Navrotsky (UC Davis, USA).
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Cinquante ans de radioprotection
Rapport commémoratif du 50ème anniversaire du CRPPH
Français, 116 pages, published: 05/29/07
NEA#6281, ISBN: 978-92-64-99018-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2007/6281-commemoratif.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Fifty Years of Radiological Protection
Le 21 mars 1957, le Comité de direction de l’énergie nucléaire de l’Organisation européenne de coopération économique créait le groupe de travail sur la santé publique et la sécurité. Depuis cette époque lointaine, la protection radiologique est au cœur de l’activité de ce qui allait devenir l’Agence de l’OCDE pour l’énergie nucléaire.

Cinquante ans plus tard, le Comité de protection radiologique et de santé publique (CRPPH) a commandé cette chronique d’un demi-siècle de travaux et de réalisations. Tout au long de cette période, il a identifié, débattu et traité les grands thèmes liés à la radioprotection. Ce rapport fait revivre cette histoire en resituant les grandes questions dans le contexte de leur époque et en mettant en scène les personnalités qui ont eu à les traiter. Ce sont les évolutions et les considérations passées qui conditionnent notre aptitude à évaluer et gérer les risques radiologiques d’aujourd’hui ainsi qu’à faire face aux défis attendus ou probables de demain. Le CRPPH se doit donc d’accorder toute son importance à cet héritage dans la perspective de cinquante nouvelles années d’activité.
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Créer un lien durable entre une installation de gestion de déchets et sa collectivité d'accueil
Valeur ajoutée à travers la conception et les processus
Français, 72 pages, published: 06/14/07
NEA#6177, ISBN: 978-92-64-99016-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2007/nea6177-lien.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Fostering a Durable Relationship between a Waste Management Facility and its Host Community
- Swedish: Att skapa en hållbar relation mellan en avfallsanläggning för hantering av radioaktivt avfall och dess värdkommun
Tout projet de gestion de déchets radioactifs à long terme durera vraisemblablement des décennies, voire des siècles. Il nécessitera un site et influera de bien de manières sur la communauté environnante pendant toute cette période. L’adoption d’une solution durable d’un commun accord est essentielle à sa réussite. Le présent rapport identifie plusieurs éléments de conception (notamment des caractéristiques d’ordre fonctionnel, culturel et physique) pouvant favoriser l’instauration d’un lien durable entre l’installation et sa collectivité d’accueil, grâce à l’amélioration de ses perspectives de qualité de vie sur plusieurs générations.
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Cultural and Structural Changes in Radioactive Waste Management Organisations
Lessons Learnt
English, 44 pages, published: 12/12/07
NEA#6180, ISBN: 978-92-64-99036-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2007/nea6180-cultural.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Changements culturels et organisationnels dans les organismes de gestion des déchets radioactifs
In recent years the socio-political environment of radioactive waste management (RWM) has been changing in a significant way. Stakeholder dialogue has become a leading principle. How have RWM organisations adapted to this societal transition? How do they balance the requirement of openness and the increasing concerns over the security of facilities? Are there organisations that have successfully changed from a technical- to a customer-focused culture? What resistance was met? Which tools and instruments helped organisations evolve?

This report documents the changes observed by RWM managers and sets those changes in an organisational sciences framework. All those who are intent on learning about the changes that have taken place in the field of radioactive waste management, or whose own organisations in any sector must adapt to societal demand, will be interested by the experience and insight reported here.
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Engineered Barrier Systems (EBS) in the Safety Case: Design Confirmation and Demonstration
Workshop Proceedings, Tokyo, Japan, 12-15 September 2006
English, 150 pages, published: 11/21/07
NEA#6257, ISBN: 978-92-64-03995-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2007/nea6257-EBS-design-confirmation.pdf
The presence of several barriers serving complementary safety functions enhances confidence that radioactive waste placed in deep geological repositories will be adequately isolated and contained to protect human health and the environment. The barriers include the natural geological barrier and the engineered barrier system (EBS). The EBS itself may comprise a variety of sub-systems or components, such as the waste form, container, buffer, backfill, seals and plugs. Given the importance of this subject, the Integration Group for the Safety Case (IGSC) of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) sponsored a series of workshops with the European Commission to develop greater understanding of how to achieve the necessary integration for the successful design, testing, modelling and performance assessment of EBS for deep underground disposal of radioactive waste.

These proceedings present the main findings from, and the papers delivered at, the fourth NEA-EC workshop on EBS, which took place in Tokyo, Japan, in September 2006. This final workshop of the series focused on strategies and methods to demonstrate that EBS designs will fulfil the relevant requirements for long-term safety, engineering feasibility and quality assurance. The workshop highlighted that large-scale experiments have confirmed the feasibility of techniques for manufacturing and installing engineered components in disposal systems and have also provided valuable lessons to improve designs and refine practical aspects to construct and implement EBS.
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Engineered Barrier Systems (EBS) in the Safety Case: The Role of Modelling
Workshop Proceedings, La Coruna, Spain, 24-26 August 2005
English, 192 pages, published: 02/16/07
NEA#6118, ISBN: 978-92-64-00664-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2007/nea6118-EBS-role-of-modelling.pdf
In the deep disposal of radioactive waste, the presence of several barriers serving complementary safety functions enhances confidence that the waste will be isolated and contained to protect human health and the environment. The barriers include the natural geological barrier and the engineered barrier system (EBS). The EBS itself may comprise a variety of sub-systems or components, such as the waste form, container, buffer, backfill, seals and plugs. The Integration Group for the Safety Case (IGSC) of the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) is co-sponsoring a series of workshops with the European Commission to develop greater understanding of how to achieve the necessary integration for the successful design, testing, modelling and performance assessment of engineered barrier systems (EBS) for deep underground disposal of radioactive waste.

These proceedings include the main findings and presented papers from the third NEA-EC workshop on engineered barrier systems, which focused on the role of EBS modelling in the safety case for deep disposal. Some national programmes are placing increased emphasis on EBS and, as implementation of underground repositories approaches, more realistic assessments of EBS performance are needed. The workshop examined the modelling tools currently available and identified complex areas of assessment in which further dialogue is needed.
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Enseignements tirés du troisième Exercice international d'urgence nucléaire (INEX 3) sur la gestion des conséquences
Français, 48 pages, published: 12/31/07
NEA#6326, ISBN: 978-92-64-99041-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2007/6326-inex3-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Experience from the Third International Nuclear Emergency Exercise (INEX 3) on Consequence Management
Depuis le début des années 1990, l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l’énergie nucléaire (AEN) offre à ses pays membres un forum consacré à l'amélioration de l'efficience et l'efficacité de la gestion des urgences nucléaires, où les aspects internationaux de la préparation et des interventions occupent une place importante. La préparation et la réalisation des exercices de la série INEX (Exercices internationaux d’urgence nucléaire) sont au cœur de cette démarche.

Le Groupe de travail de l’AEN sur les urgences nucléaires a mis au point la série INEX 3 d'exercices de gestion des conséquences pour répondre à la demande des membres qui souhaitent mieux se préparer à la gestion à plus long terme des suites d’un accident nucléaire ou d’une situation d'urgence radiologique. Ces exercices ont été conçus et menés de manière à permettre aux participants d'analyser les dispositions prises aux niveaux national et international pour intervenir lors d'une vaste contamination radiologique de l'environnement ainsi que les questions liées à la gestion des conséquences qui devraient se poser à moyen et à long terme après ce type d'incident. Les domaines approfondis recouvrent les contre-mesures agricoles et alimentaires, les décisions relatives à ces contre-mesures concernant notamment les déplacements, le commerce ou le tourisme, la gestion du retour à la normale et l'information du public. La série d'exercices menés en 2005 et 2006 s'est conclue par un atelier d'évaluation où les participants ont pu partager leurs expériences nationales d'INEX 3, comparer leurs approches, analyser les implications sur le processus de prise de décision et identifier les principaux besoins pour la gestion à plus long terme des conséquences.

Ce rapport récapitule le développement des exercices INEX 3, les principaux résultats des évaluations des exercices nationaux et les conclusions essentielles de l'exercice et de l'atelier concernant la politique à suivre. Il contient également des recommandations et décrit les activités à entreprendre pour compléter ce travail.
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Environmental Radiological Protection in the Law
A Baseline Survey
English, 64 pages, published: 02/26/07
NEA#6172, ISBN: 978-92-64-99000-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2007/6172-law.pdf

Other language(s):
- Japanese: Environmental Radiological Protection in the Law - 法令にみる環境放射線防護
- Français: Le droit de la protection radiologique de l'environnement
This publication describes a study of international, European and national legislation which protect the environment from radiation. Countries covered include Australia, Canada, France, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. The analysis of the legislation draws conclusions about how well the environment is protected from radiation, and identifies strengths and weaknesses of current approaches as well as trends in regulation. The book will be useful reading for regulators and policy makers in radiological protection, but also for those interested in environmental regulation more generally.
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Evaluation of Uncertainties in Relation to Severe Accident and Level-2 Probabilistic Safety Analysis - CD-ROM
Workshop Proceedings, Aix-en-Provence, France, 7-9 November 2005
English, 65 pages, published: 03/13/07
NEA#6053
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/reports/2007/nea6053-uncertainties.html
Uncertainty in relation to several severe accident phenomena plays a major role in probabilistic safety analyses involving beyond-design-basis accident scenarios for nuclear power plants. The technical papers presented herein will be valuable for nuclear safety analysts, nuclear power plant designers and R&D managers, especially with regard to unresolved severe accident issues or issues where risk uncertainty is high.
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Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection (Third Asian Regional Conference - Tokyo)
Third Asian Regional Conference, Tokyo, Japan, 5-6 July 2006
English, 244 pages, published: 12/31/07
NEA#6336, ISBN: 978-92-64-04209-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2007/6336-third-asian-conference.pdf
The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) has actively participated in discussions with the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) regarding the development of new recommendations that will replace those in ICRP Publication 60, which has long served as the international standard in this field. Part of this development process has involved the organisation of seven international workshops, including the First and Second Asian Regional Conferences on the Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection which took place in Tokyo, Japan in October 2002 and July 2004. The Third Asian Regional Conference was held on 5-6 July 2006, also in Tokyo.

The main objective of these conferences was to ensure that the views and concerns of relevant Asian stakeholders, such as regulatory authorities, industry, professional societies and NGOs, could be expressed and discussed with the ICRP. The three conferences provided the ICRP with specific views on how new recommendations could best be developed to address regulatory and implementation needs in the Asian context. These proceedings summarise the results and key discussions of the Third Asian Regional Conference.
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Experience from the Third International Nuclear Emergency Exercise (INEX 3) on Consequence Management
English, 48 pages, published: 12/31/07
NEA#6163, ISBN: 978-92-64-99040-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2007/6163-inex3.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Enseignements tirés du troisième Exercice international d'urgence nucléaire (INEX 3) sur la gestion des conséquences
Since the beginning of the 1990s, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) has offered its member countries a forum for improving efficiency and effectiveness in nuclear emergency management, focusing in particular on the international aspects of emergency preparedness and response. A central approach to this has been the preparation and conduct of the International Nuclear Emergency Exercise (INEX) series.

The INEX 3 consequence management exercise series was developed by the NEA Working Party on Nuclear Emergency Matters in response to its members’ desire to better prepare for the longer-term response following a nuclear or radiological emergency. INEX 3 was designed and conducted to allow participants to investigate the national and international arrangements for responding to widespread radiological contamination of the environment and the consequence management issues likely to be raised in the medium to long term following such an event. The main areas addressed included agriculture and food countermeasures, decisions on countermeasures such as travel, trade or tourism, recovery management and public information. The exercise series, conducted in 2005-2006, was followed by an evaluation workshop aimed at allowing participants to share their national experiences with INEX 3, compare approaches, analyse the implications on decision making and identify key needs in longer-term consequence management.

This report summarises the development of the INEX 3 exercise, the major evaluation outcomes of the national exercises, and the key policy-level outcomes, recommendations and follow-up activities arising from the exercise and workshop.
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Fifty Years of Radiological Protection
The CRPPH 50th Anniversary Commemorative Review
English, 112 pages, published: 05/29/07
NEA#6280, ISBN: 978-92-64-99017-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2007/6280-commemorative.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Cinquante ans de radioprotection
On 21 March 1957, the Steering Committee for Nuclear Energy of the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation established the Working Party on Public Health and Safety. From this early date onwards, radiological protection formed a central part of the work of what was to become the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency.

Now, 50 years later, the Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) has commissioned this historical review of half a century of work and accomplishments. Over this period, the key topics in radiological protection have been identified, debated and addressed by the CRPPH. This report brings this history to life, presenting the major questions in the context of their time, and of the personalities who worked to address them. The developments and views of the past condition how we are able to assess and manage radiological risks today, as well as how we may adjust to challenges that will or could emerge in the coming years. This heritage is thus an important element for the CRPPH to consider as it looks forward to its next 50 years of accomplishments.
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Financement du démantèlement : éthique, mise en œuvre, incertitudes
Rapport de synthèse
Français, 44 pages, published: 08/28/07
NEA#5997, ISBN: 978-92-64-99029-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2007/nea5997-demantelement.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Decommissioning Funding: Ethics, Implementation, Uncertainties
Ce rapport de synthèse sur le Financement du démantèlement : éthique, mise en œuvre, incertitudes a été rédigé en s’appuyant sur la littérature récente et sur les informations présentées lors des réunions de l’AEN en 2003 et en 2004, notamment lors de la session thématique organisée en novembre 2004 sur le financement du démantèlement d’installations nucléaires. Ce rapport tire aussi parti de l’expérience du Groupe de travail de l’AEN sur le déclassement et le démantèlement (WPDD).

Sous une forme concise, il passe en revue les considérations que les mécanismes de financement du démantèlement suscitent en matière d’éthique, de mise en œuvre et d’incertitudes. Il présente les principes éthiques de base contenus dans les accords internationaux, décrit les facteurs influant sur la constitution et la gestion de fonds destinés au démantèlement d’installations nucléaires et expose les principales sources d’incertitudes des systèmes de financement.
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Fostering a Durable Relationship between a Waste Management Facility and its Host Community
Adding Value through Design and Process
English, 60 pages, published: 06/14/07
NEA#6176, ISBN: 978-92-64-99015-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2007/nea6176-fostering.pdf

Other language(s):
- Swedish: Att skapa en hållbar relation mellan en avfallsanläggning för hantering av radioaktivt avfall och dess värdkommun
- Français: Créer un lien durable entre une installation de gestion de déchets et sa collectivité d'accueil
Any long-term radioactive waste management project is likely to last decades to centuries. It requires a physical site and will impact in a variety of ways on the surrounding community over that whole period. The societal durability of an agreed solution is essential to success. This report identifies a number of design elements (including functional, cultural and physical features) that favour a durable relationship between the facility and its host community by improving prospects for quality of life across generations.
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Gestion des matières fissiles et fertiles recyclables
Français, 120 pages, published: 06/13/07
NEA#6108, ISBN: 978-92-64-03256-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2007/6108-gestion-fissiles.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Management of Recyclable Fissile and Fertile Materials
L'intérêt pour l'énergie nucléaire va croissant dans de nombreux pays en raison de sa capacité d'accroître la sécurité d'approvisionnement énergétique et de réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre du secteur électrique. Dans ce contexte, les matières recyclables deviennent un atout pour élargir la base des ressources de combustible nucléaire à moyen et à long termes.

Ce rapport dresse un bilan général des stocks de matières fissiles et fertiles recyclables susceptibles d'être réutilisées dans les combustibles nucléaires. Il passe en revue les solutions disponibles pour la gestion de ces matières, que ce soit par leur recyclage et/ou leur stockage définitif. La valeur énergétique potentielle des matières recyclables est évaluée en tenant compte de la variabilité du contenu énergétique récupérable pour différentes matières en fonction des choix technologiques et stratégiques faits par les détenteurs des matières.

Les analyses présentées dans ce rapport devraient intéresser les décideurs du secteur énergétique et les spécialistes du cycle du combustible nucléaire.
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Handbook on Lead-bismuth Eutectic Alloy and Lead Properties, Materials Compatibility, Thermal-hydraulics and Technologies + CD-ROM
English, 692 pages, published: 05/31/07
NEA#6195, ISBN: 978-92-64-99002-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/reports/2007/nea6195-handbook.html
As part of the development of advanced nuclear systems, including accelerator-driven systems (ADS) proposed for high-level radioactive waste transmutation and generation IV reactors, heavy liquid metals such as lead (Pb) or lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) are under evaluation as reactor core coolant and ADS neutron target material. Heavy liquid metals are also being envisaged as target materials for high-power neutron spallation sources. The objective of this handbook is to collate and publish properties and experimental results on Pb and LBE in a consistent format in order to provide designers with a single source of qualified properties and data and to guide subsequent development efforts. The handbook covers liquid Pb and LBE properties, materials compatibility and testing issues, key aspects of the thermal-hydraulics and system technologies, existing test facilities, open issues and perspectives.
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Implication des parties prenantes dans le déclassement des installations nucléaires
Enseignements internationaux
Français, 44 pages, published: 06/14/07
NEA#6321, ISBN: 978-92-64-99012-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2007/nea6321-parties-prenantes.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Stakeholder Involvement in Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities
Un nombre significatif d’installations nucléaires devra être démantelé dans les prochaines décennies. Dans ce contexte, les pays membres de l’AEN accordent de plus en plus d’importance à l’implication des parties prenantes dans les processus de prise de décision. Cette étude passe en revue l'expérience acquise afin d’identifier d’une part les questions que les parties prenantes posent et d’autre part les meilleures approches pour y répondre. Les enseignements sur la fin du cycle de vie de ces installations peuvent aussi contribuer à mieux prévoir la localisation et la construction d’installations nouvelles. Ce rapport intéressera tous les acteurs principaux dans le domaine du déclassement, et notamment les politiques, les exploitants, les régulateurs et les représentants des communautés locales.
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Innovation dans la technologie nucléaire
Français, 130 pages, published: 02/21/07
NEA#6104, ISBN: 978-92-64-00662-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2007/6104-innovation-domaine.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Innovation in Nuclear Energy Technology
L'innovation a été un élément majeur dans le déploiement réussi de l'énergie nucléaire et demeure essentielle aujourd'hui pour son avenir durable. Dans la mesure où l'énergie nucléaire est une option intéressante pour assurer la diversité et la sécurité de l'approvisionnement énergétique et pour lutter contre le risque de réchauffement planétaire, la façon de poursuivre l'innovation dans ce domaine est une question importante pour l'industrie et les gouvernements intéressés. Afin de favoriser l'innovation dans le secteur nucléaire, des discussions plus approfondies sont indispensables sur les moyens de la promouvoir et une meilleure connaissance des mécanismes de l'innovation nucléaire est nécessaire.

Ce rapport présente un panorama de l'état de l'art concernant les systèmes actuels d'innovation dans le domaine nucléaire, notamment ses axes majeurs, ses principaux acteurs, ses cadres institutionnels et juridiques et l'infrastructure pour la gestion des compétences et des programmes. Il propose également des recommandations stratégiques formulées à partir de rapports et d'études de cas fournis par les pays participants.
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Innovation in Nuclear Energy Technology
English, 118 pages, published: 02/21/07
NEA#6103, ISBN: 978-92-64-00644-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2007/6103-innovation-technology.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Innovation dans la technologie nucléaire
Innovation has been a driving force in the successful deployment of nuclear energy and remains essential today for its sustainable future. As nuclear energy is an attractive option for ensuring diversity and security of energy supply, as well as lower global climate change risks, the way to continue this innovation is a key issue for industry and interested governments. For greater innovation in the nuclear area to be realised, more in-depth discussions on ways and means for promoting nuclear innovation are crucial, and enhanced knowledge of nuclear innovation systems is required.

This report provides an overview of the state of the art in nuclear innovation systems, including their driving forces, main actors, institutional and legal frameworks, and infrastructure for knowledge and programme management. It also offers policy recommendations based on country reports and case studies supplied by participating member countries.
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La radioprotection aujourd'hui et la voie du développement durable
Français, 80 pages, published: 05/29/07
NEA#6166, ISBN: 978-92-64-99014-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2007/6166-rp-fr.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Radiation Protection in Today's World: Towards Sustainability
La science et la pratique de la radioprotection n'ont cessé d'évoluer depuis que l'on a commencé à prendre conscience des effets des rayonnements sur la santé au début du 20e siècle. Au vu des changements, notamment au cours des 10 à 15 dernières années, ainsi que de l'évolution récente des valeurs et jugements sociaux, le Comité de l’AEN de protection radiologique et de santé publique (CRPPH) a jugé utile d’identifier d'éventuels futurs défis ainsi que des problèmes actuels qui appelleront de nouvelles approches pour parvenir à des décisions durables.

Ce rapport décrit de façon concise les principaux défis, selon le CRPPH, pour la politique, la réglementation et l'application de la radioprotection que l'on voit poindre aujourd'hui ou qui se dessinent à l'horizon. Sans proposer de solution à ces questions, il expose les principaux aspects et pressions, tenant en compte l'évolution de la science et de la société et l'accumulation d'expérience, afin que les pouvoirs publics puissent être mieux à même de prévoir ces défis et préparés à bien les affronter.
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Le droit de la protection radiologique de l'environnement
Etat des lieux
Français, 64 pages, published: 02/26/07
NEA#6173, ISBN: 978-92-64-99001-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2007/6173-droit.pdf

Other language(s):
- Japanese: Environmental Radiological Protection in the Law - 法令にみる環境放射線防護
- English: Environmental Radiological Protection in the Law
Cette publication présente les résultats d’une étude de la législation internationale, européenne et nationale destinée à assurer la protection de l'environnement contre les rayonnements ionisants. Les législations nationales concernées comprennent celles de l’Australie, du Canada, des États-Unis, de la France, du Japon et du Royaume-Uni. L’étude a permis d'évaluer la qualité de la protection radiologique de l'environnement, d'identifier les points forts et les faiblesses des méthodes actuelles et de dégager les tendances de la réglementation. Cet ouvrage s'adresse aux autorités de radioprotection et aux responsables des politiques dans ce domaine ainsi qu'à ceux qui s'intéressent d'une manière générale à la réglementation environnementale.
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Linkage of Geoscientific Arguments and Evidence in Supporting the Safety Case
Second AMIGO Workshop Proceedings, Toronto, Canada, 20-22 September 2005
English, 275 pages, published: 06/22/07
NEA#6119, ISBN: 978-92-64-01966-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2007/nea6119-linkage-geoscientific-arguments-safety-case.pdf
The long-term safety of deep disposal of radioactive waste will be strongly dependent on the performance of the geological setting. The geology fulfils important safety functions including isolating the waste from human contact or intrusion, providing a stable physical and chemical environment, insulating against external disturbances, and preventing or delaying the transport of radioactive materials away from the waste. Thus, a sound understanding of the geology's history and evolution is central in supporting assessments that examine the long-term performance and safety of deep disposal. Geological data can also play an important role in other related activities, such as site selection and repository design.

Through a series of technical workshops, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) project on Approaches and Methods for Integrating Geological Information in the Safety Case (AMIGO), is devoted to defining and improving the collection and use of geological evidence that contribute to the understanding of long-term safety for radioactive waste disposal. The second AMIGO workshop was organised in Canada in September 2005. It examined how geoscientific arguments and data are compiled and linked to create a unified description of the geological setting to support a safety case. It also examined practical aspects and limitations in collecting, linking, extrapolating and communicating such information. These proceedings present the outcomes of the workshop.
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Management of Recyclable Fissile and Fertile Materials
English, 84 pages, published: 04/27/07
NEA#6107, ISBN: 978-92-64-03255-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2007/6107-manage-recyclable.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Gestion des matières fissiles et fertiles recyclables
Interest in nuclear energy continues to grow in many countries as a means to ensure security of energy supply and to limit greenhouse gas emissions from the power sector. In this context, recyclable materials constitute an asset for broadening the resource base for nuclear fuel supply, especially in medium- and long-term perspectives.

This report provides an overview of recyclable fissile and fertile materials inventories which can be reused as nuclear fuel. It reviews the options available for managing those materials, through recycling and/or disposal. The potential energetic value of recyclable materials is assessed, taking into account the variability of retrievable energy contents of various materials according to technology and strategy choices made by the owners of the materials.

The analyses contained in this report will be of particular interest to energy policy makers and to nuclear fuel cycle experts.
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Mixed-oxide (MOX) Fuel Performance Benchmark
Summary of the Results for the Halden Reactor Project MOX Rods
English, 64 pages, published: 06/21/07
NEA#4450, ISBN: 978-92-64-99019-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/docs/2007/nsc-doc2007-6.pdf
The plutonium produced during the operation of commercial nuclear power plants or that has become available from the dismantlement of nuclear weapons needs to be properly managed. One important contribution to the management process consists in validating the calculation methods and nuclear data used for the prediction of power in systems burning mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel. Another important contribution is the improved modelling of MOX fuel behaviour in such systems.

Within the framework of the NEA Expert Group on Reactor-based Plutonium Disposition, a fuel modelling code benchmark test for MOX fuel was initiated, with in-pile irradiation data on two short MOX rods provided by the OECD/NEA Halden Reactor Project. This report summarises the in-pile data and fuel characteristics, and presents the calculation results provided by the contributors.
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NEA News 25.1
English, 40 pages, published: 06/28/07
NEA#6268, ISSN: 1605-9581
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2007/NEA_News-25-1.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: AEN Infos 25.1
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NEA News 25.2
English, 44 pages, published: 12/14/07
NEA#6270
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nea-news/2007/NEA_News-25-2.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: AEN Infos 25.2 
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Nuclear Energy Data 2007/Données sur l'énergie nucléaire 2007
Bilingual, 100 pages, published: 06/14/07
NEA#6248, ISBN: 978-92-64-03453-2
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2007/6248-BB-2007.pdf
This new edition of Nuclear Energy Data, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency’s annual compilation of essential statistics on nuclear energy in OECD countries, offers projections lengthened to 2030 for the first time and information on the development of new centrifuge enrichment capacity in member countries. The compilation gives readers a comprehensive and easy-to-access overview of the current situation and expected trends in various sectors of the nuclear fuel cycle, providing authoritative information to policy makers, experts and academics working in the nuclear energy field.

Cette nouvelle édition des Données sur l’énergie nucléaire, publication annuelle de l’Agence de l’OCDE pour l’énergie nucléaire qui rassemble les données statistiques essentielles de ce secteur dans les pays de l’OCDE, présente des prévisions qui pour la première fois vont jusqu’en 2030, ainsi que des informations sur la mise en œuvre de capacités d’enrichissement par centrifugation dans les pays membres. Cet ouvrage offre au lecteur un tour d’horizon complet et facile à consulter de la situation et des tendances dans les divers secteurs du cycle du combustible nucléaire, et notamment des informations qui font autorité à l’intention des décideurs publics, des experts et des chercheurs travaillant dans le domaine de l’énergie nucléaire.
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 79 (June 2007)
English, 88 pages, published: 07/04/07
NEA#6262, ISSN: 0304-341X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb79.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 79 (Juin 2007)
ARTICLES
- The Universal Legal Framework Against Nuclear Terrorism, by Walter Gehr
- The Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage: Catalyst for a Global Nuclear Liability Regime, by Ben McRae
- International Pooling of Operators’ Funds: An Option to Increase the Amount of Financial Security to Cover Nuclear Liability?, by Norbert Pelzer
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Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 80 - Volume 2007/2
English, 120 pages, published: 12/31/07
NEA#6264, ISSN: 0304-341X
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/law/nlb/nlb80.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 80 - Volume 2007/2
ARTICLES
- Judicial Progress in Germany?s Nuclear Waste Disposal Policy, The Konrad Repository Decisions of 26 March 2007, by Gunther Kuhne
- Critical Reflections on the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, by Quentin Michel
- The ?Incentive? Concept as Developed in the Nuclear Safety Conventions and its Possible Extension to Other Sectors, by Tammy de Wright

STUDY
- The International System of Radiological Protection: Key Structures and Current Challenges, by Edward Nicholas Lazo
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Nuclear Safety Research in OECD Countries
Support Facilities for Existing and Advanced Reactors (SFEAR)
English, 108 pages, published: 03/28/07
NEA#6158, ISBN: 978-92-64-99005-0
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/docs/2007/csni-r2007-6.pdf
This report provides an overview of experimental facilities that can be used to address nuclear safety research issues in OECD member countries, and identifies priorities for organising international co-operative programmes centred on selected facilities. The information has been gathered and analysed by a Senior Group of Experts on Nuclear Safety Research, in the context of an ongoing initiative of the NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) aimed at maintaining critical experimental infrastructure for nuclear safety studies in member countries.
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Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants (2005)
Fifteenth Annual Report of the ISOE Programme, 2005
English, 108 pages, published: 04/26/07
NEA#6317, ISBN: 978-92-64-99010-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2007/6317-isoe.pdf
The Information System on Occupational Exposure (ISOE) was created by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency in 1992 to promote and co-ordinate international co-operative undertakings in the area of worker protection at nuclear power plants. ISOE provides experts in occupational radiation protection with a forum for communication and exchange of experience. The ISOE databases enable the analysis of occupational exposure data from 480 commercial nuclear power plants participating in the programme (representing some 90% of the world's total operating commercial reactors).

The Fifteenth Annual Report of the ISOE Programme summarises achievements made during 2005 and compares annual occupational exposure data. Principal developments in ISOE participating countries are also described.
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Physics of Plutonium Recycling - Volume IX
Volume IX: Benchmark on Kinetic Parameters in the CROCUS Reactor
English, 94 pages, published: 06/21/07
NEA#4440, ISBN: 978-92-64-99020-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2007/nea4440-crocus.pdf
The NEA has studied multiple recycling issues associated with various reactor systems fuelled with mixed-oxide (MOX) and published a series of computational physics benchmarks. This has led to improvements in the nuclear data libraries and calculation methods. Several benchmarks were completed comparing those findings with data from experiments. Previous benchmarks have concentrated mainly on PWRs, BWRs, VVER-1000s and FRs.

The present report provides an evaluation and analysis of the reactor period measurements carried out in the CROCUS reactor of the École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) for several different delayed super-critical conditions. Two types of reactivity changes were measured employing an appropriate stable period technique in each case. The first series of experiments involved increasing the water level above the critical level. The second series was carried out by inserting/removing one of the absorber rods into/out of the core. The report also provides a benchmark model and the results obtained with different computer codes.
The report will be of interest to reactor physicists and designers.
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Physics of Plutonium Recycling - Volume VIII
Volume VIII: Results of a Benchmark Considering a High-temperature Reactor (HTR) Fuelled with Reactor-grade Plutonium
English, 102 pages, published: 06/21/07
NEA#6200, ISBN: 978-92-64-99007-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2007/nea6200-htr.pdf
The NEA has studied multiple recycling issues associated with various reactor systems fuelled with mixed-oxide (MOX) and published a series of computational physics benchmarks. This has led to improvements in the nuclear data libraries and calculation methods. Several benchmarks were completed comparing those findings with data from experiments. Previous benchmarks have concentrated mainly on PWRs, BWRs, VVER-1000s and FRs. The present benchmark concerns a pebble bed modular reactor (PBMR) fuelled with reactor-grade plutonium.

Although the benchmark has been specifically designed to provide intercomparisons for plutonium and thorium fuels, phases of calculations for uranium fuel have also been included. The purpose of these phases is to identify any increased uncertainties, relative to uranium fuel, that are associated with plutonium and thorium fuel.

This report provides an analysis of the twelve sets of results supplied by seven experts from five countries. Participants have used nuclear data from three different evaluations having applied both Monte Carlo and deterministic methods of analysis. Participants using the same nuclear data report similar results, although some differences have been noted, particularly in relation to the fuel temperature coefficients and the whole-core xenon fission product poisoning effect. There is also evidence of good agreement between Monte Carlo and deterministic solutions for some of the participants despite the difficult nature of the problem with stochastic geometry.

The report will be of interest to reactor physicists and designers.
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Radiation Protection in Today's World: Towards Sustainability
English, 74 pages, published: 05/29/07
NEA#6165, ISBN: 978-92-64-99013-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2007/6165-rp.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: La radioprotection aujourd'hui et la voie du développement durable
The science and application of radiological protection have continually evolved since the beginning of the 20th century when the health effects of radiation first began to be discovered. Given these changes, notably over the past 10 to 15 years, and considering the recent evolution of social values and judgements, the NEA Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) felt that it would be worthwhile to identify possible emerging challenges as well as ongoing challenges that will require new approaches to reach sustainable decisions.

This report concisely describes the CRPPH views of the most significant challenges to radiological protection policy, regulation and application that are likely to emerge or are already emerging. While not proposing solutions to these issues, the report characterises key aspects and pressures, taking into account the evolution of science, society and experience, such that governments can better foresee these challenges and be prepared to address them appropriately.
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Radioactive Waste Management in Spain: Co-ordination and Projects
FSC Workshop Proceedings, L'Hospitalet de l'Infant, Spain, 21-23 November 2005
English, 142 pages, published: 11/07/07
NEA#6116, ISBN: 978-92-64-03941-4
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/pubs/2007/6116-fsc-workshop-spain.pdf
The sixth workshop of the OECD/NEA Forum on Stakeholder Confidence (FSC) was hosted by ENRESA, the Spanish agency responsible for the management of radioactive waste and the dismantling of nuclear power plants, and the Council of Nuclear Safety (CSN), with the support of the Association of Spanish Municipalities in Areas Surrounding Nuclear Power Plants (AMAC). The workshop took place at L'Hospitalet de l'Infant, Catalonia, Spain, on 21-23 November 2005.

At this workshop, Spanish stakeholders and delegates from 14 countries discussed current co-ordination of radioactive waste management decision making in Spain. Findings were shared from Cowam-Spain, a co-operative research project on the involvement of local stakeholders, the relationship between national and local levels of decision making, and the long-term sustainability of decisions regarding the siting of a centralised interim storage facility for high-level waste. These proceedings include the workshop presentations and discussions, as well as the rapporteurs' reflections on what was learned about policy making and participative decision making.
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Rapport annuel 2006
Français, 52 pages, published: 05/23/07
NEA#6267, ISBN: 978-92-64-99004-3
Free on request

Other language(s):
- English: Annual Report 2006
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Regulating the Long-term Safety of Geological Disposal
Towards a Common Understanding of the Main Objectives and Bases of Safety Criteria
English, 84 pages, published: 12/30/07
NEA#6182, ISBN: 978-92-64-99031-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2007/nea6182-regulating.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Réglementation de la sûreté à long terme du stockage géologique
Regulating the long-term safety of geological disposal of radioactive waste poses special challenges due to the very long timescales involved. This report has been prepared to help foster a common understanding of the fundamental safety objectives of deep geological repositories and the applicable criteria. It provides important guidance for the national programmes that are developing or refining regulations. A common understanding may also contribute to clearer communication and public understanding of regulatory criteria.
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Ressources, production et demande de l'uranium : un bilan de quarante ans
"Rétrospective du Livre rouge"
Français, 272 pages, published: 03/02/07
NEA#6097, ISBN: 978-92-64-02808-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2006/6097-bilan-40-uranium.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Forty Years of Uranium Resources, Production and Demand in Perspective
La première parution du « Livre rouge », préparé conjointement par l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire (AEN) et l'Agence internationale de l'énergie atomique (AIEA), remonte à 1965 et, depuis lors, il s'est imposé à travers le monde comme un ouvrage de référence sur l'uranium. En 40 ans d'existence, le Livre rouge a accumulé une impressionnante moisson de données officielles fournies par les gouvernements.

La « Rétrospective du Livre rouge » a été entreprise pour collecter, rassembler, analyser et publier toutes les informations clés recueillies dans les 20 éditions du Livre rouge parues entre 1965 et 2004. Par ailleurs, c'était l'occasion de compléter certaines informations afin de présenter un état des lieux aussi achevé et exhaustif que possible. Au final, la Rétrospective du Livre rouge dresse un tableau évolutif complet du secteur de l'uranium à l'échelle mondiale dans les domaines suivants : prospection, ressources, production, besoins liés aux réacteurs, inventaires et prix. On y examine dans le détail le chemin parcouru par les grands pays producteurs d'uranium, notamment l'Allemagne (y compris l'ex-République démocratique allemande), l'Australie, le Canada, les États-Unis, la Fédération de Russie (y compris l'ex-Union des républiques socialistes soviétiques) et la France. Ainsi peut-on, pour la première fois, obtenir une vision globale de la production et de la demande annuelles et cumulées d'uranium depuis l'avènement de l'ère atomique. Outre les données chronologiques et les documents connexes, on trouvera dans la Rétrospective du Livre rouge des analyses d'experts qui jettent une lumière nouvelle sur certaines dimensions importantes du secteur comme : le coût des découvertes, les ratios entre ressources et production, et le délai qui sépare la découverte de la production, entre autres.

En conclusion, la Rétrospective du Livre rouge met à la disposition du public une somme d'informations sans équivalent sur le secteur de l'uranium, depuis la naissance de l'énergie nucléaire civile jusqu'à l'aube du 21ème siècle.
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Risks and Benefits of Nuclear Energy
English, 88 pages, published: 06/20/07
NEA#6242, ISBN: 978-92-64-03551-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2007/6242-risks-benefits.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Risques et avantages de l'énergie nucléaire
In the context of sustainable development policies, decision making in the energy sector should be based on carefully designed trade-offs which take into account, insofar as feasible, all of the alternative options' advantages and drawbacks from the economic, environmental and social viewpoints. This report examines various aspects of nuclear and other energy chains for generating electricity, and provides illustrative examples of quantitative and qualitative indicators for those chains with regard to economic competitiveness, environmental burdens (such as air emissions and solid waste streams) and social aspects (including employment and health impacts).

This report will be of interest to policy makers and analysts in the energy and electricity sectors. It offers authoritative data and references to published literature on energy chain analysis which can be used in support of decision making.
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Risques et avantages de l'énergie nucléaire
Français, 92 pages, published: 06/20/07
NEA#6243, ISBN: 978-92-64-03554-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2007/6243-risques-avantages.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Risks and Benefits of Nuclear Energy
Dans le cadre des politiques de développement durable, la prise de décision en matière d'énergie doit s'appuyer sur des arbitrages soigneusement étudiés pour prendre en compte, autant que faire se peut, tous les avantages et les inconvénients des différentes options du point de vue économique, environnemental et social. Ce rapport examine les différents aspects de la chaîne nucléaire et d'autres chaînes de production d'électricité. Il donne pour chacune d'elles des exemples d'indicateurs quantitatifs et qualitatifs relatifs à la compétitivité économique, à l'impact environnemental (émissions atmosphériques et flux de déchets solides par exemple) et aux aspects sociaux (incidences sur l'emploi et la santé entre autres).

Ce rapport intéressera les décideurs et les analystes des secteurs énergétique et électrique. Il contient des données qui font autorité et des références à des ouvrages publiés sur l'analyse des chaînes énergétiques qui peuvent servir de base à la prise de décision.
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Scientific Issues and Emerging Challenges for Radiological Protection
Report of the Expert Group on the Implications of Radiological Protection Science
English, 120 pages, published: 11/21/07
NEA#6167, ISBN: 978-92-64-99032-6
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2007/6167-egis.pdf

Other language(s):
- Japanese: Scientific Issues and Emerging Challenges for Radiological Protection - 放射線防護における科学的問題と新たな課題
- Français: EGIS - Scientific Issues and Emerging Challenges for Radiological Protection (French version) 
Scientific knowledge is constantly evolving as more advanced technologies become available and more in-depth research is carried out. Given the potential implications that new findings could have on policy decisions, in 1998 the NEA Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) performed a survey of state-of-the-art research in radiological protection science. This study suggested that, while the current system of radiological protection was well-underpinned by scientific understanding, growing knowledge in several areas could seriously impact policy and regulation. Ten years later, the CRPPH has again performed a survey of state-of-the-art research which reiterates and clarifies its earlier conclusions.

This report summarises the results of this latest CRPPH assessment of radiological protection science. Specifically, it explains that knowledge of non-targeted and delayed effects, as well as of individual sensitivity, have been significantly refined over the past ten years. Although at this point there is still no scientific certainty in these areas, based on the most recent studies and results, the report strongly suggests that policy makers and regulatory authorities should consider possible impacts that could arise from research in the next few years. Further, the report identifies research areas that should be supported to more definitively answer scientific questions having the most direct impacts on policy choices.
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Speciation Techniques and Facilities for Radioactive Materials at Synchrotron Light Sources
Workshop Proceedings, Karlsruhe, Germany, 18-20 September 2006
English, 336 pages, published: 05/09/07
NEA#6288, ISBN: 978-92-64-99006-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2007/nea6288-speciation.pdf
This workshop was the fourth in a series devoted to the application of synchrotron radiation techniques for studying actinide species. The unique properties of synchrotron radiation allow the elucidation of the molecular and electronic structure of radionuclide samples. Since 2004 when the previous workshop was held, worldwide experimental capabilities for carrying out such studies have expanded. Synergy is developing with advanced theoretical and simulation tools, and it is expected that this progress will contribute significantly to developments in areas such as radioactive waste management, site environmental remediation and separation technologies, as well as in the radiopharmaceutical industry.

The Actinide-XAS-2006 workshop brought together experts in solution, co-ordination and solid state chemistry of the actinides, actinide physics and environmental and life sciences. Workshop sessions were organised on cutting-edge experimental techniques, theoretical and modelling tools and reports on experimental facilities. These proceedings contain abstracts and peer-reviewed papers for 24 presentations as well as 33 poster session contributions, representing the current state of the art in speciation techniques and facilities for radioactive materials at synchrotron light sources.
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Stakeholder Involvement in Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities
International Lessons Learnt
English, 40 pages, published: 06/14/07
NEA#6320, ISBN: 978-92-64-99011-1
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rwm/reports/2007/nea6320-stakeholder.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Implication des parties prenantes dans le déclassement des installations nucléaires
Significant numbers of nuclear facilities will need to be decommissioned in the coming decades. In this context, NEA member countries are placing increasing emphasis on the involvement of stakeholders in the associated decision procedures. This study reviews decommissioning experience with a view to identifying stakeholder concerns and best practice in addressing them. The lessons learnt about the end of the facility life cycle can also contribute to better foresight in siting and building new facilities. This report will be of interest to all major players in the field of decommissioning, in particular policy makers, implementers, regulators and representatives of local host communities.
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Strategy for Developing and Conducting Nuclear Emergency Exercises
English, 40 pages, published: 12/31/07
NEA#6162, ISBN: 978-92-64-99038-8
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2007/6162-emergency.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Une stratégie pour la conception et la réalisation des exercices d'urgence nucléaire
Emergency situations demand that actions be taken by the responsible organisations at the local, national and international levels to mitigate their impact on people and the environment. In order to be able to deliver an effective emergency response in both the short and long term, it is necessary to make and maintain adequate plans and arrangements. Prudence dictates that these be prepared in advance of an emergency situation, contain appropriate elements for preparedness, response and assistance, and take adequate account of international interfaces. The successful management of an emergency, along with the effectiveness of the response arrangements, will be facilitated through the use of well-planned tests and exercises.

Drawing on the collective experience of the OECD/NEA Working Party on Nuclear Emergency Matters and its International Nuclear Emergency Exercise (INEX) series, this report aims to assist national and international emergency authorities in developing their own exercise-specific strategy by providing insights on exercise justification, design, conduct and evaluation. The focus is on providing an understanding, basis and strategy for the decision to exercise rather than detailed guidance on how to exercise.

Exercising is one tool for enhancing performance, testing plans and identifying areas for improvement; however, it is an important and resource-intensive tool. Therefore, the objective of this report is to provide a summary of strategic considerations for improving the value of planning, conducting and evaluating exercises and following up on lessons identified. This strategy may also find applicability in developing approaches for other types of non-nuclear emergency exercises.
French blurb
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The Process of Regulatory Authorisation (English-Japanese version) 規制認可のプロセス
Bilingual, 148 pages, published: 08/29/07
NEA#6279, ISBN: 978-92-64-99028-9
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2007/6279-authorisation-jp.pdf

Other language(s):
- Français: Le processus d'autorisation réglementaire
- English: The Process of Regulatory Authorisation
In parallel to the work carried out by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) to review the broad principles of protection, the NEA Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) has examined how radiological protection could be better implemented by governments and/or regulatory authorities. To this end, the CRPPH has developed a concept that it calls “the process of regulatory authorisation”. It is described in detail in this report, and is intended to help regulatory authorities apply more transparently, coherently and simply the broad recommendations of the ICRP to the real-life business of radiological protection regulation and application. The CRPPH recognises the importance of an appropriate level of stakeholder involvement in the process of regulatory authorisation.
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Transparency of Nuclear Regulatory Activities
Workshop Proceedings,Tokyo and Tokai-Mura, Japan, 22-24 May 2007
English, 316 pages, published: 11/16/07
NEA#6256, ISBN: 978-92-64-04095-3
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/nsd/pubs/2007/6256-transparency-nra.pdf
One of the main missions of nuclear regulators is to protect the public, and this cannot be completely achieved without public confidence. The more a regulatory process is transparent, the more such confidence will grow. Despite important cultural differences across countries, a number of common features characterise media and public expectations regarding any activity with an associated risk.

A common understanding of transparency and main stakeholders' expectations in the field of nuclear safety were identified during this workshop, together with a number of conditions and practices aimed at improving the transparency of nuclear regulatory activities. These conditions and practices are described herein, and will be of particular interest to all those working in the nuclear regulatory field. Their implementation may, however, differ from one country to another depending on national context.
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Une stratégie pour la conception et la réalisation des exercices d'urgence nucléaire
Français, 44 pages, published: 12/31/07
NEA#6325, ISBN: 978-92-64-99039-5
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2007/6325-urgence.pdf

Other language(s):
- English: Strategy for Developing and Conducting Nuclear Emergency Exercises
Les organisations responsables aux niveaux local, national et international doivent prendre les mesures nécessaires pour limiter les conséquences des situations de crise sur les populations et l'environnement. Pour pouvoir intervenir de manière efficace à court terme et à long terme, il convient d'établir des plans et de prendre des dispositions adaptées. La prudence dicte de les préparer d'avance et d'y intégrer tout ce qui permettra d'être prêt, d'intervenir et d'assurer les secours sans oublier la dimension internationale. Des tests et exercices bien préparés augmenteront les chances de gérer correctement la situation de crise ainsi que l'efficacité des dispositifs pris pour les interventions.

Fondé sur l'expérience collective du Groupe de travail sur les urgences nucléaires de l'OCDE/AEN et de la série d’Exercices internationaux d’urgence nucléaire (INEX) qu'il organise, cet ouvrage est destiné aux autorités nationales et internationales chargées de la gestion de crise qui trouveront dans les indications concernant la justification, la conception, la conduite et l'évaluation de ces exercices une aide pour concevoir leur propre stratégie d'exercices. L'ouvrage met l'accent sur la réflexion, les raisons et la stratégie qui doivent présider à la décision d'organiser des exercices plutôt que de donner des recommandations détaillées sur la façon de les mener.

L'exercice est un moyen de se perfectionner, de tester les plans et d'identifier les améliorations à apporter. C'est aussi un outil important qui exige beaucoup de moyens. C'est pourquoi cet ouvrage se veut une synthèse de considérations stratégiques pour tirer le meilleur parti de la planification, de la conduite et de l'évaluation des exercices ainsi que des enseignements tirés. Cette stratégie pourrait aussi être exploitée pour concevoir des démarches applicables à d'autres types d'exercices d’urgence en dehors du secteur nucléaire.
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VVER-1000 Coolant Transient Benchmark - Phase 1 (Vol. 3)
Phase I (V1000CT-1), Vol. 3: Summary Results of Exercise 2 on Coupled 3-D Kinetics/Core Thermal-hydraulics
English, 92 pages, published: 11/16/07
NEA#6201, ISBN: 978-92-64-99035-7
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/docs/2007/nsc-doc2007-18.pdf
In the field of coupled neutronics/thermal-hydraulics computation there is a need to enhance scientific knowledge in order to develop advanced modelling techniques for new nuclear technologies and concepts, as well as current applications.

Recently developed best-estimate computer code systems for modelling 3-D coupled neutronics/thermal-hydraulics transients in nuclear cores and for the coupling of core phenomena and system dynamics need to be compared against each other and validated against results from experiments. International benc