Recent Publications

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National Inventories and Management Strategies for Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste (2017)
Extended Methodology for the Common Presentation of Data

Detailed publication list

2017 | page top

Towards an All-Hazards Approach to Emergency Preparedness and Response
Lessons Learnt from Non-Nuclear Events
English, published: 01/12/18
Available online at:
The field of emergency management is broad, complex and dynamic. In the post-Fukushima context, emergency
preparedness and response (EPR) in the nuclear sector is more than ever being seen as part of a broader
framework. The OECD has recommended that its members ?establish and promote a comprehensive, all-hazards
and transboundary approach to country risk governance to serve as the foundation for enhancing
national resilience and responsiveness?. In order to achieve such an all-hazards approach to emergency
management, a major step in the process will be to consider experiences from the emergency management of
hazards emanating from a variety of sectors.

The NEA Working Party on Nuclear Emergency Matters (WPNEM) joined forces with the OECD Working Group
on Chemical Accidents (WGCA), the OECD Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate?s High-
Level Risk Forum (HLRF) and the European Commission?s Joint Research Centre (JRC) to collaborate on this
report, which demonstrates similarities between emergency planning and preparedness across sectors, and
identifies lessons learnt and good practices in diverse areas for the benefit of the international community.
A set of expert contributions, enriched with a broad range of national experiences, are presented in the
report to take into account expertise gathered from the emergency management of hazards other than those
emanating from the nuclear sector in an effort to support and foster an all-hazards approach to EPR.
Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 99 - Volume 1/2017
English, published: 12/12/17
Available online at:

Other language(s):
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n°99 – Volume 1/2017 
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides readers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published free online twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international organisations.

Feature articles in this issue include: "Reformed and reforming: Adapting the licensing process to meet new challenges"; "Reflections on the development of international nuclear law"; and "Facing the challenge of nuclear mass tort processing".
Nuclear Energy Data 2017
English, published: 11/20/17
Available online at:
Nuclear Energy Data -- 2017
Nuclear Energy Data is the Nuclear Energy Agency's annual compilation of statistics and country reports
documenting nuclear power status in NEA member countries and in the OECD area. Information provided
by governments includes statistics on total electricity produced by all sources and by nuclear power, fuel
cycle capacities and requirements, and projections to 2035, where available. Country reports summarise
energy policies, updates of the status in nuclear energy programmes and fuel cycle developments. In
2016, nuclear power continued to supply significant amounts of low-carbon baseload electricity, despite
strong competition from low-cost fossil fuels and subsidised renewable energy sources. Three new units
were connected to the grid in 2016, in Korea, Russia and the United States. In Japan, an additional three
reactors returned to operation in 2016, bringing the total to five under the new regulatory regime. Three
reactors were officially shut down in 2016 -- one in Japan, one in Russia and one in the United States.
Governments committed to having nuclear power in the energy mix advanced plans for developing or
increasing nuclear generating capacity, with the preparation of new build projects making progress in
Finland, Hungary, Turkey and the United Kingdom. Further details on these and other developments are
provided in the publication's numerous tables, graphs and country reports.
This publication contains "StatLinks". For each StatLink, the reader will find a URL which leads to the
corresponding spreadsheet. These links work in the same way as an Internet link.

Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire -- 2017
Les Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire, compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux de
l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'energie nucleaire, presentent la situation de l'energie nucleaire dans les pays
membres de l'AEN et dans la zone de l'OCDE. Les informations communiquees par les gouvernements
comprennent des statistiques sur la production d'electricite totale et nucleaire, les capacites et les besoins
du cycle du combustible et, lorsqu'elles sont disponibles, des projections jusqu'en 2035. Les rapports
nationaux presentent brievement les politiques energetiques et les evolutions du cycle du combustible.
En 2016, l'electronucleaire a continue de generer des quantites importantes d'electricite en base faiblement
carbonee, et ce en depit de la forte concurrence des combustibles fossiles bon marche et des energies
renouvelable subventionnees. Cette meme annee, trois nouveaux reacteurs ont ete raccordes au reseau
en Coree, aux Etats-Unis et en Russie. Au Japon, trois reacteurs ont ete redemarres, ce qui porte a cinq
le nombre de tranches en exploitation repondant a la nouvelle reglementation en vigueur. Trois reacteurs
ont ete officiellement mis hors service en 2016 -- un aux Etats-Unis, un au Japon et un en Russie. Les pays
decides a inclure le nucleaire dans leur bouquet energetique ont poursuivi leurs projets de developpement
ou d'augmentation de la puissance nucleaire installee. Ainsi, les projets de construction en Finlande, en
Hongrie, au Royaume-Uni et en Turquie ont progresse. Le lecteur trouvera de plus amples informations sur
ces evolutions et d'autres developpements dans les nombreux tableaux, graphiques et rapports nationaux
que contient cet ouvrage.
Cette publication contient des "StatLinks". Fonctionnant comme un lien internet, un StatLink fournit
l'acces a la feuille de calcul correspondante.
Radiological Characterisation from a Materials and Waste End-State Perspective – Experience from Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities
English, published: 11/02/17
Available online at:
Radiological characterisation is a key enabling activity for the planning and
implementation of nuclear facility decommissioning. Effective characterisation allows
the extent, location and nature of contamination to be determined and provides
crucial information for facility dismantling, the management of material and waste
arisings, the protection of workers, the public and the environment, and associated
cost estimations.
This report will be useful for characterisation practitioners who carry out tactical
planning, preparation, optimisation and implementation of characterisation to support
the decommissioning of nuclear facilities and the management of associated materials
and waste. It compiles recent experience from NEA member countries in radiological
characterisation, including from international experts, international case studies,
an international conference, and international standards and guidance. Using this
comprehensive evidence base, the report identifies relevant good practice and provides
practical advice covering all stages of the characterisation process.
NEA Workshop on Stakeholder Involvement in Nuclear Decision Making
Summary Report
English, 83 pages, published: 10/16/17
Available online at:
Because nuclear issues are embedded in broader societal issues such as the environment, energy, risk
management, health policy and sustainability, they can often generate considerable interest and concern.
Actors involved in the nuclear energy sector, including regulators, governments and licensees, share
the goal of reaching accepted, sustainable decisions and to ensure that the decision-making process
is transparent. Stakeholder involvement in decision making is today seen as an essential means for
improving decisions and for optimising their implementation.

In this context, the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) organised a Workshop on Stakeholder Involvement in
Nuclear Decision Making in January 2017, acknowledging that different countries and sectors may face
similar challenges and that sharing experiences and approaches could be useful. The workshop was an
opportunity to bring together experts with first-hand knowledge and experience in areas related to
nuclear law, regulatory practices, radiological protection, nuclear waste management, the deployment of
new nuclear facilities, extended operation of nuclear facilities, deployment of other energy technologies
and infrastructures, and social and traditional media.

This summary report attempts to capture the collective wisdom generated over three days of interaction.
It highlights some commonalities and differences in views and approaches, and identifies particular
lessons that can be applied to improve the strategy and practice of involving stakeholders in decision
making. Overall, the learning gained from this workshop can benefit governments and citizens alike.
State-of-the-Art Report on Molten Corium Concrete Interaction and Ex-Vessel Molten Core Coolability
English, 365 pages, published: 10/16/17
Available online at:
Mentoring a Future Generation of Female Leaders in Science and Engineering
English, 13 pages, published: 10/16/17
Available online at:
Despite progress over the past decades, women remain under-represented in executive positions in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Female students tend to do very well in math and science early in their academic careers but often take other career paths. Many countries are working to close the gender gap and are developing policies to reverse this trend. However, considering the increasing demand worldwide for skilled workers in all areas of science and technology, including in the nuclear energy sector, more advocacy is needed to encourage the next generation and to capture their interest in these fields. It is in this spirit that the NEA partnered with Japan’s National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST) to organise a mentoring workshop on July 25-26, 2017 in Chiba, Japan.
Addressing Uncertainties in Cost Estimates for Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities
English, 66 pages, published: 09/28/17
Available online at:
The cost estimation process of decommissioning nuclear facilities has continued to evolve in recent years, with a general trend towards demonstrating greater levels of detail in the estimate and more explicit consideration of uncertainties, the latter of which may have an impact on decommissioning project costs. The 2012 report on the International Structure for Decommissioning Costing (ISDC) of Nuclear Installations, a joint recommendation by the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the European Commission, proposes a standardised structure of cost items for decommissioning projects that can be used either directly for the production of cost estimates or for mapping of cost items for benchmarking purposes. The ISDC, however, provides only limited guidance on the treatment of uncertainty when preparing cost estimates. Addressing Uncertainties in Cost Estimates for Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities, prepared jointly by the NEA and IAEA, is intended to complement the ISDC, assisting cost estimators and reviewers in systematically addressing uncertainties in decommissioning cost estimates. Based on experiences gained in participating countries and projects, the report describes how uncertainty and risks can be analysed and incorporated in decommissioning cost estimates, while presenting the outcomes in a transparent manner.
National Inventories and Management Strategies for Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste
Extended Methodology for the Common Presentation of Data
English, 70 pages, published: 08/28/17
Available online at:
Radioactive waste inventory data are an important element in the development of a national radioactive waste management programme since these data affect the design and selection of the ultimate disposal methods. Inventory data are generally presented as an amount of radioactive waste under various waste classes, according to the waste classification scheme developed and adopted by the country or national programme in question. Various waste classification schemes have evolved in most countries, and these schemes classify radioactive waste according to its origin, to criteria related to the protection of workers or to the physical, chemical and radiological properties of the waste and the planned disposal method(s).

The diversity in classification schemes across countries has restricted the possibility of comparing waste inventories and led to difficulties in interpreting waste management practices, both nationally and internationally. To help improve this situation, the Nuclear Energy Agency developed a methodology that ensures consistency of national radioactive waste and spent fuel inventory data when presenting them in a common scheme in direct connection with accepted management strategy and disposal routes. This report is a follow up to the 2016 report that introduced the methodology and presenting scheme for spent fuel, and it now extends this methodology and presenting scheme to all types of radioactive waste and corresponding management strategies.