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Detailed publication list
Nuclear Energy Data 2013/Données sur l'énergie nucléaire 2013
Bilingual, 92 pages, published: 12/03/13
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2013/7162-bb-2013.pdf
Nuclear Energy Data is the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency?s annual compilation of statistics and country reports documenting the status of nuclear power in the OECD area. Information provided by member country governments includes statistics on installed generating capacity, total electricity produced by all sources and by nuclear power, nuclear energy policies and fuel cycle developments, as well as projected generating capacity and electricity production to 2035, where available. Total electricity generation at nuclear power plants and the share of electricity production from nuclear power plants declined in 2012 as a result of operational issues at some facilities and suspended operation at all but two reactors in Japan. Nuclear safety was further strengthened in 2012 following safety reviews prompted by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. Governments committed to maintaining nuclear power in the energy mix pursued initiatives to increase nuclear generating capacity. In Turkey, plans were finalised for the construction of the first four reactors for commercial electricity production. Further details on these and other developments are provided in the publication?s numerous tables, graphs and country reports.
This publication contains ?Statlinks?. For each StatLink, the reader will find a URL which leads to the corresponding spreadsheet. These links work in the same way as an Internet link.
Les Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire, compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux de l?Agence de l?OCDE pour l?energie nucleaire, presente la situation de l?energie nucleaire dans les pays de l?OCDE. Les informations communiquees par les pouvoirs publics des pays membres de l?OCDE comprennent des statistiques sur la puissance nucleaire installee, la production d?electricite totale et nucleaire, les politiques nucleaires, les evolutions du cycle du combustible ainsi que, lorsqu?elles sont disponibles, des projections jusqu'en 2035 de la puissance nucleaire et de la production d'electricite. En 2012, la production totale d?electricite des centrales nucleaires mais aussi la part du nucleaire dans la production d?electricite ont diminue en raison de problemes d?exploitation rencontres par certaines installations et de la mise a l?arret de tous les reacteurs japonais sauf deux. A l?issue des reexamens de la surete entrepris apres l?accident de Fukushima Daiichi, la surete nucleaire s?est renforcee en 2012. Les pays decides a conserver le nucleaire dans leur mix energetique ont avance dans leurs projets d?augmentation de la puissance nucleaire installee. La Turquie a mis la derniere main au projet de construction de ses quatre premiers reacteurs destines a la production d?electricite. Le lecteur trouvera de plus amples informations sur ces evolutions et d?autres developpements dans les nombreux tableaux, graphiques et rapports nationaux que contient cet ouvrage.
Cette publication contient des < StatLinks >. Fonctionnant comme un lien internet, un StatLink fournit l'acces a la feuille de calcul correspondante.
Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 91
Français, 216 pages, published: 11/21/13
- English: Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 91
Le Bulletin de droit nucléaire est une publication internationale unique en son genre destinée aux juristes et aux universitaires en droit nucléaire. Ses abonnés bénéficient d’informations exhaustives qui font autorité sur les développements qui touchent ce droit. Publié deux fois par an en anglais et en français, il propose des articles thématiques rédigés par des experts juridiques renommés, rend compte du développement des législations à travers le monde et présente la jurisprudence et les accords bilatéraux et multilatéraux pertinents ainsi que les activités réglementaires des organisations internationales.
Les principaux articles de ce numéro portent sur : « La réponse à l’accident de Fukushima Daiichi : le rôle de la Convention sur la sûreté nucléaire dans le renforcement du cadre juridique de la sûreté nucléaire » ; « La protection suffisante après Fukushima : l’élément stable d’un monde changeant » ; « Internationaliser davantage pour améliorer la sûreté ? Action concertée contre souveraineté nationale » et ; « Compte-rendu spécial de la Deuxième réunion annuelle de l'Association de droit nucléaire, ‘Le secteur de l'énergie nucléaire en Inde : opportunités commerciales et défis juridiques’, 2 mars 2013, Mumbai, Inde ».
Minor Actinide Burning in Thermal Reactors
A Report by the Working Party on Scientific Issues of Reactor Systems
English, 82 pages, published: 11/18/13
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2013/6997-minor-actinide.pdf
This publication provides an introduction to minor actinide nuclear properties and discusses some of the arguments in favour of minor actinide recycling, as well as the potential role of thermal reactors in this regard. Various technical issues and challenges are examined from the fuel cycle, operations, fuel designs, core management and safety/dynamics responses to safety and economics. The focus of this report is on the general conclusions of recent research that could be applied to thermal reactors. Further research and development needs are also considered, with summaries of findings and recommendations for the direction of future R&D efforts.
The Economics of the Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle
English, 188 pages, published: 10/23/13
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/ndd/pubs/2013/7061-ebenfc.pdf
The feasibility and costs of spent nuclear fuel management and the consequent disposal of ultimate waste continue to be the subject of public debate in many countries, with particular concern often expressed over the lack of progress in implementing final disposal. Uncertainties about back-end costs and the financial risks associated with management of the back end have also been singled out as possible deterrents to investment in new nuclear power plants.
This report offers an appraisal of economic issues and methodologies for the management of spent nuclear fuel and high-level waste from commercial power reactors. It includes a review of different back-end options and current policies and practices, with a focus on the cost estimates for these options and the funding mechanisms in place or under consideration in OECD/NEA countries. A generic economic assessment of high-level estimates of back-end cost impacts on fuel cycle costs is undertaken for selected idealised scenarios, by means of a simple static model. Sensitivity analyses are conducted for the evaluation of uncertainties in major components and the identification of cost drivers. Since factors other than economics are an important part of the decision-making process, an analysis of the influence of key qualitative parameters in the selection of back-end strategies is also presented in this report.
International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments - ICSBEP (DVD)
English, published: 10/22/13
Free on request
The Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (CSBEP) was initiated in October
of 1992 by the United States Department of Energy. The project quickly became an
international effort as scientists from other interested countries became involved.
The International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) became an
official activity of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in 1995.
This handbook contains criticality safety benchmark specifications that have been
derived from experiments performed at various nuclear critical experiment facilities
around the world. The benchmark specifications are intended for use by criticality
safety engineers to validate calculational techniques used to establish minimum
subcritical margins for operations with fissile material and to determine criticality alarm
requirement and placement. Many of the specifications are also useful for nuclear
data testing. Example calculations are presented; however, these calculations do not
constitute a validation of the codes or cross section data.
The evaluated criticality safety benchmark data are given in nine volumes. These
volumes span nearly 66,000 pages and contain 558 evaluations with benchmark
specifications for 4,798 critical, near critical or subcritical configurations, 24 criticality
alarm placement/shielding configurations with multiple dose points for each and
200 configurations that have been categorised as fundamental physics measurements
that are relevant to criticality safety applications.
New to the Handbook are benchmark specifications for Critical, Bare, HEU(93.2)-
Metal Sphere experiments referred to as ORSphere that were performed by a team of
experimenters at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the early 1970s. A photograph of this
assembly is shown on the front cover.
Status Report on Structural Materials for Advanced Nuclear Systems
English, 107 pages, published: 10/21/13
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2013/6409-sr-smans.pdf
Materials performance is critical to the safe and economic operation of any nuclear system. As the international community pursues the development of Generation IV reactor concepts and accelerator-driven transmutation systems, it will be increasingly necessary to develop advanced materials capable of tolerating the more challenging environments of these new systems. The international community supports numerous materials research programmes, with each country determining its individual focus on a case-by-case basis. In many instances, similar alloys of materials systems are being studied in several countries, providing the opportunity for collaborative and cross-cutting research that benefits different systems.
This report is a snapshot of the current materials programmes supporting the development of advanced concepts. The descriptions of the research are grouped by concept, and national programmes are described within each concept. The report provides an overall sense of the importance of materials research worldwide and the opportunities for synergy among the countries represented in this overview.
Shielding Aspects of Accelerators, Targets and Irradiation Facilities - SATIF-11
Workshop Proceedings, Tsukuba, Japan, 11-13 September 2012
English, 202 pages, published: 10/08/13
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/pubs/2013/7157-satif-11.pdf
Particle accelerators have evolved over the last decades from simple devices to powerful machines, and are having an increasingly important impact on research, technology and daily life. Today they have a wide range of applications in many areas including material science and medical applications. In recent years, new technological and research applications have helped to define requirements while the number of accelerator facilities in operation, being commissioned, designed or planned has grown significantly. Their parameters, which include the beam energy, currents and intensities, and target composition, can vary widely, giving rise to new radiation shielding aspects and problems.
Particle accelerators must be operated in safe ways to protect operators, the public and the environment. As the design and use of these facilities evolve, so must the analytical methods used in the safety analyses. These workshop proceedings review the state of the art in radiation shielding of accelerator facilities and irradiation targets. They also evaluate progress in the development of modelling methods used to assess the effectiveness of such shielding as part of safety analyses.
Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 91
English, 196 pages, published: 09/13/13
NEA#7152, ISSN: 0304-341X
€ 125, US$ 166, £ 99, ¥ 16000
- Français: Bulletin de droit nucléaire n° 91
The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides subscribers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international organisations.
Feature articles in this issue include: “The post-Fukushima Daiichi response: The role of the Convention on Nuclear Safety in strengthening the legal framework for nuclear safety”; “Adequate protection after the Fukushima Daiichi acccident: A constant in a world of change”; “Safer nuclear energy through a higher degree of internationalisation? International involvement versus national sovereignty”; and “Special report on the Second Annual Meeting of the Nuclear Law Association, ‘India’s nuclear energy sector: Business opportunities and legal challenges’, 2 March 2013, Mumbai, India”.
The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident: OECD/NEA Nuclear Safety Response and Lessons Learnt
English, 68 pages, published: 09/10/13
Volume of the series:
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/pub/2013/7161-fukushima2013.pdf
This report outlines the response of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) and its member countries to the March 2011 accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. All NEA members took early action to ensure and confirm the continued safety of their nuclear power plants and the protection of the public. Consistent with its objective of maintaining and further developing the scientific, technological and legal bases for safe nuclear energy, the NEA has assisted its member countries in their individual and collective responses to the accident. It has also provided direct assistance to the relevant authorities in Japan. These actions are summarised in the report along with lessons learnt thus far. Key messages are offered as a means to help strengthen the basis for nuclear safety and its implementation in all countries using nuclear power.
Summary of the Fourth International Nuclear Emergency Exercise (INEX-4)
Exercise Conduct and Evaluation Questionnaires
English, 48 pages, published: 07/29/13
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/rp/pubs/2013/7143-Summary-of-INEX-4.pdf
The International Nuclear Emergency Exercise (INEX) series, organised under the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Working Party on Nuclear Emergency Matters (WPNEM), has proven successful in testing, investigating and improving national and international response arrangements for nuclear accidents and radiological emergencies. Early INEX exercises focused on the national and international aspects of early phase management of nuclear power plant emergencies. Starting with INEX-3 (2005-2006), the international community began looking at issues concerning longer-term consequence management. In 2008, the WPNEM started preparing the INEX-4 series, which was conducted in 2010-2011 and addressed consequence management and transition to recovery in response to malicious acts involving the release of radioactive materials in an urban setting. The goal of INEX-4 was to provide a basis for enhancing emergency management through the exchange of exercise experiences from participating countries and the identification of good practices and common issues. This summary report provides general outcomes based on country responses to the INEX-4 evaluation questionnaire and suggests areas of focus for future consideration.
Transition Towards a Sustainable Nuclear Fuel Cycle
English, 68 pages, published: 07/18/13
Available online at: http://www.oecd-nea.org
Future fuel cycle characteristics, feasibility and acceptability will be crucial for the continued development of nuclear energy, especially in the post-Fukushima context. Fuel cycle choices have both long- and short-term impacts, and a holistic assessment of their characteristics, cost and associated safety issues is of paramount importance. This report seeks to associate quantified impacts with foreseeable nuclear energy development in different world regions. It gives initial results in terms of uranium resource availability, fuel cycle facility deployment and reactor types. In particular, the need to achieve short doubling times with future fast reactors is investigated and quantified. The report also provides guidelines for performing future studies to account for a wider range of hypotheses on energy demand growth, different hypotheses regarding uranium resource availability and different types of reactors to be deployed.