<![CDATA[NEA publications]]> //www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication Mon, 23 May 2016 00:00:00 +0200 Mon, 23 May 2016 00:00:00 +0200 contact@oecd-nea.org (OECD Nuclear Energy Agency) Copyright 2016 OECD/NEA //www.oecd-nea.org/tools/images/nea.jpg <![CDATA[NEA publications]]> //www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication NEA Framework en-gb http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 1440 <![CDATA[Strategic Considerations for the Sustainable Remediation of Nuclear Installations]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7290 7290
This report draws on recent experience of NEA member countries in nuclear site remediation during decommissioning in order to identify strategic considerations for the sustainable remediation of subsurface contamination – predominantly contaminated soil and groundwater – to describe good practice, and to make recommendations for further research and development. It provides insights for the decision makers, regulators, implementers and stakeholders involved in nuclear site decommissioning so as to ensure the sustainable remediation of nuclear sites, now and in the future.]]>
Mon, 23 May 2016 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Annual Report 2015]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7293 7293
At the end of 2015, there were 442 reactors in operation in 33 countries worldwide, representing over 380 GWe of capacity, with NEA member countries operating 348 of these reactors (319 GWe, or 84% of the world total). Ten reactors were connected to the grid in 2015. Construction began on 4 reactors, bringing the total number under construction to 67.

The Annual Report also provides a full list of the NEA publications produced during the year. All NEA publications can be downloaded free of charge from the NEA website at www.oecd-nea.oreg/pub. The reports address key issues in relation to nuclear development and the fuel cycle, nuclear safety and regulation, radioactive waste management, radiological protection, nuclear science, nuclear data and nuclear law.]]>
Thu, 21 Apr 2016 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Rapport Annuel 2015]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7294 7294 Thu, 21 Apr 2016 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Radiological Protection Science and Application]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7265 7265
This report is the third in this state-of-the-art series, examining recent advances in the understanding of radiation risks and effects, particularly at low doses. It focuses on radiobiology and epidemiology, and also addresses the social science aspects of stakeholder involvement in radiological protection decision making. The report summarises the status of, and issues arising from, the application of the International System of Radiological Protection to different types of prevailing circumstances.]]>
Thu, 03 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Costs of Decommissioning Nuclear Power Plants]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7201 7201 This study presents the results of an NEA review of the costs of decommissioning nuclear power plants and of overall funding practices adopted across NEA member countries. The study is based on the results of this NEA questionnaire, on actual decommissioning costs or estimates, and on plans for the establishment and management of decommissioning funds. Case studies are included to provide insight into decommissioning practices in a number of countries.]]> Wed, 02 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Five Years after the Fukushima Daiichi Accident]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7284 7284
It is in a spirit of openness and transparency that NEA member countries share this information to illustrate that appropriate actions are being taken to maintain and enhance the level of safety at their nuclear facilities. Nuclear power plants are safer today because of these actions. High priority follow-on items identified by NEA committees are provided to assist countries in continuously benchmarking and improving their nuclear safety practices.]]>
Mon, 29 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Five Years after the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (Executive summary)]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7285 7285 Mon, 29 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 96]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7254 7254
Feature articles in this issue include ?Treaty implementation applied to conventions on nuclear safety? and ?Crisis, criticism, change: Regulatory reform in the wake of nuclear accidents?.]]>
Tue, 23 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[NEA News Vol. 33 No. 2]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7243 7243
Topics covered in this special "green" issue of the NEA News include why the climate needs nuclear energy; a clean environment approach to uranium mining; the growing interrelationship between nuclear law and environmental law; radioactive waste management solutions; learning from stakeholders to enhance communication in nuclear regulatory organisations; the renewal of the NEA Thermochemical Database and NEA joint projects.

A special thank you to the many contributors to this edition of NEA News: Manuel Bossant, Pierre Bourdon, Davide Costa, Luminita Grancea, Jan Horst Keppler, Aurélie Lorin, Henri Paillère, Marilena Ragoussi and Michael Siemann.]]>
Mon, 22 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[The Safety Culture of an Effective Nuclear Regulatory Body]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7247 7247
This regulatory guidance report describes five principles that support the safety culture of an effective nuclear regulatory body. These principles concern leadership for safety, individual responsibility and accountability, co-operation and open communication, a holistic approach, and continuous improvement, learning and self-assessment.

The report also addresses some of the challenges to a regulatory body's safety culture that must be recognised, understood and overcome. It provides a unique resource to countries with existing, mature regulators and can be used for benchmarking as well as for training and developing staff. It will also be useful for new entrant countries in the process of developing and maintaining an effective nuclear safety regulator.]]>
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Implementation of Defence in Depth at Nuclear Power Plants]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7248 7248
This regulatory guidance booklet examines and provides advice on the implementation of DiD. A key observation is that the use of the DiD concept remains valid after the Fukushima Daiichi accident. Indeed, lessons learnt from the accident, and the accident?s impact on the use of DiD, have reinforced the fundamental importance of DiD in ensuring adequate safety.

This report is intended primarily for nuclear regulatory bodies, although information included herein is expected to be of interest to licensees, nuclear industry organisations and the general public.]]>
Thu, 28 Jan 2016 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Stakeholder Involvement in Decision Making: A Short Guide to Issues, Approaches and Resources]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7189 7189 Fri, 01 Jan 2016 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7281 7281
This handbook contains criticality safety benchmark specifications that have been derived from experiments performed at various critical facilities around the world. The benchmark specifications are intended for use by criticality safety engineers to validate calculation techniques used to establish minimum subcritical margins for operations with fissile material and to determine criticality alarm requirements and placement. Many of the specifications are also useful for nuclear data testing. Example calculations are presented; however, these calculations do not constitute a validation of the codes or cross-section data.

The evaluated criticality safety benchmark data are given in nine volumes. These volumes span approximately 69 000 pages and contain 567 evaluations with benchmark specifications for 4 874 critical, near-critical or subcritical configurations, 31 criticality alarm placement/shielding configurations with multiple dose points for each, and 207 configurations that have been categorised as fundamental physics measurements that are relevant to criticality safety applications.

New to the handbook are benchmark specifications for neutron activation foil and thermoluminescent dosimeter measurements performed at the SILENE critical assembly in Valduc, France as part of a joint venture in 2010 between the US DOE and the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA). A photograph of this experiment is shown on the front cover.]]>
Wed, 09 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Fostering a Durable Relationship Between a Waste Management Facility and its Host Community]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7264 7264
This second edition of Fostering a Durable Relationship Between a Waste Management Facility and its Host Community: Adding Value Through Design and Process highlights new innovations in siting processes and in facility design – functional, cultural and physical – from different countries, which could be of added value to host communities and their sites in the short to long term. These new features are examined from the perspective of sustainability, with a focus on increasing the likelihood that people will both understand the facility and its functions, and remember what is located at the site.

This 2015 update by the NEA Forum on Stakeholder Confidence will be beneficial in designing paths forward for local or regional communities, as well as for national radioactive waste management programmes.]]>
Tue, 01 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[How can stakeholder involvement be improved?]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7262 7262 Tue, 01 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Radioactive Waste Management and Constructing Memory for Future Generations]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7259 7259
The conference was attended by approximately 200 participants from 17 countries and 3 international organisations. Participants included specialists from the radioactive waste management area and beyond, academics in the fields of archaeology, communications, cultural heritage, geography and history, as well as artists, archivists, representatives from local heritage societies and from communities that could host a radioactive waste repository.]]>
Wed, 18 Nov 2015 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Nuclear Energy: Combating Climate Change]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7208 7208
There is a growing scientific consensus that global annual GHG emissions will need to be reduced by at least 50% from today’s levels by 2050 if the world is to limit the average temperature increase to 2°C by the end of the century and avoid the worst consequences of global warming. This brochure describes the role that nuclear energy can play in helping to combat climate change, and sets that role in the context of all low-carbon electricity sources, with specific references to renewables.]]>
Thu, 05 Nov 2015 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Nuclear Energy Data 2015/Données sur l'énergie nucléaire 2015]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7246 7246
This publication contains "StatLinks". For each StatLink, the reader will find a URL which leads to the corresponding spreadsheet. These links work in the same way as an Internet link.

Les Données sur l'énergie nucléaire, compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux de l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'énergie nucléaire, présentent la situation de l'énergie nucléaire dans les pays de l'OCDE. Les informations communiquées par les pouvoirs publics des pays membres de l'OCDE comprennent des statistiques sur la puissance nucléaire installée, la production d'électricité totale et nucléaire, les politiques nucléaires, les évolutions du cycle du combustible ainsi que, lorsqu'elles sont disponibles, des projections jusqu'en 2035 de la puissance nucléaire et de la production d'électricité. En 2014, la production totale d'électricité des centrales nucléaires ainsi que la part du nucléaire dans la production d'électricité ont légèrement augmenté, de 1,4 % et 0,3 % respectivement, et cela même si la totalité des réacteurs japonais est restée à l'arrêt. Aucun nouveau réacteur n'a été connecté au reseau dans les pays de l'OCDE, et un réacteur, aux États-Unis, a été mis définitivement à l'arrêt. Les pays décidés à inclure le nucléaire dans leur bouquet énergétique ont poursuivi leurs projets de développer ou d'augmenter la puissance nucléaire installée, avec des avancées dans de futurs projets de construction en Finlande, en Hongrie, au Royaume-Uni et en Turquie. Le lecteur trouvera de plus amples informations sur ces évolutions et d'autres développements dans les nombreux tableaux, graphiques et rapports nationaux que contient cet ouvrage.

Cette publication contient des < StatLinks >. Fonctionnant comme un lien internet, un StatLink fournit l'accès à la feuille de calcul correspondante.]]>
Wed, 21 Oct 2015 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Perspectives on the Use of Thorium in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle – Extended Summary]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7228 7228 Thu, 10 Sep 2015 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Nuclear New Build: Insights into Financing and Project Management (Executive Summary)]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7196 7196 Mon, 07 Sep 2015 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Projected Costs of Generating Electricity - 2015 Edition]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7057 7057
The analysis of more than 180 plants, based on data covering 22 countries, reveals several key trends, pointing, for example, to a significant decline in recent years in the cost of renewable generation. The report also reveals that nuclear energy costs remain in line with the cost of other baseload technologies, particularly in markets that value decarbonisation. Overall, cost drivers of the different generating technologies remain both market-specific and technology-specific.

Readers will find a wealth of details and analysis, supported by over 200 figures and tables, underlining this report's value as a tool for decision makers and researchers concerned with energy policies, climate change and the evolution of power sectors around the world.]]>
Mon, 31 Aug 2015 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Projected Costs of Generating Electricity - Executive Summary]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7279 7279 Mon, 31 Aug 2015 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Handbook on Lead-bismuth Eutectic Alloy and Lead Properties, Materials Compatibility, Thermal-hydraulics and Technologies]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7268 7268
In 2007, a first edition of the handbook was published to provide deeper insight into the properties and experimental results in relation to lead and lead-bismuth eutectic technology and establish a common database. This handbook remains a reference and is a valuable tool for designers and researchers with an interest in heavy liquid metals.

The 2015 edition includes updated data resulting from various national and international R&D programmes and contains new experimental data to help understand some important phenomena such as liquid metal embrittlement and turbulent heat transfer in a fuel bundle. The handbook provides an overview of liquid lead and lead-bismuth eutectic properties, materials compatibility and testing issues, key aspects of thermal-hydraulics and existing facilities, as well as perspectives for future R&D.]]>
Tue, 11 Aug 2015 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[NEA News Vol. 33 No. 1]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7241 7241 Wed, 29 Jul 2015 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Nuclear New Build: Insights into Financing and Project Management]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7195 7195
It focuses on the most important challenges of building a new nuclear power plant, namely assembling the conditions necessary to successfully finance and manage highly complex construction processes and their supply chains. Different projects have chosen different paths, but they nonetheless share a number of features. Financing capital-intensive nuclear new build projects requires, for example, the long-term stabilisation of electricity prices whether through tariffs, power purchase agreements or contracts for difference. In construction, the global convergence of engineering codes and quality standards would also promote both competition and public confidence. In addition, change management, early supply chain planning and "soft issues" such as leadership, team building and trust have emerged over and again as key factors in the new build construction process. This report looks at ongoing trends in these areas and possible ways forward.]]>
Mon, 20 Jul 2015 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 95]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7252 7252 Feature articles in this issue include "Entry into force of the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage: Opening the umbrella"; "Towards a new international framework for nuclear safety: Developments from Fukushima to Vienna"; "Nuclear arbitration: Interpreting non-proliferation agreements".]]> Mon, 15 Jun 2015 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Annual Report 2014]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7238 7238 Wed, 10 Jun 2015 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Introduction of Thorium in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7224 7224 Wed, 10 Jun 2015 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Rapport Annuel 2014]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7239 7239 Wed, 10 Jun 2015 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[The Practice of Cost Estimation for Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7237 7237 Mon, 01 Jun 2015 00:00:00 +0200