<![CDATA[NEA publications]]> /tools/publication Tue, 02 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Tue, 02 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0200 contact@oecd-nea.org (OECD Nuclear Energy Agency) Copyright 2018 OECD/NEA /tools/images/nea.jpg <![CDATA[NEA publications]]> /tools/publication NEA Framework en-gb http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 1440 <![CDATA[Proceedings of the Fifth International Nuclear Emergency Exercise (INEX-5) Workshop]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7442 7442 The workshop was an interactive experience structured around invited presentations, moderated discussions and breakout groups that addressed the four broad topics of communication and information sharing with other countries and international partners; cross-border and international co-ordination of protective actions; mid- and long-term aspects of recovery; and connections with the work of other international organisations and networks. These proceedings provide a summary of the proposals and recommendations for future work in emergency management.]]> Tue, 02 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[State-of-the-Art Report on Light Water Reactor Accident-Tolerant Fuels]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7317 7317 Fri, 28 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[GIF 2017 Annual Report]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7410 7410 Fri, 21 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Nuclear Power Plant Operating Experience]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7448 7448 Wed, 19 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Swedish version of Country-Specific Safety Culture Forum: Sweden]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7445 7445 Thu, 13 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Country-Specific Safety Culture Forum: Sweden]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7420 7420 human aspects of nuclear safety are as important as any technical issue that may arise in
the course of nuclear operations. The international nuclear community can work together to
identify and address issues associated with components and systems and compare operational
experiences, but identifying how human behaviour affects safety and the best approaches to
examine this behaviour from country to country remains less common.
Practical experience has nevertheless shown that there are important differences in how people
work together and communicate across borders. People’s behaviours, attitudes and values
do not stop at the gate of a nuclear installation, and awareness of the systemic nature of
culture and its deeper aspects, such as the dynamics of how values and assumptions influence
behaviours, continues to evolve.
The NEA safety culture forum was created to gain a better understanding of how the national
context affects safety culture in a given country and how operators and regulators perceive
these effects in their day-to-day activities. The ultimate goal is to ensure safe nuclear operations.
The first NEA safety culture forum – a collaborative effort between the Nuclear Energy Agency
(NEA), the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) and the Swedish Radiation Safety
Authority (SSM) – was held in Sweden in early 2018. This report outlines the process used to
conduct the forum, reveals findings from the discussions and invites the nuclear community to
further reflect and take action.]]>
Thu, 13 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Brochure AEN]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7440 7440 Wed, 12 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[NEA Brochure: Chinese version]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7447 7447 Wed, 12 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Experience from the Fifth International Nuclear Emergency Exercise (INEX-5)]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7379 7379 The Fifth International Nuclear Emergency Exercise (INEX-5) was developed specifically in response to member countries? desire to test and demonstrate the value of changes put in place following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. Exercise objectives focused on notification, communication and interfaces related to catastrophic events involving ionising radiation and/or radioactive material. The exercise was held during 2015 and 2016, with 22 countries participating in the exercise.
This report summarises the major evaluation outcomes of the national and regional exercises, policy level outcomes, recommendations and follow-up activities emerging from INEX-5 and the discussions at the INEX-5 International Workshop. A set of key needs were identified in areas such as real-time communication and information sharing among countries and international partners, improving cross-border and international co-ordination of protective measures and considering the mental health impacts on populations when implementing protective measures.]]>
Fri, 07 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Phenomena Identification and Ranking Table]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7443 7443 Fri, 03 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[NEA News, Vol. 36.1]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7430 7430 Fri, 27 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 100 – Volume 1/2018]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7367 7367 the field of nuclear law. It provides readers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear
law developments. Published free online twice a year in both English and French, it features topical
articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on
relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international
organisations.

Feature articles and studies in this issue include: "Legal challenges to the operation of nuclear reactors
in Japan"; "Inside nuclear baseball: Reflections on the development of the safety conventions"; and "The
Peaceful Nuclear Energy Programme in the United Arab Emirates: Background and history".]]>
Tue, 03 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[International School of Nuclear Law]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7435 7435 Thu, 28 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Rapport annuel de l'AEN 2017]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7405 7405 Mon, 04 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Preparing for Decommissioning during Operation and after Final Shutdown]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7374 7374 The aim of this report is to inform regulatory bodies, policy makers and planners about the relevant aspects and activities that should begin during the last years of operation and following the end of operation. Compiling lessons learnt from experiences and good practices in NEA member countries, the report supports the further optimisation of transition strategies, activities and measures that will ensure adequate preparation for decommissioning and dismantling.]]> Fri, 25 May 2018 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Microbial Influence on the Performance of Subsurface, Salt-Based Radioactive Waste Repositories]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7387 7387 and overseeing the characterisation of rock salt as a potential host rock for deep
geological repositories. This extensive evaluation of deep geological settings is aimed
at determining ? through a multidisciplinary approach ? whether specific sites are
suitable for radioactive waste disposal. Studying the microbiology of granite, basalt,
tuff, and clay formations in both Europe and the United States has been an important
part of this investigation, and much has been learnt about the potential influence
of microorganisms on repository performance, as well as about deep subsurface
microbiology in general. Some uncertainty remains, however, around the effects of
microorganisms on salt-based repository performance. Using available information
on the microbial ecology of hypersaline environments, the bioenergetics of survival
under high ionic strength conditions and studies related to repository microbiology,
this report summarises the potential role of microorganisms in salt-based radioactive
waste repositories.]]>
Tue, 22 May 2018 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[NEA 2017 Annual Report]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7404 7404 Fri, 18 May 2018 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[NEA 60th Anniversary Brochure]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7434 7434 Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[The Full Costs of Electricity Provision]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7298 7298
Accounting for these social costs in order to establish the full costs of electricity provision is difficult, yet such costs are too important to be disregarded in the context of the energy transitions currently under way in OECD and NEA countries. This report draws on evidence from a large number of studies concerning the social costs of electricity and identifies proven instruments for internalising them so as to improve overall welfare.

The results outlined in the report should lead to new and more comprehensive research on the full costs of electricity, which in turn would allow policy makers and the public to make better informed decisions along the path towards fully sustainable electricity systems.]]>
Fri, 13 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[State-of-the-art Report on the Progress of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Chemistry]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7267 7267
R&D programmes worldwide are attempting to address such challenges, and many processes for advanced reprocessing and partitioning minor actinides are being developed. This report provides a comprehensive overview of progress on separation chemistry processes, and in particular on the technologies associated with the separation and recovery of minor actinides for recycling so as to help move towards the implementation of advanced fuel cycles. The report examines both aqueous and pyro processes, as well as the status of current and proposed technologies described according to the hierarchy of separations targeting different fuel components. The process criteria that will affect technology down-selection are also reviewed, as are non-proliferation requirements. The maturity of different reprocessing techniques are assessed using a scale based on the technology readiness level, and perspectives for future
R&D are reviewed.]]>
Mon, 19 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Executive Summary of Towards an All-Hazards Approach to Emergency Preparedness and Response]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7436 7436 Mon, 26 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[NEA News Vol. 35.2]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7348 7348
Topics covered in this issue of NEA News include: the Cabri Reactor – Equipped for NEA Cabri International Project tests; TREAT – A new element in the international nuclear science infrastructure; the NEA inspiring female leaders in science and engineering; extracts from the interview with Dr Hélène Langevin-Joliot; metadata for radioactive waste management; a strategic partnership between the NEA and China; and NEA thanks to outgoing NRA Chairman Dr Shunichi Tanaka. This edition of NEA News also includes the NEA Director-General William D. Magwood IV’s speech at the International Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Power in the 21st Century held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates in October 2017.

A special thank you to the contributors to this edition of NEA News: François Barré, Massimo Ciambrella, James Dyrda, Yeonhee Hah, Martin Kissane, Christelle Manenc, Kimberly Nick, Terumasa Niioka, Giovanna Piccarreta and Tomoyuki Saito.]]>
Tue, 13 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Towards an All-Hazards Approach to Emergency Preparedness and Response]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7308 7308 preparedness and response (EPR) in the nuclear sector is more than ever being seen as part of a broader
framework. The OECD has recommended that its members ?establish and promote a comprehensive, all-hazards
and transboundary approach to country risk governance to serve as the foundation for enhancing
national resilience and responsiveness?. In order to achieve such an all-hazards approach to emergency
management, a major step in the process will be to consider experiences from the emergency management of
hazards emanating from a variety of sectors.

The NEA Working Party on Nuclear Emergency Matters (WPNEM) joined forces with the OECD Working Group
on Chemical Accidents (WGCA), the OECD Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate?s High-
Level Risk Forum (HLRF) and the European Commission?s Joint Research Centre (JRC) to collaborate on this
report, which demonstrates similarities between emergency planning and preparedness across sectors, and
identifies lessons learnt and good practices in diverse areas for the benefit of the international community.
A set of expert contributions, enriched with a broad range of national experiences, are presented in the
report to take into account expertise gathered from the emergency management of hazards other than those
emanating from the nuclear sector in an effort to support and foster an all-hazards approach to EPR.]]>
Fri, 12 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 99 - Volume 1/2017]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7366 7366
Feature articles in this issue include: "Reformed and reforming: Adapting the licensing process to meet new challenges"; "Reflections on the development of international nuclear law"; and "Facing the challenge of nuclear mass tort processing".]]>
Tue, 12 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Nuclear Energy Data 2017]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7365 7365 Nuclear Energy Data is the Nuclear Energy Agency's annual compilation of statistics and country reports
documenting nuclear power status in NEA member countries and in the OECD area. Information provided
by governments includes statistics on total electricity produced by all sources and by nuclear power, fuel
cycle capacities and requirements, and projections to 2035, where available. Country reports summarise
energy policies, updates of the status in nuclear energy programmes and fuel cycle developments. In
2016, nuclear power continued to supply significant amounts of low-carbon baseload electricity, despite
strong competition from low-cost fossil fuels and subsidised renewable energy sources. Three new units
were connected to the grid in 2016, in Korea, Russia and the United States. In Japan, an additional three
reactors returned to operation in 2016, bringing the total to five under the new regulatory regime. Three
reactors were officially shut down in 2016 -- one in Japan, one in Russia and one in the United States.
Governments committed to having nuclear power in the energy mix advanced plans for developing or
increasing nuclear generating capacity, with the preparation of new build projects making progress in
Finland, Hungary, Turkey and the United Kingdom. Further details on these and other developments are
provided in the publication's numerous tables, graphs and country reports.
This publication contains "StatLinks". For each StatLink, the reader will find a URL which leads to the
corresponding spreadsheet. These links work in the same way as an Internet link.

Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire -- 2017
Les Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire, compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux de
l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'energie nucleaire, presentent la situation de l'energie nucleaire dans les pays
membres de l'AEN et dans la zone de l'OCDE. Les informations communiquees par les gouvernements
comprennent des statistiques sur la production d'electricite totale et nucleaire, les capacites et les besoins
du cycle du combustible et, lorsqu'elles sont disponibles, des projections jusqu'en 2035. Les rapports
nationaux presentent brievement les politiques energetiques et les evolutions du cycle du combustible.
En 2016, l'electronucleaire a continue de generer des quantites importantes d'electricite en base faiblement
carbonee, et ce en depit de la forte concurrence des combustibles fossiles bon marche et des energies
renouvelable subventionnees. Cette meme annee, trois nouveaux reacteurs ont ete raccordes au reseau
en Coree, aux Etats-Unis et en Russie. Au Japon, trois reacteurs ont ete redemarres, ce qui porte a cinq
le nombre de tranches en exploitation repondant a la nouvelle reglementation en vigueur. Trois reacteurs
ont ete officiellement mis hors service en 2016 -- un aux Etats-Unis, un au Japon et un en Russie. Les pays
decides a inclure le nucleaire dans leur bouquet energetique ont poursuivi leurs projets de developpement
ou d'augmentation de la puissance nucleaire installee. Ainsi, les projets de construction en Finlande, en
Hongrie, au Royaume-Uni et en Turquie ont progresse. Le lecteur trouvera de plus amples informations sur
ces evolutions et d'autres developpements dans les nombreux tableaux, graphiques et rapports nationaux
que contient cet ouvrage.
Cette publication contient des "StatLinks". Fonctionnant comme un lien internet, un StatLink fournit
l'acces a la feuille de calcul correspondante.]]>
Mon, 20 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Radiological Characterisation from a Materials and Waste End-State Perspective – Experience from Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7373 7373 implementation of nuclear facility decommissioning. Effective characterisation allows
the extent, location and nature of contamination to be determined and provides
crucial information for facility dismantling, the management of material and waste
arisings, the protection of workers, the public and the environment, and associated
cost estimations.
This report will be useful for characterisation practitioners who carry out tactical
planning, preparation, optimisation and implementation of characterisation to support
the decommissioning of nuclear facilities and the management of associated materials
and waste. It compiles recent experience from NEA member countries in radiological
characterisation, including from international experts, international case studies,
an international conference, and international standards and guidance. Using this
comprehensive evidence base, the report identifies relevant good practice and provides
practical advice covering all stages of the characterisation process.]]>
Thu, 02 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[State-of-the-Art Report on Molten Corium Concrete Interaction and Ex-Vessel Molten Core Coolability]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7392 7392 Mon, 16 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Mentoring a Future Generation of Female Leaders in Science and Engineering]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7403 7403 Mon, 16 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[NEA Workshop on Stakeholder Involvement in Nuclear Decision Making]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7302 7302 management, health policy and sustainability, they can often generate considerable interest and concern.
Actors involved in the nuclear energy sector, including regulators, governments and licensees, share
the goal of reaching accepted, sustainable decisions and to ensure that the decision-making process
is transparent. Stakeholder involvement in decision making is today seen as an essential means for
improving decisions and for optimising their implementation.

In this context, the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) organised a Workshop on Stakeholder Involvement in
Nuclear Decision Making in January 2017, acknowledging that different countries and sectors may face
similar challenges and that sharing experiences and approaches could be useful. The workshop was an
opportunity to bring together experts with first-hand knowledge and experience in areas related to
nuclear law, regulatory practices, radiological protection, nuclear waste management, the deployment of
new nuclear facilities, extended operation of nuclear facilities, deployment of other energy technologies
and infrastructures, and social and traditional media.

This summary report attempts to capture the collective wisdom generated over three days of interaction.
It highlights some commonalities and differences in views and approaches, and identifies particular
lessons that can be applied to improve the strategy and practice of involving stakeholders in decision
making. Overall, the learning gained from this workshop can benefit governments and citizens alike.]]>
Mon, 16 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[SFCOMPO-2.0: International Database of Spent Nuclear Fuel Isotopic Assays]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7391 7391 SFCOMPO 2.0 has been developed by the NEA in close collaboration with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The data in SFCOMPO 2.0 has undergone an independent and iterative review process by the Expert Group on Assay Data of Spent Nuclear Fuel (EGADSNF), under the NEA Working Party on Nuclear Criticality Safety (WPNCS). The data have been reviewed for consistency with the experimental reports but have not been formally evaluated. Assay data evaluations are a multidisciplinary effort involving reactor specialists, modelling and simulation experts, and radiochemistry experts. Any errors in measurements, omissions or inconsistencies in the original reported data may be reproduced in the database. Therefore, it is important that any user of the data for code validation consider and assess the potential data deficiencies. The evaluation of assay data will provide a more complete assessment and may result in the development of benchmark specifications and measurement data in cases of high quality experiments.
SFCOMPO 2.0 contains only openly accessible, published experimental assay data. An online Java application of SFCOMPO 2.0 is available at www.oecd-nea.org/sfcompo.]]>
Mon, 02 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +0200