<![CDATA[NEA publications]]> //www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication Mon, 20 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +0100 Mon, 20 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +0100 contact@oecd-nea.org (OECD Nuclear Energy Agency) Copyright 2017 OECD/NEA //www.oecd-nea.org/tools/images/nea.jpg <![CDATA[NEA publications]]> //www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication NEA Framework en-gb http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 1440 <![CDATA[NEA News Vol. 34.2]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7292 7292
Topics covered in this issue include: the NEA Nuclear Innovation 2050 Initiative; the International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation; NEA collaborative activities related to accident-tolerant fuels; costing for decommissioning; the 10th national workshop of the NEA Forum on Stakeholder Confidence and the International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology.

A special thank you to the many contributors to this edition of NEA News: Axel Breest, Oscar Cabellos, Marc Deffrennes, Aleshia Duncan, James Dyrda, Mari Gillogly, Kamishan Martin, Simone Massara, Margaret McGrath, Franco Michel-Sendis, Fiona Rayment, Michael Siemann and Inge Weber.]]>
Mon, 20 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 98]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7313 7313 the field of nuclear law. It provides readers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear
law developments. Published free online twice a year in both English and French, it features topical
articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on
relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international
organisations.
Feature articles in this issue include: "Strengthening the international legal framework for nuclear security:
Better sooner rather than later"; "Brexit, Euratom and nuclear proliferation"; and "McMunn et al. V Babcock
and Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc., et al.: The long road to dismissal".]]>
Fri, 24 Feb 2017 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Communication on the Safety Case for a Deep Geological Repository]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7336 7336 Mon, 20 Feb 2017 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[NEA Strategic Plan 2017-2022]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7295 7295 Thu, 22 Dec 2016 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Plan stratégique de l'AEN 2017-2022]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7296 7296 Thu, 22 Dec 2016 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7328 7328
This handbook contains criticality safety benchmark specifications that have been derived from experiments performed at various critical facilities around the world. The benchmark specifications are intended for use by criticality safety engineers to validate calculation techniques used to establish minimum subcritical margins for operations with fissile material and to determine criticality alarm requirements and placement. Many of the specifications are also useful for nuclear data testing. Example calculations are presented; however, these do not constitute a validation of the codes or cross-section data.

The evaluated criticality safety benchmark data are given in nine volumes. These volumes span over 70 000 pages and contain 570 evaluations with benchmark specifications for 4 913 critical, near-critical or subcritical configurations, 45 criticality alarm placement/shielding configurations with multiple dose points for each, and 215 configurations that have been categorised as fundamental physics measurements that are relevant to criticality safety applications.

New to the handbook are 15 critical experiments with highly enriched uranium in an iron matrix performed to support the design of a repetitively pulsed reactor called the Sorgenta Rapida Reactor (SORA) at the Eurotom Research Centre in Ispra, Italy. A photograph of this experiment assembly is shown on the front cover.]]>
Wed, 21 Dec 2016 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Nuclear Energy Data 2016]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7300 7300 reports documenting nuclear power status in NEA member countries and in the OECD area. Information
provided by governments includes statistics on installed generating capacity, total electricity produced
by all sources and by nuclear power, nuclear energy policies and fuel cycle developments, as well as
projections of nuclear generating capacity and electricity production to 2035, where available. Total
electricity generation at nuclear power plants and the share of electricity production from nuclear power
plants increased slightly in 2015, by 0.2% and 0.1%, respectively. Two new units were connected to the
grid in 2015, in Russia and Korea; two reactors returned to operation in Japan under the new regulatory
regime; and seven reactors were officially shut down - five in Japan, one in Germany and one in the
United Kingdom. Governments committed to having nuclear power in the energy mix advanced plans
for developing or increasing nuclear generating capacity, with the preparation of new build projects
progressing in Finland, Hungary, Turkey and the United Kingdom. Further details on these and other
developments are provided in the publication's numerous tables, graphs and country reports.

This publication contains "StatLinks". For each StatLink, the reader will find a URL which leads to the
corresponding spreadsheet. These links work in the same way as an Internet link.
Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire 2016

Les Donnees sur l'energie nucleaire, compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux de
l'Agence de l'OCDE pour l'energie nucleaire, presentent la situation de l'energie nucleaire dans les pays
membres de l'AEN et dans la zone de l'OCDE. Les informations communiquees par les gouvernements
comprennent des statistiques sur la puissance installee, la production d'electricite totale et nucleaire,
les politiques nucleaires, les evolutions du cycle du combustible ainsi que, lorsqu'elles sont disponibles,
des projections jusqu'en 2035 de la puissance nucleaire et de la production d'electricite. En 2015, la
production totale d'electricite des centrales nucleaires ainsi que la part du nucleaire dans la production
d'electricite ont legerement augmente, de 0,2 % et 0,1 % respectivement. Deux nouveaux reacteurs ont
ete raccordes au reseau en Russie et en Coree, deux reacteurs ont ete remis en service au Japon, ou un
nouveau regime de surete est en vigueur, et sept reacteurs ont ete mis officiellement et definitivement a
l'arret - cinq au Japon, un en Allemagne et un au Royaume-Uni. Les pays decides a inclure le nucleaire
dans leur bouquet energetique ont poursuivi leurs projets de developpement ou d'augmentation de
la puissance nucleaire installee, et ont realise des avancees dans de futurs projets de construction en
Finlande, en Hongrie, au Royaume-Uni et en Turquie. Le lecteur trouvera de plus amples informations sur
ces evolutions et d'autres developpements dans les nombreux tableaux, graphiques et rapports nationaux
que contient cet ouvrage.
Cette publication contient des "StatLinks". Fonctionnant comme un lien internet, un StatLink fournit
l'acces a la feuille de calcul correspondante.]]>
Tue, 20 Dec 2016 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Management of Radioactive Waste after a Nuclear Power Plant Accident]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7305 7305 Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Uranium 2016: Resources, Production and Demand]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7301 7301 Wed, 30 Nov 2016 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Small Modular Reactors]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7213 7213
This report assesses the size of the market for SMRs that are currently being developed and that have the potential to broaden the ways of deploying nuclear power in different parts of the world. The study focuses on light water SMRs that are expected to be constructed in the coming decades and that strongly rely on serial, factory-based production of reactor modules. In a high-case scenario, up to 21 GWe of SMRs could be added globally by 2035, representing approximately 3% of total installed nuclear capacity.]]>
Thu, 22 Sep 2016 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 97 - Volume 1/2016]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7311 7311
Feature articles in this issue include "Nuclear Third Party Liability in Germany" and "Towards Nuclear Disarmament: State of Affairs in the International Legal Framework".]]>
Mon, 22 Aug 2016 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Financing the Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7326 7326
Decommissioning planning can be subject to considerable uncertainties, particularly in relation to potential changes in financial markets, in energy policies or in the conditions and requirements for decommissioning individual nuclear installations, and such uncertainties need to be reflected in regularly updated cost estimates.

This booklet offers a useful overview of the relevant aspects of financing the decommissioning of nuclear facilities. It provides information on cost estimation for decommissioning, as well as details about funding mechanisms and the management of funds based on current practice in NEA member countries.]]>
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Japan's Siting Process for the Geological Disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7331 7331 Thu, 04 Aug 2016 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[National Inventories and Management Strategies for Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7323 7323
The diversity in classification schemes across countries has restricted the possibility of comparing waste inventories and led to difficulties in interpreting waste management practices, both nationally and internationally. To help improve this situation, the Nuclear Energy Agency proposed to develop a methodology that would ensure consistency of national radioactive waste inventory data when presenting them in a common scheme. This report provides such a methodology and presenting scheme for spent nuclear fuel and for waste arising from reprocessing. The extension of the methodology and presenting scheme to other types of radioactive waste and corresponding management strategies is envisaged in a second phase.]]>
Thu, 28 Jul 2016 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[NEA News, No. 34.1]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7291 7291
Topics covered in this edition of the NEA News include assessing the full costs of electricity; nuclear power plant decommissioning costs in perspective; nuclear safety: five years after the Fukushima Daiichi accident; strengthening the scientific basis of radiological protection; The NEA Nuclear Education, Skills and Technology (NEST) Framework; OECD and NEA countries' national frameworks for nuclear activities and spotlight on Finland: the world's first deep geological repository.

A special thank you to the many contributors to this edition of NEA News: Jan Horst Keppler, Geoffrey Rothwell, Marc Deffrennes, Inge Weber, Ho Nieh, Andrew White, Nancy Salgado, Ted Lazo, Liuidmila Adreeva, Jim Gulliford, Kaan Kuzeyli and Olli Nevander.]]>
Tue, 19 Jul 2016 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Strategic Considerations for the Sustainable Remediation of Nuclear Installations]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7290 7290
This report draws on recent experience of NEA member countries in nuclear site remediation during decommissioning in order to identify strategic considerations for the sustainable remediation of subsurface contamination – predominantly contaminated soil and groundwater – to describe good practice, and to make recommendations for further research and development. It provides insights for the decision makers, regulators, implementers and stakeholders involved in nuclear site decommissioning so as to ensure the sustainable remediation of nuclear sites, now and in the future.]]>
Mon, 23 May 2016 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Annual Report 2015]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7293 7293
At the end of 2015, there were 442 reactors in operation in 33 countries worldwide, representing over 380 GWe of capacity, with NEA member countries operating 348 of these reactors (319 GWe, or 84% of the world total). Ten reactors were connected to the grid in 2015. Construction began on 4 reactors, bringing the total number under construction to 67.

The Annual Report also provides a full list of the NEA publications produced during the year. All NEA publications can be downloaded free of charge from the NEA website at www.oecd-nea.oreg/pub. The reports address key issues in relation to nuclear development and the fuel cycle, nuclear safety and regulation, radioactive waste management, radiological protection, nuclear science, nuclear data and nuclear law.]]>
Thu, 21 Apr 2016 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Rapport Annuel 2015]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7294 7294 Thu, 21 Apr 2016 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Radiological Protection Science and Application]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7265 7265
This report is the third in this state-of-the-art series, examining recent advances in the understanding of radiation risks and effects, particularly at low doses. It focuses on radiobiology and epidemiology, and also addresses the social science aspects of stakeholder involvement in radiological protection decision making. The report summarises the status of, and issues arising from, the application of the International System of Radiological Protection to different types of prevailing circumstances.]]>
Thu, 03 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Costs of Decommissioning Nuclear Power Plants]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7201 7201 This study presents the results of an NEA review of the costs of decommissioning nuclear power plants and of overall funding practices adopted across NEA member countries. The study is based on the results of this NEA questionnaire, on actual decommissioning costs or estimates, and on plans for the establishment and management of decommissioning funds. Case studies are included to provide insight into decommissioning practices in a number of countries.]]> Wed, 02 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[福島第一原子力発電所事故後の5年:原子力安全の改善と教訓]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7289 7289 Tue, 01 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Five Years after the Fukushima Daiichi Accident]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7284 7284
It is in a spirit of openness and transparency that NEA member countries share this information to illustrate that appropriate actions are being taken to maintain and enhance the level of safety at their nuclear facilities. Nuclear power plants are safer today because of these actions. High priority follow-on items identified by NEA committees are provided to assist countries in continuously benchmarking and improving their nuclear safety practices.]]>
Mon, 29 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Five Years after the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (Executive summary)]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7285 7285 Mon, 29 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 96 - Volume 2/2015]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7254 7254
Feature articles in this issue include ?Treaty implementation applied to conventions on nuclear safety? and ?Crisis, criticism, change: Regulatory reform in the wake of nuclear accidents?.]]>
Tue, 23 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[NEA News Vol. 33 No. 2]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7243 7243
Topics covered in this special "green" issue of the NEA News include why the climate needs nuclear energy; a clean environment approach to uranium mining; the growing interrelationship between nuclear law and environmental law; radioactive waste management solutions; learning from stakeholders to enhance communication in nuclear regulatory organisations; the renewal of the NEA Thermochemical Database and NEA joint projects.

A special thank you to the many contributors to this edition of NEA News: Manuel Bossant, Pierre Bourdon, Davide Costa, Luminita Grancea, Jan Horst Keppler, Aurélie Lorin, Henri Paillère, Marilena Ragoussi and Michael Siemann.]]>
Mon, 22 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[The Safety Culture of an Effective Nuclear Regulatory Body]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7247 7247
This regulatory guidance report describes five principles that support the safety culture of an effective nuclear regulatory body. These principles concern leadership for safety, individual responsibility and accountability, co-operation and open communication, a holistic approach, and continuous improvement, learning and self-assessment.

The report also addresses some of the challenges to a regulatory body's safety culture that must be recognised, understood and overcome. It provides a unique resource to countries with existing, mature regulators and can be used for benchmarking as well as for training and developing staff. It will also be useful for new entrant countries in the process of developing and maintaining an effective nuclear safety regulator.]]>
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Implementation of Defence in Depth at Nuclear Power Plants]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7248 7248
This regulatory guidance booklet examines and provides advice on the implementation of DiD. A key observation is that the use of the DiD concept remains valid after the Fukushima Daiichi accident. Indeed, lessons learnt from the accident, and the accident?s impact on the use of DiD, have reinforced the fundamental importance of DiD in ensuring adequate safety.

This report is intended primarily for nuclear regulatory bodies, although information included herein is expected to be of interest to licensees, nuclear industry organisations and the general public.]]>
Thu, 28 Jan 2016 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Stakeholder Involvement in Decision Making: A Short Guide to Issues, Approaches and Resources]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7189 7189 Fri, 01 Jan 2016 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7281 7281
This handbook contains criticality safety benchmark specifications that have been derived from experiments performed at various critical facilities around the world. The benchmark specifications are intended for use by criticality safety engineers to validate calculation techniques used to establish minimum subcritical margins for operations with fissile material and to determine criticality alarm requirements and placement. Many of the specifications are also useful for nuclear data testing. Example calculations are presented; however, these calculations do not constitute a validation of the codes or cross-section data.

The evaluated criticality safety benchmark data are given in nine volumes. These volumes span approximately 69 000 pages and contain 567 evaluations with benchmark specifications for 4 874 critical, near-critical or subcritical configurations, 31 criticality alarm placement/shielding configurations with multiple dose points for each, and 207 configurations that have been categorised as fundamental physics measurements that are relevant to criticality safety applications.

New to the handbook are benchmark specifications for neutron activation foil and thermoluminescent dosimeter measurements performed at the SILENE critical assembly in Valduc, France as part of a joint venture in 2010 between the US DOE and the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA). A photograph of this experiment is shown on the front cover.]]>
Wed, 09 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Fostering a Durable Relationship Between a Waste Management Facility and its Host Community]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7264 7264
This second edition of Fostering a Durable Relationship Between a Waste Management Facility and its Host Community: Adding Value Through Design and Process highlights new innovations in siting processes and in facility design – functional, cultural and physical – from different countries, which could be of added value to host communities and their sites in the short to long term. These new features are examined from the perspective of sustainability, with a focus on increasing the likelihood that people will both understand the facility and its functions, and remember what is located at the site.

This 2015 update by the NEA Forum on Stakeholder Confidence will be beneficial in designing paths forward for local or regional communities, as well as for national radioactive waste management programmes.]]>
Tue, 01 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0100