<![CDATA[NEA publications]]> /tools/publication Fri, 27 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Fri, 27 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0100 contact@oecd-nea.org (OECD Nuclear Energy Agency) Copyright 2020 OECD/NEA /tools/images/nea.jpg <![CDATA[NEA publications]]> /tools/publication NEA Framework en-gb http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 1440 <![CDATA[Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 103 – Volume 2/2019]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7502 7502 Feature articles and studies in this issue include: “A perspective on key legal considerations for performance-based regulating” and “Technology-neutral licensing of advanced reactors: Evaluating the past and present NRC framework”.]]> Fri, 27 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Thermal Scattering Law S(α,β): Measurement, Evaluation and Application]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7511 7511 This report reviews progress made by the NEA Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC) Subgroup on Thermal Scattering Kernel Measurement, Evaluation and Application, which brought together a full spectrum of relevant experts to advance the state of the art in thermal scattering law data. The collaboration resulted in 33 new material evaluations, including uranium nitride (UN), silicon carbide (SiC), silicon oxide (SiO2) and aluminium oxide (Al2O3), as well as the re-evaluation of critical materials such as water (H2O) and heavy water (D2O), and enhanced evaluations of “nuclear” graphite at multiple levels of porosity and of phase Ih ice. Nuclear data libraries have adopted these data for their most recent releases – including the new Evaluated Nuclear Data File (American) and Joint Evaluated Fission and Fusion (NEA Data Bank) – which are being used around the world as international standards.]]> Wed, 26 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[NEA News 37.2]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7465 7465 Tue, 25 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Chemical Thermodynamics of Iron – Part 2]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7499 7499 Fri, 21 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Nuclear Energy Data 2019]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7474 7474
Les Données sur l’énergie nucléaire, compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux préparée par l’Agence de l’OCDE pour l’énergie nucléaire, présentent la situation de l’énergie nucléaire dans les pays membres de l’AEN et dans la zone de l’OCDE. Les informations communiquées par les gouvernements comprennent des statistiques sur la production d’électricité totale et nucléaire, les capacités et les besoins du cycle du combustible et, lorsqu’elles sont disponibles, des projections jusqu’en 2040. Les rapports nationaux présentent brièvement les politiques énergétiques, la situation des programmes électronucléaires et ceux du cycle du combustible. En 2018, l’énergie nucléaire a continué de fournir des quantités importantes d’électricité en base faiblement carbonée, et ce dans un contexte de forte concurrence avec les combustibles fossiles bon marché et les énergies renouvelables. Les pays décidés à inclure ou conserver le nucléaire dans leur bouquet énergétique ont poursuivi leurs projets de déploiement ou d’augmentation de leur puissance nucléaire installée. Ainsi, des projets de construction progressent en Finlande, en Hongrie, au Royaume-Uni et en Turquie.]]>
Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Challenges in Nuclear and Radiological Legacy Management]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7419 7419 This report provides information on the challenges and lessons learnt in legacy management and regulation based on practical experience documented in 13 case studies and site visits conducted by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency. A preliminary framework for a stepwise process to help reach an accepted and sustainable end-state is proposed based on this experience. The complex challenges and interactions among stakeholders in progressing in a harmonised, step-by-step manner are also examined in depth. The report concludes with recommendations for future international collaborative work to improve and test the preliminary framework, and to examine and address the complexity of the relevant interactions.]]> Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Preservation of Records, Knowledge and Memory across Generations: Final Report]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7421 7421 this issue was developed, as well as a specific methodology to address it. The RK&M preservation toolbox, for example, offers a menu with 35 different preservation mechanisms and guidelines on how to combine and implement them.

This report may be used as a general guide to the RK&M preservation topic. It presents a historical review, addresses ethical considerations, analyses the fundamentals of RK&M preservation, outlines various mechanisms and indicates how to develop these mechanisms into a systemic RK&M preservation strategy. The report aims to inspire and assist a variety of actors so that they can discuss and develop national and repository-specific RK&M preservation strategies.]]>
Fri, 13 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[NEA International Mentoring Workshop in Fukushima, August 2019]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7514 7514 Fri, 13 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments – 2019]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7496 7496 The 2019 edition of the International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments contains data from 166 experimental series that were performed at 56 nuclear facilities. A total of 162 of the 166 evaluations are published as approved benchmarks. The remaining four evaluations are published as draft documents only.
The cover of the handbook shows the graphite structural material from the Molten-Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) performed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States. Newly evaluated measurements from MSRE have been added to this edition of the handbook.
The 2019 edition is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1787/8d549c0f-en.]]>
Mon, 02 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Country Specific Safety Culture Forum - Finland]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7488 7488 Practical experience has nevertheless shown that there are important differences in how people work together and communicate across borders. People’s behaviours, attitudes and values do not stop at the gate of a nuclear installation, and awareness of the systemic nature of culture and its deeper aspects, such as the dynamics of how values and assumptions influence behaviours, continues to evolve.
The Country Specific Safety Culture Forum was created to gain a better understanding of how a national context relates to safety culture and how operators and regulators should think about these effects in their day-to-day activities, with the goal to ensure safe nuclear operations. The second NEA safety culture forum – a collaborative effort between the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) and the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority in Finland (STUK) – was held in Finland in March 2019. This report outlines the process used to conduct the forum, reveals its findings and hopes to inspire the nuclear community to further reflect and take action.]]>
Fri, 29 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[核电站工作管理——NEA辐射防护和公众健康委员会手册《工作管理对职业照射之影响》专家工作组编]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7515 7515
Fri, 29 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Multi-Stage Validation of Control Room Designs and Modifications]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7466 7466 The scope of application of multi-scale validation addressed in the context of this report includes aspects related to both the human factors engineering of new nuclear power plant main control room designs and modifications to existing control room designs. The objective is to provide a common reference for future dialogue, research and development concerning the multi-stage validation approach, and ultimately to support the safe operation of nuclear power plants worldwide.]]> Tue, 26 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Legal Frameworks for Long-Term Operation of Nuclear Power Reactors]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7504 7504
The aim of this report is to provide insights into the various laws, regulations and policies that contribute to different countries' approaches to LTO. By collecting information from more than 20 NEA member and non member countries, this report highlights both commonalities among approaches as well as possible reasons for variations. Ultimately, the information gathered can serve as a vital resource for future exchanges respecting the legal aspects of LTO, with a view to further development and strengthening of the collective understanding of these issues.]]>
Fri, 22 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[The Supply of Medical Radioisotopes]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7476 7476 Mon, 18 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Bulletin de droit nucléaire n°97 - Volume 1/2016]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7312 7312 juristes et aux universitaires en droit nucléaire. Ses lecteurs bénéficient d’informations exhaustives
qui font autorité sur les développements qui touchent ce droit. Publié gratuitement en ligne deux
fois par an, en anglais et en français, il propose des articles thématiques rédigés par des experts
juridiques renommés, rend compte du développement des législations à travers le monde et présente la
jurisprudence et les accords bilatéraux et multilatéraux pertinents ainsi que les activités réglementaires
des organisations internationales.
Ce numéro inclut notamment les articles suivants : « La responsabilité civile nucléaire en Allemagne » et
« Le processus de désarmement nucléaire : état des lieux du cadre juridique international ».]]>
Fri, 08 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Knowledge management in the context of an ageing workforce]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7513 7513 The best way to transfer knowledge to young people is to expose them to challenges through working on new projects, creating a continuity in the knowledge path.The management of critical knowledge concerns all sectors of the nuclear organisations (suppliers,
utilities, regulators and all levels of the nuclear workforce). There exists a need to maintain a critical mass of nuclear activities at the national level to retain knowledge without discontinuity.]]>
Thu, 07 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Insights from Leaders in Nuclear Energy - Leadership for Safety]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7491 7491 Tue, 01 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Preservation of Records, Knowledge and Memory (RK&M) Across Generations: Compiling a Set of Essential Records for a Radioactive Waste Repository]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7423 7423 This report proposes and describes the concept of a Set of Essential Records (SER) as an important component of a RK&M preservation strategy. The SER is designed to be a compilation of actual records, selected because they would be required for future generations to understand the repository system and its performance, and to assist them in making informed decisions.
The guidance set forward in this document is complemented by appendices, illustrating an example procedure for the selection of records to form part of the SER.]]>
Tue, 24 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments – 2019]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7497 7497 Fri, 06 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 102 – Volume 1/2019]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7501 7501 in the field of nuclear law. It provides readers with authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published free online twice a year in both English and French, it features topical articles written by renowned legal experts, covers legislative developments worldwide and reports on relevant case law, bilateral and international agreements as well as regulatory activities of international organisations.
Feature articles and studies in this issue include “In search of the elusive conflict: The (in-)compatibility of the Treaties on the Non Proliferation and Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons”; “From Waste Confidence to Continued Storage: Legal theories supporting the US NRC’s licensing of nuclear facilities without a repository” and “New framework for radiation protection legislation in Germany”.]]>
Mon, 12 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[NEA News Vol. 37.1]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7464 7464
Topics covered in this issue of NEA News include: The true costs of decarbonisation; Sustaining multinational nuclear fuel and materials testing capacities for safety, industry and science; Knowledge management and the sustainability of the nuclear sector.]]>
Tue, 30 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Policy Brief on The Costs of Decarbonisation: System Costs with High Shares of Nuclear and Renewables]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7508 7508 This study assesses the costs of alternative low-carbon electricity systems capable of achieving strict carbon emission reductions consistent with the aims of the Paris Agreement. It analyses several deep decarbonisation scenarios to reach the same stringent carbon emission target but characterised by different shares of variable renewable technologies, hydroelectric power and nuclear energy.]]> Wed, 24 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[International Co-operation in Nuclear Data Evaluation]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7498 7498 theoreticians and modelling experts to advance the state of the art in nuclear data.
This report offers an overview of collective results from 31 institutions in 15 NEA member countries, along with results from technical experts in the People’s Republic of China, in the context of the NEA Collaborative International Evaluated Library Organisation (CIELO) Pilot Project. It reviews recent developments resulting from new measurements and semi-empirical models, as well as the validation of the CIELO nuclear data evaluations against suites of systems representing a wide range of current and future nuclear facilities. The CIELO project has delivered new, evaluated data for the isotopes of uranium, plutonium, iron, oxygen and hydrogen, which have been adopted in all nuclear data libraries released since the CIELO project was completed.]]>
Thu, 18 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Bulletin de droit nucléaire n°96 - Volume 2/2015]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7255 7255 juristes et aux universitaires en droit nucléaire. Ses lecteurs bénéficient d'informations exhaustives
qui font autorité sur les développements qui touchent ce droit. Publié gratuitement en ligne deux
fois par an, en anglais et en francais, il propose des articles thématiques rédigés par des experts
juridiques renommés, rend compte du développement des législations à travers le monde et présente la
jurisprudence et les accords bilatéraux et multilatéraux pertinents ainsi que les activités réglementaires
des organisations internationales.
Ce numéro inclut notamment les articles suivants : La mise en œuvre des traités : le cas des conventions
sur la sûreté nucléaire et Crise, critique, changement : les réformes de la réglementation au lendemain
des accidents nucléaires.]]>
Mon, 24 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[The Nuclear Innovation 2050 Initiative]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7472 7472 Fri, 07 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[CSNI Technical Opinion Paper No. 17]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7417 7417 Power Plants: 2019 Update provides an authoritative review of the current status and
use of the fire PSA in nuclear power plants. The report demonstrates that while fires
at a particular plant site are highly dependent on plant and site specific factors, they
are nonetheless an important contributor to overall risk. Insights from fire PSAs are
generally found to be aligned with operating experience and to be representative of
the expected plant response, making them valuable in addressing risk. This report
should be useful for regulators overseeing the use of fire PSAs in nuclear installations,
practitioners in understanding the considerations for performing or reviewing fire PSAs,
and researchers in identifying areas requiring further study.]]>
Mon, 27 May 2019 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Cost Benchmarking for Nuclear Power Plant Decommissioning]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7460 7460 understand variations between cost estimates for the decommissioning of nuclear power plants, as well
as the relationship between estimated and actual costs, and the apparent escalation of these costs.
Building on previous work by the Nuclear Energy Agency, Cost Benchmarking for Nuclear Power Plant
Decommissioning examines approaches and methods for the benchmarking of nuclear power plant
decommissioning costs. Particular focus is given to identifying key factors, drivers and constraints to
implementing cost benchmarking. These factors are addressed from a broad range of perspectives in
order to develop a roadmap for implementation that will garner sufficiently broad support from a wide
base of interested stakeholders. The report also identifies a number of perceived barriers that may impede
the implementation of benchmarking for decommissioning. Co-ordinated efforts and further analysis will
be needed to help remove these barriers.]]>
Mon, 27 May 2019 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Preservation of Records, Knowledge and Memory across Generations: Developing a Key Information File for a Radioactive Waste Repository]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7377 7377 dependent on the presence or intervention of humans. In response to this challenge,
the Nuclear Energy Agency initiated the Preservation of Records, Knowledge and
Memory (RK&M) Across Generations Initiative, calling on the international community
to help create specific means to preserve RK&M.
The concept of a key information file (KIF) emerged in response to the challenge
presented by the large volumes of RK&M material generated by national disposal
programmes. This concept has been developed into an important component of a RK&M
preservation strategy. The KIF is designed to be a single, short document, produced in a
standard format, with the aim of allowing society to understand the nature and intent
of a repository, and thus to reduce the likelihood of unnecessary human intrusion. It
should be made openly available and ultimately be widely distributed.
This report describes the KIF concept in detail, in a manner that should enable those
concerned with any particular repository to create their own versions. Three draft
key information files, currently under development to support RK&M preservation in
France, Sweden and the United States, are provided as examples.]]>
Mon, 27 May 2019 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[The Full Costs of Electricity Provision - Policy Brief]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7441 7441
Accounting for these social costs in order to establish the full costs of electricity provision is difficult, yet such costs are too important to be disregarded in the context of the energy transitions currently under way in OECD and NEA countries. This report draws on evidence from a large number of studies concerning the social costs of electricity and identifies proven instruments for internalising them so as to improve overall welfare.

The results outlined in the report should lead to new and more comprehensive research on the full costs of electricity, which in turn would allow policy makers and the public to make better informed decisions along the path towards fully sustainable electricity systems.]]>
Fri, 24 May 2019 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants (2016)]]> http://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/publication?id=7453 7453 presents the status of the Programme in 2016.
As of 31 December 2016, the ISOE programme included 74 participating utilities in 28 countries
(343 operating units; 53 shutdown units; 7 units under construction), as well as the regulatory
authorities in 26 countries. The ISOE database includes occupational exposure information for over
400 units, covering over 85% of the world’s operating commercial power reactors.
This report includes a global occupational exposure data and analysis collected and accomplished
in 2016, information on the programme events and achievements as well as principal events in
participating countries.]]>
Tue, 07 May 2019 00:00:00 +0200