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NESC0687 SITE2

SITE-2, Power Plant Siting, Cost, Environment, Seismic and Meteorological Effects

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1. NAME OR DESIGNATION OF PROGRAM:  SITE2
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2. COMPUTERS
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Program name Package id Status Status date
SITE-2 NESC0687/01 Tested 01-AUG-1977

Machines used:

Package ID Orig. computer Test computer
NESC0687/01 IBM 370 series IBM 370 series
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3. DESCRIPTION OF PROBLEM OR FUNCTION

SITE2  is  designed   to  (1)
screen candidate energy facility sites or areas within an electric
utility region, based  on the region's physical  and socioeconomic
attributes,  the planned  facility's  characteristics, and  impact
assessments,  and (2)  evaluate  the  cumulative regional  impacts
associated with alternate energy  supply options and interregional
energy  import/export   practices,  specifically,   comparison  of
different energy  technologies and their regional  distribution in
clustered or dispersed patterns.
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4. METHOD OF SOLUTION

The  SITE2   methodology  is  based   on  the
quantification of three major site-related vectors.  A cost vector
is  determined  which  identifies  site-specific  costs,  such  as
transmission   costs,   cooling   costs  as   related   to   water
availability, and costs of specific controls needed to protect the
surrounding environment.   An impact vector  is also  computed for
each  potential site,  using models  of  health and  environmental
impacts incurred in  areas adjacent to the site.   Finally, a site
attribute vector is developed  which reflects such characteristics
as  population, seismic  conditions,  meteorology,  land use,  and
local ecological  systems.  This vector  can be used  to eliminate
certain  sites because  of  their  inability to  satisfy  specific
constraints.  These three vectors can be displayed as density maps
and  combined  in  a  simple overlay  approach,  similar  to  that
developed by  I. L. McHarg in  reference 2, to  identify candidate
sites.  Alternatively, the vector  elements can be computationally
combined into a weighted sum  to obtain quantitative indicators of
site suitability.
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5. RESTRICTIONS ON THE COMPLEXITY OF THE PROBLEM:
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6. TYPICAL RUNNING TIME

The sample problem requires  4.5 minutes of
CPU time on an IBM370/195.
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7. UNUSUAL FEATURES OF THE PROGRAM:
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8. RELATED AND AUXILIARY PROGRAMS:
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9. STATUS
Package ID Status date Status
NESC0687/01 01-AUG-1977 Tested at NEADB
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10. REFERENCES

N. A.  Frigerio, L.  J. Habegger, R.  F. King,  L. J.
Hoover, N.  A. Clark, and  J. M.  Cobian, SITE: A  Methodology for
Assessment of  Energy Facility  Siting Patterns,  ANL/AA-2, August
1975.
             I. McHarg, Design with Nature, Natural History Press,
New York, NY, and Falcon Press, Philadelphia, PA, 1969.
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11. MACHINE REQUIREMENTS

480K bytes  of core storage are  needed for
compilation and execution.
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12. PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE(S) USED
Package ID Computer language
NESC0687/01 FORTRAN-IV
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13. OPERATING SYSTEM UNDER WHICH PROGRAM IS EXECUTED:   OS/360.
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14. OTHER PROGRAMMING OR OPERATING INFORMATION OR RESTRICTIONS

    In
addition to normal printed output,  density plots are generated on
the  printer  for   all  input  data  and   all  computed  output.
Optionally, the  density plots may also  be written to  an IBM2280
(film) output recorder if the computer is so equipped.
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15. NAME AND ESTABLISHMENT OF AUTHORS

                 N. A. Frigerio
                 Environmental Impact Studies
                 L. J. Habegger, R. F. King*, and L. J. Hoover
                 Energy and Environmental Systems Division
                 N. A. Clark
                 Applied Mathematics Division
                 Argonne National Laboratory
                 9700 South Cass Avenue
                 Argonne, Illinois  60439
                 J. M. Cobian
                 Northwestern University
                 Evanston, Illinois  60201
   * Contact
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16. MATERIAL AVAILABLE
NESC0687/01
File name File description Records
NESC0687_01.001 INFORMATION 1
NESC0687_01.002 SITE-2 SOURCE - F4 EBCDIC 443
NESC0687_01.003 DUMMY PLOTTING ROUTINES 11
NESC0687_01.004 TIMING ROUTINE - TLEFT 8
NESC0687_01.005 SAMPLE PROBLEM INPUT 2240
NESC0687_01.006 SAMPLE PROBLEM OUTPUT 16412
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17. CATEGORIES
  • R. Environmental and Earth Sciences

Keywords: environmental impacts, power plants, regional analysis, site selection.