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SATIF/CYCLO-RADSAFE, Health Physics and Radiological Safety of Cyclotrons 10-250 MeV

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Program name Package id Status Status date
SATIF/CYCLO-RADSAFE NEA-1694/04 Arrived 03-DEC-2008

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The database contains reports on health physics and radiological safety aspects of cyclotron within the energy range 10-250 MeV:
- Styen G. F., van Rooyen T. J., Binns P. J., Hough J. H., Nortier F. M., Mills S. J., Shield Design Calculations for a Radioisotope Production Target Bombardment Station, 1991
- Phillips A. B., Prull D. E., Ristinen R.A., Kraushaar, Residual Radioactivity in a Cyclotron and its Surroundings, 1986
- Vega-Carrillo H. R., Neutron energy spectra inside a PET cyclotron vault room, 2001
- Mukherjee B., Operational Health Physics Service during the Maintenance of the Australian National Medical Cyclotron, 1994
- Mukherjee B., Parcell S., Transmission of Neutron and Gamma Radiation Fields along the Maze of a Cyclotron Vault, 1997
- Mukherjee B., Decay characteristics of the induced radioactivity in the target cave of a Medical Cyclotron, 1997
- Mukherjee B., A real-time positron monitor for the estimation of stack effluent releases from PET Medical Cyclotron facilities, 2002
- Azharul Islam S. M., Akramuzzaman M.M., Awal M.A., Nurul Islam M., A study of Neutron Shielding Properties of Some Multilayers containing Polyethylene, 1993
- Sun R. K. S., Estimation of neutron dose equivalent at the mezannine of the advances light source and the laboratory boundary using the ORNL Program MORSE, 1990
- Olsher R. H., Hsu H.H., Harvey W.F., Benchmarking the MCNP Monte Carlo Code with a Photon Skyshine Experiment, 1993
- Borak T. B., Awschalom, Fairman W., Iwami F., Sedlet J., The underground migration of radionuclides produced in soil near high energy proton accelerator, 1972
- Moritz L. E. , Review of Proton Accelerator Shielding Problems, 1994
- Hayashi, K., Sakamoto Y.,
Working Group of Accelerator Shielding, Survey of thick target neutron yield data and accelerator shelding experiments, 1995
- Shin K., Ishii Y., Uwamino Y., Sakai H., Numata S., Transmission of medium energy neutrons through concrete shields, 1991
- Sun R. K. S., Neutron skyshine from end stations of the continuous electron beam accelerator facility, 1992
- Kurosawa T., Nakamura T., Kim U., Takada M., Hayashi Y., Morita T.,  Adachi Y., Radiation shielding for a small cyclotron for PET, 1996
- Szlavik F. F., Activation of a 42 MeV Cyclotron, 1987
- K. Kitao, T. Ohata, Gamma-ray Analysis on Radioactive Aerosol and Dust in the Machine Hall of a Cyclotron, 1971
- Moritz L. E. , Activation of a 500 MeV Cyclotron, 1987
- Boothe T. E., McLeod T.F., Fernandez-Rubio F., Radiation safety aspects of production of commercial levels of medical radioisotopes, 1993
- IAEA, Properties of neutron sources, 1987
- Maerker R. E., Muckenthaler F.J., Neutron fluxes in Concrete Ducts Arising from Incident Epicadmium Neutrons: Calculations and Experiment , 1967
- Kenneth Shultis J., Faw R. E., Bassett M. S., The integral Line-Beam method for gamma skyshine analysis, 1991
- Nakamura T., Kosako T., A Systematic Study on the Neutron Skyshine from Nuclear Facilities-Part I. Monte Carlo Analysis of Neutron Propagation in Air-over-Ground Environment from a Monoenergetic Source, 1981
- D.R. Johnson, W.F. Ohnesorge, Yield, Energy and Angular Distributions of Neutrons Produced in Graphite, Copper and Tantalum Targets Irradiated with 63 MeV Protons, 1968
- Hayashi  K., Nakamura T., Evaluation of the Neutron Skyshine from a Cyclotron, 1984
- Distenfeld C. H., Colvett R. D., Skyshine Considerations for Accelerator Shielding Design, 1966
- Ladu M., Pelliccioni M., Picchi P., Verri G., A contribution to the Skyshine Study, 1968
- Alsmiller R. G., JR., Barish J., Childs R.L., Skyshine at neutron energies < 400 MeV, 1981
- Stevenson G. R., Thomas R. H., A simple procedure for the estimation of neutron skyshine from proton accelerators, 1984
- Gui A. A., Kenneth Shultis J., Faw R. E., Neutron skyshine calculations with the integral Beam-Line method , 1997
- Shultis J. K., Hybrid Skyshine Calculations for Complex Neutron and Gamma-Ray Sources, 2000
- Mazal A., Gall K., Bottollier-Depois J.F., Michaud S., Delacroix D., Fracas P., Clapier F., Delacroix S., Nauraye C., Ferrand R., Louis M., Habrand J.L., Shielding Measurements for a Protontherapy Beam of 200 MeV: Preliminary Results, 1997
- Rindi A., Thomas R.H., Skyshine- A paper tiger, 1975
- Almond P. R., Marbach J. R., Otte V. A., Installation and Testing of a Hospital based Cyclotron for Radiation Therapy and Isotope Production, 1983
- Stephens L. D., Miller A. J., Radiation studies at a medium energy accelerator, 1969
- Barral R. C., Merendino K. A., Nizar Feteih, A medical cyclotron facilities and program at the King Faisal specialist hospital and research centre Ryadh, Saudi Arabia, 1983
- Conard E. M., Arnott D. W., Operational experience and recent developments at the National Medical Cyclotron, Sydney, 1996
- Thomas R. H., Shaw K. B., Simpson P., MacEwan J. F., Neutron surveys around the Rutherford Laboratory 50 MeV proton linear accelerator, 1962
- Dickie W. J., Stevenson N. R., Szlavik F.F., A cyclotron isotope production facility designed to maximize production and minimize radiation dose, 1993
- Carter L. L., Bulk shield design for Neutron Energies below 50 MeV, 1983
- Teichmann S., Amrein, Gerig J., W. Hajdas, Temnitzer H., Dose rate measurements behind different shielding for 250 MeV protons on a thick copper target, 2002
- Roussin R. W., Alsmiller R.G. Jr., Barish J., Calculations of the transport of neutrons and secondary gamma rays through concrete for incident neutrons in the energy range 15 to 75 MeV, 1973
- Oliver G. D. Jr., Bailey Moore E., The Neutron-Shielding Qualities of Water-Extended-Polyesters, 1970
- Gujrathi S. C., d Auria J.M., The attenuation of fast neutrons in shielding materials, 1972
- Stevenson G. R., Thomas R. H., Shielding of Accelerator Facilities (Part 1 & 2), 1996
- Wadman  W. W., Use of local shielding in experimental caves at a cyclotron,
- Knieper J., Komnick K., Aquivalentdosisleistungsmessungen der Neutronen- und Gammastarhlung ausserhalb des Babyzyklotron-Beschleunigerraumes, 1991
- Weise H. P., Radiation protection at high energy heavy ion accelerators, 1988
- Sauermann P. F., Friedrich W., Knieper J., Komnick K., Printz H., Shielding of fast neutrons from cyclotron targets, 1977
- Maerker R. E., Muckenthaler F.J., Neutron Fluxes in Concrete Ducts Arising from Incident Thermal Neutrons: Calculations and Experiment, 1967
- Calloway M. J., Ashworth M.J., Decommissioning and disposal of reduntant radioactive facilities at Manchester University, 1999
- Preusche St., Fuchtner F., Steinbach J., Zessin J., Krug H., Neumann W., Long-distance transport of radionuclides between PET cyclotron and radiochemistry, 1999
- Bhuiyan S. I., Ahmed F. U., Mollah A. S., Rahman M. A., Studies of the neutron transport and shielding properties of locally developed shielding material: Poly-Boron, 1989
- Boothe T. E., McLeod T.F., Plitnikas M., Kinney D., Tavano E., Feijoo Y., Smith P., Szelecsenyi F., Commercial and PET radioisotope manufacturing with a medical cyclotron, 1993
- Bair J. K., Miller P. D., Wieland B. W., Neutron yields from the 4-12 MeV proton bombardment of 11B, 13C and 18O as related to the production of 11C, 13N and 18F, 1981
- Yamaguchi C., Energy Dependence of the Dose Equivalent on the Primary Proton Energy- Comparison of CASIM and Moyer model calculations, 1986
- Fasso A., Hofert M., Distributions of secondary particles around various targets exposed to 50 MeV protons, 1976
- Tesch K., Attenuation of the photon dose in labyrinths and ducts at accelerators, 1987
- Ishikawa T., Sugita H., Nakamura T., Thermalization of Accelerator-produced Neutrons in a Concrete Room, 1991
- Votaw J. R., Nickles R. J., Radionuclide production for positron emission tomography: Choosing an appropriate accelerator , 1989
Maruyama T., Bouts C. J., Attenuation of 15 MeV Neutrons in Multilayer Shields Composed of Steel, Polyethylene and Borated Materials, 1972
- kuei-Lin L., Stevenson G.R., Thomas R.H., Thomas S.V., Variance and Regression Analyses of Moyer Model Parameter Data and Their Variation with Primary Proton Energy, 1984
- Abdul-Majid S., Othman F., Neutron attenuation characteristics of polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride and heavy aggregate concrete and mortars, 1994
- Mukherjee B., Optimisation of the radiation shielding of medical cyclotrons using a genetic algorithm, 2000
Coutrakon G., Slater J. M., Ghebremedhin A., Design considerations for medical proton accelerators, 1999
- Mukherjee B., Estimation of the 41-Argon production rate during the operation of the National Medical Cyclotron , 1994
- Jenkins T. M., Accelerator boundry doses and skyshine, 1974
Kimura K.I., Ishikawa T., Kinno M., Yamadera A., Nakamura T., Residual long-lived radioactivity distribution in the inner concrete wall of a cyclotron vault, 1994
- Kimura K. I., Ishikawa T., Kinno M., Nakamura T., Compilation of neutron activation cross sections and trace element contents of concrete for estimating the induced radioactivities, 1994
- Tesch K., A simple estimation of the lateral shielding for proton accelerators in the energy range 50 to 1000 MeV, 1985
- Braid T. H., Rapids R. F., Siemssen R. H., Tippie J. W., O Brien K., Calculations of shielding for large cyclotrons, 1971
- Garth J. C., Turinetti J. R., Gamma-ray Transport through Material Layers, 1997
- Shure K., O Brien J. A., Rothberg D. M., Neutron dose rate attenuation by iron and lead, 1969
- Sasaki M., Kim E., Nunomiya T., Nakamura T., Nakao N., Shibata T., Uwamino Y., Ito S., Fukumura A., Measurements of high-energy neutrons penetrated through concrete shields using self-TOF, Ne213 and activation detectors, 2002
- Newhauser W. D., Titt U., Dexheimer D., Yan X., Nill S., Neutron shielding verification measurements and simulations for a 235 MeV proton therapy center, 2002
- Agosteo S., Corrado M. G., Silari M., Tabarelli de fatis P., Shielding Design for a Proton Medical Accelerator Facility, 1996
- Nakamura T., Uwamino Y., Neutron and photon production from thick targets bombarded by 30-MeV p, 33-MeV d,65-MeV 3He and 65-MeV alpha-ions: Phenomenological analysis of experimental neutron energy spectra, 1984
- Al-Shalabi B., Cox A. J., The angular distribution of gamma-rays produced by the inelastic scattering of 14MeV neutrons in large samples of concrete, 1982
- Nakamura T., Ishikawa T., Measurements and calculation of neutron leakage through a labyrinth from a 40 MeV proton cyclotron room, 1992
- Nakamura T., Fujii M., Shin K., Neutron production from thick targets of carbon, iron, copper and lead by 30- and 52-MeV protons, 1983
- Agosteo S., Fasso A., Ferrari A., Sala P. R., Silari M., Tabarelli de Fatis P., Double differential distributions and attenuation in concrete for neutrons produced by 100-400 MeV protons on iron and tissue targets, 1996
- Pavlovic R., Pavlovic S., Nedeljkovic N., Shielding design on the TESLA accelerator installation in the institute of nuclear sciences Vinca, 1996
- Sunil Sunny C., Subbaiah K.V., Radiation shield design evaluation for GE-PET trace proton cyclotron, 2000
- Sauermann P. F., Abschirmung der schnellen Neutronen von Zyklotrons fur die medizinisch-biologische Forschung (Kompaktzyklotrons), 1971
- Stephens L. D., Thomas R. H., Thomas S. B., Population exposure from high-energy accelerators, 1975
- Uwamino Y., Nakamura T., Shin K., Penetration through shielding materials of secondary neutrons and photons generated by 52-MeV protons, 1982
- Sztanko K., Kacperek A., Cleaning of a medical cyclotron, 1999
- Yan X., Titt U., Koehler A.M., Newhauser W.D., Measurement of neutron dose equivalent to proton therapy patients outside of the proton radiation field , 2002
- Comsan M. N. H., Estimated leakage radiation from Inshas Cyclotron, 1999
- Shin K., Seki Y., Takatsu H., Simple estimation formula for radiation duct streaming, 1992
- Gujrathi S. C., d Auria J.M., The attenuation of fast neutrons in shielding materials, 1972
-Yudelev M., Maughan R.L., Jordan L. E, Saxena R., Dose equivalents to neutron therapy facility staff due to induced activation , 1997
- Shen Q. B., Intensity and spectra of a white light neutron source produced by a 70-MeV proton accelerator, 2000
- Butler H. M., Fulmer C. B., Wallace K. M., Neutron Shielding of Cyclotron Targets, 1976
- Hagan W. K., Colborn B. L., Armstrong T. W., Radiation Shielding Calculations for a 70- to 250 MeV Proton Therapy Facility, 1988
- Courtney J. C. (Ed), A hand book of radiation shielding data, 1976
- Yudelev M., Maughan R.L., Dunlap K., Shielding and Radiation Safety around a Superconducting Cyclotron Neutron Therapy Facility , 1995
- Shin K., Miyahara K., Tanabe E., Uwamino Y., Thick-Target Neutron Yield for Charged Particles, 1995
- Nakashima H., Nakao N., Tanaka S.I., Nakamura T., Shin K., Tanaka S., Baba M., Transmission through Shields of Quasi-monoenergetic Neutrons generated by 43- and 68-MeV Protons-II: Iron Shielding Experiment and Analysis for investigating Calculational Method and Cross-Section Data, 1996
- Shin K., Hibi K., Fujii M., Uwamino Y., Nakamura T., Neutron and photon production from thick targets bombarded by 30-MeV p, 33-MeV d, 65-MeV 3He and 65-MeV alpha ions: Experiment and comparison with cascade Monte Carlo calculations, 1984
- Mukherjee B., A "Cook-Book-Method" of shielding design for compact medical cyclotrons, 1995
- Naryanaswamy J., Duffy J., Kashy E., Koenig Z., Ronningen R.M., Neutron Shielding Calculations for Phase II Operarions of the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, 1992
- Shin K., Murakami R., Taniuchi H., Hyodo T., Measurements of neutron and gamma-ray streaming in a cavity-duct system and an analysis by an Albedo Monte Carlo method, 1982
- Birattari C., Bonardi M., Ferrari A., Silari M., Neutron activation of air by a biomedical cyclotron and an assessement of dose to neighbourhood populations, 1986
- Skyrme D. M., The evaporation of neutrons from nuclei bombarded with high energy protons, 1962
- Uwamino Y., Nakamura T., Shin K., Penetration through shielding materials of secondary neutrons and photons generated by 52-MeV protons , 1982
- Fulmer C. B., Butler H.M., Wallace K.M., Radiation leakage through thin cyclotron shields walls, 1972
- Maerker R. E., Muckenthaler F.J., Neutron fluxes in concrete ducts arising from incident epicadmium neutrons: calculations and experiments, 1967
- Nakao N, Nakashima H., Nakamura T., Tanaka S.I., , Tanaka S., Shin K.,  Baba M., Sakamoto Y., Nakane Y., Transmission through Shields of Quasi-Monoenergetic Neutrons generated by 43- and 68-MeV protons-I: Concrete Shielding Experiment and Calculation for Practical Application, 1996
- Butler H.M., Wallace K.M., Fulmer C.B., Half-Value Thickness of Ordinary Concrete for Neutrons from Cyclotron Targets, 1973
- Siebers J. V., DeLuca P.M., Jr. , Pearson D.W., Shielding calculations for 230 MeV protons using the LAHET code system, 1996
- Roussin R. W., Alsmiller R.G., Jr., Barish J., Shielding against neutrons in the energy range of 15 to 75 MeV, 1971
- Siebers J. V., DeLuca P.M., Jr. , Pearson D.W., Shielding measurements for 230-MeV protons, 1993
- Ishikawa T., Nakamura T., Mesurement and Calculation of Neutron Leakage through Labyrinth for 35 MeV Proton Accelerator Room, 1992
- Stevenson G. R., Liu Kuei-Lin, Thomas R.H., Determination of transverse shielding for proton accelerators using the Moyer model, 1982
- Song Y. T., Huddleston C.M., Chilton A.B., Neutron streaming through ducts- Analysis of experimental results, 1971
- Broome T. A., Perry D.R., Stapleton G.B., Duc D., Particle distribution around a copper beam stop for 72 MeV protons, 1983
- Shaw K. B., Thomas R.H., Radiation problems associated with a high energy extracted proton beam, 1967
- Alsmiller R. G., Jr., Santoro R.T., Barrish J., Shielding calculations for a 200 MeV proton accelerator and comparisons with experimental data, 1975
- Bozyap O., Day L.R., Attenuation of 14 MeV neutrons in shields of concrete and paraffin wax,1975
- Burgmann J., Moorehead D., Boyd R., Shielding Concrete for the National Medical Cyclotron, 1991
- Wallace R., Shielding and activation considerations for a meson factory, 1962
- Thomas R. H., Thomas S. V., Variance and Regression Analysis of Moyer Model Parameter Data- a Sequel, 1984
- Mukherjee B., Principle of radiological shielding of medical cyclotrons, 2002
- Mukherjee B., Sartori E., A database on health physic and radiological safety of cyclotrons 10-250 MEV, 2004
- Gonzalez, L., Preliminary safety evaluation of a cyclotron facility for positron emission tomograghy imaging, 1999
- Ring, J., Radioactive waste management at a large University and Medical Research Complex, 1993
- Takacs, S., Validation and upgrading of the recommended cross section data of charged particle reactions used for production of Pet radioisotopes, 2003
- Clark, J. C., GE PETtrace and associated systems, 4 years experience in Cambridge, 2001
- Alvord, C.W., Target and Accelerator developments at CTI, 2001
- Miller, L. F., Characterisation of neutron and photon sources from a 10.5 MeV proton beam on [18O] enriched water, 2001
- Carrol, L. R., Predicting long-lived, neutron-induced activation of concrete in a cyclotron vault, 2001
- Carrol, L. R., Recycling and recommissioning a used Biomedical cyclotron, 2001
- Harima, Y., Validity of the four-parameter empirical formula in approximating the response functions for gamma-ray, neutron, and secondary gamma-ray skyshine analyses, 2003
- Singlachar, R., An advanced PC-PLC-based SCADA system for a commercial medical cyclotron, 1997
- Dale, D. J., The TR13 control system for automatic isotope production, 1994
- Kinno, M., Raw materials for low-activation concrete neutron shields, 2002
- Suzuki, A., Trace elements with large activation cross-section in concrete materials in Japan, 2001
- Bhattacharyya, S., Effect of moisture content on attenuation of neutrons through concrete, 2000
- Sunny, C.S. , Radiation shield design evaluation for GE PET-Trace proton cyclotron, 2000
- Zib, P., Considerations for the shielding of an Intermediate energy particle accelerator, 1972
- Muriyama, T., Attenuation of 15 MeV neutrons in multilayer shields od steel, polyethylene and borated materials, 1972
- Sharma, S. C., Polyethylene pellets in the design and construction of a storage safe, a transport vessel and a portable shield for californium-252, 1978
- McCall, R., Heavy metal shielding for neutron sources, 1978
- Dehnel, M. P., The design and operation of an industrial beam transport system for 15-30 MeV protons, 1992
- Faulkner, D. B., Planning a clinical PET Center, 1991
- Kearfott, K. J., Radiation protection design for a clinical positron emission tomography imaging suite, 1972
- Ostertag, H. J., Measurement and calculation of local radiation doses in the vicinity of a positron emission tomograph (PET), 1991
- Birattari, C., The environmental release of radiaoctive gases produced by neutron activation of air with the new Hammersmith cyclotron, 1991
- Heselius, S. J., An on-line system for long distance tarnsport of 15O labelled gases, 1984
- Kindl, P., Off-air monitoring for PET-Centers-Practical aspects, 1996
- Knieper, J., Verpressungsanlage zur Entsorgung gasfoermiger radiaoaktiver Abfaelle bel der Zyklotron-Produktion von Radionukliden, 1989
- Piltingsrud, H. V. , An evaluation of the external radiation exposure dosimetry and calculation of maximum permissible concentration values for airborne materials containing 18F, 15O, 13N, 11C, and 133Xe, 1985
- Takeshita, K., Prediction of a breakthrough curve of iodine on a reduced silver-loaded absorbent bed, 2001
- Plascjak, P. S., Gaseous radioactive effluent restrictions, measurements, and minimization at a PET/cy
The following items were added:
- Burgerjon J. J., H- Cyclotrons for radioisotope production, Nucl. Inst. Meth B 10/11(1985) 951-956
- Vandecasteele C. and Strijckmans K., Targetry for the cyclotron production of short-lived radionuclides for medical use, Nucl. Inst. Meth A 236 (1985) 558-562
- Lambrecht R. M., Sajjad M., Syed R. H. and Meyer W., Target preparation and recovery for enriched isotopes for medical radionuclide production, Nucl. Inst. Meth A 282 (1989) 296-300
- Guillaume M., Lambrecht R. M. and Wolf A. P., Cyclotron production of 123Xe and high purity 123I: a comparison of Tellurium targets, Appl. Radiat. Isot. 26 (1975) 703-707
- Hajiloo N., Raisali G. and Aslani G., Analysis and improvement of cyclotron Thallium target room shield, Radiat. Prot. Dosim. (April 2008) Advance Access
- Shultis J. K. and Faw R. E., Radiation shielding technology, Hphys. 88(4) (2005) 297-322
- Sauermann W. F., Friedrich J., Knieper K.and Printz H., Shielding of fast neutrons from cyclotron targets, Proc. IRPA4 Congress, Paris, France, 21-25 April 1977
- Coronado M., Plaza R., Couto R., Marin M. D., Huerga C., Coya J., Martin L. M., Tellez de Cepeda M., Radiation protection issues in a PET/CT installation, Proc. IRPA11 Congress, Madrid, Spain, 23-28 May 2004
- Alonso C., Lizuain M. C., Picon C., Munoz C., Gamez C. and Linero D., Shielding calculations for a CT-PET unit, Proc. IRPA11 Congress, Madrid, Spain, 23-28 May 2004
- Perez S., Baro J., Ruiz A. and Fernandez J., Occupational dosimetry at a cyclotron facility, Proc. IRPA11 Congress, Madrid, Spain, 23-28 May 2004
- Mendez R., Iniguez M. P., Vega-Carrillo H. R., Marti-Climent J. M., Penelas I. and Barquero R., Study of the neutron field around a PET cyclotron, Proc. IRPA11 Congress, Madrid, Spain, 23-28 May 2004
- Fulmer C. B., Ball J. B., Lord R. S. and Livingston R. S., Cyclotron beam current limits based on residual radiation, Nucl. Inst. Meth 83 (1970) 193-196
-Ver Planck N. R., Activation calculations of the moderator for the low energy neutron source, MS Thesis, Kalamazoo College, Michigan, USA, 2003
- Mendez R., Iniguez M. P., Vega-Carrillo H. R., Marti-Climent J. M., Penelas I. and Barquero R., Study of the neutron field in the vicinity of an unshielded PET cyclotron, Phys. Med. Biol. 50 (2005) 5141-5152
- Fernandez F., Amgarou K., Doimingo C., Garcia M. J., Quincoces G. and Marti-Climent J. M., Neutron spectrometry in a PET cyclotron with a Bonner-Sphere system, Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 126 (2007) 371-375
- Hertel N. E., Shanon M. P., Wang Z. L., Valenzano M. P., Manghesha W. anf R. J. Crowe, Neutron measurement in the vicinity of a self-shielded PET cyclotron, Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 108 (2004) 255-261
- Sharma S., Krause G.and Manuchair E., Radiation safety and quality control in the cyclotron laboratory, Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 118 (2006) 431-439
- Mikshra J. P., National Medical cyclotron operational health physics procedure, National Medical Cyclotron-ANSTO Report-1992
- Birattari C., Cantone M. C., Ferrari A. and Silari M., Residual radioactivity at the Milan AVF cyclotron, Nucl. Inst. Meth B 43 (1989) 119-126
- O'Donnel R. G., Leon L., Vintro G. J., Diuffy G. J. and Mitchell P. I., Measurement of the residual radioactivity induced in the front foil of a target assembly in a modern medical cyclotron, Appl. Radiat. Isot. 60 (2004) 539-542
- Mukherjee B. and Khachan J., Componentactivation of a high current radioisotope production medical cyclotrons, Proc. 18th International Conference on Cyclotrons an Their Applications, Giardini Naxos, Italy, 30 September-05 October 2007
- Mukherjee B. and Khachan J., Opertional health physics during the maintenance of a radioisotope production cyclotron, Proc. 18th International Conference on Cyclotrons an Their Applications, Giardini Naxos, Italy, 30 September-05 October 2007
- Guarino P., Rizzo S. and Tomarchio E, Gamma-ray spectrometric characterization of waste activated target components in a PET cyclotron, Proc. 18th International Conference on Cyclotrons an Their Applications, Giardini Naxos, Italy, 30 September-05 October 2007
- Calandrino R., del Vecchio A., Savi A., Todde S., Griffoni V. and Brambilla S., Dicommissioning procedures for an 11 MeV self-shielded medical cyclotron after 16 years of working time, Hphys. 90(6) (2006) 588-596
- Okuno K., Neutron shielding material based on colemanite and epoxy resin, Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 115 (2005) 258-261
- Akkurt I., Basyigit C., Kilincarslan S., Mavi B. and Akkurt A., Raiation shielding of concrete containing different aggregates, Cement and Concrete 28 (2006) 153-157
- Abs M., Bol J. L., Chevalier A. Conard M., Jongen Y., Ladeuze M., Lannoye G., Ledocte T., Lacorix M., Ninane A., Rijckewaert G. and Zarema S., A new design of truly selfshielding baby-cyclotrons for positron emitter production, Proc. Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC), Chicago, USA, March 20-23, 1989
- Metzger R. L. and Van Riper K. A.,, Layered shielding design for PET clinics, Monte Carlo 2005 Topical Meeting of the American Nuclear Society, Chattanooga, Tennessee, April 17-21, 2005
- Pevey R., Miller L. F., Marshall B. J., Townsend L. W., and Alvord B., Shielding for a cyclotron used for medical isotope production in China, Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 115 (2005) 415-419
- Paans A. M. J., Comact cyclotrons for the production of tracers and radiopharmaceuticals, Nukleonika 48 (2003) S169-S172
- Sheu R. D., Chen C. C., Sheu R. J., Kao C. H. and Jiang S. H., The refined shielding design for the cyclotron room of the Buddhist Tzu Chi general hospital, Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 115 (2005) 216-221
- Mukherjee B., Cost benefit analysis of the radiological shielding of medical cyclotrons using a genetic algorithm, Proc. 16th International Conference on Cyclotrons an Their Applications, East Lansing, USA, 13-17 May 2001
- Abbas S. A. and Massoud E. M. A., Optimization approach for shielding cost of medical cyclotrons with fuzziness, Jour. Nucl. Rad. Phys. 2(1) (2007) 13-23
- Pant G. S. and Senthamizhchelvan S., Initial experience with an 11 MeV self-shielded medical cyclotron on operation and radiation safety, Jour. Med. Phys. 32(3) (2007) 118-123
- Zheng Y., Newhauser W., Fontenot J., Koch N. and Mohan R., Monte Carlo simulations of stray neutron radiation exposures in proton therapy, Int. Jour. Nucl. Mat. 361 (2007) 289-297
- Agosteo S., Birattari C., Corrado M. G. and Silari M., Maze design of agantry room for proton therapy, Nucl. Inst. Meth A 382 (1996) 573-582
- Bessho K., Matsumura H., Miura T., Wang Q., Masumoto K., Hagura H., Nagashima Y., Seki R., Takahashi T., Sasa K., Sueki K., Matuhiro T. and Tosaki Y., Estimation of thermal neutron fluences in the concrete of proton accelerator facilities from 36Cl production, Nucl. Inst. Meth B 259 (2007) 702-707
- Kleck J. H., Benedict S. H., Cook J. S., Bridsall R. L. and Satyamurthy N., Assessment of 18F gaseous releases during the production of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose, Hphys. 60(5) (1991) 657-660
- Hughey B. J., Shefer R. E., Klinlowstein R. E. and Welch M. J., Design consideration for windows for PET radioisotope targets, Proc. 4th International Workshop on Targetry and Target Chemistry, PSI Villingen, Switzerland, 9-12 September 1991.
- Renton M. L., Burke P. B., Mackay D. K. and Ranicar A. S. O., A robust, miniature in-line monitoring system for radioactive gas production, Proc. 8th International Workshop on Targetry and Target Chemistry, St. Louis, Missouri, USA, 23-26 June 1999.
- Firnau G., Alvord B., Williams D., Nahmias C.and Coates G., Neutron Monitoring: a useful diagnostic tool for (P,N)-targets, Proc. 8th International Workshop on Targetry and Target Chemistry, St. Louis, Missouri, USA, 23-26 June 1999.
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Package ID Status date Status
NEA-1694/04 03-DEC-2008 Masterfiled restricted
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Database developed by:

Dr Bhaskar Mukherjee
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY)
Notkestrasse 85
D-22607 Hamburg

Tel: +49(040) 8998 2509

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Cyclotron database in PDF format
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  • J. Gamma Heating and Shield Design

Keywords: cyclotron radiation, doses, shielding.