last modified: 04-NOV-1981 | catalog | categories | new | search |

NEA-0621 ACRO.

ACRO, Organ Doses from Acute or Chronic Radioactive Inhalation or Ingestion

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1. NAME OR DESIGNATION OF PROGRAM

ACRO

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2. COMPUTERS
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Program name Package id Status Status date
ACRO NEA-0621/01 Tested 04-NOV-1981

Machines used:

Package ID Orig. computer Test computer
NEA-0621/01 IBM 370/168 IBM 370/168
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3. DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM OR FUNCTION

ACRO calculates organ burdens and doses from acute or chronic inhalation and ingestion of radionuclides.

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4. METHODS

The ICRP task group lung dynamics model, in which the respiratory tract is divided into four regions, is used for the estimation of exposure due to inhalation. In this model inhaled materials are deposited in the regions with various probabilities depending on the particle diameter. Deposited materials are excreted from the regions to the body fluids and to the gastro-intestinal tract, or exhaled with different removal rates depending on the solubility.

 

The simple ICRP Pub. 2 model is used for the estimation of ingestion exposure.

 

A four-compartment model is used to evaluate the internal exposure to the G.I. tract, i.e. the model considers the G.I. tract to be composed of the stomach, the small intestine, the upper and lower large intestine. Material that enters the G.I. tract through the stomach passes these compartments in turn and the absorption into the body fluids occurs only at the small intestine.

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5. RESTRICTIONS ON THE COMPLEXITY OF THE PROBLEM
  • max. number of library records: 3000

  • max. number of nuclides inputted: 30

  • max. number of organ codes inputted: 30

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6. TYPICAL RUNNING TIME

Using the sample input data roughly 10 mins.  on the IBM 370/115 II.

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9. STATUS
Package ID Status date Status
NEA-0621/01 04-NOV-1981 Tested at NEADB
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10. REFERENCES
NEA-0621/01, included references:
- Y. Kitahara, Y. Kishimoto and K. Shinohara:
  ACRO - A Computer Program for Calculating Organ Doses from Acute
  or Chronic Inhalation and Ingestion of Radionuclides.
  PNCT 843-80-11, PCNT841-78-01(Rev.), (April 1980).
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11. HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS

A disc for three work files, each file requiring about 170 tracks; a tape for the data library. Memory requirements: 260 K bytes.

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12. PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE(S) USED
Package ID Computer language
NEA-0621/01 FORTRAN-IV
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13. SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

IBM DOS/POWER/VS or IBM OS/MVS.

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15. NAME AND ESTABLISHMENT OF AUTHORS

Kunihiko Shinohara, Yoichiro Kishimoto
Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corp.
Health and Safety Division
Tokai Works
Post No. 319-11
Tokai-mura, Ibaraki-ken
Japan

 

Eietsu Tamura
IBM
Japan

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16. MATERIAL AVAILABLE
NEA-0621/01
File name File description Records
NEA0621_01.001 ACRO SOURCE (F4) 3068
NEA0621_01.002 ACRO SAMPLE PROBLEM INPUT 66
NEA0621_01.003 LIBRARY DATA 2175
NEA0621_01.004 ACRO SAMPLE PROBLEM OUTPUT 629
NEA0621_01.005 JCL 61
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17. CATEGORIES
  • G. Radiological Safety, Hazard and Accident Analysis

Keywords: doses, health hazards, radiation effects, radioactivity.