4. METHOD OF SOLUTION
The solution of the problem may be conveniently divided into five stages:
- In the first stage the program generates a complete radioactive fission product inventory (72Zn - 161Tb) for the exact reactor type and irradiation conditions of interest. This is a version of the FISP program.
- In the second stage the release of the radioactive inventory into the coolant circuit is calculated. The incident is divided into a series of time steps so as to monitor the release rates as a function of time.
- In the third stage the behaviour of the effluent in the atmosphere is calculated. The activity is discharged from an effective stack height and after allowances for building entrainment and meteorological dispersion, the time integrated activities are obtained at any point in space. Ground deposition, reflection from inversion layers and the effects of the time length of the release are also represented.
- In the fourth stage, the dosimetry of the discharge is calculated. Inhaled doses are evaluated in ten adult human body organs using the tabulated values of rems/Ci inhaled for all the FISP fission product nuclides. The doses include contributions from all radioactive daughters in the decay chain following the parent nuclide.
- In the final stage a multi-energy group cloud gamma exposure is found by integrating over the volume of the plume.