|Program name||Package id||Status||Status date|
|FOTELP-2K6||IAEA1388/05||Testing in progress||12-JAN-2010|
|Package ID||Orig. computer||Test computer|
|IAEA1388/05||Linux-based PC,PC Windows|
FOTELP-2K6 is a new compact general purpose version of the previous FOTELP-2K3 code designed to simulate the transport of photons, electrons and positrons through three-dimensional material and sources geometry by Monte Carlo techniques, using subroutine package PENGEOM from the PENELOPE 2006 code under Linux-based and Windows OS. This new version includes routine TIMER for obtaining starting random number and for measuring the time of simulation.
Physical rigor is maximized by employing the best available cross sections and high speed routines for random values sampling from their distributions, and the most complete physical model for describing the transport and production of the photon/electron/positron cascade from 100.0 MeV down to 1.0 keV. FOTELP-2K6 is developed for numerical experiments by Monte Carlo techniques for dosimetry, radiation damage, radiation therapy and other actual applications of these particles.
For the photon history, the trajectory is generated by following it from scattering to scattering using corresponding inverse distribution between collision, types of target, types of collisions, types of secondaries, their energy and scattering angles. Photon interactions are coherent scattering, incoherent scattering, photoelectric absorption and pair production. Doppler broadening in Compton scattering are taken. The histories of secondary photons include bremsstrahlung and positron-electron annihilation radiation.
The condensed history Monte Carlo method is used for the electron and positron transport simulation. During a history the particles lose energy in collisions, and the secondary particles are generated on the step according to the probabilities for their occurrence. Electron (positron) energy loss is through inelastic electron-electron (e-, e-) and positron-electron (e+, e-) collisions and bremsstrahlung generation. The fluctuation of energy loss (straggling) is included according to the Landau's or Blunk-Westphal distributions with 9 gaussians. The secondary electrons, which follow history of particles, include knock-on, pair production, Compton and photoelectric electrons. The secondary positrons, which follow pair production, are included, too. With atomic data, the electron and positron Monte Carlo simulation is broadened to treat atomic ion relaxation after photo-effect and impact ionization. Flexibility of the codes permits them to be tailored to specific applications and allows the capabilities of the codes to be extended to more complex applications, especially in radiotherapy in voxelized geometry using CT data.
The running time largely depends on the number of histories to be simulated, the kind of initial and cut-off energies of particles, and the considered geometry. The adopted parameters (energy cut-offs, geometry zones, etc.) also have an influence on the computing time.
For the cross-section generating, probabilities and inverse distributions calculation by FEPDAT code, on a Pentium IV with 1.67 MHz and 512 MB RAM, execution time is about five seconds for one material. For example, a pencil beam depth-dose distribution of 20 MeV electrons incident on a water phantom by simulation of 100,000 histories can be obtained with a running time of about 6 minutes on the same computer.
FEPDAT auxiliary program to generate probabilities distributions of photons, electrons and positrons, the PREGRAF program for 2D and 3D imaging data preparation, VoxView for 3D dose presentation and GVIEW2D and GVIEW3D programs for viewing and debugging the geometry input files.
PENELOPE2006 (NEA-1525/12) which is available from the NEA Data Bank.
|Package ID||Status date||Status|
F.Salvat, J.M. Fernandez-Varea, and J.Sempau:
PENELOPE-2006, A Code System for Monte Carlo Simulation of Electron and Photon Transport (July 2006), OECD ISBN 92-64-02301-1
|Package ID||Computer language|
Keywords: Monte Carlo method, calculations, doses, dosimetry, electrons, geometry, photons, radiotherapy, three-dimensional, transport.