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ESTS1242 HGSYSTEMUF6.

HGSYSTEMUF6, Simulating Dispersion Due to Atmospheric Release of Uranium Hexafluoride (UF6)

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1. NAME OR DESIGNATION OF PROGRAM

HGSYSTEMUF6.

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2. COMPUTERS
To submit a request, click below on the link of the version you wish to order. Only liaison officers are authorised to submit online requests. Rules for requesters are available here.
Program name Package id Status Status date
HGSYSTEMUF6 ESTS1242/01 Arrived 22-MAR-2001

Machines used:

Package ID Orig. computer Test computer
ESTS1242/01 IBM PC
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3. DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM OR FUNCTION

HGSYSTEMUF6 is a suite of models designed for use in estimating consequences associated with accidental, atmospheric release of Uranium Hexafluoride (UF6) and its reaction products, namely Hydrogen Fluoride (HF), and other non-reactive contaminants which are either negatively, neutrally, or positively buoyant. It is based on HGSYSTEM Version 3.0 of Shell Research LTD., and contains specific algorithms for the treatment of UF6 chemistry and thermodynamics. HGSYSTEMUF6 contains algorithms for the treatment of dense gases, dry and wet deposition, effects due to the presence of buildings (canyon and wake), plume lift-off, and the effects of complex terrain.

The models components of the suite include

  1. AEROPLUME/RK, used to model near-field dispersion from pressurized two-phase jet releases of UF6 and its reaction products,

  2. HEGADAS/UF6 for simulating dense, ground based release of UF6,

  3. PGPLUME for simulation of passive, neutrally buoyant plumes

  4. UF6Mixer for modeling warm, potentially reactive, ground-level releases of UF6 from buildings, and

  5. WAKE, used to model elevated and ground-level releases into building wake cavities of non-reactive plumes that are either neutrally or positively buoyant.

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4. METHODS

The atmospheric release and transport of UF6 is a complicated process involving the interaction between dispersion, chemical and thermodynamic processes. This process is characterized by four separate stages (flash, sublimation, chemical reaction entrainment and passive dispersion) in which one or more of these processes dominate. The various models contained in the suite are applicable to one or more of these stages. For example, for modeling reactive, multiphase releases of UF6, the AEROPLUME/RK component employs a process-splitting scheme which numerically integrates the differential equations governing dispersion, UF6 chemistry, and thermodynamics. This algorithm is based on the assumption that, for a given time step, the equations governing the processes of dispersion, chemical reaction, and thermodynamics can be solved sequentially and independently. Here, a Runge-Kutta solver is employed to solve the equations governing dispersion, a simple, first-order forward finite difference scheme is used to solve the rate equations for the consumption and production of reactants, while the proprietary nonlinear algebraic equation solver NAESOL, developed by Shell Research LTD. is used to solve equations governing thermodynamic balances of molar fraction, enthalpy and molar flow rate of HF. Conversely, for simulating downwind dispersion of a passive, ideal gas, the WAKE component employs equations based on advanced empirical formulations of wind tunnel data in conjunction with the standard gaussian plume model formation.

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5. RESTRICTIONS ON THE COMPLEXITY OF THE PROBLEM

HGSYSTEMUF6 is designed for a single user on a single personal computer. Array dimensions have been initially set to reflect realistic, limiting values. By modification of these limits the user may create executable versions of model files that are limited only by the hardware configuration of their machine. HGSYSTEMUF6 is designed specifically for the simulation of atmospheric releases of Uranium Hexafluoride and its reaction products. For other simulations which involve the dispersion of vapour from gas, liquid or two-phase releases including multi-component mixtures, HGSYSTEM, is available from the official website: http://www.hgsystem.com/

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6. TYPICAL RUNNING TIME

Typical execution times vary from 1-10 minutes depending on the HGSYSTEMUF6 model component selected.

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7. UNUSUAL FEATURES OF THE PROGRAM

HGSYSTEMUF6 is designed for simulation of atmospheric releases of UF6. It contains a detailed formulation of the dispersion, chemical and thermodynamic processes associated with atmospheric transport of UF6. Furthermore, HGSYSTEMUF6 can also be used to simulate transport of generic, non-reactive heavy gases, and neutral or positively buoyant passive gases in the presence of building wakes.

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8. RELATED OR AUXILIARY PROGRAMS

Official utility software included with HGSYSTEMUF6 distribution:

  • FFMAIN, official utility used to verify the content and format of model input files;

  • POSTHEG, official post-processing utility for HEGADAS;

  • POSTMIX, official post-processing utility for UF6MIXER;

  • AMBIEN, meteorological pre-processor;

  • APINST, an initial mixing model which assumes the reaction rate of UF6 is not limited by atmospheric turbulence. The model is used to determine the initial characteristic of the plume;

  • PKZIP/PKKUNZIP, shareware software for compacting/uncompacting files;

  • POETAP, post-processing utility for use with the AEROPLUME/RK model;

  • PPOSTMIX, additional post-processing utility used in combination with UF6MIXER results for simulation of transient releases.

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9. STATUS
Package ID Status date Status
ESTS1242/01 22-MAR-2001 Masterfiled Arrived
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10. REFERENCES
ESTS1242/01, included references:
- M.W. Yambert, D.A. Lombardi, W.D. Goode Jr. and  S.G. Bloom:
A Summary of Recent Refinements to the WAKE Dispersion Model,
a Component of the HGSYSTEM/UF6 Model Suite
ORNL/TM-13666 (August 1998)
- S.R. Hanna, J.C.Chang and J.X. Zhang:
Technical Documentation of HGSYSTEM/UF6 Model
K/SUB/93-XJ947/1 (January 1996)
- S.R. Hanna, J.C. Chang :
HGSYSTEM/UF6 Model Enhancements for Plume Rise and Dispersion
around Buildings, Lift-off of Buoyant Plumes, and Robustness of
Numerical Solver
K/SUB/93-XJ947/2R1 (January 1997)
- K. McFarlane et al.:
Development and Validation of Atmospheric Dispersion Models
For Ideal Gases and Hydrogen Fluoride
Part I: Technical Reference Manual
EGG10617-1151 (UC-402) November 1990 (TNER.90.016)
- H.W.M. Witlox et al.:
Development and Validation of Atmospheric Dispersion Models
For Ideal Gases and Hydrogen Fluoride
Part II: HGSYSTEM Program User's Manual
EGG10617-1151 (UC-402) November 1990 (TNER.90.016)
- H.W.M. Witlox:
HGSYSTEM: Dispersion Models for Ideal Gases and Hydrogen Fluoride
Tutorial and Quick Reference Guide
EGG10617-1150 (UC-402) May 1991 (TNER.91.007)
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11. HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS

Minimum: 486 microprocessor, 8MB memory, and approximately 16 MB free disk space for installation of program files. Recommended: 100 MHZ PENTIUM processor, 16 MB memory, 50 MB free disk space.

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12. PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE(S) USED
Package ID Computer language
ESTS1242/01 FORTRAN
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13. SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

Windows 95, Windows NT and Windows 3.1, OS/2.

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14. OTHER PROGRAMMING OR OPERATING INFORMATION OR RESTRICTIONS

Input/Output naming conventions: AEROPLUME/RK filename.api, filename.apr; HEGADAS/UF6 (transient mode) filename.hti, filename.htr; HEGADAS/UF6 (steady-state model) filename.hsi, filename.hsr; PGPLLUME filename.pgi, filename.pgr; UF6MIXER filename.mxi, filename.out; WAKE filename.wki, filename.out

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15. NAME AND ESTABLISHMENT OF AUTHORS
  • Hanna, G
    George Mason University, (United States)

  • Chang, J.C.
    Earthtech, Inc., (United States)

  • Zhang, J.X.
    BlazeTech Corportaiton, (United States)

  • Bloom, S.G.
    Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

  • Goode, W.D. Jr
    Bechtel Jacobs Company, Oak ridge, TN (United States)

  • Lombardi, D.A.
    JBF Associates, (United States)

  • Yambert, M.W.
    LMERC, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

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16. MATERIAL AVAILABLE
ESTS1242/01
Source Codes
Executable Modules
Sample Problem Input Data
Batch Files
PIF Files
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17. CATEGORIES
  • G. Radiological Safety, Hazard and Accident Analysis
  • R. Environmental and Earth Sciences
  • U. Chemistry

Keywords: dispersions, simulation, uranium.