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CCC-0704 SLIDERULE 1.0.

SLIDERULE 1.0,Slide Rule for direct radiation exposure approximation in criticality accidents

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1. NAME OR DESIGNATION OF PROGRAM:  SLIDERULE 1.0.
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2. COMPUTERS
To submit a request, click below on the link of the version you wish to order. Only liaison officers are authorised to submit online requests. Rules for requesters are available here.
Program name Package id Status Status date
SLIDERULE 1.0 CCC-0704/01 Arrived 19-APR-2002

Machines used:

Package ID Orig. computer Test computer
CCC-0704/01 PC Windows,PC Pentium
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3. DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM OR FUNCTION

Oak Ridge National Laboratory has developed a rapid PC-based tool for estimating pertinent information needed to guide response team actions and help characterize some types of nuclear criticality accidents. The concept uses a series of sliding graphs that function similarly to a slide rule. This tool was developed with the promise that visual demonstration of trends (e.g., dose versus time or distance) are helpful to response personnel. The SlideRule provides rapid assessments for direct radiation approximations and is useful for solving for parameters that are dependent upon independent specific parameters such as variable shielding, distances, and anticipated time related radiation doses to personnel. The SlideRule is designed to provide estimates of the following:

     - magnitude of the fission yield based on personnel or field radiation measurements,
     - neutron- and gamma-dose at variable unshielded distances from the accident,
     - the skyshine component of the dose,
     - time-integrated radiation dose estimates at variable times/distances from the accident,
     - 1-minute gamma radiation dose integrals at variable times/distances from the accident,

and

     - dose-reduction factors for variable thicknesses of steel, concrete, and water.

The SlideRule estimates unknown data based on data available to emergency response personnel, including:

     - exposure information about "accident victims,"
     - estimates of potential exposures to emergency response re-entry personnel,
     - estimation of future radiation field magnitudes, and
     - fission yield estimates.
      
The SlideRule provides estimates for five unreflected spherical systems that provide general characteristics of operations likely in facilities licensed by the NRC:

     - low-enriched (5 wt % 235U) uranyl fluoride;
     - damp, low-enriched (5 wt % 235U) UO2;
     - high-enriched (93 wt % 235U) uranyl nitrate solution;
     - high-enriched (93 wt % 235U) uranium metal; and
     - damp, high-enriched (93 wt % 235U).
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4. METHODS

Analyses were performed to determine the characteristic radiation leakage spectra for each of the five types of critical systems. Two-dimensional air-over-ground radiation transport analyses were then performed at various times (up to 1000 minutes) after the criticality event to determine the neutron- and gamma-radiation dose per fission up to 4000 feet from the event. This information together with shielding attenuation data allows the fission yield to be estimated based on the measured dose and time/distance from the event. A complementary first-pulse fission yield estimator utilizes precursory system information and is based on relatively simple, but well-established formalisms. The resulting first-pulse fission yield estimates are presented as functions of vertical or horizontal cylindrical critical volume and solution addition rates. These estimates may then be used for determining appropriate mitigating measures for protection of personnel as an uncontrolled system approaches criticality. See the developers' website for a brief introduction http://www.cped.ornl.gov/sliderule/.
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5. RESTRICTIONS ON THE COMPLEXITY OF THE PROBLEM

The SlideRule is currently limited to the five types of systems listed above. Modeling assumptions that limit or restrict the usefulness or accuracy are discussed in the documentation.
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6. TYPICAL RUNNING TIME

The code runs interactively and response time is nearly instantaneous.
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7. UNUSUAL FEATURES
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8. RELATED OR AUXILIARY PROGRAMS
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9. STATUS
Package ID Status date Status
CCC-0704/01 19-APR-2002 Masterfiled Arrived
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10. REFERENCES
CCC-0704/01, included references:
- "Nuclear Criticality Slide Rule 1.0 ReadMe File" (ReadMe.txt, December 2001).
- B. L. Broadhead, C. M. Hopper, R. L. Childs, and J. S. Tang:
An Updated Nuclear Criticality Slide Rule. Volume 1: Technical Basis,
NUREG/CR-6504, Vol. 1 (ORNL/TM-13322/V1) (April 1997)
- C. M. Hopper and B. L. Broadhead:
An Updated Nuclear Criticality Slide Rule: Functional Slide Rule
NUREG/CR-6504, Vol. 2 (ORNL/TM-13322/V2) (April 1998)
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11. HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS

SlideRule runs on Windows 95/NT or later personal computers with a minimum of 32 MB RAM. Nominal hard disk requirements are less than 10 MB.
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12. PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE(S) USED
Package ID Computer language
CCC-0704/01 VISUAL BASIC
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13. SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

The included SlideRule executable was created using Microsoft Visual C++ and runs under Windows 95/NT or later. Source files are not distributed.
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14. OTHER PROGRAMMING OR OPERATING INFORMATION OR RESTRICTIONS
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15. NAME AND ESTABLISHMENT OF AUTHORS

Contributed by:
                    Radiation Safety Information
                    Computational Center
                    Oak Ridge National Laboratory
                    Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U. S. A.

Developed by:
                    Oak Ridge National Laboratory
                    Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U. S. A.
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16. MATERIAL AVAILABLE
CCC-0704/01
cr6504v1.pdf NUREG/CR-6504, Vol. 1
cr6504v2.pdf NUREG/CR-6504, Vol. 2
mfc42.dll
PEGRP32a.dll
ReadMe.txt Information file
slide1.dat Data file
slide2.dat Data file
slide3.dat Data file
slide4.dat Data file
slide5.dat Data file
slide6.dat Data file
SlideRule.exe Executable program
SlideRuleHelp.chm
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17. CATEGORIES
  • G. Radiological Safety, Hazard and Accident Analysis

Keywords: accidents, criticality, environmental impacts, fission products, neutron source, radiation doses.