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CCC-0648 GENII-S 1.485.

GENII-S, Environmental Radiation Dosimetry System

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1. NAME OR DESIGNATION OF PROGRAM:  GENII-S 1.485.
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2. COMPUTERS
To submit a request, click below on the link of the version you wish to order. Only liaison officers are authorised to submit online requests. Rules for requesters are available here.
No item

Machines used:

No specified machine
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3. DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM OR FUNCTION

GENII-S is the result of implementing GENII in the SUNS software shell. SUNS was developed to simplify the application of Monte Carlo methods of uncertainty analysis to a variety of problems. The GENII portion of the GENII-S  package contains the program which was developed to incorporate the  internal dosimetry models recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) into the environmental  pathway analysis models used at Hanford. GENII, which is available as CCC-0601, is a coupled system of seven programs and the associated data libraries that comprise the Hanford Dosimetry System (Generation II) to estimate potential radiation doses to individuals or populations from both routine and accidental releases of radionuclides to air or water and residual contamination from spills or decontamination operations. The GENII system includes interactive menu-driven programs which allow the user to effectively address the parameters required for scenario generation  and data input, internal and external dose factor generators, and environmental dosimetry programs. There also exist pull-down help menus which provide the user with a description of the input parameter and the possible options. The programs in GENII-S analyse  environmental contamination resulting from both far-field and near-field scenarios. A far-field scenario focuses outward from the  source, while a near-field scenario focuses in toward a receptor. GENII-S can calculate annual dose, committed dose, and accumulated dose from acute and chronic releases from ground or elevated sources to air or water and from initial contamination of soil or surfaces and can evaluate exposure pathways including direct exposure via water (swimming, boating, and fishing), soil (surface and buried sources), air (semi-infinite and finite cloud geometries), inhalation pathways, and ingestion pathways. In addition, GENII-S can perform 10,000-years migration analyses and can be used for retrospective calculations of potential radiation doses resulting from routine emissions and for prospective dose calculations for purposes such as siting facilities, environmental impact statements, and safety analysis reports.HEDL contributed additional data to the CCC-0601/GENII package in March 1995. These data are intended to improve the treatment of decay chains for calculations of doses form contaminated soil allowed to decay for hundreds of years. Air transport calculations are largely  unaffected by theses changes due to the short decay times involved. These alternate data as well as the original data released with CCC-0601/GENII are included in this GENII-S package. Other data updates may be obtained by requesting the GENII package and accompanying literature describing the data changes and incorporating these data sets into the GENII-S directory replacing older version (see P.D. Rittmann in REFERENCES).

The Sensitivity and Uncertainty analysis Shell (SUNS) provided the  capability to perform sensitivity and uncertainty analysis in one calculation, eliminating manual interfaces between the GENII code results and the sensitivity and uncertainty analysis codes. The main features of SUNS include: 1) an interactive full-screen input of all model data, 2) a customized help system, 3) the ability to modify setup options while inside SUNS, 4) a formatted printing of data files, 5) a full internal file management, 6) a consistent interface for data entry, editing, and processing/viewing output, 7) the ability to create both deterministic output blocks (results from parametric analysis, for example) and result from repeated trials in a single run, 8) an ASCII test output file (for data echo, debugging, and non-tabular output) in addition to SUNS output files, 9) a generation of statistical output information, including minimum and maximum value, means, variances, and percentiles in additionto  simple and partial correlation coefficients for both raw and rank data, 10) the creation of graphical output including histograms, cumulative and complementary cumulative distribution functions, scatter plots, and x-y plots, 11) the tools (with a consistent user  interface) to aid in model installation, and 12) user-specified menu options available to run any DOS program or batch file.
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4. METHODS

4. METHOD OF SOLUTION - SUNS interactively prepares a text input file for input to the environmental dosimetry programs and the necessary processing files to manage the file handling needed to control the operations of the five subsequent codes and prepare an output report. ENVIN controls the reading and organization of the input files for ENV, which then calculates the environmental transfer, uptake, and human exposure to radionuclides that result from the chosen scenario for the defined source term. ENV writes the annual media concentrations and intake rates to an intermediate data transfer file for use by DOSE. DOSE converts data to radiation dose, calculating the external dose using factors generated by EXTDF and the internal dose using factors generated in INTDF. DOSE calculates  the one-year dose, committed dose, cumulative dose, and maximum annual dose and prepares the normal output report of doses and optional doses by pathway and by radionuclide. EXTDF calculates the external dose-rate factors for submersion in an infinite cloud of radioactive materials, immersion in contaminated water, and direct exposure to plane or slab sources of contamination. EXTDF used the ISOSHLD point kernel integration technique whereby numerical integration is carried out over the source volume to obtain the total dose. INTDF estimates the dose equivalents in a number of target organs from the activity in a given source organ based on ICRP-30 models and biokinetic values for radionuclide residency and   transport   in   the   body. The dose equivalent  in  a

target organ is the product of the total number of nuclear transformations of the radionuclide and the energy absorbed per gram in the target organ. This initial value problem is solved using a coupled set of differential equations. DITTY calculates long-term total population exposure based on air and water source terms, atmospheric dispersion patterns, and exposed population. A straight-line cross-wind-averaged Gaussian plume model is used for the dispersion calculation, and the regional population is defined as a function of time for airborne and waterborne pathways. The time frame may be any 10,000-year period, broken into 143 periods of 70 years each.
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5. RESTRICTIONS ON THE COMPLEXITY OF THE PROBLEM

Maximum of 100 radionuclides, 16 sectors, 10 distance intervals, and 5 shields.
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6. TYPICAL RUNNING TIME

Sample 1D and Sample 1S were run on a Pentium 90 under Windows 95 rebooted (without EMM386 loaded) to the DOS mode Sample 1D ran in under 15 seconds while Sample 1S ran in approximately 2 minutes. 486 machines are approximately a factor of  3 to 4 times slower depending on the processor speed. Typically, a
DX 66 would take approximately 3 times as long .
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7. UNUSUAL FEATURES OF THE PROGRAM:
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8. RELATED AND AUXILIARY PROGRAMS:  SUNS software Shell.
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9. STATUS
No status
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10. REFERENCES

- B.A. Napier et al.:
  GENII- The Hanford Experimental Radiation Dosimetry Software
  System, volum 1: Conceptual Representation
  PNL-6584 Vol.1 (December 1988)
- B.A. Napier et al.:
  GENII- The Hanford Experimental Radiation Dosimetry Software
  System, volum 2: Users' Manual
  PNL-6584 Vol.2 (November 1988)
- P.D. Rittmann:
  Verification Tests for the July 1993 Revision to the GENII
  Radionuclide and Dose Increment Libraries
  WHC-SD-WM-TI-596, Rev.0 (October 1993)
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11. MACHINE REQUIREMENTS

GENII-S requires an IBM/AT or compatible computer, an 80287 math coprocessor, 640 Kbytes of random access memory, and a minimum of 5 MB of on-line storage.
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12. PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE(S) USED
No specified programming language
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13. OPERATING SYSTEM UNDER WHICH PROGRAM IS EXECUTED

Lahey F77L-EM/32  Version 5.01 (92%) and Microsoft QuickBASIC 3.0 (3%) were used to create the executables, which runs under DOS 3.1 or later versions. The GENII portion of the GENII-S program is written  in FORTRAN 77, whereas the SUNS portion utilizes QuickBASIC coding.  Additional information and details are available in the User's Guide for GENII-S. At RSICC the included executables were tested on a 486  PC under DOS 6.0 and on a Pentium under the Windows 95/Dos 7
operating system.
Note that the actual source files are not available. Files in the SOURCE.EXE archive have become corrupted and will not compile. The commons named in "INCLUDE" statements are omitted. The files are included for informational purposes and will be replaced if the valid files are recovered.
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14. OTHER PROGRAMMING OR OPERATING INFORMATION OR RESTRICTIONS:
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15. NAME AND ESTABLISHMENT OF AUTHORS

Contributed by:
        Radiation Safety Information Computational Center
        Oak Ridge National Laboratory
        Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U. S. A.
Developed by:
        Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico
        Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington
        Westinghouse Hanford Engineering Development
        Laboratory, Richland, Washington
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16. MATERIAL AVAILABLE
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17. CATEGORIES
  • G. Radiological Safety, Hazard and Accident Analysis
  • R. Environmental and Earth Sciences

Keywords: atmospheric precipitations, decontamination, doses, ground water, radiation doses, radioactive release, radionuclide migration.