4. METHOD OF SOLUTION
The program is an outgrowth of the development of a mathematical model for the organ dose following the basic precepts of the ICRP Task Group on Lung Dynamics, and a simple exponential model for retention by a organ of interest. As an adjunct to the organ dose model, mathematical models describing atmospheric dispersion have been included to evaluate doses from either accidental or chronic atmospheric releases of radionuclides.
The model divides the respiratory tract into three regions, the nasopharyngeal, the tracheobronchial, and the pulmonary. Deposition is assumed to vary with the aerodynamic properties of the aerosol distribution. Atmospheric dispersion is described by a bivariate normal distribution model incorporated in the code; however, normalized air concentrations at specific distances as calculated by any other atmospheric dispersion model can be used as input.