The NEA just released a report that addresses the roles and responsibilities
of government in the field of nuclear energy. It provides data and
analyses on how these have evolved and identifies future challenges
for governments, particularly with respect to the development of
competition in electricity markets. The report suggests some considerations
that all governments could take into account regardless of their
policies towards nuclear power.
Privatisation and competition in the nuclear sector mean that many
decisions are no longer directly made by governments. However, there
will always be strategic reasons for government intervention - national
security; emergencies; national projects of such importance or urgency
that only government can do the job. By and large, the current sentiment
in most OECD countries is that the government should intervene only
when it is in the best position to carry out the task and when the
benefits of intervention outweigh the costs. In fact, the role of
governments in nuclear energy varies considerably between countries,
according to their specific history and situation.
This report benefited from the expertise of nuclear energy policy makers from the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency's member countries.
GOVERNMENT AND NUCLEAR ENERGY
OECD, Paris 2004 - ISBN 92-64-01538-8 - € 21, £ 15, US$ 26, ¥ 2700
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