Nuclear Energy Generation in OECD/NEA Countries to Continue
Growing Through 2010 despite Nuclear Reactor Retirements in Several Countries
Electricity produced from nuclear power
stations in OECD/NEA Member countries should continue to grow at 0.9 per
cent per year from 2 019 Terawatt-hours (TWh) in 1998 to 2 236 TWh in
2010. However, the nuclear share of total electricity production, which
stood at 23.8 per cent in 1998, is projected to decline to 21.6 per cent
by 2010. Electricity demand should continue to grow at about 1.7 per cent
annually beyond the year 2000.
The total capacity provided by the 345
reactors now installed is 292.4 Gigawatts (GWe). Eleven reactors (10.9
GWe) are reported under construction in the Republic of Korea, Japan,
the Czech Republic and France. Another three (3.5 GWe) are reported as
firmly committed. The total capacity of OECD/NEA nuclear power plants
is projected to be about 294 GWe in the year 2000, and 312 GWe in 2010,
account being taken of a deduction of 29.9 GWe to be taken out of service
by 2010. Most of the retirements are expected in the United Kingdom and
the United States.
This information is published in the
annual survey of developments and projections of nuclear generation, installed
capacities and associated fuel cycle services carried out by the OECD
Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA). The survey, Nuclear Energy Data, also
known as the "Brown Book", is based on official statistics and
projections to 2015 submitted by OECD/NEA countries.
Nuclear energy currently represents
about 75 per cent of total electricity production in France, 55 per cent
in Belgium, 46 per cent in Sweden, 42 per cent in the Republic of Korea,
40 per cent in Switzerland, 37 per cent in Hungary, 34 per cent in Japan,
33 per cent in Germany, 31 per cent in Finland, 31 per cent in Spain,
27 per cent in the United Kingdom, 20 per cent in the Czech Republic,
19 per cent in the United States, 12 per cent in Canada, 7 per cent in
Mexico and 4 per cent in the Netherlands.
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"NUCLEAR ENERGY DATA"
OECD, Paris 1999 - ISBN 92-64-05856-7
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