Chernobyl Accident: The Nuclear Energy Agency Assesses The Consequences
The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency
(NEA) is releasing today a new report presenting an overall assessment,
ten years after the Chernobyl accident, of the state of contamination
of the territories affected by the radioactive release, the impact on
the health of the populations, and the risks still anticipated for man
and the environment.
The report CHERNOBYL - Ten YearsOn:
Radiological and Health Impact, which is intended for a broad readership,
was prepared by a small group of specialists in radiation protection and
public health from OECD countries and international organisations, under
the aegis of the NEA.
The forthcoming tenth anniversary of
the accident offers an opportunity to take stock of the information accumulated
and the scientific studies underway, and to assess the extent to which
national authorities and experts have taken advantage of the lessons from
the Chernobyl accident.
The report offers data on the dispersion
and deposition of radionuclides within and outside the former Soviet Union,
and provides estimates of the radiation doses received by the "liquidators"
involved in the emergency and clean-up actions on the site, the populations
around the damaged plant which were evacuated, people still in contaminated
areas, and populations outside the former Soviet Union. There is also
an evaluation of the health, agricultural and environmental impacts of
the accident and of potential risks associated with the "sarcophagus"
and the other sources of contamination existing on the site. Finally,
the report discusses the lessons learnt by OECD countries and relevant
international Organisations in terms of radiation protection infrastructures
and emergency preparedness.