The NEA Analyses Lessons From
An International NuclearEmergency Exercise
Since the accident at Three Mile
Island in 1979, many countries have strived to improve their emergency
planning, preparedness and management programmes for nuclear accidents.
The accident at Chernobyl in 1986 highlighted the importance of the international
and transborder aspects of these accidents. The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency
has just published a new report with the lessons from an international
nuclear emergency exercise intended to improve international co-operation
and co-ordination in case of nuclear accidents (INEX 1).
The specific objectives of INEX 1 were:
to examine the process for alerting and communicating
with neighbouring countries and the international community in case
of a nuclear accident, taking into consideration bilateral/ multilateral
agreements and international obligations;
to examine the process for reaching conclusions
on the need for national interventions or protective measures;
to examine actions proposed in relation to
the export and import of contaminated food and foodstuffs; and
to examine the process for identifying the need for,
and requesting, assistance to cope with a radiological emergency.
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This report presents a brief history
of the events leading up to INEX 1, describes the exercise in detail,
and provides an in- depth analysis of the results, experiences and lessons
learned form it. Recommendations for future work in the area of international
exercises are provided, as well as all background material necessary for
running the INEX 1 exercise again as part of an ongoing training programme.
"INEX 1 - An International Nuclear Emergency Exercise"
OECD, Paris 1995
France only: FF 320 - All other countries: FF 400; US$ 80; DM 115
Available from the OECD Publications
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