Developed a common language and understanding of regulatory approaches and characteristics of an effective regulator to provide guidance that would enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of regulatory bodies.
As seen in CNRA work on improving nuclear regulation (see NEA Regulatory Guidance booklets volumes 1-14), nuclear regulators use a number of different approaches in the supervision of nuclear power reactors. In the early 2000s SKI (now part of SSM) sponsored a study of these approaches that summarized interviews with over thirty experts from Canada, Finland, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. In 2011, SSM commissioned a study to conduct a survey on experts to follow up on the findings from the previous study. Nuclear regulators from five countries – Sweden, Spain, Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom – participated in the survey. In all, fifty-four questionnaires were returned between February and July of 2012. The questionnaires asked experts to give their personal opinions about the approaches and its effects.
For the 2011/2012 study, seven approaches to the supervision of commercial nuclear power facilities were evaluated by the experts who responded to the questionnaire:
Experts were asked about the use of different approaches in two specific cases and in the "usual" case. They were also asked to comment on the set of approaches used in each case – including, for example, whether there was a change in the approaches used and what made the set of approaches more or less effective.
In addition, the CNRA at its June 2012 meeting held an in-depth Special Topical Discussion on the Characteristics of an Effective Regulator and suggested further development of the topic. At its next meeting in December 2012, CNRA agreed that a Regulatory Guidance Report – a Green Booklet – should be developed on the topic. CNRA asked that there be good coordination and appropriate feedback between the work on Regulatory Approaches and the development of the Characteristics of an Effective Regulator Green Booklet – as there are connections and possible synergies between the two topics.
Following nominations from the CNRA member countries to support the development of a green booklet, a CNRA Senior-Level Task Group (STG) was established with the role of producing a Green Booklet on the Characteristics of an Effective Regulator. The first STG meeting was held in April 2013 where the outline of the booklet was discussed as well as an in-depth discussion on the principles, fundamentals and ingredients that make up an effective regulator. Coordination with the work on regulatory approaches was assisted by some commonality of membership; and the STG agreed that further coordination and synergy would be enhanced by holding this joint OECD/NEA CNRA Workshop on Regulatory Approaches and the Characteristics of an Effective Regulator. At this workshop, the developments and emergent thinking on the Green Booklet were presented, together with discussions on how the latest developments and inputs from this workshop could be incorporated into the Green Booklet.
The workshop included presentations of the findings of the Regulatory Approaches and Characteristics of an Effective Regulator and held discussions on:
The workshop started at 09:00 on Monday and ended at 13:00 on Wednesday.
All correspondence with regard to the meeting should be addressed to the workshop secretariat:
Ms. Nancy Salgado
Ms. Anna Franzén
Last reviewed: 24 September 2013