The Working Group on Fuel Safety has been set up by the Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) and it has been working in accordance with the CSNI Strategic Plan to address cross-cutting issues related to fuel behaviour in accident conditions, including work on associated aspects of thermal-hydraulics, oxidation, chemistry, mechanical behaviour and reactor physics. This group was originally the Special Expert Group on Fuel Safety management (SEGFSM), later evolving into the Working Group on Fuel Safety Margins (WGFSM) before becoming the WGFS.
The main mission of the Working Group on Fuel Safety is to advance the current understanding and address safety issues related to fuel safety.
The specific mandate is as follows:
The group will aim at facilitating international convergence in fuel safety issues, including experimental approaches, interpretation and use of the experimental data or of other relevant information.
The group will perform its activities mainly through organising topical meetings on specific subjects or through small task forces dedicated to covering specific programme items.
This activity aims to update the CSNI report published by NEA in 2009 on fuel behaviour during LOCA conditions. After a preliminary review of the 2009 report, it was concluded that information provided on experimental programmes was incomplete or missing altogether. Significant parts of this missing information have become available since the 2009 report was produced. Since this activity started in early 2017, very substantial additional information has been identified.
This activity, jointly undertaken with the WGAMA, aims to apply the PIRT approach to SFP accidents in order to identify phenomena that are expected to have a high impact on accident consequences or mitigation and for which the level of understanding or knowledge is poor. This generates valuable insights in a context where decisions on research priorities may be made. The activity follows on from a previous joint WGFS-WGAMA activity that produced a status report on SFP loss-of-coolant and loss-of-cooling accidents (see “Recent reports” below).
In a collaborative venture with several groups of the Nuclear Science Committee, WGFS helped organise a workshop on advanced fuel modelling for safety and performance enhancement. The workshop was held in March 2017 in Paris over two and a half days and attracted 80 participants from NEA member countries. The proceedings are being prepared.
WGFS organised a two-day workshop for organisations participating in NEA Working Groups on the issue of pellet-clad interaction. This was stimulated in particular by the increasing practice of reactor-power adjustments in order to follow the load on the electrical grid. The workshop programme comprised 31 presentations and nearly 80 people participated. The proceedings (including the papers) are being prepared.
Planned activities for the WGFS include:
Fuel-rod-code Benchmark Phase II: Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analyses
Fuel fragmentation, relocation and dispersal during loss-of-coolant-accidents
Spent fuel pools in loss-of-cooling/coolant accident conditions
Leaking fuel impacts and practices
RIA Fuel Codes Benchmark – Volume 1
RIA Fuel Codes Benchmark – Volume 2
NEA/CSNI/R(2013)7/VOL2 (104 Mb)
Nuclear Fuel Safety Criteria technical review (second edition)
Proceedings of the Workshop on Nuclear Fuel Behaviour during RIA
Benchmark calculations on Halden IFA-650 LOCA test results
Safety significance of the Halden IFA-650 LOCA test results
State-of-the-art Report on Nuclear Fuel Behaviour under Reactivity Initiated Accident (RIA) Conditions
NEA/CSNI/R(2010)1, NEA No. 6847, ISBN 978-92-64-99113-2
Nuclear Fuel Behaviour in Loss-of-coolant Accident (LOCA) Conditions
NEA/CSNI/R(2009)15, NEA No. 6846, ISBN 978-92-64-99091-3
The predecessor of the SEGFSM, the Task Force on Fuel Safety Criteria, prepared the following report, that sets out the results of OECD/CSNI/PWG2 Task Force's work on fuel safety criteria:
Fuel Safety Criteria Technical Review
Last reviewed: 4 July 2017