Uranium Resources, Production and Demand, also familiarly known as the "Red Book", is a biennial publication produced jointly by the NEA and the IAEA under the auspices of the joint NEA/IAEA Uranium Group. The first edition was published in 1965. Twenty-six editions have since been published. As the only government-sponsored publication tracking world trends and developments in uranium resources, production and demand, the Red Book is an authoritative source of information on the subject.
The general objectives of the Uranium Group are to:
co-ordinate the preparation of periodic assessments of the world's supply of natural uranium;
examine the relationship of these supply capabilities to projections of natural uranium demand;
foster the exchange of technical information in the fields of uranium resources, exploration and production technology in co-operation with member countries, and with other international organisations as appropriate;
recommend to the NEA and the IAEA actions that might be taken to assure adequate long-term supply of uranium for nuclear power development.
The group's primary area of work is producing the biennial publication of the Red Book but it also reviews other topics of interest, such as the environmental protection practices in the uranium mining industry. It also monitors all developments that could impact the uranium industry.
Members of the Uranium Group are nominated by governments. They include experts from government agencies and from industrial and research organisations with interests in uranium geology, mining and processing.
There is enough uranium known to exist to fuel the world's fleet of nuclear reactors at current consumption rates for at least a century, according to the latest edition of the world reference on uranium published today.