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Nuclear Law Bulletin

No. 53, June 1994

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                      Page

Articles

  Health Protection against ionizing radiation and the Court of Justice 
   of the European Communities, 
   by R. Lennartz .......................................................  9

  Causation and the problem of evidence in cases of nuclear damage, 
   by P. Stå hlberg ...................................................... 22


Studies

  Three negotiations concerning nuclear law .............................. 30

  Potential liability of contractors working on nuclear safety improvement
   projects in Central and Eastern Europe ................................ 36


Case law

 - United Kingdom
  The Sellafield childhood leukaemia cases (1993) ........................ 44

 - European Commission
  Radiation protection standards dose limits: Commission vs. Belgium ..... 48


Administrative decisions

 - Switzerland
  Licence for unlimited operation of Beznau II nuclear power plant 
   (1991) ................................................................ 49


National legislative and regulatory activities

 - CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
  Overview of nuclear legislation ........................................ 50

 - Argentina
  Regulations on safe transport of radioactive materials (1993) .......... 75

 - Australia
  Radiation Control Regulation 1993 (N.S.Wales) .......................... 76

 - Belgium
  Radiation protection and the Federal Agency for Nuclear Control 
   (1994) ................................................................ 77
  Amendments of 1963 Order on Protection of the Population and Workers 
   (1993) ................................................................ 78

 - Brazil
  Application of SIPRON (1993) ........................................... 79

 - Cameroon
  Bill on radiation protection (1994) .................................... 79

 - Finland
  Bill to amend Nuclear Liability Act (1994) ............................. 80

 - France
  Organisation of the Ministry for Industry (1993) ....................... 81
  Transfer of responsibilities from the CEA to ANDRA (1993) .............. 81
  Training in radiation protection (1994) ................................ 82
  Amendment of Order on protection and control of nuclear materials during 
  transport .............................................................. 82

 - Italy
  Community law in Italian legislation (1994) ............................ 83
  Reorganisation of environmental controls and creation of National
   Environmental Protection Agency (1994) ................................ 83
  Circular on shipments of radioactive waste (1993) ...................... 84

 - MadagascarCreation of National Institute for Nuclear Science and Technology 
   (1992) ................................................................ 85
  Radiation Protection Regulations (1993) ................................ 85
  Bill on the Transport of Radioactive Materials ......................... 86

 - Netherlands
  Increase in the operator's liability amount (1993) ..................... 87

 - Portugal
  Reorganisation of the General Directorate for Energy (1993) ............ 87
  Creation of General Directorate for the Environment (1993) ............. 88
  Order on the General Directorate for the Environment (1993) ............ 88

 - South Africa
  Nuclear Energy Act, 1993 ............................................... 89
  Amendment of the Hazardous Substances Act of 1973 (1993) ............... 93

 - Switzerland
  Revision of Atomic Energy Act and Order (1994) ......................... 93
  Amendment of Ordinance on definitions and licences ..................... 94

 - Tunisia
  Bill to set up Centre for Nuclear Science and Technology (1993) ........ 94

 - United Kingdom
  Increase in nuclear third party liability limits (1994) ................ 95

 - United States
  Emergency planning and preparedness (1993) ............................. 95
  Training of nuclear power plant personnel (1993) ....................... 95
  Monitoring nuclear power plants (1993) ................................. 96
  Safeguards inspections (1993) .......................................... 96
  Prematurely shut down power reactors - funding (1993) .................. 96
  Self-guarantee of decommissioning funds (1994) ......................... 96
  Decommissioning records and licence terminations (1993) ................ 98
  Export and import of nuclear equipment and materials (1993) ............ 98
  Export licensing of alpha emitters and by-products (1993) .............. 99


International regulatory activities

 - NEA
  Mexico joins OECD/NEA (1994) ........................................... 100
  The Republic of Korea joins the NEA Data Bank (1994) ................... 100
  New international standards for radiation protection (1994) ............ 100

 - IAEA
  Preparatory work on the Nuclear Safety Convention (1994) ............... 102
  Revision of the Vienna Convention and supplementary funding (1994) ..... 104

 - European Union
  Standard document for shipments of radioactive waste (1993) ............ 105


Bilateral agreements

 - Argentina/Indonesia
  Peaceful nuclear co-operation (1990) ................................... 107

 - Argentina/Romania
  Peaceful nuclear co-operation (1990) ................................... 108

 - Australia/CERN
  Scientific and technical co-operation (1991) ........................... 108

 - Poland/Ukraine
  Early notification of a nuclear accident and information exchange 
   (1993) ................................................................ 109

 - United States/Russia - United States/Ukraine
  Operational safety enhancements for civilian nuclear power plants 
   (1993) ................................................................ 109


Multilateral agreements

  Amendment of London Dumping Convention - radioactive waste (1994) ...... 110
  Status of Early Notification and Assistance Conventions (1993) ......... 110
  Status of Physical Protection Convention (1993) ........................ 116


FULL Texts

  Draft Nuclear Safety Convention ........................................ 119


Bibliography

  France, United Kingdom, United States, NEA, IAEA ....................... 130


List of correspondents

  ........................................................................ 133