Multilateral agreements in nuclear energy

IV. Liability and compensation for nuclear damage

Protocol to Amend the Paris Convention on Nuclear Third Party Liability (2004 Protocol to the PC)

The 2004 Protocol to the PC improves the existing regime by requiring that more money be made available to compensate more victims for a broader range of damages.

Adopted: 12 February 2004

Opened for signature: 12 February 2004

Entered into force: not yet in force

Signatories: 16 (see table below) (only Norway has ratified the Protocol)

More information on the 2004 Protocol to the PC, including the text, is available here.

The text of the 2004 Protocol to the PC is also reproduced in the Supplement to Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 75.

The current status of the 2004 Protocol to the PC is available here.

The following is a sampling of the articles related to the 2004 Protocol to the PC that have been published in the Nuclear Law Bulletin:

Signatories to the Protocol to Amend the Paris Convention on Nuclear Third Party Liability

Belgium* Germany* Norway Sweden*
Denmark Greece Portugal Switzerland*1
Finland* Italy Slovenia* Turkey
France* Netherlands* Spain* United Kingdom*

* Country with at least one nuclear power plant in operation.


  1. Switzerland has signed the 1960 Paris Convention, the 1964 Additional Protocol to amend the Paris Convention and the 1982 and 2004 Protocols to amend the Paris Convention. On 9 March 2009, Switzerland deposited its instrument of ratification of the 1960 Paris Convention as amended by the 1964, 1982 and 2004 amending Protocols. As this ratification is effective only with respect to the 1960 Paris Convention as amended by all 3 Protocols, entry into force for Switzerland of the Paris Convention as so amended will only take place once the 2004 Protocol to amend the Paris Convention has itself entered into force.
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Last reviewed: 9 February 2017