Multilateral agreements in nuclear energy
IV. Liability and compensation for nuclear damage
Paris Convention on Nuclear Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy (Paris Convention or PC)
The Paris Convention establishes a nuclear liability and compensation regime to compensate victims of a nuclear accident. The PC is open to OECD member countries as of right and non-member countries with the consent of all the contracting parties to the Paris Convention.
Adopted: 29 July 1960
- 1964 Additional Protocol adopted: 28 January 1964
- 1982 Protocol adopted: 16 November 1982
- 2004 Protocol adopted: 12 February 2004
Opened for signature: 29 July 1960
- 1964 Additional Protocol opened for signature: 28 January 1964
- 1982 Protocol Adopted opened for signature: 16 November 1982
- 2004 Protocol Adopted opened for signature: 12 February 2004
Entered into force: 1 April 1968, along with its 1964 Additional Protocol
- 1964 Additional Protocol entered into force: 1 April 1968, along with the original 1960 Convention
- 1982 Protocol Adopted entered into force: 7 October 1988
- 2004 Protocol Adopted entered into force: not yet in force
Parties: 161 (to the Paris Convention and to its 1964 and 1982 Protocols) (see table below)
More information on the Paris Convention, including the text, is available here.
The current status of ratifications or accessions to the Paris Convention is available here.
The following is a sampling of the articles related to the PC that have been published in the Nuclear Law Bulletin:
- On Modernising the Paris Convention, by Professor N. Pelzer (NLB 12, p. 46).
- International Co-operation in Providing Insurance Cover for Nuclear Damage to Third Parties and for Damage to Nuclear Installations, by J. Deprimoz (NLB 32, p. 33).
- The Concept of Property Damage and Related Issues in Liability Law – Possible Implications for the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy, by C. Holtz (NLB 40, p. 87).
- A Bridge Between two Conventions on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage: the Joint Protocol relating to the Application of the Vienna Convention and the Paris Convention, by O. Von Busekist (NLB 43, p. 10).
- Towards a New Regime of State Responsibility for Nuclear Activities, by L. De La Fayette (NLB 50, p. 7).
- International Pooling of Operators' Funds: An Option to Increase the Amount of Financial Security to Cover Nuclear Liability?, by N. Pelzer (NLB 79, p. 37).
- Perspective on the Pros and Cons of a Pooling-type Approach to Nuclear Third Party Liability, by S. Carroll (NLB 81, p. 75).
- The Brussels I Regulation and Liability for Nuclear Damage, by J. Handrlica (NLB 86, p. 29).
- Deliberations on Compensation and Remediation of Nuclear Damage to the Environment, by N. Pelzer (NLB 86, p. 49).
- Progress towards a global nuclear liability regime (NLB 93, p. 9).
Parties to the Paris Convention on Nuclear Third Party Liability
* Country with at least one nuclear power plant in operation.
Last reviewed: 9 February 2017