Multilateral agreements in nuclear energy

III. Environmental protection

Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention)

The Espoo Convention sets out the obligations of parties to assess the environmental impact of certain activities at an early stage of planning and lays down general obligations of states to notify and consult each other on all major projects under consideration that are likely to have a significant adverse environmental impact across boundaries.

Adopted: 25 February 1991

Opened for signature: 25 February 1991

Entered into force: 10 September 1997

Parties: 45 parties (including the European Union) (see table below)

More information on the Espoo Convention, including the text, is available here.

The current status of the Espoo Convention is available here.

The following articles related to the Espoo Convention were published in the Nuclear Law Bulletin:

Parties to the Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention)

Albania Denmark Latvia Serbia
Armenia* Estonia Liechtenstein Slovakia*
Austria Finland* Lithuania Slovenia*
Azerbaijan Former Yugoslav Republic
of Macedonia
Luxembourg Spain*
Belarus France* Malta Sweden*
Belgium* Germany* Moldova Switzerland*
Bosnia and Herzegovina Greece Montenegro Ukraine*
Bulgaria* Hungary* Netherlands* United Kingdom*
Canada* Ireland Norway European Union
Croatia Italy Poland  
Cyprus Kazakhstan Portugal  
Czech Republic* Kyrgyzstan Romania*  

* Country with at least one nuclear power plant in operation.

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Last reviewed: 9 February 2017