Past, recent and ongoing R&D programmes (e.g. Phebus FP, ISTP, ARTIST, OECD/BIP and THAI Projects…) are mainly focussed on the reduction of uncertainties on the evaluation of the potential source term to the environment in case of a LWR severe accident. This effort is sustained within the EU/SARNET Network of Excellence.
However, it has been recognised that known phenomenological uncertainties remain for some complex phenomena with a significant impact on Source Term. For public acceptance of lifetime extension of existing reactors, it must be demonstrated that their safety level continues to be enhanced.
Therefore a new OECD/NEA Project named STEM (Source Term Evaluation and Mitigation) was initiated in 2011 to improve the general evaluation of the Source Term. In addition the reduction of known phenomenological uncertainties on certain phenomena is expected to help:
The new OECD/NEA STEM Project deals with three main issues:
In complement to previous programmes, it is proposed to perform experiments to study the stability of aerosol particles under radiation and the long term gas/deposits equilibrium in a containment.
No experiments are planned but a literature survey especially focussed on the effect of paint ageing that is likely to lead to the definition of experiments in a possible follow-up Project.
In complement to previous programmes, it is proposed to perform experiments to study the Ruthenium transport in pipes.
Within the frame of the OECD/NEA STEM project, the first series of experiments (Iodine behaviour under radiation) are dedicated to the analysis of radiation effects and will thus be realized in benches built on the EPICUR facility (Experimental Programme of Iodine Chemistry Under Radiation). The second series of experiments (Ruthenium Transport) will aim to analyse the chemistry of Ruthenium in pipes including the reactor coolant system and in filters. They will be performed in dedicated benches allowing the injection of different chemical compounds followed by their transport through high temperature gradient tubes up to aerosols filters and bubblers for gas trapping
Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Republic of Korea and the United States of America.
July 2011 to June 2015
EUR 3.5 million
Last reviewed: 23 October 2013