Country profile: Turkey

Summary figures for 2014

The following information is from the NEA publication Nuclear Energy Data, the annual compilation of official statistics and country reports on nuclear energy in OECD member countries.

Number of nuclear power plants connected to the grid
Nuclear electricity generation
(net TWh) 2014
Nuclear percentage of total electricity supply
OECD Europe
1 888.0

Country report

Turkey's energy strategy includes two NPPs with a total of eight nuclear reactors to be in operation by 2028 and a third NPP to be under construction by 2023.

For the first NPP project, on 12 May 2010 Russia and Turkey signed an intergovernmental agreement (IGA) on "construction and operation of a nuclear power plant at the Akkuyu site" on the basis of the build-own-operate (BOO) model. The Akkuyu NPP will consist of four VVER-1200 AES-2006-type reactors, each with an installed capacity of 1 200 MW.

Within a year following the effective date of the IGA, the Russian Party created the Akkuyu Project Company (APC) in Turkey with 100% equity. APC has applied to the relevant public organisations for the licences and permits necessary for starting construction. APC also started Akkuyu site survey activities to update the site characteristics and parameters, and submitted an updated site report to the Turkish Atomic Energy Authority (TAEK) for assessment on 22 May 2012. Site studies and an environmental impact assessment (EIA) report were completed by APC, and a positive decision on the EIA was given by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization on 1 December 2014.

For the second NPP project, Turkey signed an IGA with Japan on 3 May 2013 in Ankara covering "co-operation for development of nuclear power plants and the nuclear power industry in the Republic of Turkey". Negotiations for a host government agreement (HGA) started shortly thereafter and were completed on 17 November 2013. The IGA envisages the construction of four reactors at the Sinop site on the basis of the public private partnership (PPP) model. The design chosen is the AREVA and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries ATMEA1 reactor with an installed capacity of 1 120 MW. The IGA is in the process of approval by Turkish Parliament.

A draft law on nuclear energy has been prepared and was sent to the relevant public organisations for suggestions and comments. This draft covers the establishment of an independent nuclear regulatory authority, the issuance of licences and permits, spent fuel and radioactive waste management, decommissioning, inspection, offences and punishment.

A draft law has been prepared on third party liability in the field of nuclear energy in compliance with the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy, dated 29 July 1960, together with amendments and supplements including the 2004 Protocol. The draft law has been submitted to the prime minister.

The draft law for the ratification of the "amendment to the convention on the physical protection of nuclear material" was approved by the Turkish Parliament on 27 February 2015 and will be in force after approval of the Council of Ministers. The draft law for the accession of the "joint convention on the safety of spent fuel management and on the safety of radioactive waste management" is currently on the agenda of the Turkish Parliament.

Source: Nuclear Energy Data 2015

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Last reviewed: 21 October 2015