Country profile: Turkey

Summary figures for 2013

The following information is from the NEA publication Nuclear Energy Data, the annual compilation of official statistics and country reports on nuclear energy in OECD member countries.

Country
Number of nuclear power plants connected to the grid
Nuclear electricity generation
(net TWh) 2013
Nuclear percentage of total electricity supply
Turkey
0
0.0
0.0
 
OECD Europe
133
833.1
23.7
 
Total
325
1 883.2
18.6
 

Country report

Turkey is planning to start the operation of two NPPs, with a total of eight reactor units, at the Akkuyu and Sinop sites in 2023. The "Electricity Market and Security of Supply Strategy Paper", released by the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, sets forward goals with respect to the electricity mix and targets the share of nuclear energy in electricity generation to at least 10% for 2023. In addition to this, the construction of a third NPP will be started by 2023.

For the first NPP project, the Russian Federation and Turkey signed an intergovernmental agreement (IGA) on "Construction and Operation of a Nuclear Power Plant at the Akkuyu Site" on 12 May 2010. The Akkuyu NPP will consist of four VVER-1200 (AES-2006) reactors, each having 1 200 MW installed capacity. The project was established on the basis of Rosatom's build, own and operate model.

Within a year following the effective date of the IGA, the Russian Party created the Akkuyu Project Company (APC) based in Turkey with 100% equity. It has applied to relevant public organisations for all licences and permits necessary to start the construction of the NPP. APC started site survey activities at the Akkuyu site to update the site characteristics and parameters. An updated site report was submitted to the Turkish Atomic Energy Authority (TAEK) for assessment on 22 May 2012. APC also submitted an environmental impact assessment report to Ministry of Environment and Urbanization on 9 July 2013.

On 3 May 2013, Turkey also signed an IGA with Japan on "Cooperation for Development of Nuclear Power Plants and the Nuclear Power Industry in the Turkey" in Ankara. Negotiations for a host government agreement started shortly after the signature of the IGA, which was completed on 17 November 2013. The IGA envisages the construction of four reactor units at the Sinop site, based on the ATMEA1 reactor (developed by Areva and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries) with 1 120 MW installed capacity, on the basis of the public-private partnership (PPP). The IGA will be submitted to the Turkish Parliament for ratification together with the HGA.

A draft law on nuclear energy was prepared and sent to the relevant public organisations for their suggestions and opinions. The draft covers the establishment of an independent nuclear regulatory authority, licence and permit issues, spent fuel and radioactive waste management, decommissioning, inspection, offences and punishment. The draft law will be sent to the Turkish Parliament for ratification.

A draft law has been prepared on third party liability in the field of nuclear energy in compliance with the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy, dated 29 July 1960, together with amendments and supplements including the 2004 Protocol. The draft law has been submitted to the Prime Minister.

The draft law for the accession of "Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management" and the draft law for the ratification of "Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material" are currently on the agenda in Turkish Parliament.

Source: Nuclear Energy Data 2014

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Last reviewed: 19 December 2014