Country profile: Poland

Summary figures for 2016

The following information is from the NEA publication Nuclear Energy Data, the annual compilation of official statistics and country reports on nuclear energy in OECD member countries.

Number of nuclear power plants connected to the grid
Nuclear electricity generation
(net TWh) 2016
Nuclear percentage of total electricity supply
OECD Europe
OECD Total
1 877.5
NEA Total
2 061.1

Country report

There is no commercial utilisation of nuclear power in Poland to date. The research reactor Maria, also used for production of medical radioisotopes and operated in Swierk (National Centre for Nuclear Research), is the only operating nuclear facility in the country.

The legal framework for the development of nuclear power in Poland was established in:

The Polish Nuclear Power Programme, adopted in January 2014 by the Council of Ministers, is a strategic document which presents the roles and responsibilities of the institutions responsible for the implementation of the programme, as well as issues related to nuclear safety and radiological protection. It includes a detailed scope of activities to be taken for the safe use of nuclear power in Poland and sets a timetable for the construction of two NPPs and the preparation of regulatory and organisational infrastructure for these investments.

The programme envisages the construction of two NPPs with combined capacity of 6 000 MWe (net), producing about 50 TWh of electricity per year, which will translate into annual savings in the range of at least 36 million tonnes of CO2 and 24% of the current CO2 annual emission level in the Polish electricity generation sector.

Responsibility for the plant's construction rests with PGE EJ 1 Sp. z o.o. The company is responsible for direct investment preparations, site characterisation work and receipt of all relevant decisions, licences and permits required for NPP construction in Poland.

PGE EJ 1 Sp. z o.o. identified three candidate sites, all located in the proximity of the Baltic coast, and it is conducting site surveys in two locations – Zarnowiec and Lubiatowo/Kopalino.
On 14 October 2016, the Council of Ministers presented a report on the implementation of the Polish Nuclear Power Programme. In the conclusions, the Minister of Energy was instructed to prepare in co-operation with PGE EJ 1 a new financing model of the investment, a new tender model and an updated timetable for the construction of NPPs. The revised nuclear power programme should be submitted to the Council of Ministers by the end of 2017.

Following the instructions of the Council of Ministers, the nuclear power programme is currently in the verification process. A new financing model of the investment was expected by mid-2017, as well as the new tender model.

In parallel to the large-scale nuclear power programme, in July 2016, the Advisory Committee for High Temperature Reactors was established by the Minister of Energy with the aim to investigate market potential of this technology and to determine the conditions for its possible implementation in the future.

Source: Nuclear Energy Data 2017

Web links

National Atomic Energy Agency (Panstwowa Agencja Atomistyki – NAEA)
Nuclear legislation in OECD countries: Poland 
National Centre for Nuclear Research – NCBJ

Last reviewed: 6 November 2017