Country profile: Poland

Summary figures for 2014

The following information is from the NEA publication Nuclear Energy Data, the annual compilation of official statistics and country reports on nuclear energy in OECD member countries.

Number of nuclear power plants connected to the grid
Nuclear electricity generation
(net TWh) 2014
Nuclear percentage of total electricity supply
OECD Europe
1 888.0

Country report

There is no commercial utilisation of nuclear power in Poland to date. The research reactor Maria, also used for production of medical radioisotopes and operated in Swierk (National Centre for Nuclear Research), is the only operating nuclear facility in the country.

The legal framework for the development of nuclear power in Poland was established in:

The Polish Nuclear Power Programme, adopted in January 2014 by the Council of Ministers, is a strategic document which presents the roles and responsibilities of the institutions responsible for the implementation of the programme, as well as issues related to nuclear safety and radiological protection. It includes a detailed scope of activities to be taken for the safe use of nuclear power in Poland and sets a timetable for the construction of two nuclear power plants and the preparation of regulatory and organisational infrastructure for these investments. Implementation of the Polish nuclear programme assumes that, by the end of 2016, a location is determined and a contract on the technology chosen for the first nuclear power plant is concluded.

The next step should be development of a technical design of the plant by 2018 and securing required legal decisions. Stage IV specifies that construction and connection to the grid of the first unit of the first nuclear power plant will be completed by the end of 2024 and that construction of consecutive units will be underway. The fifth and final stage (2025-2030) provides for the continuation and launching of construction of a second nuclear power plant, as well as the completion of the first nuclear power plant. In turn, the completion of the second NPP is scheduled for 2035. Responsibility for the plant's construction rests with PGE EJ 1 Sp. z o.o., which belongs to PGE Capital Group. It is responsible for direct investment preparations, site characterisation work and receipt of all relevant decisions, licences and permits required for NPP construction in Poland.

In 2013, PGE EJ 1 Sp. z o.o. concluded the contract with a consortium composed of WorleyParsons Nuclear Services JSC, WorleyParsons International Inc. and WorleyParsons Group Inc. The contract pertained to the performance of site characterisation works and licensing support required to launch the first Polish NPP project. In December 2014, PGE EJ 1 sp. z o.o. gave notice of the termination of the contract with WorleyParsons. Site characterisation will be continued relying on the resources of PGE Capital Group and an experienced industry consultant.

On 11 September 2014, PGE EJ 1 sp. z o.o. concluded an agreement with AMEC Nuclear UK Ltd to provide technical advisory services for the investment process aimed at the construction of the first Polish NPP of approximately 3 000 MW capacity.

The Council of Ministers instructed the Minister of Economy to prepare a National Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Management Strategy. The resulting draft strategy is currently the subject of a strategic environmental impact assessment. It is anticipated that this document will be adopted by the Council of Ministers in 2015. In 2014, Poland implemented a new Council Directive (2011/70/Euratom) on the management of spent fuel and radioactive waste.

The existing national low and medium radioactive waste repository is expected to be full in 2025, and thus Poland has to find a new site for the new repository. The process of site selection is ongoing and should be completed in 2017. In 2018-2020, the design and all permits should be obtained, allowing the repository to begin operation by 2024.

Source: Nuclear Energy Data 2015

Web links

National Atomic Energy Agency (Panstwowa Agencja Atomistyki – NAEA)
Nuclear legislation in OECD countries: Poland 
National Centre for Nuclear Research – NCBJ

Last reviewed: 21 October 2015