Country profile: Poland

Summary figures for 2013

The following information is from the NEA publication Nuclear Energy Data, the annual compilation of official statistics and country reports on nuclear energy in OECD member countries.

Number of nuclear power plants connected to the grid
Nuclear electricity generation
(net TWh) 2013
Nuclear percentage of total electricity supply
OECD Europe
1 883.2

Country report

There is no commercial utilisation of nuclear power in Poland yet. The research reactor Maria, in Swierk (National Centre for Nuclear Research), is the only operating nuclear facility in the country. It is also used for medical radioisotope production.

The Government Commissioner for Nuclear Energy, nominated in 2009, is responsible for the co-ordination and supervision of the measures for the preparation of the regulatory and institutional environment that is required for nuclear power plant commissioning. Responsibility for the plant's construction rests with the PGE Polish Energy Group SA.

The legal framework for development of nuclear power in Poland was established in the:

The Polish nuclear power programme, adopted in January 2014 by the Council of Ministers, is a strategic document that establishes the roles and responsibilities of the institutions responsible for the implementation of the programme, as well as issues related to nuclear safety and radiological protection. The programme includes a detailed scope of activities to be taken for the safe use of nuclear power in Poland, sets a timetable for the construction of two nuclear power plants and for the preparation of regulatory and organisational infrastructure for these investments. The implementation of the Polish nuclear programme assumes that, by the end of 2016, a location will be determined and a contract for the selected technology of the first nuclear power plant will be concluded. The next step should be a technical design of the plant by 2018 and obtaining requirements outlined by law. Stage IV specifies that, by the end of 2024, a construction permit, and construction and connection to the grid of the first unit of the first nuclear power plant will be completed; furthermore, the construction of consecutive units/nuclear power plants will begin. The fifth and last stage (2025-2030) provides for the continuation and launching of the construction of the next units/nuclear power plants, as well as the completion of the first nuclear power plant. In turn, the completion of the second nuclear power plant is scheduled for 2035.

On 7 February 2013, PGE EJ1 sp. z o.o. concluded the contract with the consortium composed of WorleyParsons Nuclear Services JSC, WorleyParsons International Inc. and WorleyParsons Group Inc. The contract pertains to the performance of site characterisation works and licensing support required to complete the first Polish NPP construction project, which will be led by PGE EJ1. The first Polish NPP will generate approximately 3 000 MWe.

The Council of Ministers instructed the Minister of Economy to prepare the National Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Management Strategy. The first version of the strategy was prepared in December 2013, and is expected to be adopted by the Council of Ministers by the end of 2014.

Poland is in the process of implementing a new Council Directive (2011/70/Euratom) on the management of spent fuel and radioactive waste that should be completed by the end of the second quarter of 2014.

In 2025, the existing national low- and medium-level radioactive waste repository will be full and Poland will have to find a new site for the new repository. The process of site selection is ongoing and should be selected in 2017. In 2018-2020, the repository design and permits should be obtained, allowing the repository to begin operation by 2024.

Source: Nuclear Energy Data 2014

Web links

National Atomic Energy Agency (Panstwowa Agencja Atomistyki – NAEA)
Nuclear legislation in OECD countries: Poland 
National Centre for Nuclear Research – NCBJ

Last reviewed: 16 December 2014