Country profile: Poland

Summary figures for 2012

The following information is from the NEA publication Nuclear Energy Data, the annual compilation of official statistics and country reports on nuclear energy in OECD member countries.

Number of nuclear power plants connected to the grid
Nuclear electricity generation
(net TWh) 2012
Nuclear percentage of total electricity supply
OECD Europe
1 884.0

Country report

There is no commercial utilisation of nuclear power in Poland yet. The research reactor Maria, also used for production of medical radioisotopes and operated in Swierk (National Centre for Nuclear Research), is the only operating nuclear facility in the country. More than 90% of the electricity in Poland is generated from coal; with the majority of the rest from oil and gas and 3% from renewable energy sources. In 2008, Poland produced 298.69 Mt of CO2 emissions.

The document "Polish Energy Policy until 2030" adopted by Poland's Council of Ministers takes into account the option of nuclear power generation to ensure national energy security. According to the plans for national electricity supply development, the first nuclear power plant in the country is expected to be put into operation around the year 2025. The Government Commissioner for Nuclear Energy, nominated in 2009, is responsible for the co-ordination and supervision of the measures for the preparation of the regulatory and institutional environment required for nuclear power plant commissioning. Responsibility for the plant's construction rests with PGE Polish Energy Group SA, the largest power supplier in Poland.

On 7 February 2013, PGE EJ 1 sp. z o.o. concluded the contract with the consortium composed of WorleyParsons Nuclear Services JSC, WorleyParsons International Inc. and WorleyParsons Group Inc. The contract signed pertains to the performance of site characterisation works and licensing support required in order to complete the first Polish nuclear power plant build project led by PGE EJ1. The first Polish nuclear power plant is to generate approximately 3 000 MWe.

The legal framework for development of nuclear power in Poland was established in:

The draft of the nuclear power programme was developed that shall determine the nuclear power plants' number, size and possible sites. The Polish Nuclear Power Programme (PNPP) will be approved in the second quarter of 2013 by the Council of Ministers (after accomplishing transborder consultations on the PNPP and developing the strategic environmental impact assessment).

The Council of Ministers instructed the Minister of Economy (in co-operation with the Minister of State Treasury) to prepare a new national strategy regarding radioactive waste and spent fuel management. The document describing the strategy is expected to be ready in 2013. The selection of the three potential sites for a low- and medium-level radioactive waste repository will be completed by the end of 2015, the design of the repository in 2016-2017 and by 2022 the repository will be put into operation.

Source: Nuclear Energy Data 2013

Web links

National Atomic Energy Agency (Panstwowa Agencja Atomistyki – NAEA)
Nuclear legislation in OECD countries: Poland 
National Centre for Nuclear Research – NCBJ

Last reviewed: 11 December 2013