Country profile: Mexico

Summary figures for 2013

The following information is from the NEA publication Nuclear Energy Data, the annual compilation of official statistics and country reports on nuclear energy in OECD member countries.

Number of nuclear power plants connected to the grid
Nuclear electricity generation
(net TWh) 2013
Nuclear percentage of total electricity supply
OECD America
OECD Total
1 883.2

* Provisional data

Country report

Legal framework

In 2013, the Mexican government made a profound reform of the constitutional framework of the energy sector to promote investment, economic growth and social development. The Energy Reform amends Articles 25, 27 and 28 of the Mexican Constitution, establishes a transitory regime (Article 21) and commits to the adoption of secondary legislation in 2014. Government has promptly started implementing the changes.

The reform reaffirms state ownership of hydrocarbons in the subsoil and its strategic control of the sector. Stronger regulating bodies and mechanisms will oversee the hydrocarbon and electric power industries, but private investment and association will be allowed in the exploration and extraction of hydrocarbons, their transport, storage and treatment, as well as in the generation and commercialisation in the electric power industry.

Mexican Petroleum (PEMEX) and the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) will be fortified and transformed into state productive enterprises with technical, management and budgetary autonomy. The state will promote the protection of the environment through sustainability principles, the use of renewables and cleaner fuels, as well as measures to reduce polluting emissions from the electric power industry.

Operation of the Laguna Verde reactors

The two Laguna Verde reactors operate on 18-month cycles with 2 fuel reloads in 1 year, 1 reload in the next year, and so on. However during 2013, no reloads were performed which contributed to higher than normal annual load factors: 98.2% for unit 1 and 97.1% for unit 2.

Work has started on the life extension of both reactors. The current operational licences expire in 2020 and 2025 for unit 1 and 2, respectively. A project has also been started to provide away-from-reactor dry spent fuel storage. The current system of wet storage in the reactor's operational pools cannot be continued indefinitely because of increased spent fuel (arising due to the power up-rate performed last year) and the expected life extension beyond the currently approved operational licences.

Source: Nuclear Energy Data 2014

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Last reviewed: 16 December 2014