Country profile: Hungary

Summary figures for 2013

The following information is from the NEA publication Nuclear Energy Data, the annual compilation of official statistics and country reports on nuclear energy in OECD member countries.

Number of nuclear power plants connected to the grid
Nuclear electricity generation
(net TWh) 2013
Nuclear percentage of total electricity supply
OECD Europe
1 883.2

Country report

The Paks NPP generated 15 369.6 GWh of electric energy in 2013, representing 50.7% of the gross domestic electricity production of Hungary – the fifth largest production in the history of the power plant. This amount was generated by four units: unit 1: 4 059.4 GWh; unit 2: 4 016.5 GWh; unit 3: 3 228.1 GWh; and unit 4: 4 065.6 GWh. The total electricity that has been generated by the Paks NPP, since unit 1 was first connected to the grid, amounted to more than 397.9 TWh at the end of 2013. On 18 December 2012, the Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority (HAEA) issued the operating licence of unit 1 for a further 20-year period. In November 2013, the MVM Paks NPP submitted an application to the HAEA to extend the operating licence of unit 2 – if granted the unit is expected to operate until 31 December 2034. The lifetime extension applications for units 3 and 4 of Paks NPP are expected to be submitted in 2016 and 2017, respectively.

Preparatory works for the new reactor units at the Paks site continued in 2013, as established by the National Energy Strategy. According to the national report and the resulting action plan which followed the targeted safety assessment ('stress tests"), the operator of the Paks NPP has adopted measures to increase the safety margin and to strengthen the protection against events that, although extremely unlikely, could have serious consequences. A World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) peer review was held at the Paks NPP in spring 2012. The implementation of measures taken as a result of the review and the preparation for the WANO follow-up review scheduled for 24-28 February 2014, continued in 2013. On 9-11 December 2013, an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) OSART preparatory meeting and seminar was organised to prepare for the OSART review, which will take place between 26 October and 13 November 2014. In 2013, in co-operation with Russian experts, preparatory work for transporting damaged fuel to the Russian Federation (from the accident in 2003), including drying and airtight sealing the capsules containing the damaged fuel assemblies, was performed. The sealed capsules will be stored in the spent fuel pool of unit 2 until their final removal.

In September 2013, Hungary and Viet Nam signed an intergovernmental agreement on training, research, regulatory and technical co-operation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The Hungarian-Vietnamese nuclear education co-operation is ongoing since September 2012. The Paks NPP and the Budapest University of Technology jointly offer a "train the trainers" programme partly held at the Maintenance Training Centre of the Paks NPP. Some 160 professionals have so far completed the 6-week theoretical and practical training courses.

In October 2013, Hungary and the Republic of Korea signed an agreement on co-operation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

On 18 July 2013, the nuclear research institutes of Hungry, Poland, the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic – the four member countries of Visegrád 4 (V4) – signed a document establishing the Centre of Excellence for Generation IV reactors. The participating institutes include: the Centre for Energy Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA EK), the Polish Narodowym Centrum Bada´n J˛adrowych (NCBJ), the Czech ÚJV ˇRež, a.s. and the Slovakian Nuclear Power Plant Research Institute (VUJE), a.s.

In November 2013, Hungary completed the return of all highly enriched uranium (HEU) research reactor fuel to the Russian Federation, becoming the ninth nation to completely remove such fuel from its territory since the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return (RRRFR) programme began in 2002. The Centre for Energy Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences has operated the 10 MW Budapest research reactor (BRR) since 1959, which originally used HEU fuel enriched to a level of 36%. The international programme removed 239 kg of HEU in total.

The Council Directive 2011/70/EURATOM, on establishing a community framework for the responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste, was transposed into the Hungarian legal framework. According to Section 5/B and 5/C of the amended Act CXVI of 1996 on atomic energy, the Hungarian Parliament shall adopt a national policy and a national programme related to the management of spent fuel and radioactive waste.

At the request of the Hungarian government, the IAEA conducted an International Physical Protection Advisory Service (IPPAS) mission to Hungary, with the aim of evaluating the Hungarian national physical protection regime of nuclear and other radioactive material, as well as associated facilities and activities. As a result of the mission, the IAEA submitted a mission report identifying good practices and making recommendations and suggestions. The non-restricted parts of the IAEA mission report are publicly available on the HAEA website.

Source: Nuclear Energy Data 2014

Last reviewed: 19 December 2014