Country profile: Hungary

Summary figures for 2012

The following information is from the NEA publication Nuclear Energy Data, the annual compilation of official statistics and country reports on nuclear energy in OECD member countries.

Number of nuclear power plants connected to the grid
Nuclear electricity generation
(net TWh) 2012
Nuclear percentage of total electricity supply
OECD Europe
1 884.0

+ Generation record

Country report

The National Energy Strategy of Hungary identifies five crucial areas of effort, including the maintenance of the existing nuclear capacity for power generation. In accordance with the energy strategy, nuclear energy will continue to have a central role in Hungary's energy system throughout the coming decades. The energy strategy can be found on the website of the Ministry of National Development (

In 2012, 15 793.0 GWh of electricity was generated by Paks nuclear power plant; equivalent to 45.89% of the gross domestic electricity production in Hungary. With this amount produced, 2012 was an outstanding year, as this was the largest production ever achieved in the history of the power plant.

The Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority (HAEA) has evaluated the beyond designed lifetime licence application for Paks unit 1 submitted by the operator. The licence for the extension of the operating lifetime of unit 1 for an additional 20-year period has been granted. Lifetime extensions for the other operating units of Paks nuclear power plant are also expected in 2014, 2016 and 2017.

Also in 2012, a new project company under the name of MVM Paks II Nuclear Power Plant Development Company was formed to deal with the preparation for the construction of new power plant unit(s) at Paks. Important steps were made towards a sustainable nuclear industry on 5 December 2012, as the first underground chamber of the final repository for low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste in Bátaapáti was inaugurated. This facility is operated by the Public Agency for Radioactive Waste Management (www.

The HAEA submitted the "National Report of Hungary on the Targeted Safety Reassessment of the Paks Nuclear Power Plant" to the European Commission by the end of 2011. The report identified a number of options and measures to enhance plant safety even further. On 25 April 2012, the European Nuclear Safety Regulators Group (ENSREG) and the European Commission approved the report. In line with a joint declaration issued by the commission, an action plan was agreed to in July, which aims to ensure that the recommendations from the peer review process are implemented in a consistent and transparent manner.

A WANO (World Association of Nuclear Operators) peer review was held at Paks nuclear power plant in the spring of 2012. The power plant proved to be well prepared in this regard on the WANO review as well as on the stress test.

Evaluations show that Paks nuclear power plant is being operated in a safe and sustainable manner, which continues to be the primary objective of the operator and the regulator, as well as the government.

Source: Nuclear Energy Data 2013

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Last reviewed: 11 December 2013