Country profile: Hungary

Summary figures for 2014

The following information is from the NEA publication Nuclear Energy Data, the annual compilation of official statistics and country reports on nuclear energy in OECD member countries.

Number of nuclear power plants connected to the grid
Nuclear electricity generation
(net TWh) 2014
Nuclear percentage of total electricity supply
OECD Europe
1 888.0

Country report

Hungary signed an intergovernmental agreement with the Russian Federation on 14 January 2014 to maintain electricity generating capacity by nuclear power in the long term. The agreement covers the design, construction and commissioning of two new nuclear units, the supply of nuclear fuel as well as the return of spent fuel to Russia. Rosatom, the Russian nuclear state authority, will be in charge of implementing the design and construction works. The financial contract was elaborated by stakeholders and covers state loan and investments details. The contract was approved by Parliament on 23 July 2014, with the following conditions: 80% of the investment will be covered by a state loan of EUR 10 billion by Russia; while 20% will be covered by Hungarian resources, due at the end of the project.

In order to fulfil the specific requirements stated in the intergovernmental agreement, separate contracts – implementation agreements – were concluded on 9 December 2014. The following agreements were elaborated: a design, procurement and construction contract (EPC contract); an operation and maintenance contract; and a nuclear fuel supply and nuclear waste management contract. All documents were elaborated in compliance with the applicable European Union (EU) rules and regulations.

In 2014, 15 648.6 gigawatt-hours (GWh) of electric energy was generated by the Paks nuclear power plant, which represents 53.6% of the gross domestic electricity production of Hungary. This amount was generated by four units as follows: unit 1: 4 015.4 GWh; unit 2: 4 128.1 GWh; unit 3: 3 815.3 GWh; unit 4: 3 689.8 GWh.

Electricity generation in 2014 represents the fourth largest production result in the history of the Paks power plant. The total of all electricity that has been generated by Paks NPP since the date that unit 1 was first connected to the grid amounts to more than 413.6 TWh as of the end of 2014.

On 14 November 2008, Paks NPP submitted its Service Life Extension Programme for units 1-4 to the nuclear regulator, the Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority (HAEA). In its resolution issued in June 2009, the HAEA approved the conditions, the required additional actions and tasks for the implementation of the Service Life Extension Programme. The implementation of the programme for unit 1 proceeded as specified in the resolution and the operating licence of unit 1 was extended for a further 20 years.

Implementation of the programme for the extension of the service life of unit 2 continued in 2014, and on 24 November 2014, the HAEA extended the operating licence of unit 2 for a further 20-year period.

In 2013, in co-operation with Russian specialist experts, fuel damaged in 2003 was transferred from storage at Paks into fuel casks that meet all safety requirements to prepare the irradiated fuel for transport to Russia. After obtaining all relevant licences from Russian, Ukrainian and Hungarian authorities, the casks were safely delivered to Mayak in compliance with all relevant international safety conventions in 2014.

As with all European NPPs, the Paks NPP took part in "stress tests". The findings of the targeted safety review stated that the Paks NPP complies with the relevant safety requirements. Included in the results of the stress test was the National Action Plan that aimed to further enhance the safety of the plant. The EU requested that progress on the execution of the National Action Plan be reported to the European Commission. Following revision in 2014, the National Action Plan was delivered to the EU at the end of 2014. The Paks NPP is on track in the execution of the National Action Plan, and it is expected to be concluded in 2018.

Upon the request of Hungary, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) organised and executed an operational safety review (OSART) mission at the Paks NPP between 27 October and 13 November 2014. Following the OSART review, a World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) corporate peer review was held at MVM Ltd from 22 to 29 November 2014. The Paks nuclear power plant, as a member company of MVM Ltd, participated in the WANO review as well. Both reviews concluded that the Paks NPP is being operated in accordance with the relevant safety requirements.

At the beginning of 2014, the management of the Central Nuclear Financial Fund was transferred from HAEA to the Ministry for National Development – prior to this measure, the management of the fund was the responsibility of HAEA, under the supervision of the Minister for National Development. This also effectively transferred the supervision of the safety of the Hungarian radioactive waste management facilities from the Office of the Chief Medical Officer of the National Public Health and Medical Officer Service to HAEA. Following the required changes in Hungarian legislation, the transfer of authority took place on 1 July 2014.

Source: Nuclear Energy Data 2015

Last reviewed: 21 October 2015