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December 2011 | www.oecd-nea.org

  New at the NEA
  New publications
  Nuclear safety and regulation
  Radioactive waste
    management

  Radiological protection
  Nuclear development
  Medical radioisotopes
  Data Bank

  

New at the NEA

The NEA meets with Japanese nuclear safety authorities to discuss stress tests

As part of the NEA’s commitment to support Japan after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident, NEA regulatory experts met with their Japanese counterparts in Tokyo on 16-18 November 2011. The Japanese government requested the meetings to gain insights into post-Fukushima national reviews and stress tests to better inform its own stress tests. The programme included an experts’ meeting on the national reviews, a seminar with the Japanese nuclear industry and public and a public meeting with the advisory committee supporting the regulatory reviews of licensee safety margin analyses for Japanese stress tests. While the national reviews implemented in all countries are identifying further enhancements for nuclear safety and regulation, Japan will also use the stress test results in its reactor restart decision-making process. Regulatory experts from Japan, Finland, France, Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States, the NEA and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) exchanged insights into stress test regulatory review methods and on improving public confidence in regulatory oversight. Japan has requested a similar programme on regulatory infrastructure for early next year. Presentations from the meetings are available on the NEA Fukushima information exchange page.

 


New publications

Publications on sale can be ordered at the OECD bookshop.

Free publications are available at this link. Paper copies may be requested by sending an e-mail.

NEA News
NEA News is the professional journal of the NEA, featuring substantive articles on the latest nuclear energy issues. In this edition:

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Download the PDF version. Read the interactive version.

Carbon Pricing, Power Markets and the Competitiveness of Nuclear Power - Executive summary
12 pages.

Disponible également en français :
La tarification du carbone, les marchés de l'électricité et la compétitivité du nucléaire – Synthèse
12 pages.

Nuclear Energy Technology Roadmap
48 pages.

Now available in Chinese:
Chinese version of Nuclear Energy Technology Roadmap
48 pages.

 

Nuclear safety and regulation

Workshop on Best-Estimate Methods and Uncertainty Evaluations (BEPU)

On 16-18 November, the NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) organised a workshop on Best-Estimate Methods and Uncertainty Evaluations (BEPU) in Barcelona, Spain. Hosted by the Technical University of Catalonia and the Spanish Nuclear Safety Council, the workshop gathered approximately 70 experts and included the discussion of 27 papers within 5 sessions including: keynote papers; development achievement on BEPU methods and state-of-the-art; international comparative activities; BEPU applications in licensing, safety analysis support, regulatory body views and industry activities; and BEPU method extension to new fields (e.g., coupled computer codes, CFD, integrated safety assessment methodologies). Representatives from the NEA presented a keynote address on BEPU which included examples of ongoing activities within the CSNI and the NEA Nuclear Science Committee (NCS). The proceedings of the workshop are expected to be issued in 2012.


Radioactive waste management

WPDD: A decade of decommissioning and dismantling

The Working Party on Decommissioning and Dismantling (WPDD) celebrated its 10th anniversary with a special one-day seminar during its 12th meeting on 15-17 November.  The NEA secretariat, the chairperson of the Radioactive Waste Management Committee and representatives from the European Commission (EC) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) congratulated the WPDD for its work in helping governments ensure that decommissioning can be done safely, efficiently and in a cost effective way. During the seminar, participants discussed topics including the current status of decommissioning; challenges to decommissioning including financial, infrastructure and human resources issues; lessons learnt from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident and decommissioning in the next decade. Approximately 40 decommissioning experts attended the annual meeting to review ongoing WPDD activities, to attend a topical session on radiological characterisation and to discuss future endeavours of the WPDD in the context of the anniversary seminar.

Upcoming workshop on future challenges to regulator and implementers of geological repositories

The NEA will host an international workshop on 25-27 January 2012 to discuss challenges over the next 5-10 years in licensing, constructing and operating the first deep geological repositories (DGRs) for high-level waste and spent fuel. These challenges imply important changes for waste management organisations and regulatory authorities, as work on disposal shifts from being mainly research, development and demonstration to being industrially oriented. New issues include operational safety and reliability, increased demands on human resources, quality assurance activities, requirements management system and effective project management for construction (including procurement activities) with due consideration of long-term safety imperatives. The workshop will offer participants the opportunity to discuss these emerging issues in construction and operation of a DGR from the perspective of both the regulator and the implementer.  For more information or to register for the workshop please visit the NEA website.

New flyer on preservation of records, knowledge and memory across generations (RK&M)

Long-term preservation of records, knowledge and memory (RK&M) in radioactive waste management is a multidisciplinary work area in which much learning is expected over the coming years. As part of the NEA’s RK&M initiative, which runs from 2011-2014, the NEA Radioactive Waste Management Committee has just released its Collective Statement on Records, Knowledge and Memory Preservation across Generations. For more information on RK&M initiative, please visit the NEA website.


Radiological protection

ISOE Management Board prepares to table 20 years of research

The 21st meeting of the Information System on Occupational Exposure (ISOE) Management Board (MB) met on 9-10 November to discuss programme implementation in light of its upcoming 20th anniversary in 2012.The results of 20 years of ISOE research will be tabled during the ISOE International As low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) Symposium, organised by the North American Technical Centre in January 2012.The findings will be discussed further during the European symposium in June 2012. During the meeting, the ISOE MB also agreed on a proposed framework for co-operation with the United Nations Scientific Committee Secretariat on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR). This framework will facilitate the ISOE’s regular transfer of data and information on occupational radiation exposures at nuclear facilities to UNSCEAR. This will help increasing awareness among authorities, operators, the scientific community and civil society of the levels and trends of occupational exposure to radiation. The data will be used to inform decision-making on radiation-related issues.

ISOE working group begins work on new analyses of radiation dose rates

The Information System on Occupational Exposure (ISOE) Working Group on Data Analysis (WGDA) met on 7-8 November. The WGDA is the core group of the ISOE programme that manages the world’s largest database on occupational exposure information for 401 operating nuclear power plants and 81 units in cold-shutdown or some stage of decommissioning in 29 countries, covering about 91% of the world's operating commercial power reactors. During the meeting, the WGDA agreed to create new data analyses concerning radiation dose rates for employees at different types and ages of reactors. Status of data collection and the use of some specific questionnaires were discussed and proposals were introduced for the approval of ISOE Management Board.


Nuclear development

Uranium Group plans 2012 edition of Uranium Resources, Production and Demand

The Uranium Group held its 47th meeting on 2-4 November 2011. This longstanding group is a co-operative effort between the NEA and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and is responsible for producing the biennial publication “Uranium Resources, Production and Demand,” commonly known as the Red Book. During this meeting, participants covered a wide range of topics in order to finalise aspects of the 24th edition of the Red Book that is due to be published in June 2012. Representing both uranium producing and consuming nations and industries, 30 delegates nominated by governments from 23 countries discussed uranium supply and demand issues that have arisen over the last two years. Particular emphasis was placed on long-term uranium supply and demand projections following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident.

Nuclear Power and the system effects of electricity generation

On 9 November, the NEA Working Party on Nuclear Energy Economics (WPNE) hosted an international workshop on “Nuclear Power and the System Effects of Electricity Generation”.  Participants discussed system costs of power generating technologies, which are the total costs above plant-level costs to supply electricity at consistent loads and supply security. They also validated the NEA’s quantitative methodology for assessing costs, which is a first in this field. System costs have become increasingly important to industry experts and decision-makers due to costs associated with decentralised, intermittent renewable energy sources such as wind and solar. Although nuclear power has system costs of its own, its key role in this context relates to its interaction with intermittent renewables in decarbonising electricity systems. While nuclear is flexible enough to provide back-up and balancing services, it is affected by intermittency of reduced load factors and overall depressed prices due to renewables supply with very low short-term variable costs.  This is why sharing system costs between those who cause them, those who are affected by them and electricity consumers at large is so important.


Medical radioisotopes

Impacts of converting to low-enriched uranium on medical radioisotopes supply and costs

On 22-23 November 2011, the NEA held the first workshop in its study on the market impacts of converting to the use of low-enriched uranium (LEU) targets for molybdenum-99 production, including on costs and global/regional security of supply. During the workshop, supply chain experts agreed on the general framework of capacity and cost models of the supply chain, identified the key market impacts from conversion and held preliminary discussions on the degree of the impacts. Over the next year and half, the project participants will seek to assess the impacts and develop policy options and recommendations related to the market impacts of conversion. The project is expected to be completed in 2013, with an interim report being released in 2012, and is being done through the High-level Group on the Security of Supply of Medical Radioisotopes (HLG-MR).


Data Bank

NEA Data Bank newsletter

Databank workshops and training courses

The NEA Data Bank offers approximately six computer programming workshops and training courses on every year in the interest of knowledge transfer and preservation. These classes are taught by the authors of the computer codes and are designed for professionals and experts who wish to update their skills as well as PhD students who need specific software for research. Participants gain hands-on experience and acquire competence in the use of the codes for problem-solving. To view this lost of courses currently offered, please visit the NEA website.

NEA co-organises second Neutron Resonance Analysis School (NRAS 2011)

On 14-18 November 2011, the Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) hosted the second Neutron Resonance Analysis School (NRAS 2011) in Geel, Belgium. NRAS 2011 was co-organised by the IRMM, the NEA, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA, France), with support from the European Commission. More than 40 young nuclear physicists from over 17 countries were trained in the highly specialised field of nuclear interactions with low-energy neutrons. Lectures and exercises were given by experts in the fields of time-of-flight measurements, data reduction and analysis, evaluated nuclear data file (ENDF) and experimental nuclear reaction data retrieval format (EXFOR) as well as in nuclear data visualisation tools such as Java-based nuclear information software.

Computer program services

New computer programs available

15-NOV-11

NEA-1849

ZZ PSBT, NUPEC PWR Sub-channel Bundle Tests Benchmark (Arrived)

14-NOV-11

CCC-0784

DIF3D10.0, Variational Nodal Methods, Finite Difference Methods to Solve N diffusion & Transport Theory Problems (Arrived)

14-NOV-11

CCC-0254

ANISN-ORNL, 1-D Neutron Transport & Gamma Transport in Slab, Cylindrical, Spherical Geometry with Anisotropic Scattering (Arrived)

14-NOV-11

CCC-0759

TITAN 1.24, A Three-Dimensional Deterministic Radiation Transport Code System (Arrived)

14-NOV-11

CCC-0768

NRCDOSE72 1.2.1, Evaluation of Routine Radioactive Effluents from Nuclear Power Plants with Windows Interface (Arrived)

09-NOV-11

NEA-1769

ZZ UAM-LWR, Uncertainty Analysis in Modelling, Coupled Multi-physics and Multi-scale LWR analysis (Tested)

08-NOV-11

NEA-1848

ZZ KALININ3, KALININ-3 Coolant Transient Benchmark (Tested)

28-OCT-11

NEA-1868

ZZ PIXE2010, Proton/alpha ionization (K,L,M shell) tabulated cross section library (Tested)

27-OCT-11

NEA-1846

FSKY4C, Gamma Ray Skyshine Analysis Code (Tested)


About the NEA
NEA membership consists of 30 OECD countries. The mission of the NEA is to assist its member countries in maintaining and further developing, through international co-operation, the scientific, technological and legal bases required for a safe, environmentally friendly and economical use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. It provides authoritative assessments and forges common understandings on key issues, as input to government decisions on nuclear energy policy and to broader OECD policy analyses in areas such as energy and sustainable development. The information, data and analyses it provides draw on one of the best international networks of technical experts.

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