History of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

Timeline

Precursors

1948
16 April The Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC) established.
1953

14 December

Secretary-General submits report to the OEEC Council of Ministers on energy supply difficulties.

1955

June

Report by Louis Armand citing potential of nuclear energy and need for European co-operation published.

10 June

Working Party on Nuclear Energy set up.

8-20 August

United Nations conference on the peaceful uses of atomic energy held.

1956

29 February

The OEEC Council of Ministers establishes a Special Committee on Nuclear Energy; four working parties develop proposals.

18 July

The OEEC Council of Ministers responds to the working parties' proposals with a series of actions, including the establishment of a Steering Committee for Nuclear Energy (SCNE).

1957

24 January

Working Group on Harmonisation of Legislation established to examine third party liability for damage caused by the peaceful use of nuclear energy (11 members of OEEC join).

21 March

Working Party on Public Health and Safety established by SCNE.

3 July

Group of Governmental Experts on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy established by SCNE, replacing former Working Group (first meeting held 22 January, 1958).

29 July

International Atomic Energy Agency established.

20 December

The European Nuclear Energy Agency (ENEA) established by Council of Ministers' decision.

The first 50 years

1958 - P. Huet, Director-General (1958-1964)

1 February

The ENEA Statute enters into force (all 17 OEEC members join the ENEA): Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey the United Kingdom. Canada and the United States are associate members.

21 February

The Health and Safety Sub-committee (HSC) established.

11 June

Halden Reactor Project established.

1959
July High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Project (Dragon) Project launched.
20 July Spain becomes a full member of the OEEC and thereby the ENEA.
1960

29 July

Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy adopted by the OEEC Council.

30 September

An agreement for co-operation signed between the ENEA and the IAEA.

14 December

Convention establishing the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) signed in Paris, France.

1961
 

OEEC becomes OECD

1963

31 January

Brussels Convention Supplementary to the Paris Convention adopted.

November

Study Group on Long-Term Role of Nuclear Energy (NELT) established.

1964 - E. Saeland, Director-General (1964-1977)

January

ENEA common services created: Computer Program Library in Ispra, Italy; Neutron Data Compilation Centre (CCDN) in Saclay, France.

1965

23 February

Japan joins ENEA as an associate member.

June The Committee on Reactor Safety Technology (CREST) established.
1972

20 April

Japan becomes a member.

20 April

The Agency changes its name from ENEA to Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA).

1973

1 October

Australia becomes a member.

1 February

The Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) is established, replacing the CREST and taking on the regulatory functions of HSC.

18 April

The Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) is established, replacing the Health and Safety Committee.

1975

1 April

Canada becomes a member.

23 June

The Radioactive Waste Management Committee is established.

1976

1 January

Finland becomes a member.

31 March

The High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Project (Dragon) Project concluded.

1 October

The United States becomes a member.

1977 - I. Williams, Director-General (1977-1982)

26 October

The Committee for Technical and Economic Studies on Nuclear Energy Development and the Fuel Cycle (NDC) is established, replacing the NELT.

1978

January

The Data Bank established in Saclay, France.

1980

January

The Incident Reporting System (IRS) is established by CSNI for the exchange of information on incidents in reactor operations.

1982 - H. Shapar, Director-General (1982-1988)
1984

October

The Joint NEA/IAEA Uranium Group is established.

1987

March

Report entitled The Radiological Impact of the Chernobyl Accident in OECD Countries is published.

1988 - K. Uematsu, Director-General (1988-1995)

3 October

The Committee on Nuclear Regulatory Activities (CNRA) is established, splitting off regulatory activities from the CSNI.

1990

March

The International Nuclear Event Scale (INES) is established by NEA and IAEA to standardise reporting of nuclear incidents and accidents to the public.

1991

1 October

The Nuclear Science Committee (NSC) is established.

18 November

The Information System on Occupational Exposure (ISOE) is established.

1992

March

Fuel Incident Notification and Analysis System (FINAS) created.

1993

March-May

The first International Nuclear Emergency Exercise (INEX) is conducted.

24 May

South Korea becomes a member.

1994

18 May

Mexico becomes a member.

1995 - S. Thompson, Acting Director-General (1995-1997)
1996

27 June

The Czech Republic and Hungary become members.

1997 - L. Echávarri, Director-General (Since 1997)

3 May

A High Level Advisory Group on the Future Role of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (HLAG) is established by the Secretary-General.

1998

29 January

The report of the High Level Advisory Group on the Future Role of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (HLAG) is completed.

1999

3 January

First NEA Strategic Plan published.

2000

12 October

The Nuclear Law Committee (NLC) established, replacing the Group of Governmental Experts on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy.

2001

27 August

The International School of Nuclear Law (ISNL) is established jointly with the University of Montpellier I, Montpellier, France.

2002

March

The NEA, IAEA, and World Association of Nuclear Operators launch joint Nuclear Events Web-based System (NEWS) to transmit information on nuclear incidents.

13 June

The Slovak Republic becomes a member.

2004

27 January

The NEA becomes Technical Secretariat for the Generation IV International Forum (GIF).

2005

14-15 June

The first NEA Safety and Regulation Forum on Multilateral Co-operation in Nuclear Safety Research and Regulation held.

2006

22 September

The NEA becomes Technical Secretariat for Stage 2 of the Multinational Design Evaluation Program (MDEP).

2007

21 March

An agreement for co-operation with Russia signed.

2008

1 February

50th Anniversary of the NEA.

Last reviewed: 29 October 2010