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Request ID5 Type of the request High Priority request
TargetReaction and processIncident EnergySecondary energy or angleTarget uncertaintyCovariance
 72-HF-0 (n,g) SIG  0.5 eV-5.0 keV  4 Y
FieldSubfieldDate Request createdDate Request acceptedOngoing action
 Fission LWR 28-APR-06 16-APR-07 

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Requester: Dr Gilles NOGUERE at CAD-DER, FR

Project (context): JEFF

In nuclear industry hafnium is used as neutron absorbing material to regulate the fission process. Interpretations of critical experiments with UOx fuel conducted by CEA in the AZUR zero-power reactors has shown systematic underestimation of the reactivity worth that may by attributed to an overestimated natural hafnium capture cross section in the epi-thermal energy range [1,2].

Requested accuracy can be found in the CEA Report "Correlations entre données nucleaires et experiences integrales a plaques, le cas du hafnium", Jean-Marc Palau, CEA-R-5843 (1997). The target accuracy on the effective capture integral has to be lower than 4%

Justification document:
[1] David Bernard, "Determination des incertitudes liés aux grandeurs neutroniques d'interet des reacteurs a eau presurisee a plaques combustibles et application aux etudes de conformite", University Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand II, France (2001).
[2] G. Noguere, A. Courcelle, J.M. Palau, O.Litaize, "Low neutron energy cross sections of the hafnium isotopes", JEFDOC-1077.pdf, OECD-NEA, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France (2005).
[3] G. Noguere, A. Courcelle, P. Siegler, J.M. Palau, O. Litaize, "Revision of the resolved resonance range of the hafnium isotopes for JEFF-3.1", Technical note CEA Cadarache NT-SPRC/LEPH-05/2001 (2005).

Comment from requester:
Neither the JENDL3.3 nor the JEFF3.1 libraries, that were recently issued, solve the problem. In fact, this was observed for JENDL3.3 before the JEFF3.1 file was constructed. As a result the JEFF3.1 file has been produced with this problem in mind taken into consideration the recent data from Trbovich et al. obtained at RPI [3]. Finally, a 400 pcm underestimation remains that is likely due to interfering isotopic contributions in the resolved energy region. New high resolution measurements appear needed, and would be particularly valuable if they can distinguish the contributions of different isotopes.

Additional file attached: JEFDOC-1077.ppt
Additional file attached: NT_Hafnium.pdf

Review comment:
Calculations on the AZUR configuration using the JEFF3.1 library give a Hf reactivity worth of about -300 pcm [2].

Entry Status:
Completed (as of SG-C review of May 2018)

Main recent references:
Please report any missing information to


  • A.K.M. Meaze et al. (G.N. Kim), Measurement of the Total Neutron Cross-Sections and the Resonance Parameters of Natural Hafnium at the Pohang Neutron Facility, J. Korean Phy. Soc. 46 (2005) 401, EXFOR 31689
  • K. Wisshak, et al., Fast neutron capture on the Hf isotopes: Cross sections, isomer production, and stellar aspects, PRC 73 (2006) 045807, EXFOR 22926
  • M.J. Trbovich, et al., Hafnium resonance parameter analysis using neutron capture and transmission experiments, NSE 161 (2009) 303, EXFOR 14239
  • M. Budak, et al., Experimental determination of effective resonance energies for 158Gd(n,g)159Gd and 179Hf(n,g)180mHf reactions, ANE 38 (2011) 2550